Ravid Ekshtain

Ravid Ekshtain
Hebrew University of Jerusalem | HUJI · Institute of Archaeology

About

22
Publications
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513
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - August 2015
Harvard University
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (22)
Article
Information retrieved from open-air sites is necessary for a more complete reconstruction of Middle Paleolithic behaviors, which is currently often based mainly on data from caves and rockshelters. However, open-air sites present methodological and analytical challenges that differ from those encountered in cave sites. Being essentially an integral...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents the geoarchaeological and geochronological aspects of Shovakh Cave and the first comparative context to the nearby Amud Cave (~ 500 m downstream), providing an exceptional opportunity to explore the range of human behaviours within a small geographic area. Sediment samples from two newly excavated areas at the rear and entrance...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last two decades, much of the recent efforts dedicated to the Levantine Middle Paleolithic has concentrated on the role of open-air sites in the settlement system in the region. Here focus on the site of 'Ein Qashish as a cases study. Located in present-day northern Israel, the area of this site is estimated to have been >1300 m 2 , of whi...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last two decades, much of the recent efforts dedicated to the Levantine Middle Paleolithic has concentrated on the role of open-air sites in the settlement system in the region. Here focus on the site of 'Ein Qashish as a cases study. Located in present-day northern Israel, the area of this site is estimated to have been >1300 m 2 , of whi...
Article
The site of Skhul in Israel has featured prominently in discussions about the early presence of Homo sapiens outside of Africa since its excavation in the 1930s. Until now, attention has been primarily focused on the site's fossil hominins and evidence for symbolic behavior in the form of burials and rare artifacts such as pierced shells and pigmen...
Article
Full-text available
‘Ein Qashish is a Middle Palaeolithic open-air site in the southern Levant, encompassing an excavated area of several hundred square meters and a 4.5-m thick stratigraphic section. Its placement within a fluvial system, combined with the presence of Neanderthal skeletal remains and diverse material culture finds, presents possibilities for understa...
Article
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The late Middle Palaeolithic (MP) settlement patterns in the Levant included the repeated use of caves and open landscape sites. The fossil record shows that two types of hominins occupied the region during this period—Neandertals and Homo sapiens. Until recently, diagnostic fossil remains were found only at cave sites. Because the two populations...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The earliest Acheulian in eastern Africa appears 1.7 Ma within the Rift Valley (West Turkana, Konso, Gona). These early assemblages present a mosaic of lithic technological characteristics that bridge the Oldowan and Acheulian technological systems. Two sites in central Ethiopia, Melka Kunture (geologically and topographically within the Rift) and...
Conference Paper
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‘Ein Qashish is a late Mousterian open-air site from the southern Levant bearing evidence of three discrete human fossil remains. One of the fossils, EQH-3, consisted five lower limb bones of a young adult Neandertal male [1] that is the subject of the current paper. One of the ‘unusual’ features of this individual was the narrow distal articular s...
Article
Studying the distribution of lithic raw materials around prehistoric sites, their procurement, transport, and use, are important for understanding organizational decisions of hunter-gatherers. Here we examine lithic technological organization in two stratigraphic subunits B4 and B1 (dated ? 68 and ? 55 ka, respectively) at the Neanderthal site of A...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ein Qashish is an open-air, late Middle Paleolithic site located on the bank of the Qishon River, on the eastern piedmont of Mt. Carmel in the Yizra'el Valley, Israel. This location is interesting because it is close to many of the major Middle Paleolithic cave sites in northern Israel, in an area where no open-air sites were previously known. e si...
Article
Full-text available
Kenya National Museums Lukenya Hill Hominid 1 (KNM-LH 1) is a Homo sapiens partial calvaria from site GvJm-22 at Lukenya Hill, Kenya, associated with Later Stone Age (LSA) archaeological deposits. KNM-LH 1 is securely dated to the Late Pleistocene, and samples a time and region important for understanding the origins of modern human diversity. A re...
Article
Full-text available
‘Ein Qashish (EQ) is a late Middle Paleolithic (∼60 ka) open-air site located in the Yizra'el Valley east of Mt. Carmel, at the geographic center between some of the major Middle Paleolithic cave sites in northern Israel. Three seasons of excavation at the site revealed a small faunal collection and a diverse lithic assemblage. In this paper we dis...
Article
a b s t r a c t Lithic reduction sequences reflect decisions made by ancient tool makers. The first stages of a reduction sequence concern raw material procurement and include identifying sources on the landscape, testing the quality of raw material, knapping on the spot or moving material to other locations. The distance from raw material source t...
Article
The Middle Paleolithic site of ‘Ein Qashish is located on the floodplain of the Qishon stream, northern Israel, which drains into the Mediterranean Sea. It is located at the inlet to a narrow water gap between Mt. Carmel and Tiv'on Hills. The excavation and 3 trenches up to 5 m deep provide the stratigraphy and allow a reconstruction of the paleoge...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Nesher Ramla is an open-air eight-meter-thick MP sequence located in a karst sinkhole and dated to the late MIS 6 and MIS 5. Nesher Ramla provides one of the largest and best-preserved lithic and faunal datasets from the second half of MIS 6/early MIS 5 in southwestern Asia allowing testing models about human movement out-of-Africa during MIS 6-5 and about the Levantine MP technological variability, continuity, and change.
Project
August 18-31 2016 No longer in the fieldwork phase. Working hard to publish!