Reimund Schwarze

Reimund Schwarze
Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung | UFZ · Department of Economics

Professor

About

264
Publications
99,861
Reads
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4,009
Citations
Citations since 2017
63 Research Items
2172 Citations
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Introduction
Reimund Schwarze heads the Department of Climate Economics at the Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ in Leipzig and holds the Chair of International Environmental Economics at the European University Viadrina.
Additional affiliations
May 2019 - present
UN-DRR
Position
  • Consultant
Description
  • The E-STAG is working in support of the European national platforms of the Sendai framework of disaster risk reduction #SFDRR
February 2019 - January 2023
Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit
Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit
Position
  • Monitoring board of the Climate and Energy Program of Saxony-Anhalt
Description
  • Vorsitz des wissenschaftlichen Beirats des K.E.K.
February 2011 - present
Europa-Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (264)
Article
This article analyzes the spectrum of global risk cascades triggered by the Ukraine war and examines the changes in global risk prevention policy that result from it. With the help of the concept of “global systemic risks”, the most important global consequences of the war in Ukraine are described and their propagation pathways and control variable...
Article
Full-text available
The German Committee for Disaster Reduction (DKKV) is the largest platform for disaster risk reduction in Germany and has been promoting prevention and disaster risk reduction in science, practice, and politics since the beginning of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction in 1990. The overarching leitmotif of the DKKV is the streng...
Article
Full-text available
Climate insurance has become a crucial issue due to the increasing number of climate-related catastrophic events and the associated losses for the economy in general and insurance companies in particular. The extremely hot and dry summers of 2018 and 2019 in some European countries highlighted existing weaknesses in European agricultural insurance...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper gives a targeted review on Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) with a focus on damage functions and adaptation modelling.
Preprint
Full-text available
COVID-19 has caused great devastation in Europe and internationally. Governments worldwide are now spending vast sums of money on the economic recovery which will significantly influence our ability to deliver a green and resilient recovery. In this report, experts who are part of the European Science and Technology Advisory Group (E-STAG), analyse...
Presentation
Full-text available
Plädoyer für die Festlegung von verbindlichen Zielpfaden (2030, 2040) für die Minderung von THG bis zur Erreichung der Klimaneutralität in Sachsen-Anhalt, Festlegung von Sektorzielen und laufende jährliche Beobachtung von Zielerreichungsgraden in Sektoren. Reformperspektiven: Konsumbasierte Ansätze der Emissionsberichterstattung; Vorbildverspreche...
Article
Eine Versicherungspflicht gegen Naturgefahren ist eine notwendige Bedingung, um existenzielle Risiken auszuschließen. Für eine bessere Bewältigung des Klimawandels ist sie jedoch keine hinreichende Bedingung, da sie kurzfristig nur Schäden ausgleicht, die bereits eingetreten sind. Die Vermeidung von Gebäudeschäden ist aber angesichts der Zunahme vo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Die jüngsten Ereignisse verdeutlichen es drastisch: Wetter-Ausschläge werden extremer. Im Juli 2021 waren es extreme Niederschläge in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Rheinland-Pfalz, Bayern und Sachsen, 2018 und 2019 litt Deutschland unter einer langanhaltenden Trockenheit und Hitze. Jüngere Klimastudien zeigen, dass die Wahrscheinlichkeit für beide Extreme z...
Article
The formulation of management plans as required by EU environmental policies such as the Floods Directive may facilitate the uptake of nature-based solutions (NBS) into practice. Previous research has indicated that the uptake of NBS in water management plans is still low and hindered by various elements of the existing water governance system. How...
Article
Full-text available
Land is a scarce resource. It is usually traded as real estate, an economic good with a market value. Often, this market value is not negotiated simply between the seller and the potential buyer, but is based on an assessment performed by a professional valuer, known as a surveyor or appraiser. This article questions the economic role and the emerg...
Presentation
1) Climate infrastructure finance issues 2) Carbon pricing and carbon risk disclosure as panaceas? 3) The need for local co-benefits frameworks 4) An example: Making Berlin citizens co-owners of storm water tanks 5) Conclusion & take home messages: Access to capital is necessary, but not sufficient. Bankability of CRI programs can be facilitated by...
Presentation
Full-text available
1. Climate change and agricultural insurance 2. Agricultural insurance in the EU – an overview 3. Yield-based vs. index-based insurance 4. Smart farming and agricultural insurance 5. Distributed ledger technologies (DLTs) and „digital sobriety“ (Ferreboeuf) 6. DLT applications for insurance industry 7. Index-based insurance with DLT applications...
Article
Climate change including the more frequent occurrence and increased intensity of extreme climate events are important drivers of disaster events. This causality is accompanied by the fact that long-term impacts of climate change are connected with a high-level of uncertainty: complex interactions, feedback loops and underlying nonlinear effects tha...
Article
Nature-based measures (NBMs), understood here as measures such as floodplain restoration that use ecosystem processes to meet societal challenges, are increasingly advocated as promising solutions for managing flood risks. A suitable instrument to implement NBMs are flood risk management plans (FRMPs) stipulated by the EU Floods Directive. While pr...
Article
Full-text available
Most of the damage from wildfires is due to extreme events that represent less than 2 per cent of the total number of fires. These events, for which neither ecosystems nor communities are adapted , can have significant socioeconomic and ecological consequences. This is why it is now time to develop appropriate risk reduction strategies and minimize...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nudging and behavioural insights need to be taken into account in strategic action planning for suppression and reduction of pandemic effects. This paper focuses on a few selected areas of significant importance to getting SAR-CoV2 under control in both the non-pharmaceutical and the pharmaceutical phase, i.e. after the development of an effective...
Article
Full-text available
The paper offers a disaster risk management perspective to analyze the COVID-19 pandemic and to propose and assess non-pharmaceutical mitigation measures for the recovery phase. Three main aspects are tackled: (i) the need to take a scenario-based approach; (i) the need to propose more fine-tuned and context-sensitive mitigation measures, the effec...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Building more resilient societies, including advancing the European Green Deal, should be a central concern as Europe considers its recovery from the coronavirus pandemic. The COVID-19 recovery must be climate-compatible and focus on building long-term resilience.
Article
Full-text available
Climate insurance is already a hot topic due to the increased number of climate-related catastrophic events accompanied by associated losses for the economy in general and insurance companies, in particular. The extremely hot and dry summer of 2018 in some European countries highlighted existing weaknesses of the agricultural insurance mechanisms i...
Article
Full-text available
Communication and collaboration are critical for designing and implementing responses to climate change impacts and related disasters. This acknowledgement has increased interest in understanding social and institutional networks for climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR). In this study, we used Social Network Analysis (S...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The following report identifies political, economic and financial shortages in the EU Green Deal, brings the light on knowledge gaps between Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) communities – explores the opportunities for improvements of the main EU strategic document by bridging identified gaps. This knowledge has bee...
Article
Full-text available
Disaster damages and losses have been increasing in recent decades, highlighting the need to learn from past events. Only a better understanding of the fundamental causes of disasters and their impacts on society can lead to effective prevention and reduction of disaster risk. In this context, disaster forensics focuses on the analysis and interact...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article looks at how Germany can continue in the future to guarantee one of its citizens’ most important basic needs – safe and well protected housing. In this context, a future-oriented protection is proposed for private buildings against natural hazards. This can and should be availed of by the state, the insurance industry and not least by...
Article
Full-text available
In the course of sustainability strategies many enterprises and organisations have implemented measures to promote pro-environmental behaviours at work, including sustainable resource use. This task, however, often represents a challenge because many daily behaviours of the employees are based on habits and routines that are very difficult to chang...
Poster
Full-text available
Damages to buildings, infrastructure and even human life caused by extreme weather events (EWEs) such as severe storms, storm surges, hail, floods, heat waves or droughts have significantly increased during the last decades. This has happened due to the interaction of several factors such as amplification in assets, in vulnerability of infrastructu...
Article
Full-text available
Urban infrastructure investment is needed for both, mitigation of climate risks and improved urban resiliency. Financing them requires the translation of those benefits into measurable returns on investment in the context of emerging risks that capital markets can understand and appreciate. This paper develops a generic framework to identify what a...
Chapter
Assessing the economic impacts of flooding is a crucial part of identifying appropriate flood risk management options as required by the EU flood management directive. This chapter describes methods for assessing economic flood damage. To begin, some fundamental issues are discussed: Which types of economic flood damage should be taken into account...
Article
Full-text available
Klimaschutz hat für die Bürgerinnen und Bürger eine sehr hohe Priorität. Dies zeigt sich nicht nur regelmäßig in Befragungen, sondern auch durch die politische Bewegung „Fridays for Future“ bzw. „Klimastreik“. Dennoch bleiben die Anstrengungen, Treibhausgasemissionen zu reduzieren, unzureichend. Ein wesentlicher Grund für das Missverhältnis von Übe...
Article
Full-text available
Reducing disaster risks and adapting to climate change are ever more important policy goals in Europe and worldwide. The commitment to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and complementary multilateral frameworks, including the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, has galvanized p...
Preprint
Full-text available
Disaster risk and losses have been steadily rising in the past decades, highlighting the need to learn from past events. Only a better understanding of the fundamental causes of natural disasters and its impacts on societies can lead to an effective prevention and reduction of disaster risk. In this context, disaster forensics focuses on the analys...
Research
Full-text available
The ESPREssO Vision Paper is one of the key outcomes of the project. Its aim is to support the preparation of the Horizon Europe Framework Programme 2021-2030 by identifying some future research challenges in the field of natural hazards and disaster risk management, in relation to the priorities defined by the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Re...
Research
Full-text available
As a final product, the ESPREssO project has compiled a comprehensive set of guidelines, synthesizing the findings from the many, and diverse, activities of the consortium. The guidelines are based on best practices identified in the Action Data Base; on recommendations identified in literature as well as in our national reports; and on the many us...
Research
Full-text available
Dieser Bericht stellt den Beitrag des ESPREssO-Projekts „Enhancing Synergies for Disaster Prevention in the European Union“ zu einer neuen strategischen Vision für DRR und CCA in Europa und zur Förderung neuer Ideen für die Ausrichtung und Zielsetzung der Naturgefahrenforschung und Politik der nächsten zehn Jahre dar. Im Rahmen des Projekts wurden...
Research
Full-text available
Le document d’orientation ESPREssO vise à soutenir la préparation du Programme-cadre Horizon Europe en identifiant les futurs défis de la recherche dans le domaine des risques naturels et de la gestion des risques, en relation avec les priorités définies par le Cadre d'action de Sendai pour la réduction des risques de catastrophe et le plan d'actio...
Research
Full-text available
Ces recommandations combinées au document d’Orientation ESPREssO (délivrable D5.5 « ESPREssO Vision Paper ») forment les conclusions du projet ESPREssO - « Enhancing synergies for disaster prevention in the European Union » (Améliorer les synergies pour la prévention des catastrophes au sein de l‘Union européenne), une mesure de coordination et de...
Research
Full-text available
Diese Leitlinien stellen gemeinsam mit dem ESPREssO Visionspapier (Arbeitsergebnis D5.5 „ESPREssO Visionspapier“) das Endergebnis des ESPREssO-Projekts „Enhancing Synergies for Disaster Prevention in the European Union“ dar, einer Koordinations- und Unterstützungsmaßnahme, die im Rahmen des Programms H2020 von DG RESEARCH finanziert wurde. Das ESPr...
Article
Full-text available
This paper develops an analytical framework for studying the Baumol–Oates efficiency of traditional single instrument abatement policies vis-à-vis green defaults in the face of price inertia and passive choice by subpopulations. In this special case of behavioural heterogeneity, command and control approaches can outperform price-based instruments...
Poster
Full-text available
Damages to buildings, infrastructure and even human life caused by extreme weather events have significantly increased during the last decades. This has happened due to the interaction of several factors such as increases in assets, increases in vulnerability of infrastructure and people, or changes in patterns and the frequency of extreme events....
Poster
Full-text available
RECAP15 is a joint project of European University Viadrina (Frankfurt/Oder), Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig (UFZ) and the University of Regensburg. This poster presents Policy Briefings of the project, e.g. our proposed three-tier system of climate funding to reduce the strategic cost of adaptation, an EU Emission Trading System...
Poster
Full-text available
Extreme weather events (EWEs) such as severe storms, storm surges, hail, floods, heat waves or droughts represent substantial hazards and dangers for the population, buildings and infrastructure. Although research in the natural sciences recently started to investigate the causes of extreme weather conditions and their relation with climate change,...
Preprint
Key findings: (1) Financial policies must enable local governments to initiate actions that will minimize the costs of climate impacts. For example, the cost of inaction will be very high for cities located along coastlines and inland waterways due to rising sea levels and increasing risks of flooding. (2) Climate-related policies should also provi...
Article
Full-text available
Reducing natural hazard risks and adapting to climate change are ever more important policy goals. Sound climate risk management will lessen the impacts of disaster risks and contribute to boosting resilience. Climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction have to some extent been mainstreamed into international and national policies but it...
Presentation
Full-text available
Most of the literature on the actual experience of urban infrastructure finance is presentation of case studies of cities and their successes (or failures) in raising funds. There has been only limited effort committed to generalize from those experiences, and where such analysis has been conducted, it is generally deriving lessons for investors, n...
Article
Full-text available
Dem neuen Koalitionsvertrag der "GroKo" eilt ein schlechter Ruf voraus. Aber was einige als Politikversagen werten, birgt auch die Möglichkeit der Neuausrichtung dort, wo Fehler erkannt wurden, für mehr Ehrlichkeit und Transparenz - wenn die Debatten um die Klima-und Energiezukunft in Deutschland offen ausgetragen werden. (Meinungsbeitrag)
Chapter
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, just like the (French) National Strategy for Flood Risk Management), encourages involved parties to sustainably manage and reduce the risk of loss of human life, economic activity, cultural heritage and the environment, with a view to producing performance measurement indicators. To achieve these ob...
Chapter
The report assesses current practices and level of know-how, and highlights emerging innovative tools national, regional and local authorities are using to tackle the impacts of weather- and climate-related hazards. It aims to contribute to better informed EU, national and subnational strategies, plans and multi-stakeholder processes for enhancing...
Chapter
Full-text available
Klimawandelbedingte Kosten entstehen in einer Kaskade von Wirkungsmechanismen und -kreisläufen, die jeweils mit zahlreichen Unsicherheiten verbunden sind. Die Menge der Treibhausgasemissionen bestimmt, wie sich Atmosphäre und Klima auf der Erde verändern. Die Reaktion des Klimasystems mit seinen zahlreichen Rückkopplungseffekten führt zu regional u...
Chapter
Angesichts einer kaum zu erwartenden Trendumkehr bereits eingetretener klimatischer Veränderungen gewinnt die Option der Anpassung an den Klimawandel immer mehr an klimapolitischer Bedeutung. Zahlreiche Länder haben durch die Konzeption von Strategien oder Maßnahmenkatalogen bereits einen Anpassungsprozess angestoßen. Daher besteht ein großer Bedar...
Article
Full-text available
Bis zum Jahr 2050 wird sich aktuellen Prognosen nach der Anteil des Luftverkehrs am gesamten CO2-Ausstoß vervierfachen. Die Internationale Zivile Luftfahrtorganisation der Vereinten Nationen ICAO unternimmt Anstrengungen, um dieses rasante Wachstum zumindest klimaneutral zu gestalten. Ab 2020 soll jede Tonne Kohlendioxid, die dem Wachstum des Flugv...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we discuss the impact of prevention programmes Swiss property insurers undertake to reduce damage claims. While the cantonal public law insurer KGV tends to spend notable amounts of money on prevention programmes to avoid or decrease damage due to natural hazard, the private insurers in the so-called GUSTAVO cantons rather do not. We...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster describes in Brief the De-US.net network. DE-US.net is a network of young and senior professionals interested in the “Zukunftsstadt – Future City”. The network facilitates the exchange of ideas as well as the access to expert knowledge and markets in Germany and the USA. Members pursue exchange in this network, because they want to prov...
Article
Full-text available
The idea of nudging has become increasingly popular in both academic and political circles. There are, however, many different interpretations of the term ‘nudge’ which blurs its scope. In this paper we focus on the conceptualization of nudges and its functionality in reference to the Dual Process models. Further, we discuss the potential applicati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cities cannot fund climate change responses on public funding sources only. Multiple funding sources are needed to deliver the large infrastructure financing that is essential to low-carbon development and climate risk management in cities. Estimates of annual cost of climate change adaptation range between $80-100 billion, of which about 80% will...
Article
Full-text available
The idea of nudging has become increasingly popular in both academic and political circles. There are, however, many different interpretations of the term ‘nudge’ which blurs its scope. In this paper, the authors focus on the conceptualization of nudges and its functionality in reference to the Dual Process models. Further, they discuss the potenti...
Research
Full-text available
We address the international regime of climate finance, which is emerging in the post-Kyoto architecture, and investigate which type of earmarked funding may lead to Pareto improvements for donor and recipient countries. As funding within the post-Kyoto framework is voluntary, sustained finance in the long term can only be guaranteed if all partici...
Data
Full-text available
Globally, real estate trade is highly regularized. Usually, the market value is not negotiated simply between the seller and potential buyer but based on an assessment performed by a professional valuer, known as a surveyor or appraiser. This paper inquires about the economic role of valuers in real estate markets. An institutionally embedded frame...
Article
Full-text available
The Net Ecosystem Exchange describes the net carbon dioxide flux between an ecosystem and the atmosphere and is a key quantity in climate change studies and in political negotiations. This paper provides a spatio-temporal statistical framework, which is able to infer the Net Ecosystem Exchange from remotely-sensed carbon dioxide ground concentratio...
Research
Full-text available
The idea of nudging has become increasingly popular in both academic and political circles. There are, however, many different interpretations of the term ‘nudge’ which blurs its scope. In this paper we focus on the conceptualization of nudges and its functionality in reference to the Dual Process models. Further, we discuss the potential applicati...
Article
Full-text available
With reference to the newly emerging climate finance architecture under the post-Kyoto framework, this paper argues that a stronger focus must be placed on how the funds are to be spent in the recipient countries according to different needs, an issue we call the 'mode of funding'. We make our points based on a noncooperative two-country framework...
Article
Full-text available
The EU Soil Thematic Strategy calls for the application of sustainability concepts and methods as part of an integrated policy to prevent soil degradation and to increase the re-use of brownfields. Although certain general principles have been proposed for the evaluation of sustainable development, the practical application of sustainability assess...
Article
Full-text available
Reciprocity and trust can facilitate multilateral agreements in various ways, if they are appropriately used: 1. Instruments for climate policy should be designed so that they are compatible with the principle of reciprocity. 2. Cost sharing and matching is recommended as these instruments increase the incentives for unilateral and multilateral c...