Rebecca Maguire

Rebecca Maguire
National University of Ireland, Maynooth | NUI Maynooth · Department of Psychology

PhD Cognitive Science

About

83
Publications
23,907
Reads
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761
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2012 - August 2017
August 2012 - August 2017
National College of Ireland
Position
  • Lecturer
September 2006 - August 2012
Dublin Business School
Position
  • Lecturer in Psychology
Education
September 2003 - September 2006
University College Dublin
Field of study
  • Cognitive Science
September 2002 - August 2003
University College Dublin
Field of study
  • Cognitive Science
September 1999 - June 2002
University College Dublin
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
Aim As healthcare systems are increasingly burdened, the efficiencies and cost savings offered by connected health (CH, i.e. two-way communicative healthcare technologies such as eHealth or mHealth) present an attractive solution for supporting families impacted by cancer. More research is required, however, to examine attitudes towards CH to bette...
Article
Objective: Connected health technologies have the potential to improve access to cancer care and support and reduce costs. We aimed to assess the impacts of interventions delivered using connected health technologies on psychological and quality of life (QoL) outcomes in people living with and beyond cancer. Methods: PUBMED, PsycINFO, Web of Sci...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract. Digital technologies for health and social care have potential to support older adults’ activities, quality of life, and autonomy. Technology acceptance is a commonly identified outcome in studies, but is conceptualized in numerous ways, which may influence measurement and conclusions. We wish to understand how technology acceptance is co...
Article
As life expectancy continues to increase in most EU Member States, smart technologies can help enable older people to continue living at home, despite the challenges accompanying the ageing process. The Innovation Action (IA) SHAPES ‘Smart and Healthy Ageing through People Engaging in Supportive Systems’ funded by the EU under the Horizon 2020 Rese...
Article
Background While Therapeutic Recreation (TR) camp programmes have been extensively analysed, less is known about hospital outreach programmes (HOPs). This study examined parent, volunteer and health care provider (HCP) perceived core features and outcomes of a hospital-based TR programme for children with serious illness. Methods Participants were...
Article
Background: Caregivers of children may rely on internet sources, health care providers, peers or family for health information. Objective: To examine the impact of sociodemographic factors on the use of the internet for health information by caregivers of children, and the impact on self-efficacy, effort and frustration. Methods: Using data fr...
Article
Objectives: Ageing populations have the propensity to rate their health status more inaccurately than their younger counterparts. As a result, we (1) devised a metric which categorized older adults into groups based on the discrepancy between their self-rated health (SRH) and Frailty Index (FI) scores, and (2) investigated which factors predict gr...
Article
Purpose A high percentage of people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) experience anxiety, which can negatively impact quality of life. Despite this, anxiety in PwMS remains under researched. This review aims to identify associates with anxiety in PwMS that are amenable to change, with a view to informing the development of interventions in the area....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a highly variable condition characterised by uncertainty of disease course which can make formation of expectations about the future difficult. This systematic review aimed to examine associations between expectations, or Future Oriented Cognitions (FOCs), and Quality of Life (QOL) in people with MS (PwMS). Metho...
Preprint
Objective: Emerging evidence indicates that the mental health consequences of COVID-19 may not be as deleterious as initially feared. We analyzed the levels of symptom expression and rates of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), and COVID-19 related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (C19-PTSD) in the adult population of...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Transgender people often pursue gender-affirming health care (GAH), such as hormone therapy and/or surgeries. While research has begun to explore influences on general health care for transgender individuals, less is known about the experiences of GAH specifically. We aimed to systematically review the factors associated with experiences o...
Article
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has likely had a negative impact on rehabilitation and quality of life (QoL) research in multiple sclerosis (MS). Method: We explored perceived barriers to research among 87 researchers, representing 18 countries, both prior to and since COVID-19. Results: A Wilcoxon signed-rank test found that significantly m...
Article
Full-text available
Background : In this study, we compared the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) before and during the COVID-19 pandemic across nationally representative samples of Irish adults. Methods : Participants were sampled in February 2019 (N = 1,020), April 2020 (N = 1,041), May 2020 (N =...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study we conduct a systematic review to evaluate the needs and experience of people with pediatric multiple sclerosis (MS) and their caregivers. The literature search was conducted across 10 academic databases, adhering to PRISMA-P guidelines. Quality appraisal was conducted using the mixed method appraisal test for individual studie...
Article
Full-text available
In the Republic of Ireland (RoI), COVID-19 public health guidelines have been most restrictive for people aged 70 and over. Such individuals are most likely to avail of befriending services offered by a network of Irish organisations. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of COVID-19 guidelines on befriending service users, and to develop...
Article
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Purpose People who are first-degree relatives of cancer patients are at an increased risk of developing cancer themselves. Despite this, relatives of cancer patients do not always make beneficial changes to their health behaviours. This study aimed to answer the following questions: (1) do the health behaviours of people who are first-degree relati...
Article
Problem identification Expanding on previous work in specific cancer populations, this review aimed to explore factors associated with decisional regret following treatment for a range of cancer types. Literature search A systematic search of four databases identified 1747 studies, using search terms relating to cancer survivors and decisional reg...
Article
Objectives Families impacted by paediatric cancer are met with logistical, financial and psychological impacts, with SARS‐CoV‐2 creating additional barriers and stressors for these families. Connected health (CH) may facilitate cancer care. The objective of the present study was to systematically review CH for families/informal caregivers affected...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of review: In spite of recent advances in treatment, many people with multiple sclerosis (MS) require ongoing care and support. Informal caregivers can experience burden as a result of their role, with possible implications for quality of life (QOL). We review recent research examining MS caregiver experience to (1) understand current risk...
Article
Full-text available
Background Standardised integration of productivity costs into health economic evaluations is hindered by equity and distributional concerns. Our aim was to explore the distributive impact of productivity cost methodological variation, describing the consequences for different groups. Methods 527 prostate cancer survivors (2–5 years post-diagnosis...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In recent years, the number of children and adolescents being diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (i.e. paediatric MS) has increasingly been recognised. A diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) at such a young age can place extra demands on caregivers, who may be required to take on many diverse roles and caring responsibilities. Developing a better un...
Article
Positive social and psychological appraisals may help maintain well-being in illness, but few studies have systematically investigated this in a European context. After controlling for sociodemographic, health and objective social factors, we employed multilevel regression modelling to establish if appraisals predict well-being in three illness gro...
Article
Full-text available
Background: While there is growing awareness of the need to support the physical and mental wellbeing of transgender people, some may be reluctant to seek help from healthcare professionals. Little is understood about the mechanisms that influence help-seeking behavior in this group. Aims: This study aimed to compare transgender and cisgender parti...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of sleeping problems in prostate cancer survivors and to explore the role of predisposing, precipitating and perpetuating factors in this process. Methods Using a cross-sectional design, 3348 prostate cancer survivors between 2 and 18 years post diagnosis reported experiences of insomnia using...
Article
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Purpose The burden of caring for a family member or friend can have a negative impact on caregiver health and well-being, yet caring can also have positive consequences. Understanding the factors that may enhance caregiver well-being is merited. Methods We used data gathered from the European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS). Using complete case anal...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To explore the relationship between sleep pattern (morningness–eveningness) and depression in Chinese shift workers (“Three Shifts” workers), and to examine whether emotional exhaustion plays a mediating role in this relationship. Study Design We examined the impact of sleep pattern on the depression of three shifts workers, focusing on...
Preprint
Smart beta, also known as strategic beta or factor investing, is the idea of selecting an investment portfolio in a simple rule-based manner that systematically captures market inefficiencies, thereby enhancing risk-adjusted returns above capitalization-weighted benchmarks. We explore the idea of applying a smart strategy in reverse, yielding a "ba...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we explore the relationship between learning and the conjunction fallacy. The interpretation of the conjunction effect as a fallacy assumes that all observers share the same knowledge, and that nobody has access to privileged information. Such situations are actually quite rare in everyday life. Building on an existing model of surp...
Article
While seemingly a ubiquitous cognitive process, the precise definition and function of surprise remains elusive. Surprise is often conceptualized as being related to improbability or to contrasts with higher probability expectations. In contrast to this probabilistic view, we argue that surprising observations are those that undermine an existing m...
Article
Objective To estimate the prevalence of financial objective stress and subjective strain among colorectal cancer survivors and assess associated financial coping factors in Ireland which has a mixed public‐private healthcare system. Methods Colorectal cancer survivors were identified from the National Cancer Registry and a sample of 496 respondent...
Article
Objective: Despite a generally good prognosis many prostate cancer survivors have poor quality of life (QOL). A greater understanding of how psychological appraisals influence QOL is merited given their potentially modifiable nature. In this study we considered how elements of survivors' retrospective and prospective appraisals relate to QOL. Met...
Article
We report on an intervention in which informal programming labs were switched to a weekly machine-evaluated test for a second year Data Structures and Algorithms module. Using the online HackerRank system, we investigated whether greater constructive alignment between course content and the exam would result in lower failure rates. After controllin...
Article
Purpose: To explore the effect that treatment-related commuting has on carers of patients with head and neck cancer. Method: Semi-structured interviews, thematically analysed, with 31 carers. Results: Treatment-related commuting had a considerable impact on carers of patients with head and neck cancer, both in practical terms (economic costs,...
Article
Full-text available
The ‘low-volatility anomaly’ is the counter-intuitive observation that portfolios of low-volatility stocks tend to yield higher risk-adjusted returns than portfolios of high-volatility stocks. In this article, we investigate if the anomaly holds, not only for portfolios consisting of individual low-volatility stocks, but for portfolios that have be...
Article
Background: Fear of recurrence (FOR) is a primary concern for both cancer survivors and their caregivers, yet little is known about what care-related factors exacerbate this worry. Objectives: This study aimed to establish the role of care-related stressors-as distinct from survivor characteristics-in predicting FOR in head and neck cancer careg...
Article
We reopen Erwin Schrödinger's thought experiment involving a cat in an informationally impenetrable box. A common view is that the cat enters a superposition of alive/ dead because of a lack of observation, leading to uncertainty about the state of the cat. We, on the other hand, argue that the cat only enters a superposition if everything about th...
Article
Background From a health service perspective, informal care is often viewed as a potentially cost-effective way of transferring costs out of the formal healthcare sector. However, informal care is not a free resource. Objective Our objective was to assess the impact of alternative valuation methods and key assumptions on the cost of informal care....
Article
Student engagement is a key predictor of academic performance, persistence and retention in higher education. While many studies have identified how aspects of the college environment influence engagement, fewer have specifically focused on emotional intelligence (EI). In this study, we sought to explore whether EI could predict cognitive and/or af...
Article
Objective: Fear of recurrence (FOR) is a key concern among survivors of all cancers. In prostate cancer, FOR varies with health and treatment type, but little is known about how survivors' appraisals of their treatment, and in particular their level of regret over treatment decisions, may affect this. Methods: 1229 prostate cancer survivors betw...
Article
There is an abundance of literature highlighting the need to focus on enhancing students’ creativity in higher education. However, currently there is a gap in awareness of evidence- based initiatives being employed in institutions to address this need. The debate on how to best characterise creativity has not yet reached consensus therefore, we pre...
Article
In this article, we examine how a competition to find the world’s most accurate clock might be run. How could the winning clock be identified if it outperforms every existing standard for timing? The intuitive view on time-keeping is that a good clock is one that keeps time consistently and hence agrees with other clocks. This view, we argue, is mi...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Our study aimed to investigate the relationship between unmet supportive care needs and carer burden and happiness, in head and neck cancer (HNC). Methods Two hundred eighty-five HNC informal carers were sent a postal questionnaire between January and June 2014, which included the supportive care needs survey for partners and caregivers of...
Article
In this article, we describe a house price index algorithm which requires only sparse and frugal data, namely house location, date of sale and sale price, as input data. We aim to show that our algorithm is as effective for predicting price changes as more complex models which require detailed or extensive data. Although various methods are employe...
Article
Aims and objectives: To identify and describe the triggers of emotional distress among long-term caregivers (more than 1 year postdiagnosis) of people with head and neck cancer. Background: Limited research has been conducted on the factors that cause head and neck cancer caregivers to become distressed. Design: Qualitative cross-sectional. M...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we explore the idea that consciousness is a language-complete phenomenon, that is, one which is as difficult to formalise as the foundations of language itself. We posit that the reason consciousness resists scientific description is because the language of science is too weak; its power to render phenomena objective is exhausted by...
Article
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This study investigates the construct validity, composite reliability, and concurrent validity of the Inventory of Attitudes toward Seeking Mental Health Services(IASMHS; Mackenzie, Knox, Gekoski, & Macaulay, 2004). A large sample of Irish police officers participated in the study. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the 3-factor structure of th...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Our aim was to investigate associations between the subjective burden of care and health-related quality of life (both physical and mental) within colorectal cancer patient carers in Ireland, with supplementary analysis of carer objective factors. Methods Two hundred twenty-eight colorectal cancer informal carers were sent a postal questio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Surprise is a ubiquitous phenomenon that both draws on cognition and affects cognition, in a number of different ways. For example, in artificial intelligence an agent in a changing and imperfectly-known environment has been argued to need a surprise mechanism to survive. This symposium brings together researchers in education, computer science, co...
Article
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In this article we demonstrate how algorithmic probability theory is applied to situations that involve uncertainty. When people are unsure of their model of reality, then the outcome they observe will cause them to update their beliefs. We argue that classical probability cannot be applied in such cases, and that subjective probability must instea...
Article
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In this article we review Tononi's (2008) theory of consciousness as integrated information. We argue that previous formalizations of integrated information (e.g. Griffith, 2014) depend on information loss. Since lossy integration would necessitate continuous damage to existing memories, we propose it is more natural to frame consciousness as a los...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this article we introduce a new strategy for optimal diversification which combines elements of Diversified Risk Parity [1], [2] and Diversification Ratio [3], with emphasis on positive risk premiums. The Uncorrelated Positive Bets strategy involves the identification of reliable, independent sources of randomness and the quantification of their...
Article
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In this study we describe the use of clickers in a second year data structures and algorithms module. In recent years instructors in higher education have begun introducing classroom technology that allows students to respond to questions during lectures. Studies have shown considerable benefits in terms of attendance, classroom engagement and allo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Existing risk-to-reward measures, such as the Sharpe ratio [1] or M2 [2], are based on the idea of quantifying the excess return per unit of deviation in an investment. In this preliminary article we introduce a new probabilistic measure for evaluating investment performance. Randomness Deficiency Coefficient (RDC) expresses the likelihood that the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cognitive science is an interdisciplinary field which aims to understand the mind. Pioneering research over the past 60 years has yielded significant advances in describing the architecture of cognition. However, we suggest that the rate of progress seen in the last century may not be sustainable. While a central feature of natural phenomena is the...
Conference Paper
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While some studies have suggested that conceptual knowledge can be activated selectively (e.g. Potter & Faulconer, 1979; Springer & Murphy, 1992), others have suggested that the same default set of conceptual features is activated, regardless of the context in which a word is used (e.g. McElree, Murphy & Ochoa, 2006; Swinney, Love, Walenski & Smith...
Article
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Surprise is often defined in terms of disconfirmed expectations, whereby the surprisingness of an event is thought to be dependent on the degree to which it contrasts with a more likely, or expected, outcome. The authors investigated the alternative hypothesis that surprise is more accurately modeled as a manifestation of an ongoing sense-making pr...
Article
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The CARIN theory (C. L. Gagné & E. J. Shoben, 1997) proposes that people use statistical knowledge about the relations with which modifiers are typically used to facilitate the interpretation of modifier-noun combinations. However, research on semantic patterns in compounding has suggested that regularities tend to be associated with pairings of se...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Surprise is often thought of as an experience that is elicited following an unexpected event. However, it may also be the case that surprise stems from an event that is simply difficult to explain. In this paper, we investigate the latter view. Specifically, we question why the provision of an enabling factor can mitigate perceived surprise for an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Slot-filling theories of conceptual combination assume that both constituent concepts are activated before they are combined. However, these theories have difficulty in explaining why combined phrase features are sometimes more available than the features of the constituent nouns. In this study, we investigate the time course of conceptual knowledg...