Reiner Anderl

Reiner Anderl
Technische Universität Darmstadt | TU · Department of Mechanical Engineering (Dept.16)

Prof. Dr.-Ing.

About

467
Publications
163,885
Reads
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2,486
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2017 - present
Academy of Science and Literature, Mainz, Germany
Position
  • CEO
February 2012 - present
acatech - Deutsche Akademie der Technikwissenschaften
Position
  • Chairman Themennetzwerk Produktentwicklung und Produktion
November 2011 - June 2017
Academy of Science and Literature, Mainz, Germany
Position
  • CEO

Publications

Publications (467)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agile product development methods help to reduce the product development time. The resulting shorter time-to-market ensures a company’s competitiveness. For a time-reduced development process and product lifecycle, the response time to end customer requirements must be decreased as product complexity increases. This requires special methods and too...
Article
Existing approaches to simulation data management refer to the use cases of virtual product development and are not easily transferable to the product utilization phase. Subsequently, there is a need for further development of simulation data management for the application in the Digital Twin. Existing approaches were examined and further developed...
Article
The approaches and visions of Industrie 4.0 developed in recent years enable an increase in productivity and efficiency within production while simultaneously increasing flexibility and autonomy. Decisions are made and processes optimized on the basis of collected data from machines and components. To fully exploit the potential of Industrie 4.0, a...
Article
Quality assurance is one of the main challenges for additive manufacturing. In-process quality assurance measures and, in particular, part inspection after production are time-consuming and cost-intensive. Most existing quality assurance approaches were developed for traditional manufacturing technologies like milling or turning and have been optim...
Conference Paper
With the increasing relevance of Industry 4.0 and the associated data-based processes, efficient and structured data collection is becoming increasingly important. Currently, sensors are used in a large majority of industries to enable automation processes and to check product quality. The collected data is evaluated directly in the plant to contro...
Conference Paper
The versatile concept of the digital twin is being applied in various economic sectors. To exploit its full potential, the digital twin has to be adaptable to changing requirements. In this paper we address the configuration of digital twins with a focus on a flexible and modular simulation chain. Thereby, we utilize the Functional Mock-Up Interfac...
Conference Paper
Additive manufacturing has a variety of benefits that make it an exciting alternative to conventional manufacturing processes. For example, it is possible to manufacture customized, small volume parts with complex geometry in a short time to market. This ensures a steadily growing spread of additive manufacturing beyond its use in prototyping. Howe...
Conference Paper
Programming of production systems depends on highly specialized personnel and proprietary development environments. This can hinder the evolution towards flexible production. In this paper we present a concept for an intuitive way of human-machine interaction by utilizing the augmented reality technology. This involves a method of programming a mac...
Article
Product-service systems offer a hybrid value proposition consisting of product and service solutions. Upgrading traditional product-service systems to smart product-service systems by incorporating individuality and flexibility via data exchange into the value proposition enables addressing a variety of needs of a variety of stakeholders. With the...
Article
Interoperability of Cyber-Physical Systems in the context of Industry 4.0 is currently not explicitly considered during product development leading to compatibility problems during commissioning and usage. This paper addresses the research question of integrating interoperability based on OPC UA Companion Specifications and its building blocks into...
Article
In times of a global climate crisis, the industrial digitalization offers potential to economize on resources. PDM systems are a viable solution to organize product data in a single, central integration platform. These systems enhance the human workforce by managing product data and integrating modern CAx tools during the product development. Indus...
Book
Full-text available
Der neue Mobilfunkstandard der fünften Generation (5G) bietet weitreichende Potenziale für die deutsche Wirtschaft. Insbesondere die Industrie profitiert durch den Einsatz von 5G. Prozesse können leichter digitalisiert und flexibler gestaltet werden, das Arbeiten wird mobiler und durch den Einsatz von augmentierter und virtueller Realität effizient...
Conference Paper
Ongoing advances in modular satellite architectures, coupled with improvements in adaptive manufacturing processes are paving the way for innovations in manufacturing in space and, beyond that, even on-orbit servicing. Current challenges for in-orbit manufacturing of satellites include, in particular, highly reliable, precise and adaptive manufactu...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter describes the various approaches to analyse, quantify and evaluate uncertainty along the phases of the product life cycle. It is based on the previous chapters that introduce a consistent classification of uncertainty and a holistic approach to master the uncertainty of technical systems in mechanical engineering. Here, the following t...
Chapter
Due to the separation of part design and pre-processing in the industrial context of additive manufacturing, design changes caused by part orientation determination lead to time-consuming iterations. This work provides an approach to determine the optimal part orientation and post-processing surfaces in CAD-Systems, based on native 3D CAD data, to...
Chapter
Technologies and development in the field of Internet of Things (IoT) are growing rapidly. With the digitalization of industries, the importance of IoT-platforms is increasing steadily. The large number of IoT-platform providers on the market is representing a vast selection of IoT-platforms with all sorts of functionalities. Due to the vast select...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Title page, Contents and Editorial of the special issue on "Uncertainty in the Digital Twin Context". We are pleased to present a special issue of the International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management, entitled ‘Uncertainty in the digital twin context’. This special issue is part of an effort to encourage the submission of works dealing with u...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Department of Computer Integrated Design (DiK) at the TU Darmstadt deals with the Digital Twin topic from the perspective of virtual product development. A concept for the architecture of a Digital Twin was developed, which allows the administration of simulation input and output data. The concept was built under consideration of classical CAE...
Conference Paper
Organizing manufacturing in dynamic networks instead of inflexible production lines is one of the key aspects of Industry 4.0. This should serve to realize automation and effectiveness to a higher degree than previously achievable. For this modernization, Cyber-Physical Systems should be utilized, where a Digital Twin mirrors the behavior of its Ph...
Chapter
The high complexity of assemblies and components in Computer-Aided Design (CAD) leads to a high effort in the maintenance of the models and increases the time required for adjustments. Metrics indicating the complexity of a CAD Model can help to reduce it by showing the results of changes. This paper describes a concept to calculate metrics aiming...
Chapter
Conventional manufacturing processes continuously develop and new manufacturing processes, such as additive manufacturing, establish on the market. The benefits are product- and variant diversity. For employees in production, this means a broad expert knowledge of manufacturing processes and the operation of several partially automated processes si...
Article
In a globally connected business environment, a variety of stakeholders, aside from the owner of smart products, aim to operate and extract information from the smart product through smart services. The smart services are generated through aggregation of data to operations and information and recombination of these entities. Smart services offer a...
Article
For some years now, digitalization has made its way into all phases of the product life cycle. With the help of the modeling language SysML, Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) represents a modern approach in product development. At the same time, the technologies of Industrie 4.0 and digital twin are opening up a new level of efficiency to prod...
Article
Advanced Systems Engineering combines physical products and digital services and models at an early stage of the product development process. Therefore, more and more sensors cover functional and service assurance of a physical product. The representation of the sensor network enables the efficient archiving, management and processing of sensor dat...
Article
Decision-making highly relies on the accuracy and veracity of data. Therefore, redundant data acquisition and fusion has established but lack the ability to handle conflicting data correctly. Especially digital twins, which complement physical products with mathematical models, and contribute to redundancy. Uncertainty propagates through the digita...
Article
The test processes of cyber-physical systems are time- and cost-intensive. Industry 4.0 provides promising approaches that enables a flexibilization of tests. In this context, this paper addresses the research question on how to virtualize these by using digital twins. The emphasis is on the interaction of simulated hardware and embedded software....
Article
The Department of Computer Integrated Design at the TU Darmstadt deals with new innovative interaction possibilities between workers and Cyber-Physical Systems on the shop floor. In this paper, technologies of Augmented Reality play an essential role. Thus, a digital workflow between product development, planning and production can be established....
Article
As a result of the ongoing digitization, the amount of data generated in companies is continuously increasing. At the same time, IT infrastructures are becoming more sophisticated as the number of software systems used increases and additional databases have to be integrated. In-depth IT knowledge is required to use the acquired data and administer...
Article
In this publication a concept for a self-trained assistance is presented, which places a part, selected by the designer, into an assembly and fixates it with constrains. Therefor all selectable parts are classified by the assistance beforehand. In the process of developing the classification several algorithm were tested and compared regarding spee...
Article
Product designers have access to a choice of manufacturers, who assist with services ranging from manufacturing appropriate design to actual manufacturing, commonly known as Manufacturing-as-a-Service (MaaS). Large-scale enterprises take a leading position in implementing the potentials of MaaS into their business models. However, small and medium-...
Article
Cyber-physical twins are used to provide product-supplementary services for a customer and thus expand the range of services. Sensors in the physical twin record data that is evaluated in the cyber twin and presented to the customer in processed form. In order to gain insights into the current and future behavior of the physical twin, operations ar...
Article
Full-text available
The digital twin (DT) incorporates measured data from the physical domain to create as-built or as-manufactured and as-operated product models. To comprehend some implications of creating a DT, this work provides a holistic review of the uncertainty of measured data and of the data flow context where they must be integrated. This work is based on t...
Chapter
Der Produktentstehungsprozess ist Teil des Produktlebenszyklus und umfasst die Produktlebensphasen Produktplanung, Produktentwicklung und Konstruktion, Arbeitsvorbereitung und Produktherstellung (s. Kap. 1). Kennzeichnend für den Produktentstehungsprozess ist, dass es sich dabei insbesondere auch um einen informationsverarbeitenden Entscheidungspro...
Chapter
Die zentrale Aufgabe der Informationstechnologie ist die Verarbeitung und Bereitstellung von Daten. Als Daten werden im weitesten Sinne Informationen bezeichnet, die sich durch Zeichen in einem Code darstellen lassen, wobei sich der Begriff Daten auf Zahlen, Text oder auch physikalische Größen beziehen kann. Daten werden meist in Digitalrechnern ve...
Chapter
Reliability of sensor information in today’s highly automated systems is crucial. Neglected and not quantifiable uncertainties lead to lack of knowledge which results in erroneous interpretation of sensor data. Physical redundancy is an often-used approach to reduce the impact of lack of knowledge but in many cases is infeasible and gives no absolu...
Article
Full-text available
Along the product lifecycle, data obtained in the physical domain are incorporated into the digital one to create models, which constitute a digital twin of a physical object. The acquisition of data from the physical domain involves the measurement of physical magnitudes. Making explicit the uncertainty of the data transferred from the physical do...
Chapter
The development of smart systems is a multidisciplinary process that is gaining in importance. The share of software integrated in a smart product will continue to increase in the further course of Industrie 4.0 and the increased use of cyber-physical systems. At the same time, a prolonged time-to-market will not be accepted, so that the developmen...
Chapter
The current age is characterized by the ongoing digitalization, which especially affects the mechanical industry. Together with information and communication technology based on Cyber-Physical Systems, it creates a new stage in the value chain known as Industrie 4.0. In addition, new standardized technologies, such as the Open Platform Communicatio...
Chapter
The bidirectional connection of physical systems with their digital representations is a research question of recent times. This work presents a model-based connection of digital and physical twins. Therefore, we propose an approach for the bidirectional coupling of the twins using a central information point with integrated information model. Furt...
Chapter
The transfer project ArePron tends to monitor and effect the resource consumption in production networks with the help of digitalization tools. Furthermore, the successful information transfer in the industry is essential. Therefore, user interfaces for the targeted presentation of information are investigated and a development process for user int...
Article
Kurzfassung Assistenzsysteme zur digitalen Informationsbereitstellung in der Produktion versprechen ein großes Potenzial, Wertschöpfungsprozesse effizienter zu gestalten. Bei der Konzeptionierung solcher Systeme sind sowohl prozessbedingte und datentechnische als auch personalbezogene Aspekte zu berücksichtigen. In diesem Beitrag wird daher ein int...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In times of globalization of industrial production and increasing individualization of products, there is a demand for flexible production systems that combine the virtual and the physical world within Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS). As a result, the owners of production plants must decide between acquisition of new systems and upgrade the existing o...
Chapter
Full-text available
Empfehlungen zur Anpassung der Arbeitswelt an die Anforderungen der Additiven Fertigung: Weitreichende Veränderungen im Zuge der künftigen Erschließung neuer Anwendungsfelder für die Additive Fertigung sind insbesondere für die Arbeitswelt zu erwarten. Neue Technologien beeinflussen die Arbeitswelt in mehrfacher Hinsicht. Sie erfordern entsprechen...
Article
Digitale Zwillinge verbinden und erweitern die bisherigen digitalen Modelle in der Entwicklung mit den neuartigen Datenströmen des operativen Betriebs von Produkten, Maschinen und Dienstleistungen. Digitale Zwillinge werden die Produktentstehung nachhaltig verändern und neue Geschäfts- und Wertschöpfungsmodelle ermöglichen. (Read More: https://www....
Article
Kurzfassung Der neue Begriff „Cyber-Physische Zwillinge“ beschreibt die gleichzeitige Entwicklung der Komponenten, Cyber Zwilling (virtuell) und Physischer Zwilling (real), sowie ihrer bi-direktionalen Wechselwirkung. Cyber-Physische Zwillinge unterscheiden sich vom Digitalen Zwilling durch das Angebot von Services zum Beispiel Handlungsempfehlunge...
Chapter
Digital Twins enable the analysis of systems under real world conditions using multiphysics models, sensors and bidirectional data connections between the digital and its physical twin. At the Research Lab of the Department of Computer Integrated Design (DiK) of Technische Universität Darmstadt, a Digital Twin demonstrator was developed that enable...
Chapter
The connection between sensors, systems and machines in the production environment enables new concepts to increase quality or flexibility. Integrated sensors can measure machine performance parameters. The measurements serve for monitoring of process stability and quality or for affecting production planning through a new agile routing. To realize...
Chapter
A production facility enables the collecting of many different data with existing machinery. One reason for this are modern machines, which are usually equipped with cyber-physical-systems (CPS). CPS are the basis of Industry 4.0 and enable machines to collect and transfer data by using sensors and a communication interface. The IoT-platform can vi...
Chapter
The Digital Twin is the following development of ongoing improvements in communicational technologies, decreasing hardware costs and the need for products with decentralized decision-making abilities. In order to improve the qualities of decisions, there is the requirement for an easy, reliable way to transport data between Digital Twins, even if t...
Conference Paper
Reliability of sensor information in today's highly automated systems is crucial. Neglected and not quantifiable uncertainties lead to lack of knowledge which results in erroneous interpretation of sensor data. Physical redundancy is an often-used approach to reduce the impact of lack of knowledge but in many cases is infeasible and gives no absolu...
Article
Full-text available
The 4th industrial revolution poses new challenges for industrial software and in particular for the control software of production machines. In order to master the transformation, the machine software must be made more flexible and upgradable. The challenge is that any modification of the software can lead to critical errors. In order to meet the...
Article
Full-text available
Software has become an indispensable part of industrial production and thus influences the life cycle of manufacturing systems, as many of these systems have to be replaced or evolved due to changing requirements. Software adaptation through continuous evolution extends the service time of these systems and thus saves valuable resources. In this pa...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the advances of the digitalization, predictions of the condition of components cannot be made accurately. During the production process, data is collected and connected with a certain component. A further utilization does not take place in most cases. Cyber-physical twins enable a customized acquisition of real-time data within the whole pr...
Article
The digital twin (DT) incorporates measured data from the physical domain to create as-built or as-manufactured and as-operated product models. To comprehend some implications of creating a DT, this work provides a holistic review of the uncertainty of measured data and of the data flow context where they must be integrated. This work is based on t...
Conference Paper
Aiming at the rapid response of mega constellation of satellites to cover the increasing demand for Earth observation and communication, in-orbit manufacturing is a promising approach. Driven by the NewSpace, which is leading a paradigm change in the space industry, the project Space Factory 4.0 has been founded to establish new processes and techn...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the context of the digital twin, the relevance and challenges of the uncertainty quantification are recognized. Data acquired in the physical domain are incorporated into a cyber-space to assist in predictive and decision-making processes. The acquisition of data in the physical domain involves the measurement of physical magnitudes. The digital...
Conference Paper
Aesthetic dentures are created to permanently replace missing teeth in a way that is as close to the patient's natural dental condition as possible. Recreating a natural color impression, especially for vestibular faces, is a major aspect in this process. Colors vary greatly from patient to patient and so do the shades of dental materials provided...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the light of the expanding digitization, connectivity and interconnection of machines, products, and services in Industrie 4.0, the increasing trend of digitalization and transformation to cyber-physical production systems reveal serious cybersecurity-related issues. BSI (the federal office for information security) in Germany has compiled a lis...
Chapter
In this paper, we discuss different approaches for structural modeling and behavioral simulation of an existing mechatronic system. We describe the application of separate tools and models as well as their interaction to implement a co-simulation. In addition to the architecture of the co-simulation, we introduce a new approach to allow a direct co...
Chapter
Industrie 4.0 defines a new level of organization and management in the entire value chain for the product lifecycle. The basic technologies include cyber-physical systems, embedded systems and Internet technologies. The reflected benefits are more communicable, flexible, and networkable products and production environments. The purpose of the pape...
Conference Paper
Data sets grow rapidly, driven by increasing storage capacities as well as by the wish to equip more and more devices with sensors and connectivity. In mechanical engineering Big Data offers new possibilities to gain knowledge from existing data for product design, manufacturing, maintenance and failure prevention. Typical interests when analyzing...
Chapter
Companies are facing manifold challenges while trying to implement Industrie 4.0, which are in great parts rooted in the complexity of Industrie 4.0 and its associated fields of research. Initiatives have developed abstract reference architectural models to mitigate these challenges and structure Industrie 4.0. The research on hand uses the referen...
Article
Full-text available
Digital Twins enable the analysis of systems under real world conditions using multiphysics models, sensors and bidirectional data connections between the digital and the physical twin. At the core of the Digital Twin lies the three-dimensional geometric representation of the system. The paper presents a method to enhance the level of symmetry betw...
Article
Full-text available
The current manufacture challenges are closely linked to the aim of digitalizing the product, the process and the means of production. In such aspects, information about the production processes is available in real-time, allowing managers to act on digital models and, through them, apply decisions in real systems. Thus, having a mirror model or a...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing technological advances in information and communication technology have a significant impact on the field of product creation. Their implementation in manufacturing equipment yields cyber-physical production systems, which promise significant increase in flexibility and efficiency concerning value chains and complex manufacturing networ...
Article
Full-text available
Newly developed technologies and methods for the purpose of controlling uncertainty in technical systems must be proven and validated against reliable experimental studies. The availability of descriptive metadata is mandatory to enable long term usability and sharing of such experimental research data. This article introduces a concept for a softw...
Article
Full-text available
Ontologies represent inter-related semantic information. The automated integration of new knowledge helps to detect and reduce data-induced conflicts and model-based uncertainty in ontologies. However, automatic extension of an existing ontology from heterogeneous distributed sources can often lead to incomplete and contradictory entities. In order...
Conference Paper
Manufacturing in Space is fast becoming a reality, with the commercialisation of space operations - the so-called NewSpace - leading to a sea-change in the space industry and the emergence of new business models. Inspired by the new opportunities related to NewSpace, the project Space Factory 4.0 has been founded with the objective of establishing...