Regan Leonardus Kaswanto

Regan Leonardus Kaswanto
Bogor Agricultural University | IPB · Department of Landscape Architecture

PhD
Lecturer IPB Univ. @ipbofficial | Landscape Architect GLAD | Landscape Manag. Low Carbon Dev. SDGs | IG @regan_kaswanto

About

65
Publications
22,498
Reads
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241
Citations
Introduction
Currently has some researches in term of Low Carbon Landscape (LCL) related to Landscape Services as Agroforestry Landscape, particularly at scale of macro (watershed ), meso (land use), and micro (pekarangan - home garden) from 2001 till present time. Actualizing LCL through sustainable landscape activities by improving water catchment areas, maintaining land use/cover change (LUCC) and revitalizing home garden. Blog: kaswanto.staff.ipb.ac.id
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - present
Bogor Agricultural University
Position
  • Lecturer
January 2008 - July 2020
Bogor Agricultural University
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
October 2009 - September 2012
Hiroshima University
Field of study
  • Landscape Ecology
September 2002 - January 2007
Bogor Agricultural University
Field of study
  • Landscape Architecture
October 2001 - September 2002
The University of Tokyo
Field of study
  • Landscape Sciences

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Full-text available
West Java in north region around Jakarta has been developed and constantly accelerating. This development has caused many problems i.e. floods, land slide, erosion and pollution. In contrast, the development of West Java in south region is very slow, although there are many potential lands to be developed. Environmental degradation in a landscape s...
Article
Full-text available
Ciliwung River flows from Bogor District, Bogor City, Depok City, to Jakarta. The river faces many problems, especially settlement occupation on its riparian zones. The problem has damaged its natural ecological structures and the agroforestry practices, such as mixed gardens, forest gardens, and pekarangan(home garden)in riparian landscape. This p...
Article
Full-text available
A robust management for Indonesian typical home garden or usually called as "pekarangan" is needed to resolve environmental problems in rural landscape, particularly in developing countries. A well planned and managed landscape practices may suppress social economical and ecological development in rural marginal society. Therefore by revitalizing p...
Article
Full-text available
Riparian is undefined government land and can be converted to other utilization. Riparian areas have natural connections throughout the watershed; they are particularly sensitive and often degraded by human use. One of them is the informal settlement, such as the residential areas in the Ciliwung River riparian which changed the land function from...
Article
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Mengacu pada Undang Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 23 Tahun 2008, sejak tanggal 24 Juni 2008. Kabupaten Labuhanbatu Utara (Labura) mulai berdiri sendiri sebagai kabupaten dan terpisah dari Kabupaten Labuhanbatu Selatan. Pada dasarnya wilayah pemekaran memiliki tujuan untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Berdasarkan data BPS tahun 2019, sek...
Article
Full-text available
Inadequate data on vegetation growth makes it difficult for managers to determine the additional measures necessary for effective urban forest management. The management of urban forests in Jakarta also raises this issue. Collaborative research with multiple stakeholders was conducted in five Jakarta urban forests to assess the diversity and struct...
Article
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p class="A04-abstrak2">As an expansion area, North Labuhanbatu District has a purpose to improve the social welfare. Meanwhile one of the significant sector in the community is agriculture. Agriculture provides the highest income for the society and has a potency to further develop and establish the area. However, the development should relevant wi...
Article
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The research results in the last two decades show the important role of pekarangan as a micro-scale landscape unit in providing space for growing various types of plants, i.e., multi-layers from the grasses to the trees, livestock, and fish. Pekarangan is defined with distinctive spatial patterns and elements as a representation of the harmonious r...
Article
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The life of Balinese people can never be separated from ritual activities or religious ceremonies. The existence of telajakan is essential to preserve. Aside from being a traditional Balinese identity, it also provides space for ritual plants and biodiversity. So that effort is needed to manage the existence of telajakan . This research is expected...
Article
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The Government of Bantaeng Regency, South Sulawesi Province is one of the first districts established policies to support community-based forest management and to adopt the Ministry of Forestry (Kemenhut) policy on Community Forests (CF – Hutan Kemasyarakatan HKM) and Village Forests (VF – Hutan Desa HD. There is one VF located in Pattaneteang, whi...
Article
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The current problems of the Upstream Citarum basin, particularly in the Cirasea Sub-Basin, are near related to economic factors and the low political position of the community. One of the reasons is the biophysical aspect, which influenced the erfpacht rights for Dutch and British plantation companies in the Agrarische Wet policy at the end of the...
Article
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Bogor City’s implication as a satellite city is directly related to carrying capacity and its influence on environmental quality, specifically ecological and visual quality. Urban communities naturally tend to properly utilize open space in their daily activities, such as in urban park along Ciliwung River riparian. Psychologically, the individual’...
Article
Full-text available
A village is an arena for sustainable development where economic, social, cultural, environmental and political interactions occur. It has a strategic meaning for the successful achievement of the 17 indicators of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). However, villages have limitations in providing data and indicators to measure the achievement of...
Article
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Hutan merupakan salah satu sumber jasa lanskap yang penting bagi keberlanjutan ekosistem. Kementerian Kehutanan telah memberikan akses kepada masyarakat desa untuk mengelola kawasan hutan secara legal, melalui skema hutan desa dengan hak akses pengelolaan selama 35 tahun. Pemetaan partisipatif adalah jenis partisipasi publik yang mencakup pembuatan...
Article
Full-text available
More than 6000 landslides over 400 km2 were triggered by the Eastern Iburi Earthquake that occurred on September 6, 2018, in Iburi Sub-prefecture, Hokkaido. A large amount of sediment was transported downstream in gentle and hilly landscapes (< 500 m in elevation) by the landslides. The landslides occurred within two major land cover types : forest...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid urban development has its own positive and negative impacts, especially on the landscape. One of the attempts to overcome those negative impacts of urban development is to create Green Open Space. The proportion of green open space in an urban area should be at least 30% of the total area. One form of green open space is an urban park, wh...
Article
Full-text available
A lot of land-use conversion occur from open land areas to built-up areas, such as riparian that have been converted into settlement areas. The riparian is a buffer zone between aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, which means that the riparian has many environmental roles. However, its ecological function and existence continue to be degraded due t...
Article
Full-text available
The urban landscape provides various benefits, including landscape aesthetics. This visual value can be measured by the community in many ways, so landscape managers can interpret their preferences of the landscape, which makes this research essential. This study aims to evaluate the visual quality of the urban landscape of Bogor City by analyzing...
Article
Full-text available
Sebagai sebuah entitas akademik dan sebagai pemikir, DGB (Dewan Guru Besar) IPB University memformu-lasikan suatu gagasan tentang Kota Tepian Air Ramah Lingkungan yang dirajut dalam pengelolaan sum-berdaya air berkelanjutan, yang dapat diterapkan pada sejumlah kota di tanah air baik yang berada di tepi sungai, tepi danau, tepi rawa, maupun di tepi...
Article
Full-text available
The main activities in the rural landscape are agriculture, involved natural resources management that compose the function of area as settlement, government services, social services and economy activities. These activities affected the rural landscape that changed plant diversities as well as carbon stock. The aim of this research was to evaluate...
Presentation
Full-text available
Review Permen No. 5 Tahun 2018 mengenai Jenis dan Bentuk Pemanfaatan Ruang Terbuka Hijau (RTH)
Article
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Jakarta as the Capital City of Indonesia has a high level of population growth. Hence, urban infrastructure movements have developed automatically. This implies some open spaces such as reservoirs are poorly managed. Reservoirs as one of blue open spaces (BOS) can function as a water catchment area to mitigate flooding during the rainy season, and...
Article
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Biodiversity is an abundance of various types of landscape resources on the face of the earth. The sustainability of biodiversity in a landscape is inseparable from the role of humans living. Various cultures have knowledge, practices, wisdom, and other cultural representations in utilizing and preserving the landscape resources. Urug Village is on...
Article
Full-text available
Ciliwung riparian has facing land use change problem due to settlement occupation, particularly in Bogor which is a municipality with a high population increase in Indonesia. These problem has reduced agroforestry land use of Ciliwung riparian, such as talun (forest garden), kebun campuran (mixed garden), and pekarangan (home garden) which ultimate...
Article
Full-text available
Human disturbances in urban river landscape and its riverbank cannot be avoided. The construction of buildings and other infrastructure are among the human disturbances which cause a serious decline in urban riverbank quality so that influencing the stability of its landscape ecological cycle. Exploration of vegetated urban riverbank in Indonesia,...
Article
Full-text available
Water demand should be balance with water availability. The population of Bogor City was increased every year, so that water demand become increased. Currently, Government of Bogor City only utilizes the Cisadane river as a source for drinking water, but Bogor City has 2 rivers there are Cisadane river and Ciliwung river. So, Ciliwung river can be...
Article
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Tumbuhan liar di sempadan sungai dapat berupa tumbuhan asing/introduksi yang memiliki adaptasi yang tinggi untuk bisa tumbuh dan berkembang lebih cepat sehingga dapat mengganggu tumbuhan lokal. Di ekosistem perkotaan, tumbuhan asing/introduksi sering ditemukan tumbuh di sempadan sungai perkotaan sebagai ekosistem yang terganggu oleh aktivitas manus...
Article
Full-text available
Riparian is part of the river that contributes to ecosystem preservation. There are green spaces in riparian that have many functions. One of the greens spaces in riparian is pekarangan. The purpose of this paper is to show the result of analyse characteristics of pekarangan in the organic settlements and planned settlements along the Ciliwung Rive...
Conference Paper
The decentralization concept right after the reformation era indeed has created partial watershed management. Whereas watershed management must have the principle of "one watershed, one management." Citarum Watershed problem has occurred in Cirasea sub-watershed as part of the upstream area because it has a very bad erosion index due to agriculture...
Article
Full-text available
Sub DAS Cirasea merupakan daerah hulu DAS Citarum. Area ini memiliki indeks erosi yang sangat buruk akibat masifnya aktivitas pertanian, sehingga landuse hutan semakin terancam dari tahun ke tahun. Padahal daerah hulu DAS memiliki peran strategis dalam menjamin kualitas air di daerah yang lebih rendah. Oleh karena itu, penempatan sektor Satgas Koda...
Book
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The cluster explored socio-institutional, infrastructure adaptation and green infrastructure pathways to a water sensitive future and applied this knowledge to four neighbourhoods in Bogor: Pulo Geulis, Griya Katulampa, Cibinong and Sentul City. This report described the Cluster’s Revitalisation plan for one of neighbourhoods, Pulo Geulis, an in...
Article
Full-text available
Ciliwung riverbank has been influenced by settlement occupation. Concrete and another retaining wall system have been built to avoid the settlement near the river from erosion and flood. Built environment as human disturbance can trigger the change of species richness of ground vegetation in the riverbank. The research objective is to study the dif...
Article
Full-text available
Indonesia has been struggling in managing erosion and existed adjacent settlement in urban riparian landscape. Retaining wall construction has been done to handle the problems. It has protected the riverbank, but has not considered the ecological issues. Moreover, some of the existing retaining wall in Indonesian urban riparian has been built witho...
Article
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Climate change, population growth and rapid urbanisation have severe implications for cities and the way in which they interact with water. As a response to these challenges the water sensitive cities concept emerged, which supports cities to become more resilient to these challenges while making them more prosperous, sustainable and liveable. A wa...
Article
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Settlement occupation in Ciliwung riparian zone along Bogor Municipality has reduced vegetation formations of agroforestry, such as kebun campuran (mixed gardens), talun (forest gardens), and pekarangan (home gardens). These processes have reduced plants production, one of riparian landscape services. The purpose of this paper is to know the plant...
Article
Full-text available
Water is very important as a source of life for human and other living organism. Bogor City has two main rivers, i.e. Cisadane River and Ciliwung River. Those rivers, particularly Ciliwung River has low in water quality, that has been affected by land use changes and human activities. Nitrate concentration is one of hazardous chemical observed in t...
Article
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Rumah larik cultural landscape is the traditional settlement landscape of Kerincinese. The landscape reflects the history and cultures of kerincinese which still survive today. But nowadays, the characters of this cultural landscape increasingly degraded by urbanization. There are three rumah larik cultural landscape that still exist in Sungai Penu...
Article
Full-text available
Kajang is one of the indigenous communities in the Province of South Sulawesi. Kajang cultural landscape formed as a result of interaction between Kajang comunity and their environment. The problems which occurred in this cultural landscape is the degradation of cultural value. The problem caused by the carelessness of youth Kajang about their cult...
Article
Full-text available
Sentul City as a new city must be able to meet the water needs of its residents. Sentul City has annual rainfall up to 4 000 mm/year but most are rare groundwater areas. With the topography, its annual rainfall, and proximity to the river, Sentul City is a good potential for maintain the green and blue open spaces in order to harvest rainwater and...
Article
This article analyzes which factors influenced willingness to purchase residential electricity savings technologies in Bogor, Indonesia. Survey data collected from 600 households between October and November 2015 was used to test hypotheses on demographic, informational, and participatory determinants of willingness to invest in energy efficient li...
Article
Full-text available
Tumbuhan liar di sempadan sungai dapat berupa tumbuhan asing/introduksi yang memiliki adaptasi yang tinggi untuk bisa tumbuh dan berkembang lebih cepat sehingga dapat mengganggu tumbuhan lokal. Di ekosistem perkotaan, tumbuhan asing/introduksi sering ditemukan tumbuh di sempadan sungai perkotaan sebagai ekosistem yang terganggu oleh aktivitas manus...
Article
Full-text available
Governments are increasingly seeking low-cost ways to curb residential energy use. This article examines the effect of one such innovative approach to energy savings in Bogor, Indonesia: a prepaid electricity meter system. The Bogor prepaid system requires households pay up front for their electricity as the meter tracks consumption and credit. By...
Article
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A comfortable and green housing area in a city is a must for the people live in a city. The rapid development in a city caused greater need for land. This problem happens simultaneously with environmental problem globally such as growing number of people, pollution, excessive exploitation of resource, and decreasing in ethic of land uses. The desig...
Article
Full-text available
Pekarangan is part of a complex of small-scale agroforestry landscape. Pekarangan have 3 functions i.e. ecological, economic, and social. ecological function, for providing landscape services such as carbon stock and biodiversity; economic function, can supplies foods and nutrition; and social function, for building low carbon communities and incre...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, Ciliwung River is facing problem of the settlement occupation in its riparian zones. This phenomenon caused ecological damage in riparian, so it can aggravate the disaster of annual flooding in Jakarta. As an effort to control this catastrophe, riparian landscape management of Ciliwung River is needed. Based on its topography, Ciliwung Ri...
Article
Full-text available
The changes of landscape form such as Land Use Cover Changes (LUCC) of Cipunten Agung watershed could be identified periodically in 1995, 2005, and 2015. In general, land utilization in Cipunten Agung classified into protected region and cultivated region. In 2011, total of protected area is 885.80 ha or 22.54% of watershed area. Those conditions a...
Article
Full-text available
A robust management for Indonesian typical home garden or usually called as “pekarangan” is needed to resolve environmental problems in rural landscape, particularly in developing countries. A well planned and managed landscape practices may suppress social economical and ecological development in rural marginal society. Therefore by revitalizing p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Indonesian government’s law stated 15 meters width urban riparian area should be green space and no buildings allowed. Yet, basic knowledge and understanding about its values are unknown, hence people have an ignorance to the environmental services of tree canopy and cause uncontrolled buildings occupation in the riverside. It needs to be recognize...
Article
Full-text available
In general, the land and natural resources utilization of Cipunteng Agung Watershed could be classified into protected and cultivated region. Based on satellite imagery classification, protected region covers 885.76 ha (22.71%), while cultivated region occupied 3,041.69 ha (77.29%) in 2011. It means that the land use and covers change (LUCC) to be...
Article
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The presence of vegetation in Pekarangan can be proposed to mitigate global climate change impacts by CO2 sequestration and at the same time to promote the availability of food for the community. The aims of this research is to calculate carbon stock and biodiversity in pekarangan, and to compare carbon stock and biodiversity on three levels of Cis...
Chapter
A sustainable management of landscape services is needed to resolve ecological problems in rural and urban landscapes, particularly in developing countries, such as Indonesia. A specific management for particular area such as homegarden has to be developed in order to improve utilization of landscape services based on community activities. Four cla...
Article
Full-text available
The globalization and the developing of technology cause the increasing of human needs, which impacted to land use and cover change (LUCC), particularly in watershed area. Two watersheds have been investigating, namely Ciliwung and Cisadane watershed. The LUCC in those watersheds still continues since the growth of society and economy are increasin...
Article
Full-text available
The disparity in Java Island can be observed from the difference of development between northern and southern watershed, particularly in the west part of Java. The northern region (NR) is represented by Cisadane and Ciliwung Watershed, while the southern region (SR) is Cimandiri and Cibuni Watershed. Those four watersheds are burst out from the sam...
Article
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Landscape beautification service is one of landscape services that provided by Cibeureum Waterfall tourism track. One way to keep the quality of landscape beautification service is to make a management plan. The SBE analysis shows that the wide and measured images of the landscape were giving a significant impact for landscape aesthetic quality val...
Article
Full-text available
Agrotourism as an accession of human needs has to be appropriated in term of sustainability, suitability, beautification and comfortability. Therefore, a research to evaluate this activity has been elaborated through a method of four aspects, namely agriculture, tourism, beautification and amenity (ATBA). It means the landscape development has to p...
Poster
Full-text available
Perkembangan zaman dan teknologi menuntut masyarakat untuk selalu tumbuh dan memenuhi kebutuhan hidupnya. Hal tersebut turut mempengaruhi perubahan penutupan dan penggunaan lahan, khususnya dalam kawasan Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS). Empat DAS yang diteliti, yakni 1) Ciliwung, 2) Cisadane, 3) Cimandiri, and 4) Cibuni masih mengalamai perubahan penutu...
Article
The cases occurred in several major cities in the watershed, surface of water bodies, the blue open space (RTB) faced significant disruption. This is caused by changes and reclamation. Consequently, it impacted on water crisis. The objectives of researches: (1) to analyze RTB spatial temporal change in Ciliwung watershed from 1978, 1995, and 2010,...
Chapter
Pekarangan, as a traditional homestead garden, an optimal and sustainable land-use type of agroforestry system in the tropical region of Indonesia, has been researched since 1996. As greenery open space, which is located in the surroundings of a house or residential building, it has spread from rural to urban areas, from the upper to the downstream...
Chapter
As is widely known, the landscape ecology-based approach focuses on three aspects: structure, function, and dynamic or change. The fourth aspect, which was added recently, is culture. These four aspects were attempted to be elaborated into the homegardens condition as an ecological process in human activities. As traditional homegardens in Indonesi...
Article
Full-text available
The cases occurred in several major cities in the watershed, surface of water bodies, the blue open space (RTB) faced significant disruption. This is caused by changes and reclamation. Consequently, it impacted on water crisis. The objectives of researches: (1) to analyze RTB spatial temporal change in Ciliwung watershed from 1978, 1995, and 2010,...
Article
Full-text available
Research on water quality in rural landscapes in four watersheds was conducted in the dry season period. Twenty-four villages in the west part of Java Island, Indonesia, were selected as the study sites. Water samples from springs, ponds, paddy fields and rivers in each village were analyzed. The water quality index (WQI) results showed that the wa...

Questions

Questions (10)
Question
How to monetize Landscape Services from Natural Lanscape? How we give a value from landscape services which are provided by natural landscape? How much money we should recommend related to Coorporate Social Responsibility (CSR) project?
Question
Apakah Jasa Lanskap (Landscape Services) menjadi solusi dalam peningkatan aset daerah? Jasa lanskap diklasifikasikan sebagai provisioning, supporting, regulating dan cultural landscape services sehingga berperan dalam penyusunan rekomendasi kebijakan untuk penyusunan rencana dan strategi (renstra) pembangunan daerah dan dapat dituangkan dalam RTRW ataupun RDTR. Renstra ini akan sangat baik jika diarahkan untuk peningkatan aset daerah dalam bentuk jasa lanskap. Bagaimana menurut pemikiran para kolega researchgate di sini?
Question
How to convince stakeholders that watershed boundary is more important than administrative boundary? Since government had delineated all region by administration perspective, what should we show for convincing that ecological boundary give easier management than administrative boundary?
Question
Seberapa jauh profesi ini berperan di era pandemi Covid-19?
Question
Is the term of "Landscape Metabolism" sound familiar for you? This field give a perspective to put a landscape as a living object. How do you thing about it?
Question
Is the term of of "landscape services" more representative than "environmental services" or "ecosystem services"? When we discuss about Cultural Landscape Services, does it mean the best way to discuss is in "landscape services" perspective?
Question
Since ecosystem services is also has similar meaning, so which one is more adequate to describe the condition of services which are provided by our nature.

Network

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Projects

Projects (11)
Project
This project is focusing on managing landscape to secure the services of a Indonesia Urban Forestry and i-Tree Consultant. The objectives are: 1. to analize the changing on Green Open Space (GOS); 2. to measure the role and value of urban forest (UF) on landscape services (LS); 3. to compose scenario development of urban forests; and 4. to provide recommendations as a policy brief.
Project
1. Characterizing the ideal design of home garden (pekarangan) for improving the immunity of household member during Covid-19 pandemic; 2. Mapping the ideal design of green space in pekarangan for contributing the human immunity rise from optimal sun exposure; and 3. Managing the ideal design of landscape plants (medicinal plants) in pekarangan for providing adequate nutrition and vitamin.
Archived project
I have participated in preliminary research on proposing GIAHS in five different location in Indonesia. We conducted this research together with several university colleague from UGM, UNHAS, UNILA, and UNMUL and government stakeholder. Our objective is to obtain GIAHS recognition from UNESCO and encourage local recognition (NIAHS) from several potential sites in Indonesia.