Rémy Pedeux

Rémy Pedeux
Université de Rennes 1 | UR1 · Faculty of Medicine

About

102
Publications
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2,782
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January 2008 - December 2010

Publications

Publications (102)
Preprint
Introduction Circulating Tumor Cells (CTC) have been studied in various solid tumors. However, clinical utility of CTC in Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) remains to be demonstrated. Most published studies are based on Cellsearch® isolation methods that did not capture CTC undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition. The aim of the CTC-CPC study was...
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ER stress is mediated by three sensors and the most evolutionary conserved IRE1α signals through its cytosolic kinase and endoribonuclease (RNase) activities. IRE1α RNase activity can either catalyze the initial step of XBP1 mRNA unconventional splicing or degrade a number of RNAs through regulated IRE1-dependent decay. Until now, the biochemical a...
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Urine cytology is non-invasive, easy to collect, with medium sensitivity and a high specificity. It is an effective way to detect high-grade bladder cancer (BC), but it is less effective on low-grade BC because the rate of equivocal results is much higher. Recently, the fluorescent properties of plasma membranes of urothelial tumor cells (UTC) foun...
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Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are currently recommended as first-line treatment for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR-activating mutations. Third-generation (3rd G) EGFR-TKIs, including osimertinib, offer an effective treatment option for patients with NSCLC resistant 1st and 2nd EGFR-...
Article
Glioblastoma remains a cancer for which the effectiveness of treatments has shown little improvement over the last decades. For this pathology, multiple therapies combining resection, chemotherapy and radiotherapy remain the norm. In this context, the use of high-Z nanoparticles such as gold or hafnium to potentiate radiotherapy is attracting more...
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ING2 (Inhibitor of Growth 2) is a tumor suppressor gene that has been implicated in critical biological functions (cell-cycle regulation, replicative senescence, DNA repair and DNA replication), most of which are recognized hallmarks of tumorigenesis occurring in the cell nucleus. As its close homolog ING1 has been recently observed in the mitochon...
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Background Osimertinib is a third generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) that targets the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in lung cancer. However, although this molecule is not subject to some of the resistance mechanisms observed in response to first generation TKIs, ultimately, patients relapse because of unknown resistance mechanisms...
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Liquid biopsies are increasingly used for the diagnosis and follow-up of cancer patients. Urine is a body fluid that can be used to detect cancers and others diseases. It is noninvasive and easy to collect. To detect Bladder Cancer (BC), cytology is the first assay used. It is an effective way to detect high grade BC but has a high rate of equivoca...
Preprint
Upon accumulation of improperly folded proteins in the ER, an adaptive pathway named the UPR is triggered to restore ER homeostasis. The induction of stress genes controlling ER dynamics is a condition sine qua non for an effective UPR. Although this requirement has been extensively characterized, the transcriptional mechanism underlying this proce...
Article
Sustaining both proteome and genome integrity (GI) requires the integration of a wide range of mechanisms and signaling pathways. These comprise, in particular, the unfolded protein response (UPR) and the DNA damage response (DDR). These adaptive mechanisms take place respectively in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and in the nucleus. UPR and DDR al...
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The molecular connections between homeostatic systems that maintain both genome integrity and proteostasis are poorly understood. Here we identify the selective activation of the unfolded protein response transducer IRE1α under genotoxic stress to modulate repair programs and sustain cell survival. DNA damage engages IRE1α signaling in the absence...
Conference Paper
ING2 (Inhibitor of Growth 2) is a tumor-suppressor gene involved in chromatin acetylation whose loss has been observed in nearly 60% of NSCLC. The loss of ING2 expression has been associated with the progression of tumor cells from G1 to S phase, replication stress and genomic instability. The intra-S and the G2-M phase checkpoints are mainly regul...
Preprint
Full-text available
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) stress is a hallmark of various diseases. Cells cope with ER stress through the activation of an adaptive signaling pathway named the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) which is mediated by three ER-resident sensors. The most evolutionary conserved of the UPR sensors is IRE1alpha that elicits diverse downstream effects throu...
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The ING family of tumor suppressor genes is composed of five members (ING1-5) involved in cell cycle regulation, DNA damage response, apoptosis and senescence. All ING proteins belong to various HAT or HDAC complexes and participate in chromatin remodeling that is essential for genomic stability and signaling pathways. The gatekeeper functions of t...
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Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, over the last few decades. Survival remains extremely poor in the metastatic setting and, consequently, innovative therapeutic strategies are urgently needed. Inhibitor of Growth Gene 2 (ING2) is a core component of the mSin3A/Histone deacetylases compl...
Article
ING family genes (Inhibitor of Growth) are tumor suppressor genes that play a vital role in cell homeostasis. It has been shown that their expression is lost or diminished in many cancers and other diseases. The main mechanisms by which they are regulated in oncogenesis have not yet been fully elucidated. The involvement of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs)...
Article
Inhibitor of Growth 3 (ING3) is a candidate tumor suppressor gene whose expression is lost in tumors such as hepatocellular carcinoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. In the present study, we show that ING3-depleted human cells and yeast cells deleted for its ortholog YNG2 are sensitive to DNA damage suggesting a conserved role...
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Two compounds (1) and (2) containing tert-butylphenol groups were, for the first time, produced during the culture of Paenibacillus odorifer, a bacterial strain associated with the crustose lichen, Rhizocarpon geographicum. Their entire structures were identified by one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) NMR and high-resolution electrospray...
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Background: Although the founding members of the INhibitor of Growth (ING) family of histone mark readers, ING1 and ING2, were defined as tumour suppressors in animal models, the role of other ING proteins in cellular proliferation and cancer progression is unclear. Methods: We transduced ex vivo benign prostate hyperplasia tissues with inducible...
Article
Owing to their immunosuppressive properties, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) obtained from bone marrow (BM-MSCs) or adipose tissue (ASCs) are considered a promising tool for cell therapy. However, important issues should be considered to ensure the reproducible production of efficient and safe clinical-grade MSCs. In particular, high expansion rat...
Article
Apoptosis is a gene-directed program that is engaged to efficiently eliminate dysfunctional cells. Evasion of apoptosis may be an important gate to tumor initiation and therapy resistance. Like any other developmental program, apoptosis can be disrupted by several genetic aberrations driving malignant cells into an uncontrolled progression and surv...
Article
Adipose stem cells;Bone marrow stromal cells;Cell culture;Cell signaling;Hypoxia;Mesenchymal stem cells
Article
We report on a phase II clinical trial to determine the effect of a concurrent ultra-fractionated radiotherapy and temozolomide treatment in inoperable glioblastoma patients. A phase II study opened; patients over 18 years of age who were able to give informed consent and had histologically proven, newly diagnosed inoperable diagnosed and supratent...
Article
Long-term cultures under hypoxic conditions have been demonstrated to maintain the phenotype of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) and to prevent the emergence of senescence. According to several studies, hypoxia has frequently been reported to drive genomic instability in cancer cells and in MSCs by hindering the DNA damage response and DNA rep...
Conference Paper
Introduction INhibitor of Growth (ING2) gene has been recently characterized as a tumor suppressor gene. Indeed, ING2 protein has been involved in caretaker and gatekeeper functions (apoptosis, senescence, DNA repair…) [1]. Interestingly, ING2 expression is frequently lost in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and is an early event in cancerogenesi...
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Hypoxic niches help maintain mesenchymal stromal cell properties, and their amplification under hypoxia sustains their immature state. However, how MSCs maintain their genomic integrity in this context remains elusive, since hypoxia may prevent proper DNA repair by downregulating expression of BRCA1 and RAD51. Here, we find that the ING1b tumor sup...
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The INhibitor of Growth (ING) proteins are encoded as multiple isoforms in five ING genes (ING1 –5) and act as type II tumor suppressors. They are growth inhibitory when overexpressed and are frequently mislocalized or downregulated in several forms of cancer. ING1 and ING2 are stoichiometric members of histone deacetylase complexes, whereas ING3–5...
Article
ING genes (ING1-5) were identified has tumor suppressor genes. ING proteins are characterised as Type II TSGs since they are involved in the control of cell proliferation, apoptosis and senescence. They may also function as Type I TSGs since they are also involved in DNA replication and repair. Most studies have reported that they are frequently lo...
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Inhibitor of Growth 1 (ING1) was identified and characterized as a "candidate" tumor suppressor gene in 1996. Subsequently, four more genes, also characterized as "candidate" tumor suppressor genes, were identified by homology search: ING2, ING3, ING4, and ING5. The ING proteins are characterized by a high homology in their C-terminal domain, which...
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ING2 (inhibitor of growth 2) is a candidate tumor-suppressor gene involved in cell cycle control, apoptosis and senescence. Although the functions of ING2 within the chromatin remodeling complex Sin3A/histone deacetylase (HDAC) and in the p53 pathway have been described, how ING2 itself is regulated remains unknown. In this study we report for the...
Article
ING2 (Inhibitor of Growth 2) is a candidate tumor suppressive protein frequently lost in human tumors. Recently, we have reported that ING2 downregulation impairs DNA replication forks progression and leads to genome instability. To better understand the tumor suppressive functions of ING2 and its role in the cell cycle, we downregulated its expres...
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Ultrafractionation of radiation therapy is a novel regimen consisting of irradiating tumors several times daily, delivering low doses (<0.75 Gy) at which hyperradiosensitivity occurs. We recently demonstrated the high efficiency of ultrafractionated radiotherapy (RT) on glioma xenografts and report here on a phase II clinical trial to determine the...
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Senescence is a tumor suppression mechanism that is induced by several stimuli, including oncogenic signaling and telomere shortening, and controlled by the p53/p21(WAF1) signaling pathway. Recently, a critical role for secreted factors has emerged, suggesting that extracellular signals are necessary for the onset and maintenance of senescence. Con...
Article
ING2 is a candidate tumor suppressor gene involved in cell cycle control, apoptosis and senescence. Furthermore, we have recently shown that loss of ING2 expression is associated with increased genome instability. We investigated its status in a series of 120 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by using immunohistochemistry (IHC). The results showed...
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Comment on: Larrieu D, et al. EMBO Rep 2009; 10:1168-74.
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Inhibitor of growth 2 (ING2) is a candidate tumour suppressor gene the expression of which is frequently lost in tumours. Here, we identified a new function for ING2 in the control of DNA replication and in the maintenance of genome stability. Global replication rate was markedly reduced during normal S-phase in small interfering RNA (siRNA) ING2 c...
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Netrin-1 may promote colorectal and breast tumorigenesis, by inhibiting apoptosis induced by its dependence receptors, deleted in colorectal cancer (DCC) and uncoordinated-5-homolog (UNC5H). The status of netrin-1 and its receptors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was unknown. The levels of netrin-1 and its receptors were analyzed in a panel o...
Article
Introduction : L’incidence du cancer du poumon augmente de manière exponentielle avec l’âge. Parallèlement, les cellules sénescentes s’accumulent dans les tissus au cours du vieillissement. Ces cellules sécrètent de nombreux facteurs qui modifient le microenvironnement et favorisent le développement tumoral. Par conséquent, la sénescence cellulaire...
Article
The Inhibitor of Growth 1 (ING1) gene has been identified and characterized as a Type-II tumor suppressor gene (TSG). Subsequently, 4 additional members of the family were identified by homology search. ING proteins contain a nuclear localization sequence (NLS) and a plant homeo domain (PHD) finger motif in their C-terminus. These proteins are invo...
Article
When studying the density of skin lesions, calculations of relative density are based on charts of proportion of skin surface area. However, the current source of information is derived from skewed data obtained at the beginning of the twentieth century. Using more recent data from a population-based sample of children in the United States, we prop...
Article
ING genes (Inhibitor of Growth, ING1-5) are candidate tumor suppressor genes which have been recently identified and characterized. Whereas ING1 expression has been shown to be down-regulated in several tumor types through a yet unknown mechanism (mutation of the gene is a rare event), few data have been reported regarding the status of other membe...
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Full-text available
Inhibitor of growth 4 (ING4) is a candidate tumor suppressor that plays a major role in gene regulation, cell cycle control, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. ING4 expression is down-regulated in glioblastoma cells and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Here, we identified liprin alpha1/PPFIA1, a cytoplasmic protein necessary for focal adhesion form...
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Running title: Regulation of cell motility by ING4 and liprin α1Abstract ING4 is a candidate tumor suppressor that plays a major role in gene regulation, cell cycle control, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. ING4 expression is downregulated in glioblastoma cells, and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Here, we identified liprin α1/PPFIA1, a cytoplas...