RC Castrejón-Pérez

RC Castrejón-Pérez
Instituto Nacional De Geriatría · Departamento de Investigación Clínica y Epidemiológica

C.D. M en C. Dr. en C. (PhD)

About

44
Publications
42,215
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599
Citations
Introduction
Health researcher. A dentist with epidemiological training and an integrative point of view. The main focus on Oral Health, Ageing, Frailty, Successful and Healthy Ageing.
Additional affiliations
August 2009 - April 2017
Instituto Nacional De Geriatría
Position
  • Researcher
Education
August 2010 - July 2012
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Field of study
  • Dental Sciences
July 2006 - June 2008
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Field of study
  • Dental Sciences
August 1996 - July 2001
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Field of study
  • Facultad de Odontología / Dentistry school

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
Background Poor oral health has been associated with some components of frailty. The objective of this study was to identify the association between clinical measures of oral health and the incidence of frailty among community-dwelling older adults aged 70 or older in Mexico City. Methods A 3-year cohort study with a probabilistic representative s...
Article
Full-text available
Background Oral health is an important component of general well-being for the elderly. Oral health-related problems include loss of teeth, nonfunctional removable dental prostheses, lesions of the oral mucosa, periodontitis, and root caries. They affect food selection, speaking ability, mastication, social relations, and quality of life. Frailty i...
Article
Full-text available
Background: "Frailty" has emerged as a condition associated with an increased risk of functional decline among the elderly, which may be differentiated from aging, disability, and co-morbidities. Objective: The Mexican Study of Nutritional and Psychosocial Markers of Frailty among Community-Dwelling Elderly has emerged to help answer many questi...
Article
Full-text available
Frailty commonly affects older persons, increasing their risk for adverse outcomes. Oral health is affected by those conditions related to the mouth and teeth, including caries, periodontal diseases, dysgeusia, presbyphagia and oral cancer among others. Oral health problems can be classified as development defects and acquired problems. These latte...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Edentulism and use of complete dentures (CD), which are common among elderly people, increase the risk for malnutrition and weight loss, components of frailty syndrome. Objectives: To identify if CD use is associated with the presence of frailty in a group of edentulous people aged ≥70 years, residing in Mexico City. Design: This was a...
Article
Full-text available
Inequalities in oral health are influenced by the social strata of the population. Few studies have focused on the multitude of factors related to social development as indicators of living conditions and periodontal health status. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between self-reported periodontal conditions and the Social Devel...
Article
Objectives: To analyse the relationship between the Frailty Index and 10 oral conditions controlling for nutritional status among Mexican community-dwelling older people. Background: Studies suggest that the association between frailty and oral conditions are mediated by nutrition. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional analysis includes...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To describe differences in Case Fatality Rate (CFR) for Covid-19 among healthcare subsystems in Mexico City between March and December 2020. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective secondary data analysis from the National Epidemiological Surveillance System data of Covid-19 cases. Information about health provider institutions...
Article
Full-text available
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. High blood pressure in particular, continues to increase throughout the global population at an increasingly fast pace. The relationship between arterial hypertension and periodontitis has been recently discussed in the context of its origins and implications. Parti...
Article
The studies exploring the association between oral conditions and Frailty status are increasing in number, and many manuscripts have been published during the last couple of years. Even when Everaars et al. (1) manuscript is cross-sectional, it contributes to the knowledge by confirming the association between oral conditions and Frailty despite th...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Falls are a significant public health problem among older people worldwide. The aim was to perform a new systematic review and meta-analysis to assess whether cataract surgery is effective in reducing the rate of falls in older persons. Methods: The systematic review was performed following the recommendations by the Cochrane Collabo...
Poster
Positive models of aging, including aging well, and active, healthy or successful aging models, are increasingly receiving attention from gerontologists and geriatricians. Yet important challenges remain in defining and measuring positive aging consistently and in line with older adults’ perspectives for research, practice and policy purposes. The...
Article
Objectives The objectives of this study were to explore the perspectives of older adults about the most important domains of aging well and to identify the social determinants of a person-centered index capturing these domains. Methods We conducted a mixed-methods study of 40 semi-structured interviews and epidemiological data from 670 older adult...
Article
Full-text available
AimsTo describe the associations of frailty with diabetes mellitus and related conditions in older adults. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of a representative sample of older adults (n = 5379). We generated a 35-item frailty index (FI) and obtained information on diabetes and related conditions (peripheral neuropathy, lower limb amp...
Presentation
The literature suggests that successful aging is largely determined by health behaviors and the social and physical environment of older adults. For this presentation, we examined the determinants of a person-centered index of aging well (0–100), as inspired by the determinants of the WHO concept of active aging, namely socioeconomic, behavioral, a...
Article
Literature reviews about lay perspectives on successful aging suggest additional psychosocial components to the biomedical definition proposed by Rowe and Khan (1997). The research question guiding this study was: What is the perspective of older adults on aging well in Canada? A descriptive study was carried out, using inductive qualitative conten...
Article
Starting from the results of a qualitative study in Canada and existing literature in different contexts, an index capturing most of the domains used in definitions of successful aging was constructed, with a particular focus on lay perspectives. The index was developed using data gathered in 2014 from 663 Canadian participants in the International...
Article
Aged population imposes new challenges for individuals, health systems and society as a whole. A reality that can overtake Mexico and other countries with low and middle income is the simultaneous existence of additional blocks of priorities such as unequal social development, poverty, hunger, low levels of education, infectious diseases so that ag...
Article
Objectives: To assess the three-month efficacy of supervised tooth brushing in reducing dental plaque, gingival inflammation, and bleeding on probing in schoolchildren participating in SaludARTE. Study design: This was a pragmatic cluster randomized intervention, with two parallel branches. Four randomly selected schools participating in SaludAR...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Oral health in old persons is frequently poor; non-functional prostheses are common and negatively affect quality of life. The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of oral health problems on oral health related quality of life in a sample of home dwelling Mexican elders. Methods: Household survey in 655 persons 70 years old an...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The objective of the current work was to determine the association between food insecurity and frailty in older adults, within the context of a country with accelerated ageing and nutritional problems. Design: Cross-sectional analysis of a representative nationwide survey on health and nutrition. Setting: Mexican nationwide survey. Subje...
Article
Full-text available
AIM Chronic diseases are frequent in older adults, in particular hypertension and diabetes. The relation between frailty and these two conditions is still unclear. The aim of the present analyses is to explore the association between frailty with diabetes and hypertension in Mexican older adults. METHODS Analyses of the Mexican Health and Nutrition...
Conference Paper
Retained roots in the elderly indicate a higher probability of losing teeth, of deficient oral care; these conditions may affect Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL). Objective: To identify if the presence of new retained roots in a three years period is associated with higher scores of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14-sp) in home-d...
Conference Paper
OBJECTIVE To identify knowledge, perception and risk practices regarding dental fluorosis of mothers living in an endemic fluorosis area. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted in a convenience sample of mothers living in a rural endemic fluorosis area of Mexico. A structured questionnaire about the perception, knowledge and risk practices r...
Conference Paper
It has been reported that incidence of end-stage renal disease is higher among diabetics with severe periodontitis than in diabetics with no severe periodontitis. Objective: To identify an association between severe periodontitis and self-reported kidney problems (KP) related to diabetes in a sample of Mexican diabetic elderly subjects. Methods: Ho...
Conference Paper
Persons with cognitive impairment are more likely to have poor oral health. Objective: to identify if there is an association between oral health conditions and the presence of cognitive impairment (CI) in community dwelling elderly in Mexico City. Methods: Cross-sectional study in a representative sample of persons ≥70 years old residing in one di...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction : Poor oral health status has a negative impact on quality of life of elders. Aim: To evaluate the impact of the functional status of removable partial or complete dental prostheses (RDP) on Quality of Life (QoL) of elders living in Mexico City. Method : Analysis of baseline data of the Coyoacan Cohort, a study carried out in a represe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction : Association between frailty and oral health has not been explored. Objective: To identify if oral health and oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) are predictors of frailty in home-dwelling mexican elders controlling by sex, age, schooling, marital and socioeconomic status; myocardial infarction, stroke, hypertension, diabetes...
Conference Paper
Frailty syndrome has been associated with a lower number of teeth. Objective: To identify if oral health conditions are predictors of frailty in home dwelling elderly in Mexico City controlling by gender, age, schooling, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis, arthritis and incontinence. Method: Household survey in a representative sample of...
Article
Full-text available
The Oral Health Impact Profile is the most frequently used and validated of the Oral Health Quality of Life instruments. Several short versions have been developed; and a validation of the OHIP-49 in Spanish has been published. The objective was to develop the short version of the Oral Health Impact Profile in Spanish (OHIP-EE-14). Cross-sectional...
Article
Full-text available
span style="font-family: Arial; font-size: xx-small;"> La caries de la infancia temprana (CIT) es una forma particularmente destructiva de las estructuras dentarias que afecta principalmente a niños menores de tres años de edad. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de caries de la infancia temprana y su asociación con el nivel socioeconómico famil...
Article
Full-text available
Early childhood caries (ECC) is a particular destructive form of caries that destroys dental structures of children during the first 3 years of life. Objective: To find out if there is an association between caries prevalence and socioeconomical level in children who attended the pediatric dental clinic at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (U...
Chapter
Full-text available
La boca es una parte importante del cuerpo, tiene influencia en el desempeño social y la autoestima de las personas, además de que forma parte de la primera línea de defensa del organismo, participando de manera activa en el control antibacteriano, en ella comienza el proceso digestivo y favorece una comunicación adecuada. La caries dental y la enf...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVE: Translate, culturally adapt, and validate a new Spanish version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) for older persons in Mexico City, Mexico. METHODS: A validation study of the new version of OHIP-Mx-49 was carried out through interviews and clinical examinations of people aged 60 or older in the southern area of Mexico City. The fo...
Article
Full-text available
Translate, culturally adapt, and validate a new Spanish version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) for older persons in Mexico City, Mexico. A validation study of the new version of OHIP-Mx-49 was carried out through interviews and clinical examinations of people aged 60 or older in the southern area of Mexico City. The following variables we...
Conference Paper
Background: The presence of teeth is associated with the ability to chew and thus related to appropriate diet and nutrition. While tooth loss and mastication problems have been linked to Body Mass Index (BMI), the relationship deserves further characterization. Objective: To assess the association between number of teeth, mastication, and obesity (...

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