Reinhard Kopiez

Reinhard Kopiez
Hochschule für Musik, Theater und Medien Hannover | hmtmh · Hanover Music Lab

Doctor of Philosophy/Professor of Music Psychology

About

143
Publications
83,700
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2,213
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Introduction
Empirical (data-rich) research in the field of music performance, social psychology of music and musical expertise.

Publications

Publications (143)
Article
Full-text available
Edwin E. Gordon developed the Advanced Measures of Music Audiation (AMMA) test to quantify the extent of an adult's stabilized audiation as a fundamental indicator of musical ability. Although intended to measure audiation exclusively, AMMA is based on a test design similar to the tonal memory subtest of the much older Measures of Musical Talents (...
Article
Zusammenfassung Teilhabe an Musikkultur stellt eine zentrale Zieldimension musikpädagogischen Lehrens und Lernens dar. Gleichzeitig werden der musikalisch-kulturellen Teilhabe positive Wirkungen auf die allgemeine Lebenszufriedenheit von Kindern und Jugendlichen zugesprochen. Ausgehend vom Capability Approach wird empirisch geprüft, inwiefern sich...
Article
Full-text available
In internet experiments on auditory perception, playback devices may be a confounding variable reducing internal validity. A procedure to remotely test multiple characteristics of playback devices does not currently exist. Thus, the main goals of this study were to (i) develop and (ii) evaluate a comprehensive, efficient, and easy-to-handle test pr...
Chapter
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The final presentation in a live concert is the ultimate goal of musicians who put in numerous hours of laborious practice. To succeed in an audition or a competition, performers have to present their musical skills in front of a jury or audience as well as interact with the audience. These "live" elements are essential and cannot be replaced by vi...
Article
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Die Struktur musikalischer Fähigkeiten ist bislang nicht eindeutig identifiziert. Die vorliegende Studie untersucht, ob es analog zu Gardners Konzept der multiplen Intelligenzen mehrere unabhängige Musikalitäten gibt oder analog zu Spearmans Generalfaktor der Intelligenz hingegen nur einen allgemeinen Musikalitätsfaktor. Hierbei wird Musikalität im...
Article
Recent meta-analyses have confirmed the significance of three personality traits of the Five-Factor Model (FFM) in predicting academic achievement, namely, conscientiousness, emotional stability (neuroticism), and openness. However, there is little agreement on which FFM traits are relevant in predicting academic achievement in music. The underlyin...
Article
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Signal detection theory gives a framework for determining how well participants can discriminate between two types of stimuli. This article first examines similarities and differences of forced-choice and A–Not A designs (also known as the yes-no or one-interval ). Then it focuses on the latter, in which participants have to classify stimuli, prese...
Preprint
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Although virtual reality, video entertainment, and computer games are dependent on the three-dimensional reproduction of sound (including front, rear, and height channels), it remains unclear whether 3D-audio formats actually intensify the emotional listening experience. There is currently no valid inventory for the objective measurement of immersi...
Article
In recent empirical research, the experience of groove (i.e., the pleasant sense of wanting to move along with the music) has come into focus. By developing the new Experience of Groove Questionnaire (EGQ), Senn et al. (2020) have provided a standardized and validated research instrument for future studies, consisting of the two correlated factors...
Article
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As predicted by Holbrook and Schindler (1989) in a seminal study, popular music from the charts released when a person is roughly 23.47 years old (so-called Song-Specific Age, SSA) has a particularly positive impact on that person's song evaluations decades later. In our replication study, N = 162 participants (M age = 59.1 years, SD = 17.3) indica...
Chapter
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Die Unterscheidbarkeit musikalischer Cluster: Eine wahrnehmungspsychologische Studie ABSTRACT: Die Einbeziehung des Klangs in die analytische Musikbetrachtung erscheint spätestens im 20. Jahrhunderts eine unausweichliche Herausforderung an die musiktheoreti-sche Forschung. Ausgangspunkt der hier vorgestellten Studie ist der musikalische Cluster. Cl...
Chapter
Full-text available
Article
In an online study, N = 517 participants rated 48 very short musical stimuli comprised of well-known pop songs with regard to arrangement parameters and cross-modal variables. Identification rates for songs and artists ranged between 0-7%. We observed associations between increasing stimulus durations as well as structural sections (chorus or verse...
Article
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Over the last decades, the simulation of musical instruments by digital means has become an important part of modern music production and live performance. Since the first release of the Kemper Profiling Amplifier (KPA) in 2011, guitarists have been able to create and store a nearly unlimited number of “digital fingerprints” of amplifier and cabine...
Book
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Die Entwicklung der Musikpsychologie wurde in den letzten 40 Jahren begleitet durch die Entstehung einer Vielzahl von Messgeräten zur Erfassung des menschlichen Musikverstehens und -erlebens. Diese Geräte spielten für den Aufstieg der Musikpsychologie zur wichtigsten Disziplin der empirischen Musikforschung eine zentrale Rolle. Doch welche Forscher...
Article
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This study presents the Chinese adaptation of the Goldsmiths Musical Sophistication Index (Gold-MSI), an instrument for measuring individual differences in musical ability and skilled musical behaviour. Its psychometric properties were examined with a Taiwanese sample. The Gold-MSI inventory was translated into Chinese following recommendations fro...
Poster
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In online experiments using acoustic stimuli, it is usually unknown which headphones or loudspeakers participants use. However, the sound transducing equipment could have an influence on the participants’ responses. Test prerequisites vary due to the modification in acoustic stimuli by different sound transducers and listening situations. This rais...
Article
For the past 140 years, numerous studies have been conducted to examine minimum durations of samples needed for the recognition of acoustic parameters such as pitch, timbre or vocal phonemes. Recent studies in this field are often based on short clips (plinks) of popular songs, using target variables such as titles and interpreters. These studies p...
Article
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In this study, we investigate the influence of musical tempo on the heart rate. Previous studies showed ambiguous results. Two effects are considered: first, an adaption of the heart rate frequency to the tempo of a musical stimulus (‘entrainment’) and second, the phase synchronization between the stimulus-onset and the R-waves in the ECG (‘synchro...
Article
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Being able to imagine the sound of music from notation as a result of so-called notational audiation, without the physical presence of sound, is an indispensable skill for professional musicians. However, up until now there has been no assessment for the evaluation of the skill responsible for the reading-imagery task. The development of an assessm...
Article
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The present study has investigated the minimal-distance hypothesis in music (Langlois & Roggman, 1990; Repp, 1997) by replicating Repp's original study (1997) on the aesthetic quality of an averaged performance—compared to individual interpretations—of Robert Schumann's Träumerei (Op. 15, No. 7). Participants (N = 205) came from Germany and Taiwan...
Chapter
Full-text available
Learning to play a musical instrument is a complex process, requiring the development of aural, cognitive, technical, musical, communication and performing skills (Hallam, 2006). Musical performance involves the integration of multimodal sensory and motor information and precise monitoring of the performance through auditory feedback (Altenmüller &...
Chapter
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Chapter
Learning to play a musical instrument is a complex process, requiring the development of aural, cognitive, technical, musical, communication and performing skills (Hallam, 2006). Musical performance involves the integration of multimodal sensory and motor information and precise monitoring of the performance through auditory feedback (Altenmüller &...
Article
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In the following study, we have developed an assessment instrument for the practice-dependent skill of analytical hearing following a strict test theoretical validation, resulting in the Musical Ear Training Assessment (META). By means of three pilot studies, a developmental study, and a validation study, we verified a one-dimensional test model us...
Chapter
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Chapter
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Book
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Article
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This study investigates the influence of an actual music stand on the evaluation of a videotaped audio-visual solo instrumental performance. Previous research has provided evidence that the presence of a score or music stand (obstructing the audience's view of the performer) might negatively influence the evaluation of the performance. However, due...
Article
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In the last decade, educational neuroscience has become increasingly important in the context of instruction, and its applications have been transformed into new teaching methods. Although teachers are interested in educational neuroscience, communication between scientists and teachers is not always straightforward. Thus, misunderstandings of neur...
Chapter
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Musikszenen sind Teil einer Gesellschaft und formieren sich um sozial geteilte musikalische Genrepräferenzen. Ein wesentliches Merkmal ist hierbei die Bindung einer Szene an einen spezifischen Ort (scene space), der sowohl real, wie fiktiv sein kann. Der Beitrag stellt dar, welche Rolle die Songtexte, der sprachliche Austausch und die lexikalische...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study examines the musical tone cluster as a prototypical sound of avant-garde music in the 20th and 21st century. Tone clusters marked a turning point from pitch-related techniques of composing in earlier epochs to the sound-based materials used in avant-garde music. Henry Cowell offered the first theoretical reflection about the structure of...
Conference Paper
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Mit "Scanning the Dial" veröffentlichten Gjerdingen und Perrott 1999 eine vielzitierte Referenzstudie zu schnellen Erkennungsleistungen ("Rapid Assessment") kurzer musikalischer Elemente ("Plinks"). Diese und weitere Studien weisen auf überraschend kurze Zeitspannen hin, die für die überzufällige Klassifikation von Genres anhand kurzer Soundclips (...
Chapter
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Anecdotal evidence concerning exceptional performances of musical prodigies - such as 14-year-old Mozart's transcription of Allegri's Miserere- captures people's attention but is often of limited scientific use. First attempts to develop an objective aural performance measurement using standardized tasks to analyse complex chords date from the end...
Article
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Fig 1 contains an error. The distributions as well as the legend in panel C are absent from the current version. Please find the corrected version here. Fig 1 Results from the auditory discrimination task between orchestra sample library and live orchestra recording. There is an error in the ‘Data Analysis’ subsection of the Materials and Method...
Poster
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At the turn of the millennium, several much-noticed studies on the rapid assessment of musical genres by very short excerpts (”plinks”) have been published. While at first the research mostly focused on clips of popular pieces of music, the recognition of elements in the millisecond range has since been attracting growing attention in general. Alth...
Article
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Recently, musical sounds from pre-recorded orchestra sample libraries (OSL) have become indispensable in music production for the stage or popular charts. Surprisingly, it is unknown whether human listeners can identify sounds as stemming from real orchestras or OSLs. Thus, an internet-based experiment was conducted to investigate whether a classic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
At the turn of the millennium, several much-noticed studies on the rapid assessment of musical genres by very short excerpts ("plinks") have been published. While at first the research mostly focused on clips of popular pieces of music, the recognition of elements in the millisecond range has since been attracting growing attention in general. Alth...
Article
Full-text available
Songs heard between the ages of 15 and 24 should be remembered better and have a stronger relationship to autobiographical memories when compared with music from other phases of life (“reminiscence bump effect”). Additionally, the proportion of music-evoked autobiographical memories (MEAMs) is at a maximum in these years of early adolescence and th...
Chapter
Innerhalb der Wissenschaften, die sich der Erforschung der Musik widmen, stellt die Dimension des Körpers eine, wenn nicht gar die zentrale Schnittstelle dar. Sie umgreift die Musikwissenschaft und Musikpädagogik ebenso wie die Musikphysiologie. In den Beiträgen des Bandes formulieren namhafte Fachvertreter der genannten Disziplinen wichtige Überle...
Article
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Deliberate practice (DP) is a task-specific structured training activity that plays a key role in understanding skill acquisition and explaining individual differences in expert performance. Relevant activities that qualify as DP have to be identified in every domain. For example, for training in classical music, solitary practice is a typical trai...
Article
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The present research examines adolescents’ appreciation of popular music and musicians against the background of the Optimal Distinctiveness Theory (ODT; Brewer, 1991). Within the framework of ODT, adolescents should favour music which maintains a balance between feelings of inclusion and distinctiveness (Abrams, 2009). Our research contributes to...
Article
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For successful admission to universities of music, prospective students have to pass entrance exams which assess the quality of their music-making and, in some instances, their abilities in music theory and aural training. However, only very little is known about the validity of such grades and the skill development of expectant professional musici...
Article
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This exploratory study investigated the effect of different types of song closure in popular music on pulse continuation behaviour. We compared the perceptual effects of the so-called “fade-out” song closure with the so-called “cold end” (arranged end). We assumed that fading could result in the listeners’ imagining that the song continues past the...
Article
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Show elements are indispensable in live rock performances and have an impact on the recipients' performance evaluations. We conducted two studies on the persuasive function of show elements (e.g., multi-finger tapping, over-under techniques, or playing with the tongue) in rock guitar solo performances. In Experiment 1 professional guitarists (N = 1...
Article
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In der vorliegenden Fragebogenstudie wurden Schüler im Alter von 10 bis 12 Jahren gefragt (n =142), ob sie sich auf das Singen im Allgemeinen und im Musikunterricht freuen, da eine positive Einstellung zum Singen notwendig ist, um in Erwägung zu ziehen, z. B. einem Chor beizutr((ten. Die befragten Schüler singen größtenteils gern und nehmen an, das...
Article
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This study investigated the effects of background music on cognition, evaluations of films and attitudes. We replicated an earlier experiment by Brosius (1990) on the effects of background music on memory and evaluations of informational films. Using the Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM, see Petty & Cacioppo, 1986) as a theoretical framework, we p...
Article
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In this study, we suggest a typology of stage entrance behaviour of performers, based on audience members’ first impression of selected video recordings of an international violin competition. For the first time in performance research, we have focused on the stage entrance, which commences with the performers’ first appearance and lasts until the...
Article
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In general, microtiming is considered to be an important factor for the perceived quality of rhythms. Our experiment analyzed the influence of early or late time shift of both bass drum and snare drum on the perceived musical quality of a short, simple drum pattern in rock style. In a web-based study, music students (N = 93) listened to a simple dr...
Article
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This study investigates whether the emotional effects of music can be manipulated by social influence in an online music listening setting. More than 5000 participants listened to five randomly chosen music excerpts (of a total of 23 excerpts) and, after each one, rated induced emotions along arousal and valence dimensions. By providing different l...
Article
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Die Zulassungsprüfung an Musikhochschulen ist von zentraler Bedeutung für Studieninteressierte, da sie als Entscheidungsgrundlage für die Aufnahme in einen musikpraktischen Studiengang herangezogen wird. Ihr Ziel ist der Nachweis über „eine besondere künstlerische Befähigung” (Hochschule für Musik, Theater und Medien Hannover, o. J.). Zulassungsprü...
Article
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The visual component of music performance as experienced in a live concert is of central importance for the appreciation of music performance. However, up until now the influence of the visual component on the evaluation of music performance has remained unquantified in terms of effect size estimations. Based on a meta-analysis of 15 aggregated stu...
Article
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This study investigates the relationship between typicality, a musician’s image and music evaluation by adolescents. We pay particular attention to adolescents’ sensitivity to the (un-)conventionality of the music and the musicians. First, in the theoretical part, we reveal the variable “typicality” (with the extremes conventional vs. unconventiona...