Régis Bordet

Régis Bordet
Université de Lille · pharmacologie médicale-U1171

About

636
Publications
70,595
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
12,150
Citations

Publications

Publications (636)
Preprint
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of Alzheimer′s disease (AD) have identified several risk loci, but many remain unknown. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers may aid in gene discovery and we previously demonstrated that six CSF biomarkers (β-amyloid, total/phosphorylated tau, NfL, YKL-40, and neurogranin) cluster into five principal component...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cognitive and emotional disorders frequently persist after recovery from the acute symptoms of COVID-19; possible explanations include pneumonia-induced hypoxia, infection of the central nervous system, and microstrokes. The objective of the present study was to characterize the impact of hypoxia on the cognitive and psychological profil...
Article
BACKGROUND Imaging features derived from T1-weighted (T1w) images texture analysis were shown to be potential markers of poststroke cognitive impairment, with better sensitivity than atrophy measurement. However, in magnetic resonance images, the signal distribution is subject to variations and can limit transferability of the method between center...
Article
Full-text available
The mechanisms underlying intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-related cognitive impairment (CI) remain unclear. Long-term structural and functional changes were investigated in the brains of healthy male and female Wistar rats after experimental ICH. Following double injection of autologous blood, rats underwent short-term (onset, 3 and 7 days) and long...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) biomarkers represent several neurodegenerative processes, such as synaptic dysfunction, neuronal inflammation and injury, as well as amyloid pathology. We performed an exome-wide rare variant analysis of six AD biomarkers (β-amyloid, total/phosphorylated tau, NfL, YKL-40, and Neurogranin) to discover genes associated with t...
Article
Background: Although several case series have described nitrous oxide-associated neurological disorders, a comprehensive assessment of exposure characteristics (e.g., time to onset, level of exposure) in substance abusers has not been performed. The aim of this study was to describe the onset patterns of recreational use of nitrous oxide-induced n...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) is a common consequence of stroke. Accurate prediction of PSCI risk is challenging. The recently developed network impact score, which integrates information on infarct location and size with brain network topology, may improve PSCI risk prediction. Aims: To determine if the network impact scor...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most frequent neurodegenerative disease with an increasing prevalence in industrialized, aging populations. AD susceptibility has an established genetic basis which has been the focus of a large number of genomewide association studies (GWAS) published over the last decade. Most of these GWAS used dichotomized clinic...
Article
Background: Alcohol and benzodiazepines are psychoactive substances frequently associated in voluntary drug intoxications that share common mechanisms of action, including facilitation of GABAergic transmission. Objective: To assess the separate and combined effects of ethanol and diazepam acute exposure on hippocampal metabolite levels, as well...
Article
Ten years after the launch of the Future Investment Program (Programme d’Investissement d’Avenir, PIA) and the implementation of these tools, one of Giens’ roundtable workshops wanted to further explore the impact of PIA on health research and innovation with the aim of preparing action reports (bibliometrics, valuation, reputation) based on 2019 f...
Article
Résumé Dix ans après le lancement du programme d’investissement d’avenir (PIA) et la mise en place de ces outils, une des tables rondes des ateliers de Giens a voulu approfondir l’analyse d’impact du PIA en matière de recherche et d’innovation en santé avec comme objectifs de dresser un bilan des actions (bibliométrie, valorisation, notoriété) en p...
Article
Full-text available
The BDNF Val66Met gene polymorphism is a relevant factor explaining inter-individual differences to TMS responses in studies of the motor system. However, whether this variant also contributes to TMS-induced memory effects, as well as their underlying brain mechanisms, remains unexplored. In this investigation, we applied rTMS during encoding of a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most frequent neurodegenerative disease with an increasing prevalence in industrialized, ageing populations. AD susceptibility has an established genetic basis which has been the focus of a large number of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) published over the last decade. Most of these GWAS used dichotomized clin...
Article
Full-text available
Several observational studies have found a link between the long-term use of benzodiazepines and dementia, which remains controversial. Our study was designed to assess (i) whether the long-term use of benzodiazepines, at two different doses, has an irreversible effect on cognition, (ii) and whether there is an age-dependent effect. One hundred and...
Article
Background and Purpose Poststroke cognitive impairment is common, but the trajectory and magnitude of cognitive decline after stroke is unclear. We examined the course and determinants of cognitive change after stroke using individual participant data from the Stroke and Cognition Consortium. Methods Nine longitudinal hospital-based cohorts from 7...
Article
Full-text available
Background: physiological differences between males and females could contribute to the development of Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Here, we examined metabolic pathways that may lead to precision medicine initiatives. Methods: We explored whether sex modifies the association of 540 plasma metabolites with AD endophenotypes including diagnosis, cere...
Article
Full-text available
RationaleDonepezil is a potent, noncompetitive, reversible, clinically effective acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. The effects of this drug on healthy brains have seldom been investigated.Objectives The primary objective of the present study was to identify possible functional connectivity markers of the effect of donepezil in healthy young adult vol...
Article
Real‐world evidence (RWE) refers to observational data gathered outside the formalism of randomized controlled trials, in real life situations, on marketed drugs. While clinical trials are the gold standards to demonstrate the efficacy and tolerability of a medicinal product, the generalizability of their results to actual use in real‐life is limit...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a complication that occurs spontaneously or after thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and can increase morbidity and mortality. The association of biomarkers with the risk of HT has been variably reported. We conducted a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis and sought to compa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers represent several neurodegenerative processes, such as synaptic dysfunction, neuronal inflammation and injury, as well as amyloid pathology. We performed an exome-wide rare variant analysis of six AD biomarkers (β-amyloid, total/phosphorylated tau, Nfl, YKL-40, and Neurogranin) to discover genes associated with t...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Neurofilament light (NfL), chitinase-3-like protein 1 (YKL-40), and neurogranin (Ng) are biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD) to monitor axonal damage, astroglial activation, and synaptic degeneration, respectively. Methods: We performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) using DNA and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from...
Article
Background: Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) occurs in approximately half of people in the first year after stroke. Infarct location is a potential determinant of PSCI, but a comprehensive map of strategic infarct locations predictive of PSCI is unavailable. We aimed to identify infarct locations most strongly predictive of PSCI after acute...
Article
BACKGROUND: Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) occurs in approximately half of people in the first year after stroke. Infarct location is a potential determinant of PSCI, but a comprehensive map of strategic infarct locations predictive of PSCI is unavailable. We aimed to identify infarct locations most strongly predictive of PSCI after acute...
Preprint
BACKGROUND: Physiological differences between males and females could contribute to the development of AD. Here, we examined metabolic pathways that may lead to precision medicine initiatives. METHODS: We explored whether sex modifies the association of 540 plasma metabolites with AD endophenotypes including diagnosis, CSF biomarkers, brain imaging...
Article
Full-text available
It has been suggested that cerebral microhemorrhages (CMHs) could be involved in cognitive decline. However, little is known about the sex-dependency of this effect. Using a multimodal approach combining behavioral tests, in vivo imaging, biochemistry, and molecular biology, we studied the cortical and hippocampal impact of a CMH in male and female...
Article
Background Balancing the risks of recurrent ischaemic stroke and intracranial haemorrhage is important for patients treated with antithrombotic therapy after ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack. However, existing predictive models offer insufficient performance, particularly for assessing the risk of intracranial haemorrhage. We aimed to...
Article
INTRODUCTION: This study sought to discover and replicate plasma proteomic biomarkers relating to Alzheimer's disease (AD) including both the "ATN" (amyloid/tau/neurodegeneration) diagnostic framework and clinical diagnosis. METHODS: Plasma proteins from 972 subjects (372 controls, 409 mild cognitive impairment [MCI], and 191 AD) were measured usin...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: This study sought to discover and replicate plasma proteomic biomarkers relating to Alzheimer's disease (AD) including both the "ATN" (amyloid/tau/neurodegeneration) diagnostic framework and clinical diagnosis. Methods: Plasma proteins from 972 subjects (372 controls, 409 mild cognitive impairment [MCI], and 191 AD) were measured u...
Article
Brain vascular damage accumulate in aging and often manifest as white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) on MRI. Despite increased interest in automated methods to segment WMHs, a gold standard has not been achieved and their longitudinal reproducibility has been poorly investigated. The aim of present work is to evaluate accuracy and reproducibility o...
Article
Cerebral microhemorrhages (CMHs) are considered as asymptomatic lesions, but might impair cognition in non-demented elderly individuals. The aging process includes poor vascular health, enhanced at midlife by metabolic disturbances upon high-fat diet (HFD). The onset of CMHs could thus have more serious consequences in midlife subjects with metabol...
Article
Cognitive disorders and symptoms are key features of many mental and neurological diseases, with a large spectrum of impaired domains. Because of their possible evolution and detrimental functioning impact, they are a major pharmacological target for both symptomatic and disease-modifier drugs, while few cognitive enhancers have been marketed with...
Article
Background and purposes: Cerebral microhaemorrhages (CMH) are associated with cognitive decline in humans. In rodents, CMHs induce cognitive impairment in male mice only along with sex-specific cortical and hippocampal modifications affecting neural, glial and vascular functions. Statins, prescribed in the context of cardiovascular risk factors, h...
Article
Background The prevalence of cognitive impairment and dementia is high and steadily increasing. Early detection of cognitive decline is crucial since some interventions can reduce the risk of progression to dementia. However, there is a lack of manageable scales for assessing cognitive functions outside specialized consultations. Recently, the MoCA...
Article
Objective To determine whether functional MRI connectivity can predict the long-term cognitive functions 36 months after minor stroke. Methods Seventy-two participants with first-ever stroke were included at baseline and followed up for 36 months. A ridge regression machine learning algorithm was developed and used to predict cognitive scores 36 m...
Article
Full-text available
Background The epileptogenicity of recombinant tissue-plasminogen activator (rt-PA) has been suggested, but seizures were not evaluated in randomised controlled trials.Objective To evaluate whether rt-PA was associated with early seizures in a cohort of consecutive patients with cerebral ischaemia.Method We included consecutive adults with ischaemi...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and Purpose: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) can be observed in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), though to a lesser degree than in Alzheimer’s disease. The present post-mortem 7.0-tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evaluates whether CAA has an influence on the degree of hippocampal atrophy (HA) and on the incid...
Article
Full-text available
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is reported to be probably linked to frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Since FTLD is characterized by severe frontotemporal degeneration along with hippocampal atrophy (HA), the present study used post-mortem 7.0-tesla magnetic resonance imaging to investigate whether a certain degree of HA occurs in the...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The influence of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) remains unexplored. The present post-mortem study investigated possible differences in the degree of hippocampal atrophy (HA) between AD patients with and without CAA using 7.0-tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Also, the incidence of the hippocampal cortic...
Article
Full-text available
Since the discovery of the first antipsychotic in 1952, many antipsychotic drugs have been developed, each with different pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. The pharmacological heterogeneity of antipsychotic drugs should allow a personalized drug prescription adapted to the different clinical picture of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is...
Article
Neurodegenerative, amyloid and vascular pathologies have all been associated with cognitive performance, but their interrelationship remains uncertain. We investigated the associations between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neurofilament light (NfL), a biomarker for neurodegeneration, with four different cognitive measures in individuals with mild cogni...
Poster
The amygdala and the hippocampus are two limbic structures that play a critical role in cognition and behaviour but their small size hampers their manual segmentation in multicenter datasets. Here, we assessed the reliability of the automated segmentation of amygdalar nuclei and hippocampal subfields across sites and vendors. We applied a new high‐...
Article
Alzheimer’s disease is associated with increases in amyloid β and hyperphosphorylated tau which is thought to occur decades before the onset of clinical symptoms, leading to cell loss and inhibition. Finding biomarkers to detect these changes before neuronal loss and therefore permanent damage has occurred is integral. Current biomarkers using cere...
Article
The National Institute on Aging‐Alzheimer’s Association (NIA‐AA) proposed the ATN framework as a classification system for Alzheimer’s disease. The ATN framework helps to inform participant inclusion and potentially trial outcomes as clinical trials are increasingly targeting a range of pathologies. However, it is limited by biomarkers that are eit...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: In this exploratory study, we tested whether electroencephalographic (EEG) rhythms may reflect the effects of a chronic administration (4 weeks) of an anti-amyloid β-site amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleaving enzyme 1 inhibitor (BACE-1; ER-901356; Eisai Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) in TASTPM (double mutation in APP KM670/671NL and PSEN1...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder and the most common form of dementia in the elderly. Susceptibility to AD is considerably determined by genetic factors which hitherto were primarily identified using case–control designs. Elucidating the genetic architecture of additional AD-related phenotypic traits, ideall...
Article
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that Dickkopf-1 (DKK1), an inhibitor of Wnt signaling, plays a role in amyloid-induced toxicity and hence Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the effect of DKK1 expression on protein expression, and whether such proteins are altered in disease, is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aim to test whether DKK1 induced protein si...
Article
Full-text available
Stroke is frequently associated with delayed, long-term cognitive impairment (CI) and dementia. Recent research has focused on identifying early predictive markers of CI occurrence. We carried out a texture analysis of magnetic resonance (MR) images to identify predictive markers of CI occurrence based on a combination of preclinical and clinical d...
Article
The brain is not the central organ, isolated in its skull that we usually imagine. It is connected to many other organs including the liver. Brain‐liver relationships result from metabolic, hormonal, immunological or inflammatory pathways.
Article
Revue EXERCER. Introduction. Les plaintes mnésiques sont difficiles à intégrer au cours d’une consultation de médecine générale où elles ne représentent pas le motif principal. Afin de déterminer si une consultation dédiée est nécessaire, il est utile de disposer d’outils d’évaluation initiale brève de la démence (trouble neurocognitif sévère), pré...
Article
Full-text available
Dynamic Functional Connectivity (dFC) in the resting state (rs) is considered as a correlate of cognitive processing. Describing dFC as a flow across morphing connectivity configurations, our notion of dFC speed quantifies the rate at which FC networks evolve in time. Here we probe the hypothesis that variations of rs dFC speed and cognitive perfor...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose Stroke is associated with an increased risk of dementia. To assist in the early identification of individuals at high risk of future dementia, numerous prediction models have been developed for use in the general population. However, it is not known whether such models also provide accurate predictions among stroke patients....
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Neurofilament light (NF-L), chitinase-3-like protein 1 (YKL-40), and neurogranin (Ng) are utilized as biomarkers for Alzheimer’s disease (AD), to monitor axonal damage, astroglial activation, and synaptic degeneration, respectively. Here we performed genome-wide association study (GWAS) analyses using all three biomarkers as outcome. Me...
Article
Background and Purpose— Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is associated with cognitive impairment and an increased risk of dementia, but the association between prediabetes and cognitive impairment is less clear, particularly in a setting of major cerebrovascular events. This article examines the impact of impaired fasting glucose and T2D on cognitive...
Article
Purpose/background: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a public health issue because of the low number of symptomatic drugs and the difficulty to diagnose it at the prodromal stage. The need to develop new treatments and to validate sensitive tests for early diagnosis could be met by developing a challenge model reproducing cognitive impairments of AD. The...
Article
Full-text available
On March 16, 2020, the French Society of Pharmacology and Therapeutics put online a national Question and Answer (Q&A) website, https://sfpt-fr.org/covid19 on the proper use of drugs during the COVID‐19 pandemic. The working group “Drugs and COVID‐19” was composed of a scientific council, an editorial team and experts in the field. The first questi...
Article
Full-text available
Background The amygdala and the hippocampus are two limbic structures that play a critical role in cognition and behavior, however their manual segmentation and that of their smaller nuclei/subfields in multicenter datasets is time consuming and difficult due to the low contrast of standard MRI. Here, we assessed the reliability of the automated se...
Article
Introduction: Primary prescribing of antidepressants is common in general practice. The relationship between antidepressant introduction and blood pressure (BP) changes is not well established in the literature. The purpose of our study was to examine the short-term course of AHR with and without the introduction of an antidepressant into a public...
Article
Objectif Les objectifs de cette étude était de tester les effets pharmacodynamiques du donépézil (inhibiteur de la cholinestérase) et de la mémantine (antagoniste des récepteurs NMDA) sur les troubles cognitifs induits par 24 heures de privation de sommeil (PS). Méthodes Vingt-deux volontaires sains de sexe masculin ont participé à l’étude. Tous o...
Article
Full-text available
Background Continuous compensation of dopamine represents an ideal symptomatic treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). The feasibility in intracerebroventricular administration (i.c.v.) of dopamine previously failed because of unresolved dopamine oxidation. Objectives We aim to test the feasibility, safety margins and efficacy of continuous i.c.v....
Article
Objective In acute cerebral ischemia, circulating neutrophil count and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) are positively associated with stroke severity and worse outcomes. Mediators of this effect are unknown. We aimed to investigate (1) the relationship between plasma matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) concentrations w...
Article
Full-text available
We have previously investigated, discovered, and replicated plasma protein biomarkers for use to triage potential trials participants for PET or cerebrospinal fluid measures of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. This study sought to undertake validation of these candidate plasma biomarkers in a large, multi-center sample collection. Targeted plasm...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dynamic Functional Connectivity (dFC) in the resting state (rs) is considered as a correlate of cognitive processing. Describing dFC as a flow across morphing connectivity configurations, our notion of dFC speed quantifies the rate at which FC networks evolve in time. Here we probe the hypothesis that variations of rs dFC speed and cognitive perfor...