R.D. Gupta

R.D. Gupta
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad India · Civil Engineering

Ph.D. (Civil Engineering -Geoinformatics)

About

81
Publications
44,880
Reads
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1,407
Citations
Citations since 2017
34 Research Items
1124 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Additional affiliations
January 1993 - October 2014
Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (81)
Article
Supraglacial debris significantly hampers the mapping of glaciers using remote sensing data. A semi-automated approach for the mapping of debris-covered glacier was applied, which combined the inputs from thermal and optical remote sensing data and the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) derived morphometric parameters.A thermal mask delineates the supra...
Article
This study established a decadal correlation between meteorological observations (temperature and snowfall) and satellite-derived seasonal snow cover for a glacier catchment. The study area was classified into 10 elevation zones. The time period for considering climatic variables was from the start of the significant fresh snowfall of the new seaso...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present research study assesses the accuracy of the SRTM X band DEM with respect to high accuracy photogrammetric Digital Elevation Model (DEM) for parts of the Himalaya. The high resolution DEM was generated for Manali and nearby areas using digital aerial photogrammetric survey data of 40 cm Ground Sampling Distance (GSD) captured through air...
Article
Full-text available
Updated and Accurate Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of snow covered and glaciated mountainous area is essential for many applications such as avalanche hazard and numerical modeling of mass movements or mapping of terrain changes. The best high resolution terrain product available for Himalayan region is the DEM, with a spatial resolution of 10m, ge...
Article
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This work provides an overview of various methods for estimating snow cover and properties in high mountains using remote sensing techniques involving microwaves. Satellite based remote sensing with its characteristics such as synoptic view, repetitive coverage and uniformity over large areas, has great potential for identifying the temporal snow c...
Article
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LST has been fluctuating more quickly, resulting in the degradation of the climate and human life on a local-global scale. The main aim of this study is to examine SUHI formation and hotspot identification over Prayagraj city of India using seasonal Landsat imageries of 1987-2018. The interrelationship between six land indices (NDBI, EBBI, NDMI, ND...
Article
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Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) is considered as a holistic framework for effective collection, integration, discovery, sharing and delivery on a common platform for better utilization of multi-source geospatial data by global community, thereby, resulting in increased awareness of the use of geospatial data and the cooperation between decision-m...
Article
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Prayagraj city (India) has been selected as a smart city by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Afairs, Government of India in 2015. However, long-term spatiotemporal seasonal Land Use/Land Cover (LULC) dynamics and Land Surface Temperature (LST) interactions with ecological vulnerability for diferent seasons are lacking. Accordingly, this research h...
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Worldwide many cities have been going through thermal state intensification induced by uncertain growth of impervious land. To address this challenge, one of the mega-cities of south Asia, Bengaluru (India), facing intense urbanization transformation, is taken up for detailed investigations. Three decadal (1989-2019) patterns and magnitude of natur...
Article
Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) is a framework of geospatial data, metadata, and users that primarily function for the production and sharing of large geospatial data. Metadata refers to “data about data” and the metadata related to spatial data contains information like projection, scale, resolution, reliability, data provider, and distribution...
Chapter
An innovative approach to design, develop and implement an interoperable Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) for health sector (acronym OpenSDI4Health) based on National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) of India and using Open Source Geospatial Resources (OSGR) is developed. The framework is designed with six core components, namely spatial data, m...
Article
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Prayagraj City is one the biggest cities in the State of Uttar Pradesh which has been selected as Smart City by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India, in 2015. This city has rapidly evolved in the last three decades due to the urbanization process. This study has used multispectral imageries of Landsat Thematic Mapper and Opera...
Article
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Cities are critically facing massive unplanned urbanization over the globe especially in developing and under developed countries. To address the swift expansion of impervious surface and to control its pattern is a foremost challenge for policy makers and urban planners because of the lack of database of urban transformation. This present work dea...
Article
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This study aims to explore transformations of urban morphology in an Indian city, Prayagraj because it widely unexplored. This work is examined by Shannon’s entropy, relative entropy, density index, and spatial metrics [percentage of landscape (PLAND), number of patches (NP), and patch density (PD)] to evaluate the state of compactness or, dispersi...
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Identification of hospital sites and their ranking is important for the planning and development of any country's health infrastructure. The site selection problem is a typical multi-criteria decision making problem involving multiple stakeholders and their interests. Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) is a promising approach to solve a locati...
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Growth of populations coupled with industrial and economic development has led to conversion of natural environment to urbanized regions of high built-up areas and infrastructure. The natural space is transforming to built-up set up rigorously which is not only intensifying the thermal state but also changing the climate dynamics. This has resulted...
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Glaciers and snow cover area (SCA) plays an important role in river runoff in Himalayan region. There is a need to monitor SCA on spatio-temporal basis for better and efficient utilization of water resources. Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) provides less cloudy data due to high temporal resolution as compared to other optical...
Article
For carrying out glacier change analysis in Chandra basin, Western Himalaya, India during 1971–2016, glacier inventory is generated for year 2002 using Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper+ (ETM+) and Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Global Digital Elevation Model Version 2 (GDEM V2) data. Total 395 glaciers are ma...
Article
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With the advancement of GIS technology since its inception in 1960’s, many educational institutions, government departments, public/ private sectors and individuals have started its use for the production and management of spatial data. Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) concept was introduced in the early1990’s and provides a set of technologies, s...
Article
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The applications of Geographic Information System (GIS) in the education sector are increasing day by day. The geospatial information can be published, discovered, searched, analyzed, and displayed through webGIS-based applications. Lack of an open source geospatial resource-based platform for data sharing, discovery, and service delivery in the ed...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Lucknow City, the capital of Uttar Pradesh State, is experiencing high land use/ land cover changes due to high population growth and its related effects. In present study, multi-temporal multi-spectral Landsat images of TM and OLI/TIRS of 9 th June, 1993 and 1 st June, 2019 respectively are first pre-processed and then classified using ERDAS IMAGI...
Article
Full-text available
Sharing and management of geospatial data among different communities and users is a challenge which is suitably addressed by Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI). SDI helps people in the discovery, editing, processing and visualization of spatial data. The user can download the data from SDI and process it using the local resources. However, large vo...
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Globally, 54.5% of the total population was living in urban settings in 2016 and a projection indicates that if the same trend goes, then this population will be 60% in 2030. Natural land has been converted to impervious space rapidly which is altering the climate change. The main focus of the present paper is the study of Land Surface Temperature...
Article
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In glacier dynamics, surface velocity of glacier is an important parameter to understand the behaviour of glacier in absence of mass balance and long-term glacier area change information. In present study, surface velocity of Samudra Tapu Glacier, India is estimated using freely available Landsat-8 OLI (PAN) images during 2013–2017. To estimate sur...
Article
Glacier surface velocity is one of the main parameters of the glaciers used to interpret the glacier dynamics. In the present research paper, surface velocity of four glaciers, namely Bara Shigri, Chhota Shigri, Gepang Gath and Hamtah in Chandra basin between 1999 and 2017 during two time spans of 1999–2002 and 2013–2017, is estimated to analyze sp...
Article
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This paper focuses on the relationship between the 500 hPa height fluctuations and the associative atmosphere thickness (AT) over Iran and the Middle East between 1961 and 2013. For this purpose, atmospheric Geopotential Height (HGT) data of the 1000 and the 500 hPa levels were obtained from the NCEP/NCAR database covering the domain of longitudes...
Article
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The current study aimed at investigating cycles and the spatial autocorrelation pattern of anomalies of thunderstorms in Iran during different periods from 1961 to 2010. In this analysis, 50-year periods (1961–2010) of thunderstorm codes have been collected from 283 synoptic stations of Meteorological Organization of Iran. The study period has been...
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This article summarized the spatiotemporal pattern of land use/land cover (LU/LC) and urban heat island (UHI) dynamics in the Metropolitan city of Tehran between 1988 and 2018. The study showed dynamics of each LU/LC class and their role in influencing the UHI. The impervious surface area expanded by 286.04 (48.27% of total land) and vegetated land...
Article
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Delineation of the glacier is an important task for understanding response of glaciers to climate. In Himalayan region, most of the glaciers are covered with debris. Supraglacial debris works as an obstacle for automatic mapping of glacier using remote sensing data. Different methods have been used to reduce this difficulty based on pixel-based and...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of new tools and technologies to gather the information generate the problem of processing spatial big data. The solution of this problem requires new research, techniques, innovation and development. Spatial big data is categorized by the five V’s: volume, velocity, veracity, variety and value. Hadoop is a most widely used framework...
Chapter
Snow cover and glaciers play an important and significant role in highaltitude areas.ChandraBasin, a subbasin of Chenab Basin, is situated in Lahaul–Spiti district, Himachal Pradesh, Western Himalaya and lying on the monsoon-arid transition region. To study the snow cover variation in Chandra basin from 2001 to 2016 for winter period (November−Apri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With increasing population pressure and their excessive demand on natural resources, today's environment is passing through a process of change which is leading to deterioration of natural resources. In this regards, Land Use/Land Cover (LU/LC) is one of the major parameter to portray the real scenario of natural resources. This can help environmen...
Article
Phenomenal progress has been witnessed in the field of Geographic Information System (GIS) in recent times. The development of webGIS is the result of the growth of the Internet and consequently World Wide Web. The webGIS architecture is continuously changing according to contemporary technologies and requirements. In this paper, webGIS and its arc...
Conference Paper
Image analysis has an application in diverse fields. The objective of this paper is to use the image analysis for the computation of Land-Use and Land-Cover (LULC) around the schools. The assessment of vicinity of schools is very useful. This data can be used by the policy and decision makers for the development and growth of schools. It can help t...
Article
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Cloud Geographic Information Systems (GIS) has emerged as a tool for analysis, processing and transmission of geospatial data. The Fog computing is a paradigm where Fog devices help to increase throughput and reduce latency at the edge of the client. This paper developed a Fog Computing based framework named FogGIS for mining analytics from geospat...
Conference Paper
GIS is a collection of tools and techniques that works on the geospatial data and is used in the analysis and decision making. Education is an inherent part of any civil society. Proper educational facilities generate the high quality human resource for any nation. Therefore, government needs an efficient system that can help in analysing the curre...
Article
Full-text available
GIS is a collection of tools and techniques that works on the geospatial data and is used in the analysis and decision making. Education is an inherent part of any civil society. Proper educational facilities generate the high quality human resource for any nation. Therefore, government needs an efficient system that can help in analysing the curre...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, past (1970-2005) as well as future long term (2011-2099) trends in various extreme events of temperature and precipitation have been investigated over selected hydro-meteorological stations in the Sutlej river basin. The ensembles of two Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3) models: third generation Canadian Coupled Global Cl...
Article
p>The ensembles of two Global Climate Models (GCMs) namely, third generation Canadian Coupled Global Climate Model (CGCM3) and Hadley Center Coupled Model, version 3 (HadCM3) are used to project future precipitation in a part of North-Western (N-W) Himalayan region, India. Statistical downscaling method is used to downscale and generate future scen...
Article
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The accuracy of DEMs shows wide variations from one terrain to another and it needs to be determined. This study evaluates NRSC (National Remote Sensing Centre, Hyderabad, India) CartoDEM V1 and V1.1R1 with respect to resampled ADS80 DEM for parts of the Himalayas. Both the test DEMs were properly registered with reference to resampled ADS80 DEM an...
Article
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Accuracy of the Digital Elevation Model (DEM) affects the accuracy of various geoscience and environmental modelling results. This study evaluates accuracies of the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Global DEM Version-2 (GDEM V2), the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) X-band DEM and the NRSC Cartosat-1 DEM...
Article
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The orbital and the rational polynomial coefficients (RPC) models are the two most commonly used models to compute a three-dimensional coordinates from an image stereo-pair. But it is still confusing that with the identical user provided inputs, which one of these two models provides more accurate digital elevation model (DEM), especially for mount...
Article
There is growing concern, how and to what extent future changes in climate will affect human society and natural environments. Continuous emissions of Green House Gasses (GHGs) at or above current rates will cause further warming. This, in turn, may modify global climate system during 21 st century that very likely would have larger impacts than th...
Article
Ensembles of two Global Climate Models (GCMs), CGCM3 and HadCM3, are used to project future maximum temperature (T Max), minimum temperature (T Min) and precipitation in a part of Sutlej River Basin, northwestern Himalayan region, India. Large scale atmospheric variables of CGCM3 and HadCM3 under different emission scenarios and the National Centre...
Article
The sensitivity of Sutlej river sub-basin (middle catchment) which is located in N-W Himalaya is investigated for its hydrologic response to potential changes in climate variability. The predictors of two global climate models (GCMs) that are found to perform well over Indian subcontinents are downscaled, and future time series of temperature (maxi...
Article
Full-text available
A detailed analysis of extreme temperature indices for the period of 1970-2005 is conducted over Sutlej river basin located in NorthWest Himalayan region. For this purpose, daily records of maximum and minimum temperature data were procured from Bhakara Beas Management Board, India for four stations. These stations are installed at varying height f...
Article
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Recently, study in past trends of climate variables gained significant consideration because of its contribution in adaptions and mitigation strategies for potential future changes in climate, primarily in the area of water resource management. Future inter-annual and inter-seasonal variations in maximum and minimum temperature may bring significan...
Article
The annual and seasonal trend analysis of different surface temperature parameters (average, maximum, minimum and diurnal temperature range) has been done for historical (1971–2005) and future periods (2011–2099) in the middle catchment of Sutlej river basin, India. The future time series of temperature data has been generated through statistical d...
Article
Glacial lakes show a wide range of turbidity. Owing to this, the normalized difference water indices (NDWIs) as proposed by many researchers, do not give appropriate results in case of glacial lakes. In addition, the sub-pixel proportion of water and use of different optical band combinations are also reported to produce varying results. In the wak...
Article
Full-text available
There is growing concern, how and to what extent future changes in climate will affect human society and natural environments. Continuous emissions of Green House Gasses (GHGs) at or above current rates will cause further warming. This, in turn, may modify global climate system during 21st century that very likely would have larger impacts than tho...
Article
Full-text available
In recent times, Japanese Encephalitis (JE) has emerged as a serious public health problem. In India, JE outbreaks were recently reported in Uttar Pradesh, Gorakhpur. The present study presents an approach to use GIS for analyzing the reported cases of JE in the Gorakhpur district based on spatial analysis to bring out the spatial and temporal dyna...
Article
Sutlej basin, a mountainous river basin is located in N-W Himalayan region. This basin has highest potential for hydropower generation as compared to other basins of Indus River system. Recent studies have revealed rise in mean annual surface temperature which will modify pattern of Sutlej River flow in this basin. The present paper has aimed for s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Geographic Information System (GIS) is a tool used for capture, storage, manipulation, query and presentation of spatial data that have applicability in diverse fields. Web GIS has put GIS on Web, that made it available to common public which was earlier used by few elite users. In the present paper, development of Web GIS frameworks has been expla...
Article
Sutlej basin, a mountainous river basin is located in N-W Himalayan region. This basin has highest potential for hydropower generation as compared to other basins of Indus River system. Recent studies have revealed rise in mean annual surface temperature which will modify pattern of Sutlej River flow in this basin. The present paper has aimed for s...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of the study is Digital Terrain Model (DTM) generation from aerial photogrammetric data and identify and map the potential avalanche prone zones in Manali region. Avalanche is a dynamic hazardous phenomenon in the snow-bound mountainous terrain. Mapping of avalanche prone terrain is crucial to minimize the avalanche hazard. Nowad...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports the experiments carried out for extraction of DEMs from Cartosat-1 stereo imagery using stereo correlation technique for Manali region. The focus of this paper was to assess the accuracy of extracted DEM with respect to DGPS observations, DEM generated from digitized contours of Survey of India (SoI), 1:50,000 scale topographic m...
Conference Paper
The accelerated growth rate of the economy of any country warrants a rapid development of the mining sector on which most of the basic industries in the manufacturing sector depend. Mining sector is facing an increased competition on account of globalisation and the level of technology employed thereby necessitating new initiatives for meeting the...
Article
Increasing population levels, rapid economic growth and rise in community living standard accelerates the generation rate of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Indian cities. Improper management of MSW causes hazards to inhabitants. The objectives of the study are to determine the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of MSW along with basic inf...
Article
In the present work, Gaussian based air quality model has been implemented under GIS environment for the air quality emission data obtained from IFFCO power plant at Phulpur, Allahabad, India. The application of corrections for the non-point source, obstacles on ground, surface roughness and observation time has made the Gaussian based air pollutio...
Article
Ground Control Points (GCPs) based image rectification is the most widely used method for rectifying geometrically distorted remotely sensed data obtained from satellites. The GCPs for rectification can be derived either from maps or through Global Positioning System (GPS). The present work aims to investigate into the efficacy of GPS based GCPs fo...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid growth in population coupled with expansion of urban fringe and encroachment in the prime land is a matter of great concern for the authorities associated with the urban planning. Satellite remote sensing offers varied advantages and has been widely accepted as a technique for urban mapping as well as monitoring of changes in land use/ land c...
Article
Full-text available
Development of any region depends upon proper planning based on reliable micro level information about its natural resources, socio-economic conditions and demographic set up. An essential pre-requisite for the success of any developmental plan at district level is the availability of an accurate, comprehensive and up-to-date database of existing f...
Article
Full-text available
Geospatial technologies play a key role in generating timely and reliable information for planning and decision making at all the levels from macro to micro. Even though it is widely recognized that GIS is a modern technological tool to analyse both spatial and non-spatial data including temporal aspects in a cost-effective and efficacious manner,...
Article
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Natural disasters are inevitable and Indian subcontinent is prone to all type of natural disaster, e.g., earthquake, flood, drought, cyclone, Tsunami, landslides, avalanche, forest fires, etc. The natural disasters can not be prevented fully but their impact can be minimized with sound disaster management strategy aided by the latest technological...

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