Remo Pareschi

Remo Pareschi
Università degli Studi del Molise | Università del Molise · Department of Biosciences and Territory

Professor

About

137
Publications
20,870
Reads
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2,110
Citations

Publications

Publications (137)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Distributed systems have become ubiquitous in recent years, with those based on distributed ledger technology (DLT), such as blockchains, gaining more and more weight. Indeed, DLT ensures strong data integrity thanks to complex cryptographic protocols and high distribution. That said, even the most powerful systems will never be perfect, and, in fa...
Article
Full-text available
Recent years have seen a number of innovations that have set the stage for a radical expansion of digital art, from the point of view of both the production and the distribution of works. On the one hand, in fact, the advent of generative capabilities in Artificial Intelligence based on Deep Learning methodologies, such as in particular Generative...
Preprint
Full-text available
Smart contracts show a high potential for ensuring that Supply Chain Management strategies make a qualitative leap toward higher levels of optimality, not only in terms of efficiency and profitability but also in the aggregation of skills aimed at creating the best products and services to bring to the market. In this article, we illustrate an arch...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Social media and financial markets are ecosystems bound to interact and overlap more and more. For example, cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin in the first place, have long been among the hottest topics on social media. Here we illustrate a methodology for correlating Bitcoin price trends and social media that operates on the aggre-gation of news from multi...
Article
Full-text available
A key component of blockchain technology is the ledger, viz., a database that, unlike standard databases, keeps in memory the complete history of past transactions as in a notarial archive for the benefit of any future test. In second-generation blockchains such as Ethereum the ledger is coupled with smart contracts, which enable the automation of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Private distributed ledgers (DLs) appear to be more successful than public blockchains at supporting innovative business ecosystems in the form of enterprise consortia. In fact, by untying transactions from the native cryptocurrencies of public blockchains, consortium DLs can smoothly interface with the various sectors of the traditional economy wi...
Preprint
Full-text available
A key component of blockchain technology is the ledger, viz., a database that, unlike standard databases, keeps in memory the complete history of past transactions as in a notarial archive for the benefit of any future test. In second-generation blockchains such as Ethereum the ledger is coupled with smart contracts, which enable the automation of...
Preprint
Full-text available
The successes of Artificial Intelligence in recent years in areas such as image analysis, natural language understanding and strategy games have sparked interest from the world of finance. Specifically, there are high expectations, and ongoing engineering projects, regarding the creation of artificial agents, known as robotic traders, capable of ju...
Article
Full-text available
Tether is a stablecoin, namely a cryptocurrency associated with an underlying security. Tether provides one of the most relevant ways to buy bitcoins and has been the centre of many controversies. In fact, it has been hypothesized that new tethers are issued without the underlying reserves, and that new massive Tether emissions are the basis of str...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Since the launch of Bitcoin in 2008, blockchain technology has enjoyed increasing popularity, and many implementations have followed. Some of these efforts go beyond cryptocurrencies as they aim at organizational and business innovation in supply chains, healthcare, agri-food, large-scale distribution, and public administration. Consequently, there...
Article
Full-text available
Recent advances in technology have drastically downsized costs and implementation times for genomic services. The wide availability of low-cost genomic technologies and easy access to genomic data can significantly improve healthcare productivity and efficiency, all to the benefit of social well-being in general. For example, by creating the condit...
Article
Full-text available
We propose blockchains and smart contracts as enabling technologies for an innovative type of supply chain management, with the goal of achieving higher levels of collaboration between the companies participating in the chain, which in turn pays in the form of higher levels of profitability and economic health for the participating enterprises. Our...
Article
Full-text available
Blockchain is a decentralized transaction and data management solution, the technological leap behind the success of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. As the variety of existing blockchains and distributed ledgers continues to increase, adopters should focus on selecting the solution that best fits their needs and the requirements of their decent...
Preprint
Full-text available
Blockchain is a decentralized transaction and data management solution, the technological leap behind the success of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. As the variety of existing blockchains and distributed ledgers continues to increase, adopters should focus on selecting the solution that best fits their needs and the requirements of their decent...
Presentation
Full-text available
Video presentation of article The Genesy Model for a Blockchain-based Fair Ecosystem of Genomic Data
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recent advances in technology have drastically downsized costs and implementation times for genomic services. The wide availability of low-cost genomic technologies and the easy access to genomic data can significantly improve the productivity and efficiency of healthcare, all to the benefit of social well-being in general. For example, by creating...
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation of the Genesy Project, which is in the course of building up a world-wide blockchain of genomic data. Genesy fosters an ecosystem comprising end-users, each having exclusive ownership and control of her data, service providers (such as providers of DNA sequencing services), private and public research centers, hospitals, and the geneti...
Conference Paper
Advances in technology have drastically reduced costs and implementation time for Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS). As of today the complete sequencing of the human genome has become more accessible and can even cost less than $1000 and using low-pass sequencing technologies even $150. Large use of WGS technologies at lower costs along with easy acces...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a design pattern that combines gamification dynamics along with blockchains forthe purpose of using blockchain technology in a business-savvy fashion as support to a framework forcollaborative problem solving, i.e., leveraging gamification to incentivize people to produce efficient, freelyavailable and easily accessible solution...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper proposes a design pattern that combines gamification dynamics along with blockchains for the purpose of using blockchain technology in a business-savvy fashion as support to a framework for collaborative problem solving, i.e., leveraging gamification to incentivize people to produce efficient, freely available and easily accessible solut...
Chapter
In the last years social media are increasing their importance in the context of digital freelancing by letting companies offer projects to external professionals through the Web. However, the available platforms for digital freelancing are still far from supporting the ecosystem of companies and professionals during the implementation of complex p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Internet of Things (IoT) is a perspective and an infrastructure allowing everything to turn into a sensor capable of acquiring and pouring data into the cloud, where they can be aggregated with other data and analysed to extract decision-supportive information. However, going in the opposite direction is at least as useful and exciting, by exploiti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As demonstrated by numerous ethno-anthropological studies, food can be a powerful basis for the integration of different ethnic groups and populations. The Bread project uses this integration capability, rooted in the convivial atmosphere of the experience of eating together, to address the pressing issue of the integration of migrant communities a...
Article
Full-text available
Network analysis views complex systems as networks with well-defined structural properties that account for their complexity. These characteristics, which include scale-free behavior, small worlds and communities, are not to be found in networks such as random graphs and lattices that do not correspond to complex systems. They provide therefore a r...
Research
Full-text available
Abstract of article forthcoming on the journal of cognitive economics Mind and Society http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/11299 Keywords: complex systems, complex networks, information theory, probabilistic topic models, business process management, policy analysis
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We introduce the concept of "outcome network" as a tool to meas-ure the effects that were expected from a law-making with respect to the effects that were actually achieved through its implementation. From a given law a cor-responding outcome network can be mapped out through the knowledge of do-main experts. That same knowledge can then be used to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We introduce the notion of open-world process to refer to processes that generally require flexible execution and are influenced by external factors. Among such processes we focus on those that fit also with the notion of "busi-ness process". We then introduce "hot topics" to capture contextual information flows that, by flowing into the context of...
Article
Large content networks like the World Wide Web contain huge amounts of information that have the potential of being integrated because their components fit within common concepts and/or are connected through hidden, implicit relationships. One attempt at such an integration is the program called the ``Web of Data'', which is an evolution of the Sem...
Book
Full-text available
As we approach the beginning of the 21st century, we are beginning to see the emer­gence of knowledge management as a natural evolution of the focus and importance of quality in the 1980s and reengineering in the I 990s. Quality placed a huge em­phasis on getting all employees to use their brainpower better. Reengineering em­phasized the use of tec...
Conference Paper
Information-driven collective intelligences derive from the connection and the interaction of multiple, distributed, independent agents that produce and process information, and eventually turn it into knowledge, meant in the broad sense of capability of conceptual representation. For instance, the World-wide Web can be viewed as an information-dri...
Conference Paper
Communities and ontologies are both concepts that have acquired strong momentum since the coming of age of new media such as Internet and the Web. They have become more relevant in a situation where growing communities and creating information categorizable through ontologies is made much easier and faster compared to what was possible before. In s...
Conference Paper
Collective intelligence derives from the connection and the interaction of multiple, distributed, independent intelligent units via a network, such as, typically, a digital data network. As collective intelligences are effectively making their way into reality in consequence of ubiquitous digital communication, the opportunity and the challenge ari...
Conference Paper
In this paper we face some relevant issues on the relations between Web communities and ontologies. We build an operator that constructs a weak Web community, according to the definition given in,starting from a seed of Web sites. The necessity of such an operator is derived from a problem arisen in the model developed in, in which some relevant co...
Conference Paper
We show that the search technique of dynamic programming models a form of multiagent computation characterized by the interaction of cooperating/competing agents. For this reason, dynamic programming algorithms can be easily implemented in an object-oriented concurrent language environment. We illustrate this by a simple example implemented in the...
Article
The development of communication infrastructures and the rapid growth of networking facilities in information technologies increase information mobility and the decentralisation of work processes in industry and services. This evolution leads to increasing demands on the coordination of information systems. However, information technologies availab...
Article
Full-text available
We consider here a typical instance of a non-trivial print tasks management problem, and we show how to handle it within Zippin, a highly interactive constraint-based environment for scheduling and decision support.
Article
Today in physics, more and more scientific documents are prepared electronically, are posted and archived. At the same time, an increasing number of heterogeneous Web-servers are dedicated to hosting such archives. While this trend makes available more relevant scientific information, it also complicates the task of finding, retrieving, processing...
Article
Linear Logic is gaining momentum in computer science because it offers a unified framework and a common vocabulary for studying and analyzing different aspects of programming and computation. We focus here on models where computation is identified with proof search in the sequent system of Linear Logic. A proof normalization procedure, called "focu...
Article
We discuss a framework in which the traditional features of objects (encapsulation, communication, etc.) are enhanced with synchronization and coordination facilities, using the declarative power of rules. We propose two interpretations of rules, one re-active and the other pro-active, corresponding to different kinds of interactions between the ru...
Article
Intelligent brokering of information needs algorithmically tractable knowledge representations and corresponding constraint solvers to tackle the satisfiability problems involved. Feature constraints emerged soon as a convenient and elegant choice of knowledge representation. The full fragment of feature constraints, where sorts and features are al...
Article
The promise of workflow solutions for coordinating organizational processes is currently being obscured by strong criticism of the rigidity of their work representations. This rigidity arises in part from viewing work processes as unfolding along a single line of temporally chained activities. In reality, work evolves both horizontally, in the coop...
Article
Distributed Problem Solving (DPS) decomposes problems into subproblems to be solved by interacting, cooperative software agents. Thus, DPS is suitable for modeling, in the context of parallel and distributed architectures, the solving of problems characterized by many inter-dependencies among subproblems. Concurrent Constraint Programming (CCP) pro...
Article
Knowledge has been lately recognized as one of the most important assets of organizations. Can information technology help the growth and the sustainment of organizational knowledge? The answer is yes, if care is taken to remember that IT here is just a part of the story (corporate culture and work practices being equally relevant) and that the inf...
Article
Living systems provide a good metaphor for the coordination of autonomous agents managing tasks according to their role in the system. The study of such systems from the point of view of General Systems Theory would benefit from computational experimentation. This paper proposes an agent-based methodology for system modeling as well as computationa...
Article
Object-oriented programming (OOP) has proven a very useful paradigm for supporting client-server computing within the context of local-area networks, where stable assumptions can be made about the available resources and services and where interactions between clients and servers are relatively simple. By implementing servers as objects, access to...
Article
t be fully satisfied may still obtain results in the form of partial objects that refine the initial requests by instantiating some of its attributes or by adding new attributes. Efficient constraint solvers allow for local filtering/sifting of information. CBKB-related projects include: COIN (MIT), Harvest (Univ. Colorado), Garlic (IBM Almaden), H...
Article
Full-text available
Electronic commerce is emerging as one of the main application domains on the Internet and the WWW and promises to change radically the relationship between customers, retailers and service providers. However, for this to happen, electronic commerce must become effectively a better way of selling goods and services than the traditional channels. Th...
Article
Full-text available
We introduce a first-order version of Categorial Grammar, based on the idea of encoding syntactic types as definite clauses. Thus, we drop all explicit requirements of adjacency between combinable constituents, and we capture wordorder constraints simply by allowing subformulae of complex types to share variables ranging over string positions. We a...
Article
Full-text available
ht capture the obvious intuitions concerning constituency in a sentence like John must leave by identifying the VP leave and the NP John as the arguments of the tensed verb must, and the verb itself as a function combin- ing to its right with a VP, to yield a predicate -- that is, a leftward-combining function-from-NPs-into-sentences. One common "s...
Article
Full-text available
Techniques that optimize computations by reusing partial results have a long tradition in computer science. Seen from the point of view of sequential computations, all these techniques share the common execution strategy of storing partial results in a centralized data structure, while they differ as to how the results are computed, e.g. in a data-...
Article
Full-text available
We present a new framework for amalgamating two successful programming paradigms: logic programming and object-oriented programming. From the former, we keep the declarative reading of programs. From the latter, we select two crucial notions: (i) the ability for objects to dynamically change their internal state during the computation; (ii) the str...
Article
Full-text available
We introduce an abstract form of interobject communication for object-oriented concurrent programming based on the proof theory of Linear Logic, a logic introduced to provide a theoretical basis for the study of concurrency. Such a form of communication, which we call forum-based communication, can be seen as a refinement of blackboard-based commun...
Article
Full-text available
We introduce a novel concurrent logic programming language, which we call LO, based on an extension of Horn logic. This language enhances the process view of objects implementable in Horn-based concurrent logic programming languages with powerful capabilities for knowledge structuring, leading to a flexible form of variable-structure inheritance. T...
Article
Full-text available
We define a true concurrency semantics for LO, a reactive programming language characterized by dynamically reconfigurable agents (processes), with interagent communication implemented as broadcasting and logical operators corresponding to Linear Logic connectives. Our semantic model is given by the well-known Chemical Abstract Machine formalism, w...
Book
Reasoning is an integral part of intelligent systems in fields like databases, logic programming, robotics, knowledge engineering, human/computer interfaces, programming environments, etc. In reality any such system has to cope with a changing world and its dynamics. Hence it is of great importance that reasoning must account for coping with change...
Article
Full-text available
Today in physics, more and more scientific documents are prepared electronically, are posted and archived. At the same time, an increasing number of heterogeneous Web-servers are dedicated to hosting such archives. While this trend makes available more relevant scientific information, it also complicates the task of finding, retrieving, processing...
Article
In the framework of distributed problem solving we introduce two communication protocols, the request-subrequest protocol and the local-caching protocol, which are based on the hypothesis of minimal and maximal reuse of available information, respectively. The optimal solution of a distributed problem can be reached according to different protocols...
Article
Object-oriented programming (OOP) has proven a very useful paradigm for supporting client-server computing within the context of local-area networks, where stable assumptions can be made about the available resources and services and where interactions between clients and servers are relatively simple. By implementing servers as objects, access to...
Article
Distributed Problem Solving (DPS) approaches decompose problems into subproblems to be solved by interacting, cooperative software agents. Thus, DPS is suitable for solving problems characterized by many interdependencies among subproblems in the context of parallel and distributed architectures. Concurrent Constraint Programming (CCP) provides a p...
Article
As we approach the beginning of the 21st century, we are beginning to see the emer­gence of knowledge management as a natural evolution of the focus and importance of quality in the 1980s and reengineering in the I 990s. Quality placed a huge em­phasis on getting all employees to use their brainpower better. Reengineering em­phasi