Reiko Matsui

Reiko Matsui
Boston University | BU · Department of Medicine

MD

About

85
Publications
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Publications

Publications (85)
Article
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Liver fibrosis is a sign of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease progression towards steatohepatitis (NASH) and cirrhosis and is accelerated by aging. Glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx) controls redox signaling by reversing protein S-glutathionylation, induced by oxidative stress, and its deletion causes fatty liver in mice. Although Glrx regulates various pathway...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, and as rates continue to increase, discovering mechanisms and therapeutic targets become increasingly important. An underlying cause of most cardiovascular diseases is believed to be excess reactive oxygen or nitrogen species. Glutathione, the most abundant cellular antioxidant, play...
Article
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) increase during adipogenesis and in obesity. Oxidants react with cysteine residues of proteins to form glutathione (GSH) adducts, S-glutathionylation, that are selectively removed by glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx). We have previously reported that Glrx knockout mice had increased protein S-glutathionylation and developed obesit...
Article
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Significance: Over the past several years, oxidative post-translational modifications of protein cysteines have been recognized for their critical roles in physiology and pathophysiology. Cells have harnessed thiol modifications involving both oxidative and reductive steps for signaling and protein processing. One of these stages requires oxidation...
Article
Glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx) is a small cytosolic enzyme that removes S-glutathionylation, glutathione adducts of protein cysteine residues, thus modulating redox signaling and gene transcription. Although Glrx up-regulation prevented endothelial cell (EC) migration and global Glrx transgenic mice had impaired ischemic vascularization, the effects of cell...
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Delivering and expressing a gene of interest in cells or living animals has become a pivotal technique in biomedical research and gene therapy. Among viral delivery systems, adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) are relatively safe and demonstrate high gene transfer efficiency, low immunogenicity, stable long-term expression, and selective tissue tropism...
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Sirtuin-1 (SirT1) catalyzes NAD⁺-dependent protein lysine deacetylation and is a critical regulator of energy and lipid metabolism, mitochondrial biogenesis, apoptosis, and senescence. Activation of SirT1 mitigates metabolic perturbations associated with diabetes and obesity. Pharmacologic molecules, cellular redox, and nutritional states can regul...
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Interleukin (IL)-33 is an interleukin-1 like cytokine that enhances Th2 responses and mediates mucosal immunity and allergic inflammation but the mechanism regulating endogenous IL-33 production are still under investigation. In macrophages, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration resulted in marked induction of IL-33 mRNA that was blunted in macro...
Article
Background Glutaredoxin 1 (Grx1), an antioxidant enzyme, plays an important role in protecting cells from oxidative stress and apoptosis, events associated with myocardial remodeling and failure. Transgenic mice with cardiac-specific overexpression of Gαq develop a dilated cardiomyopathy. In the present study, we examined the effects of Grx1 on myo...
Article
Glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx) removes glutathione (GSH) adducts of protein thiols (S-glutathionylated protein) and controls cellular signaling and gene transcription. Human lung fibrosis decreases Glrx protein expression, and conversely, Glrx administration attenuates bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in mice. We previously showed that Glrx knockout (KO) mic...
Article
Glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx) is a cytosolic enzyme that reverses glutathione (GSH) adducts of protein thiols generated through oxidative post-translational modifications. GSH-adducts regulate cellular signaling and transcription factors. We previously found that after femoral artery ligation Glrx knockout mice improved blood flow recovery in relation to a...
Article
Full-text available
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is characterized by excessive deposition of collagen in the lung, leading to chronically impaired gas exchange and death1-3. Oxidative stress is believed to be critical in this disease pathogenesis4-6, although the exact mechanisms remain enigmatic. Protein S-glutathionylation (PSSG) is a post-translational modificatio...
Article
Objective Glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx) is a cytosolic enzyme which removes glutathione (GSH) adducts of protein thiols (S-glutathionylation), and controls protein functions including cellular signaling and gene transcription. We previously showed that Glrx knockout middle-aged mice developed liver steatosis and Glrx replenishment by viral gene transfer su...
Article
Mechanisms for the lack of efficacy of anti-angiogenic strategies for cancer have not been elucidated. We previously demonstrated that up-regulated glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx) inhibited endothelial cell (EC) angiogenic properties. Glrx is a small cytosolic enzyme which reverses glutathione adducts on protein thiols. Global Glrx transgenic mice had impair...
Article
Glutathione (GSH) adducts formation on protein thiols (S-glutathionylation), an oxidative post-translational modification, is reversed by glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx). We previously found that Glrx transgenic mice showed impaired blood flow recovery after femoral artery ligation (Murdoch 2014), while this ischemic revascularization was improved in Glrx kn...
Article
Full-text available
The European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) provides an ideal framework to establish multi-disciplinary research networks. COST Action BM1203 (EU-ROS) represents a consortium of researchers from different disciplines who are dedicated to providing new insights and tools for better understanding redox biology and medicine and, in the l...
Article
Full-text available
The European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) provides an ideal framework to establish multi-disciplinary research networks. COST Action BM1203 (EU-ROS) represents a consortium of researchers from different disciplines who are dedicated to providing new insights and tools for better understanding redox biology and medicine and, in the l...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction High soluble Flt1 (sFlt1) is pivotal in the development of ‘preeclampsia phenotype’ of hypertension and proteinuria. Disruption of endogenous protective pathways and increased oxidative stress are hallmarks.of preeclampsia. Yet the underlying molecular mechanisms remains unclear. During high oxidative stress, thiols on key proteins are...
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Mouse hindlimb ischemia has been widely used as a model to study peripheral artery disease. Genetic modulation of the enzymatic source of oxidants or components of the antioxidant system reveal that physiological levels of oxidants are essential to promote the process of arteriogenesis and angiogenesis after femoral artery occlusion, although mice...
Article
Full-text available
The European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) provides an ideal framework to establish multi-disciplinary research networks. COST Action BM1203 (EU-ROS) represents a consortium of researchers from different disciplines who are dedicated to providing new insights and tools for better understanding redox biology and medicine and, in the l...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: Nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) is a common liver disease associated with metabolic syndrome, obesity, and diabetes that is rising in prevalence worldwide. Various molecular perturbations of key regulators and enzymes in hepatic lipid metabolism cause NAFL. However, redox regulation through glutathione (GSH) adducts in NAFL remains largely e...
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Full-text available
Background: Oxidative stress is implicated in increased vascular permeability associated with metabolic disorders, but the underlying redox mechanism is poorly defined. S-glutathionylation, a stable adduct of glutathione with protein sulfhydryl, is a reversible oxidative modification of protein and is emerging as an important redox signaling paradi...
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Aims: Neuroinflammation and redox dysfunction are recognized factors in Parkinson’s disease (PD) pathogenesis; and diabetes is implicated as a potentially predisposing condition. Remarkably, upregulation of glutaredoxin-1 (Grx1) is implicated in regulation of inflammatory responses in various disease contexts, including diabetes. Here we investigat...
Article
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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are increased in ischemic tissues and necessary for revascularization; however, the mechanism remains unclear. Exposure of cysteine residues to ROS in the presence of glutathione (GSH) generates GSH-protein adducts that are specifically reversed by the cytosolic thioltransferase, glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx). Here, we show th...
Article
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Antioxidants are expected to improve cardiovascular disease (CVD) by eliminating oxidative stress, but clinical trials have not shown promising results in chronic CVD. Animal studies have revealed that reactive oxygen species (ROS) exacerbate acute CVDs in which high levels of ROS are observed. However, ROS are also necessary for angiogenesis after...
Article
The endothelium produces and responds to reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS), providing important redox regulation to the cardiovascular system in physiology and disease. In no other situation are RONS more critical than in the response to tissue ischemia. Here, tissue healing requires growth factor-mediated angiogenesis that is in part dep...
Article
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Reactive protein cysteine thiolates are instrumental in redox regulation. Oxidants, such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), react with thiolates to form oxidative post-translational modifications, enabling physiological redox signaling. Cardiac disease and aging are associated with oxidative stress which can impair redox signaling by altering essential c...
Data
IPA predicted multiple protein networks associated with oxidative changes caused by catalase overexpression. The 11 ‘node’ proteins are highlighted in grey. Legend to network analysis: enzyme (diamond), transmembrane receptor (vertical oval), transcriptional regulator (horizontal oval), phosphatase (triangle), transporter (trapezoid), kinase (trian...
Data
Cardiac mitochondrial maximal and uncoupled oxygen consumption were similar in both groups. (A) Maximal (State III) and uncoupled (oligomycin 2μM) (State IV) complex I substrate-driven oxygen consumption rate; (B) Maximal (State III) and uncoupled (oligomycin 2 μM) (State IV) complex II substrate-driven oxygen consumption rate. Data represents mean...
Data
Multiplexed quantitation of reversible cysteine oxidation in Cat Tg and WT mice. (A) TMT-switch labeling strategy. To determine the total available (free and reducible) cysteines, half of each left ventricle was completely reduced and labeled with iodoTMT; to label only reversibly oxidized cysteines, all free cysteines were blocked by IAM during ly...
Data
Validation of TMT-tagged peptides. (A) Peptide frequency histogram of the coefficient of variation (CV) for changes in total available cysteine thiols (●), reversibly oxidized cysteine thiols (□) and their occupancy (∆). (B) Distribution of TMT-tagged peptides. A total of 2264 peptides with modifications were detected by LC-MS/MS analysis, of which...
Data
Complete list of proteins with a change in thiol oxidation in Cat Tg vs. WT. Accession number, gene ID, sites of modification and peptide sequences were retrieved from the Uniprot knowledgebase. Fold changes in Cat Tg vs. WT, were calculated from ratio of reporter ions for changes in total available cysteine as (m/z 129)/(m/z 127), reversibly oxidi...
Data
Proteins with a change in thiol occupancy by >2-fold in Cat Tg vs. WT mice. Accession number, gene ID, sites of modification and peptide sequences were retrieved from the Uniprot knowledgebase. Fold changes in Cat Tg vs. WT, were calculated from ratio of reporter ions for changes in total available cysteine as (m/z 129)/(m/z 127), reversibly oxidiz...
Data
Proteins involved in five canonical pathways predicted in IPA, with a change in thiol occupancy by >1.3-fold in Cat Tg vs. WT. Accession number, gene ID, sites of modification and peptide sequences were retrieved from the Uniprot knowledgebase. Fold changes in Cat Tg vs. WT, were calculated from ratio of reporter ions for changes in total available...
Article
Full-text available
S-glutathionylation occurs when reactive oxygen or nitrogen species react with protein-cysteine thiols. Glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx) is a cytosolic enzyme which enzymatically catalyses the reduction in S-glutathionylation, conferring reversible signalling function to proteins with redox-sensitive thiols. Glrx can regulate vascular hypertrophy and inflamma...
Article
Full-text available
Glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx) is a cytosolic enzyme that regulates diverse cellular function by removal of GSH adducts from S-glutathionylated proteins including signaling molecules and transcription factors. Glrx is up-regulated during inflammation and diabetes. Glrx overexpression inhibits VEGF-induced endothelial cell (EC) migration. The aim was to inve...
Article
Full-text available
Sirtuin-1 (SirT1), a member of the NAD+-dependent class III histone deacetylase family, is inactivated in vitro by oxidation of critical cysteine thiols. In a model of metabolic syndrome, SirT1 activation attenuated apoptosis of hepatocytes and improved liver function including lipid metabolism. We show in SirT1-overexpressing HepG2 cells that oxid...
Article
Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species contributing to homeostatic regulation and the pathogenesis of various cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, hypertension, endothelial dysfunction, and cardiac hypertrophy, is well established. The ability of oxidant species to mediate such effects is in part dependent on their ability to induce sp...
Article
Characteristic morphological and molecular alterations such as vessel wall thickening and reduction of nitric oxide occur in the aging vasculature leading to the gradual loss of vascular homeostasis. Consequently, the risk of developing acute and chronic cardiovascular diseases increases with age. Current research of the underlying molecular mechan...
Article
Glutaredoxin-1 (Glrx) is a thioltransferase that regulates protein S-glutathiolation. To elucidate the role of endogenous Glrx in cardiovascular disease, Glrx knockout (KO) mice were infused with angiotensin II (Ang II) for 6days. After Ang II infusion, body weight and blood pressure were similar between WT and Glrx KO mice. However, compared to WT...
Article
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is a key enzyme in the pentose phosphate pathway that is a major source of cellular NADPH. The purpose of this study was to examine whether G6PD deficiency affects vascular oxidants and atherosclerosis in high-fat fed apolipoprotein (apo) E(-/-) mice. G6PD-mutant mice whose G6PD activity was 20% of normal we...
Article
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) regulates production of the reduced form of NADPH through the pentose phosphate pathway. G6PD may therefore affect superoxide anion production via vascular NADPH oxidase, which is key in mediating the vascular response to angiotensin II (Ang II). We determined the hypertensive and vascular hypertrophic respo...
Article
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Hypertension caused by angiotensin II is characterized by an increase in tissue oxidant stress as evidenced by increased quantities of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is a key mitochondrial antioxidant enzyme that is inactivated in conditions of oxidant stress by reacting with peroxynitrite to form 3-nit...
Article
Antioxidants improve endothelial function in hypercholesterolemia (HC); however, whether this includes improvement of the vascular smooth muscle response to NO is unknown. NO relaxes arteries, in part, by stimulating Ca(2+) uptake via sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) in aortic smooth muscle, and HC impairs SERCA function and the re...
Article
Background: Hypercholesterolemia (HC) impairs acetylcholine-induced relaxation but has little effect on that caused by the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP), suggesting that acetylcholine releases less NO from the endothelium in HC. The relaxation to authentic NO gas, however, is also impaired in HC aortic smooth muscle, indicating an abnormal s...
Article
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) play important roles in diverse aspects of animal development including mammalian lung epithelial cell proliferation, differentiation, and branching morphogenesis. We developed an in vitro lung epithelial cell culture system to study functions and mechanisms of FGFs in regulating growth and differentiation of primar...
Article
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) play important roles in diverse aspects of animal development including mammalian lung epithelial cell proliferation, differentiation, and branching morphogenesis. We developed an in vitro lung epithelial cell culture system to study functions and mechanisms of FGFs in regulating growth and differentiation of primar...
Article
This study examined the effects of beta-D-xyloside (an inhibitor of proteoglycan synthesis) and cis-4-hydroxyl-L-proline (an inhibitor of collagen synthesis) on branching morphogenesis in cultures of fetal rat lung. Lungs from day 15 gestation were incubated for 4 days in (1) the control medium (Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium + 10% Fetal Bovine S...