Rebecca Shankland

Rebecca Shankland
Université Lumiere Lyon 2 | UL2 · Institut de Psychologie (PSYCHO)

Professor of Psychology
Director of the Observatory of well-being at school (Observatoire du Bien-être à l'Ecole), Univ. Lyon 2

About

254
Publications
141,397
Reads
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946
Citations
Citations since 2016
198 Research Items
862 Citations
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Introduction
Rebecca Shankland currently works at the Laboratoire DIPHE (Développement, Individu, Personnalité, Handicap, Education), Université Lumière Lyon 2. Rebecca does research in Developmental Psychology and Positive Psychology. Her current projects are mainly based on mindfulness and positive psychology interventions in education, work and therapy. Current projects: - preventing parental burnout - reducing the negativity bias - enhancing class climate - developing psychosocial competences

Publications

Publications (254)
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence on individuals’ time perception of observing a range of foods differing in calorific content. In a first experiment, 92 adult participants performed a temporal bisection task with stimulus durations presented in the form of high- or low-calorie food pictures as well as matched non-food control...
Article
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Background: Young adults are increasingly exposed to social media and their image/video- based activities. They use these platforms to share images, videos and advice in different fields like food and nutrition with: recipe ideas, nutritional opinions or specific diets. Along with the rise of digital technologies, the prevalence of eating disorders...
Article
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The current context, with the many changes occurring in both local and distant environments, raises ethical questions that challenge our emotions, our relationships, and our vision of the world and our place in it. These changes require us to be capable of apprehending a complex set of problems so as to understand and analyse them, grasp the indivi...
Article
Self-compassion (SC) seems to play an important role in improving Emotion Regulation (ER). Nevertheless, the results of previous studies regarding the links between SC and ER are not consistent, especially facing diverse models of ER (strategy-based vs skill-based). The goal of this prospective study was to evaluate the links between these three co...
Article
Full-text available
The mental health of university students is a serious public health issue. The alarming trend of high levels of untreated psychological distress observed during the COVID-19 pandemic highlights the need for prevention programs. Digital tools are a promising means of delivering such programs. Web-based programs are acceptable and effective at improv...
Article
Résumé Objectifs Comparer les mécanismes et l’efficacité d’interventions basées sur la pleine conscience et sur la psychologie positive dans la réduction de la symptomatologie dépressive modérée à sévère. Méthode–Population Vingt-sept patients (âge moyen : 44 ans) souffrant de dépression répartis en 3 groupes : 2 groupes expérimentaux (interventi...
Conference Paper
Seligman’s 2011 PERMA model is one of the models most referred to in positive psychology intervention research. This model refers to the five essential pillars which lead to flourishing: Positive emotions, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning in life, and Accomplishment. However, one of the pillars, termed engagement, which refers to flow or peak exp...
Article
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Despite its popularity in practice, the Grit-O Scale has shown inconsistent factorial structures and differing levels of internal consistency in samples outside the USA. The validity of the Grit-O Scale in different contexts is, therefore, questionable. As such, the purpose of this paper was to determine whether the Grit-O Scale could be used as a...
Article
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In the past two decades, gratitude has been shown to be closely related to mental health and well-being. However, there is no consensus about its definition, and self-gratitude was hastily dismissed. This research aimed to analyze how self-gratitude is considered by laypersons. We conducted three online studies to test the hypothesis according to w...
Book
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Les émotions sont des éléments clefs de notre bien-être tout comme elles peuvent être impliquées dans des problèmes de santé mentale importants (dépression, troubles anxieux…). Les demandes de thérapie ou d’accompagnement sont presque toujours en lien avec la présence d’émotions difficiles : tristesse, impuissance, déception, anxiété, solitude, col...
Article
Background Resilience, the ability to bounce back or recover from stress, has been associated with several health-related behaviors. However, data on food intake and emotional eating are lacking. Objective The objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the associations between resilience and diet quality, ultra-processed food (UPF) and...
Article
Full-text available
Learning a foreign language involves a wide range of cognitive, social and affective skills. The present article gives ideas to develop socio-emotional competencies in English courses: the capacity to identify the emotion, to understand the causes and consequences, to express their emotions and to do so in a socially acceptable manner, to manage st...
Book
Full-text available
Il y a 20 ans déjà, le Grand Débat sur l’école (initié en 2003 par Luc Ferry, le Ministre de l’Éducation Nationale de l’époque) avait révélé que la motivation représentait la première préoccupation des enseignants et des parents. Aujourd’hui, cette préoccupation semble renforcée. Une large littérature scientifique montre en effet que la motivation...
Article
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Objective The relationship between vegetarianism and mental health is controversial. The aim of the present study is to examine the cross-sectional association between anxiety, depression, and vegetarianism in a French sample while controlling for potential confounders. Design Self-reported questionnaire data were obtained from a large cross-secti...
Article
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Academic self-efficacy (ASE) refers to a student's global belief in his/her ability to master the various academic challenges at university and is an essential antecedent of wellbeing and performance. The five-item General Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (GASE) showed promise as a short and concise measure for overall ASE. However, of its validity and...
Book
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La problématique de la santé mentale des étudiants (de la première année post-baccalauréat jusqu'au doctorat) est au cœur des préoccupations actuelles dans le champ de l'enseignement supérieur (quelles que soient les filières, longues ou courtes, d'enseignement supérieur), en raison notamment du nombre élevé d'échecs ou de décrochages, de l'augment...
Book
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La problématique de la santé mentale des étudiants est au coeur des préoccupations actuelles dans le champ de l’enseignement supérieur, en raison notamment du nombre élevé d’échecs ou de décrochages, de l’augmentation des symptômes anxieux et dépressifs, du burn-out ainsi que des consommations de substances psychoactives. Cette problématique s’est...
Preprint
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Background: Awareness of one’s own states is a particularly important part of cognition and emotion regulation. Difficulties in this domain is seen as the roots of several types of disorders. Impairments in perceiving emotional states has been widely documented, leading to show alexithymia - the difficulty in identifying, conceiving and communicati...
Article
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Doctoral students face many challenges that were reinforced by COVID‐19‐related lockdowns. We assessed this impact over one year on doctoral students' depression, anxiety, stress, well‐being, and doctoral engagement. We also investigated the potential protective role of self‐compassion and savoring on mental health, well‐being, and doctoral engagem...
Article
Introduction et but de l’étude La propagation du coronavirus (COVID-19) a eue pour conséquence la mise en place de mesures strictes de confinement, ayant entraîné des changements dans les comportements alimentaires. Les traits psychologiques sont des déterminants bien connus du comportement alimentaire. L’objectif de cette étude était donc d’étudie...
Article
Introduction et but de l’étude Certaines études ont rapporté des associations entre l’estime de soi et le statut pondéral, mais les données longitudinales sur les adultes sont rares. L’objectif de cette étude était d’analyser les associations transversales et longitudinales entre l’estime de soi et l’indice de masse corporelle (IMC). Méthodes En 2...
Article
Introduction et but de l’étude Les troubles du comportement alimentaire (TCA) sont aujourd’hui très prévalents dans la population : 8,4 % chez les femmes et 2,2 % chez les hommes. Compte tenu des conséquences délétères potentielles des TCA sur la santé, telles que la dépression ou le risque accru de suicide, il est important d’en comprendre les dét...
Article
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In light of different challenges associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, university students are considered a particularly vulnerable population to mental health and study en-gagement issues. The first years at university represent a crucial period for students and are as-sociated with an increase in mental health problems, particularly in healthcar...
Article
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Resilience is a positive psychological trait associated with a lower risk of some physical and mental chronic diseases and could be an important protective factor against eating disorders (EDs). The aim of this study was to assess cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between resilience and ED in a large cohort of French adults. In 2017, a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Promoting students' well-being and motivation at school is of critical importance to address developmental declines in student motivation and rising prevalence of adolescents' mental health issues. The present study examined the effects of a multicomponent professional development training course for teachers combining self-determination theory-bas...
Article
Research indicates that university students present higher levels of psychological distress compared with non-student age-matched youth. These levels are higher among healthcare students, and even higher during the Covid-19 pandemic. Therefore, cost-effective large-scale interventions are needed in order to prevent further development of psychologi...
Article
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Satisfaction with life as a judgmental cognitive process can be negatively influenced by appraisals of daily events such as hassles. Trait-gratitude—a tendency to appraise, recognize and respond to life events through being grateful—is a determinant of mental health and well-being, and has been shown to be related to the positive appraisal of life....
Article
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A major underlying assumption of positive psychology is that we can influence our well-being through our own behavior. It remains an open question as to whether the general public shares this perception, and how this is related to their actual level of well-being. Do they feel a sense of control over their well-being or do they see it more as subje...
Article
Background The spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) led many countries to implement lockdown measures, which resulted in changes in dietary behaviours that could persist over the long term and have associated health consequences. Psychological traits may impact these changes given their known association with dietary behaviours. We aimed to...
Article
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This study validated the French version of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS-F) and tested the protective role of resilience in the context of vicarious trauma (22 March 2016 terrorist attacks in Brussels) regarding anxiety and depression symptoms. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated a single-factor structure of the BRS-F. Investigation of converg...
Article
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Introduction Organizations which engage in the promotion of well-being are likely to prevent mental health issues in workers. Mindfulness-based interventions offer new perspectives to increase well-being at work. However, the issue of finding time and framework to practice at work is important. Recent studies suggested that informal mindfulness pra...
Article
Background: In the context of social marketing, the effectiveness of prevention messages is a major issue. The main objective of the present study was to assess the effect of prevention messages framing on self-efficacy reinforcement in order to improve intentions to reach or maintain sufficient weight in a non-clinical sample. It thus focuses on...
Article
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The COVID-19 lockdown increased the day-to-day challenges faced by parents, and thereby may have increased parental burnout risk. Therefore, identifying parental burnout protection factors is essential. This study aimed to assess the protective role of the following factors which can be increased through mindfulness practice: trait mindfulness, sel...
Article
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Relatively little research has addressed the positive outcomes of creativity. Several studies have reported that creativity in the arts is correlated with good mental health. Based on the recent Honing Theory of Creativity, this research aimed at analyzing the relation between artistic achievements and low emotion dysregulation. The second aim was...
Article
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Réponse à une tribune de la Ligue des droits de l'homme qui s'inquiétait des dangers de la méditation de pleine conscience pour les enfants.
Article
Tearful crying is a ubiquitous and likely uniquely human phenomenon. Scholars have argued that emotional tears serve an attachment function: Tears are thought to act as a social glue by evoking social support intentions. Initial experimental studies supported this proposition across several methodologies, but these were conducted almost exclusively...
Article
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Strengths use is an essential personal resource to consider when designing higher-educational programs and interventions. Strengths use is associated with positive outcomes for both the student (e.g., study engagement) and the university (e.g., academic throughput/performance). The Strengths Use Scale (SUS) has become a popular psychometric instrum...
Article
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The attachment styles formed early in life within the family context have been shown to be related to those formed in future relationships, notably the romantic relationships experienced as adults. One way of managing or altering negative behaviors or instinctive reactions in response to situations that evoke pain or stress is to increase mindfulne...
Article
A person’s tendency to approach pleasant stimuli and to avoid unpleasant stimulireflects a basic psychological phenomenon. The present research aimed toinvestigate the extent to which mindfulness practices and trait equanimity canattenuate this motivational process. In two studies, participants were asked toperform an Approach/Avoidance Task (AAT)....
Article
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The current state of the planet poses challenging ethical questions that shake up our emotions and values, thus making our choices and decisions more difficult. In order to grasp the many complex issues with which we are each confronted on a daily basis, education in sustainable development (ESD) advances competencies (Unesco, 2017) that are rooted...
Book
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Ce livre donne présente des outils pour développer les compétences psychosociales de façon efficace et fondée scientifiquement. Expérimenté dans les pays anglo-saxons depuis les années 1970, l’apprentissage des compétences psychosociales (CPS), ou comment bien vivre ensemble, se développe de plus en plus dans les pays francophones. Elles favorisent...
Article
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The present short commentary aimed at highlighting the potential impact of lockdown specifically on parents and children’s mental health. Embedded within a systemic view, it identified protective factors that may account for individual and household resilience. In the first section of this manuscript, we present the core concepts of resilience, bef...
Book
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Vittoz peut aussi être considéré comme un des précurseurs occidentaux des approches fondées sur le développement de la présence attentive, dont la méditation de pleine conscience est l’exemple le plus notable et le plus connu aujourd’hui. Il n’était pas seul : des praticiens et des penseurs de cette époque, en Occident, avaient déjà identifié l’imp...
Article
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Objectives : Past research has suggested that mindfulness training reduces automaticity while processing socio-emotional stimuli. The present study aimed to analyze how mindfulness practice may reduce the use of prior knowledge during the recognition of emotional facial expressions. Based on a predictive brain model, we hypothesized that mindfulne...