Raul Espert

Raul Espert
University of Valencia | UV · Departamento de Psicobiología

PhD

About

106
Publications
115,118
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651
Citations
Citations since 2017
28 Research Items
250 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
Introduction
Raul Espert currently works at the Departamento de Psicobiología, University of Valencia. Raul does research in Neuropsychology. Their current project is 'Neuropsychology and awake Neurosurgery (low grade glioma)'.
Additional affiliations
February 1999 - present
Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia
Position
  • Neuropsychologist

Publications

Publications (106)
Article
Objective: Recognition memory is widely accepted as a dual process-based model, namely familiarity and recollection. However, the location of their specific neurobiological substrates remains unclear. Similar to hippocampal damage, fornix damage has been associated with recollection memory but not familiarity memory deficits. To understand the neur...
Article
Full-text available
The world we live in is drastically different from previous decades in terms of digitalization expansion. Logically, one might expect that these changes modify the way we behave, our habits, the way we do tasks, communicate and access information (Moret-Tatay et al., 2018; Wang et al., 2021). And, therefore, the functioning of the brain and even it...
Article
Background Complete resection of symptomatic supratentorial cavernoma (SCA) and removal of the surrounding gliotic area is recommended to minimize the risk of persistent seizures or (re)bleeding. Surgery of SCA located in an eloquent area, can carry out severe postoperative neurological morbidity. We report a study aimed to assess feasibility, exte...
Article
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Entrevista a Raul Espert en la revista Informació Psicológica
Chapter
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Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an occlusive cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive stenosis or occlusion in the terminal portion of the bilateral internal carotid arteries, and affect both children and adults. In this pathology, which presents itself through ischemia or cerebral hemorrhage, an unusual compensatory vascular network (moyamoy...
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Editorial Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) as adjunctive treatment in tobacco use disorder: state of the art and future prospects La estimulación transcraneal con corriente directa (tDCS) como tratamiento coadyuvante en el trastorno por consumo de tabaco: situación actual y perspectivas de futuro Smoking is one of the world's leading...
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Objective The aim of our study was to evaluate the usefulness of cortical-subcortical intraoperative brain mapping (ioBM) in resective awake surgery of low-grade gliomas (LGG) of the right non-dominant hemisphere (RndH). It was estimated how ioBM may affect both the extent of resection and postoperative outcome of language, spatial cognition, socia...
Article
Background Complete resection of symptomatic supratentorial cavernoma (SCA) and removal of the surrounding gliotic area is recommended to minimize the risk of persistent seizures or (re)bleeding. Surgery of SCA located in an eloquent area, can carry out severe postoperative neurological morbidity. We report a study aimed to assess feasibility, exte...
Article
Full-text available
Crying is an ubiquitous human behavior through which an emotion is expressed on the face together with visible tears and constitutes a slippery riddle for researchers. To provide an answer to the question “How our gaze reacts to another person’s tears?,” we made use of eye tracking technology to study a series of visual stimuli. By presenting an il...
Article
Background Patients with eating disorders (ED) or obesity show difficulties in tasks assessing decision-making, set-shifting abilities and central coherence. Aims The aim of this study was to explore executive functions in eating and weight-related problems, ranging from restricting types of ED to obesity. Method Two hundred and eighty-eight fema...
Article
Objectives According to some studies, a putatively calming effect of EEG neurofeedback training could be useful as a therapeutic tool in psychiatric practice. With the aim of elucidating this possibility, we tested the efficacy of a single session of ↑sensorimotor (SMR)/↓theta neurofeedback training for mood improvement in 32 healthy men, taking in...
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Palabras clave: Afecto. Anorexia nerviosa. Flexibilidad cognitiva. Toma de decisiones. Obesidad. Resumen Introducción: los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) como la anorexia nerviosa (AN) o la bulimia nerviosa (BN), así como la obesidad (OB), se relacionan con alteraciones neuropsicológicas en flexibilidad cognitiva, coherencia central, t...
Article
Introduction: Lafora disease is autosomal recessive progressive myoclonus epilepsy with late childhood-to teenage-onset caused by loss-of-function mutations in either EPM2A or EPM2B genes encoding laforin or malin, respectively. Development: The main symptoms of Lafora disease, which worsen progressively, are: myoclonus, occipital seizures, gene...
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Introducción. La enfermedad de Lafora es una forma de epilepsia mioclónica progresiva de herencia autosómica recesiva, de inicio en la infancia tardía o en la adolescencia, y producida por mutaciones de pérdida de función en los genes EPM2A o EPM2B, los cuales codifican para las proteínas laforina y malina, respectivamente. Desarrollo. Los principa...
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Eating disorders (ED) are associated with cognitive and emotional impairments. Cognitive and Emotional Remediation Skill Training (CREST) was developed as an intervention program targeting patients' thinking styles and their skills in recognizing and managing emotions. AIM: to analyze the effects of the CREST intervention in a group format in femal...
Article
INTRODUCTION eating disorders (ED) such as anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN), as well as obesity (OB), are related to emotional and neuropsychological impairments on measures of cognitive flexibility, central coherence or decision making. However, little is known about the association among emotional regulation, neuropsychological varia...
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Según Darwin, el lloro emocional fue considerado un resultado fortuito a la luz de la evolución; sin propósito alguno, y debía ser visto como una consecuencia secundaria a fenómenos más importantes. Aunque es el comportamiento más dramático por el cual las emociones emergen en el rostro, muy poco es lo que se sabe desde la neurociencia. El presente...
Poster
Según Darwin, el lloro emocional fue considerado un resultado fortuito a la luz de la evolución; sin propósito alguno, y debía ser visto como una consecuencia secundaria a fenómenos más importantes. Aunque es el comportamiento más dramático por el cual las emociones emergen en el rostro, muy poco es lo que se sabe desde la neurociencia. El presente...
Article
In this study an anger induction laboratory task was applied to men with schizophrenia, and resulted in significant changes in different psychophysiological parameters that were measured in a pre-post design. We observed a significantly greater self-reported anger mood and negative affection, lower self-reported positive affection, an increase in c...
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Introduction: Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an occlusive cerebrovascular disease characterized by progressive stenosis or occlusion in the terminal portion of the bilateral internal carotid arteries, affecting both children and adults. Aim: To conduct a review and update on MMD from a clinical, neuroradiological, neuropsychological and genetic persp...
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Full-text available
Cognitive remediation and emotion skills training was initially designed by the Tchanturia group for individual intervention in patients with eating disorders. The purpose of the present study is to present its adaptation to patients with obesity in group format. It is structured in 8 weekly sessions that work on central executive functions, the re...
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El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática es evaluar la influencia de la testosterona circulante (efectos activacionales) y de la exposición prenatal a ella (efectos organizacionales) sobre la asunción de riesgos en conductas económicas, evaluando los trabajos de investigación existentes hasta la fecha acerca de la temática. La base bibliográfica an...
Article
Introduction: Tourette's disorder is the result of fronto-striatal brain dysfunction affecting people of all ages, with a debut in early childhood and continuing into adolescence and adulthood. Development: This article reviews the main cognitive, functional neuroimaging and creativity-related studies in a disorder characterized by an excess of...
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The electrophysiological changes after a single session of neurofeedback training (↑SMR/↓Theta) and its effects on executive attention during a dichotic listening test with forced attentional procedures were measured in a sample of 20 healthy women. A pre-post moment test double blind design, with the inclusion of a group receiving sham neurofeedba...
Article
Objective: There is limited evidence about the efficacy of cognitive interventions for Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, aside from the methodological quality of the studies analyzed, the methodology used in previous meta-analyses is itself a risk of bias as different types of effect sizes (ESs) were calculated and combined. This study aimed at e...
Book
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La asignatura de Neuropsicología Clínica pretende aportar al alumno/a un conocimiento básico de los diferentes trastornos neuropsicológicos mediante un recorrido por todas las funciones mentales superiores, que al sufrir un daño cerebral padecen los pacientes neurológicos. Se pretender que el/la alumno/a conozca cuales son las herramientas que disp...
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Los trastornos del espectro autista (TEA) se caracterizan por deficits en la comunicacion e interaccion con los demas, patrones estereotipados de conducta e intereses restringidos. Presentan patrones de encefalograma (EEG) anomalos que podrian explicar estos deficits, y por ello el neurofeedback se plantea como una alternativa terapeutica dirigida...
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This study presents the relation between the facial expression of a group of children when they told a lie and the accuracy in detecting the lie by a sample of adults. To evaluate the intensity and type of emotional content of the children's faces, we applied an automated method capable of analyzing the facial information from the video recordings...
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Despite its wide range and availability over the Internet, many emerging abuse drugs remain unknown to many doctors and health professionals. Herbal marijuana alternatives (also known as synthetic marijuana), such as K2 or ‘spice’, are a group of herbal mixtures containing vegetable matter in addition to synthetic cannabinoids. Kratom is a plant pr...
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Synthetic cathinones are a new class of designer drug of the hallucinogenic stimulant type with effects similar to cocaine, methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and other amphetamines. The abuse of synthetic cathinones often included in products sold as “bath salts” became fashionable in early 2009, which led to legislative classification across Eu...
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Ayahuasca is a botanical hallucinogenic preparation which is made up of Banisteriopsis caapi and Psychotria viridis, consumed by indigenous groups of the Amazonia region. This beverage contains the serotoninergic agonist N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and monoamine oxidase-inhibiting alkaloids (harmine, harmaline and tetrahydroharmine). Scientific li...
Article
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El Khat o Catha Edulis Forsk, es un arbusto que se emplea por sus propiedades euforizantes y estimulantes del sistema nervioso central y por su capacidad para aliviar la fatiga, sin embargo, su consumo abusivo produce efectos adversos sobre las funciones cognitivas. En este artículo de revisión se resume el origen, la producción, farmacología, toxi...
Chapter
Eating disorders (ED) are complex and severe illnesses in which eating behavior is abnormal mainly as a consequence of the patient’s dramatic will to control their body and weight. Anorexia Nervosa (AN) can lead to death in up to 10% of the cases, and ¼ of people affected by AN suffer the illness chronically. Continued binge behaviors or vomiting a...
Article
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Investigaciones recientes ponen en evidencia la capacidad que tienen las neuronas para regenerarse y establecer nuevas conexiones. Por ello, las personas mayores con un envejecimiento fisiológico, con deterioro cognitivo leve o con demencia en fase leve-moderada necesitan una terapia específica temprana, llamada estimulación cognitiva, para restaur...
Article
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This work was aimed at obtaining a profile of neuropsychological impairments in young Spanish participants with anorexia nervosa (AN) to demonstrate that right-hemisphere and frontal capacity impairments are present not only in the acute phase but also after weight recovery in a Spanish sample compared with a healthy control group. Twelve patients...
Chapter
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Patología médica (orgánica) asociada al consumo agudo y crónico de alcohol • Consecuencias orgánicas asociadas a consumos agudos en menores y mayores de edad. • Intoxicación alcohólica aguda • Síndrome postintoxicación etílica aguda: resaca alcohólica • Alcohol y embarazo • Patología clínica orgánica • Patología cardiovascular • Patología gastroint...
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Introduction: Research into neuropsychological impairments present in the patients suffering from anorexia nervosa (AN) has advanced considerably, in the past decades. It now provides neuropsychologists with a wide field of knowledge of the changes found in the cerebral and cognitive capabilities of these patients, as well as their reversible or s...
Chapter
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El alcohol es una droga dura legal que es responsable de un 5,4% del gasto total sanitario, según las últimas estimaciones publicadas por la OMS (Rehm et al., 2009). Aunque su elevado consumo puede provocar graves daños sistémicos (higado, páncreas o riñones, entre otros órganos), el cerebro es la diana principal de sus efectos, alterando su estruc...
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This study aimed to evaluate neuroendocrine and cardiovascular responses together with changes in brain asymmetry following an anger mood induction laboratory task. Previous research has shown an increase in heart rate and blood pressure when anger is experienced. Increased testosterone and decreased cortisol in response to anger and aggressive beh...
Article
This study conducted a follow-up of 13 early-onset slightly disabled Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) patients within an year, evaluating both CC area measurements in a midsagittal Magnetic Resonance (MR) image, and Dichotic Listening (DL) testing with stop consonant vowel (C-V) syllables. Patients showed a significant progressive loss...
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We measured the effect of two types of directed attention instructions, sustained by a verbal cue or shifted by a tone cue with different time intervals (150, 450, and 750 ms), on a consonant-vowel dichotic listening (C-V DL) test for a large group of right- and left-handed participants of both sexes. An increasing of the hits and a decreasing of t...
Article
This study aimed to evaluate neuroendocrine responses and changes in perceptual asymmetry following an induced negative affect. Cortisol increasing in response to negative affect has been reported, while current brain models of emotion processing link negative affect to the right hemisphere. In this study, the Velten Mood Induction Procedure was us...
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To review the most recent data regarding clinical applications of the dichotic listening technique in neurology and neuropsychiatry. The technique is described, in addition to the two main cognitive abilities we can measure with it. First, language lateralization, following Kimura's model as an anatomical explanation of the right ear advantage effe...
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Lower levels of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), a marker of axonal damage, have been found in the normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients with low physical disability. However, its relation to the clinical status of these patients remains unclear. We explored the association between NAA levels [normal...
Article
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that individual differences in testosterone (T) are associated with different patterns of linguistic lateralization and hand preference. Twenty left-handed (LH) and 19 right-handed (RH) women filled in a handedness questionnaire and performed a consonant-vowel dichotic listening test (DL-CV). Salivar...
Article
Twenty-five early-onset relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients (12 women and 13 men) with mild disability were compared with 25 matched controls in a dichotic listening (DL) test under nonforced and forced attentional-shift conditions. Patients showed left ear impairment and no left ear advantage in the forced-left condition. Four corpus c...
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The present work aimed to replicate Hugdahl and Hammar's (1997) study on the reliability of dichotic listening under divided or focused attention conditions. With the same consonant-vowel syllable dichotic listening procedure, 16 subjects were tested twice, 2 weeks apart. The design included a condition without attentional instructions (nonforced)...
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Progressive supranuclear palsy is a syndrome characterized by supranuclear ophthalmoplegia, pseudobulbar paralysis, dysarthria, dystonic rigidity of neck and trunk and other cerebellar and pyramidal symptoms. In this article we review the principal neurological, neuropathological, neurochemical, clinical, therapeutic and neuropsychological aspects...
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Neuropsychology: a specialisation with future perspectives. Neuropsychology encompasses two important approaches within brain research. One approach investigates the relationship between the brain and behaviour, while the other studies and develops psychometric instruments to diagnose, keep a check on and rehabilitate patients with cerebral lesions...
Data
Neuropsychology: a specialisation with future perspectives. Neuropsychology encompasses two important approaches within brain research. One approach investigates the relationship between the brain and behaviour, while the other studies and develops psychometric instruments to diagnose, keep a check on and rehabilitate patients with cerebral lesions...
Article
This paper reviews the main genetic, neurochemical, neuropathological and neurophysiological studies on Rett syndrome (RS), a disorder of the early childhood characterized by a progressive loss of cognitive and motor skills as well as the development of stereotypic hand movements. Although the mode of transmission of RS is unclear, it has been asso...
Article
This paper reviews the literature available in relation to biological basis of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Twin, adoption, family-genetic and segregation analysis studies have emphasized the existence of an important genetic contribution to the etiology of ADHD. Overall, data are concordant with the notion of a poligenetic inhe...
Article
In the first part of this review paper on biological basis of infantile autism we describe the main genetic, neuroimmunological and neurochemical investigations carried out in this pathology. Twin and segregation analysis studies indicate that genetic factors may play a relevant role in the etiology of autism. However, although genetic factors are...
Article
In the second part of this review paper on biological basis of infantile autism we describe the main neuropathological, neurophysiological and neuropsychological investigations carried out in this disease. Numerous neuropathological "postmorten" studies as well as neuroanatomical studies using neuroimaging techniques have demonstrated the existence...
Article
The Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a rare and clinically heterogenoeus neuropsychiatric disorder seen in worldwide and defined by waxing and waning simple and complex motor and phonic ties, with a onset in childhood (under the age of 21 years) and long-term, and sometimes life-long course. Ties may also be accompanied by a variety of comor...
Article
Panic disorder is a psychiatric illness in which etiology and underlying neurobiological mechanisms remain unclear. In this article, avalaible data which support the existence of an organic pathology responsible for this disorder are reviewed, including the especifity of certain pharmacological therapies, the possible genetical basis, neuroanatomy...
Article
Research of neuropsychological deficits found in schizophrenic patients has advanced considerably in the last two decades. However, the actual condition of neuropsychology does not allow us to obtain a consistent, valid and differential neuropsychological profile of this illness. The pattern detected most frequently in the context of a clinic judge...
Article
Full-text available
Research of neuropsychological deficits found in schizophrenic patients has advanced considerably in the last two decades. However, the actual condition of neuropsychologydoes not allow us to obtain a consistent, valid and differential neuropsychological profile of this illness. The pattern detected most frequently in the context of a clinic judgem...
Article
Full-text available
Panic disorder is a psychiatric illness in which etiology and underlying neurobiological mechanisms remain unclear. In this article; avalaible data which support the existence of an organic pathology responsible for this disorder are reviewed, including the especifity of certain pharmacological therapies, the possible genetical basis, neuroanatomy...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reviews the main genetic, neurochemical, neuropathological and neurophysiological studies on Rett syndrome (RS), a disorder of the early childhood characterized by a progressive loss of cognitive and motor skills as well as the development of Stereotypie hand movements. Although the mode of transmission of RS is unclear, it has been asso...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reviews the literature available in relation to biological basis of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Twin, adoption, family-genetic and segregation analysis studies have emphasized the existence of an important genetic contribution to the etiology of ADHD. Overall, data are concordant with the notion of a poligenetic inhe...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen En la primera parte de este trabajo de revisión sobre las bases biológicas del autismo infantil se presentan las principales investigaciones genéticas, neuroin-munológicas y neuroquímicas realizadas en esta patología. Los estudios de gemelos y de agregación familiar indican que los factores genéticos pueden desempeñar un destacado papel en...
Article
Full-text available
In the second part of this review paper on biological basis of infantile autism we describe the main neuropathological, neurophysiological and neuropsychological investigations carried out in this disease. Numerous neuropathological "postmorten" studies as well as neuroanatomical studies using neuroimaging techniques have demonstrated the existence...
Article
The Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a rare and clinically heterogenoeus neuropsychiatrie disorder seen in worldwide and defined by waxing and waning simple and complex motor and phonic tics, with a onset in childhood (under the age of 21 years) and long-term, and sometimes life-long course. Tics may also be accompanied by a variety of comor...
Article
Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative illness, autosomal dominantly inherited, that produces characteristic involuntary muscle movements (chorea) with cognitive abnormalities and personality. Neuropathological studies report premature cell death principally affecting the basal ganglia. The disease most commonly begins in the fourth or fi...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to investigate the attentional effect on the dichotic listening (DL) performance when doing a simultaneous right hemisphere task. A group of 30 right-handed male participants had a standard DL test followed by a dual task procedure that consisted of a manipulospatial discrimination through the left hand and performed whil...
Article
Schizophrenia is a serious psychiatric illness which is responsible for a substantial proportion of mental illness worldwide. Symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, thought disorders (related with deficits of attention, memory and executive functions) and negative symptoms like poverty of thought and emotion, and social withdrawal. For most of...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen En este trabajo, presentamos una revisión bibliográfica del síndrome de Landau-Kleffner o «afasia epiléptica adquirida», una rara afasia infantil asociada general-mente a crisis epilépticas descrita por primera vez en 1957. En dicha revisión des-cribimos las principales características clínicas (alteraciones del lenguaje, tipos de crisis ep...
Article
In this paper, the first one in a series of three complementary papers on dementias, we introduce the concept and evaluate the methods for diagnostic and the data provided by modern epidemiology. The current clinic criteria for the diagnosis of dementias are based on international instructions such as those included in the DSM-III-R (1987), and the...
Article
In the previous paper, the first one in our trilogy about dementias, we introduce the concept and evaluate the diagnostic methods and the data provided by epidemiological investigation. In this paper we review the different biological diagnostic markers, based, in the first place, on the studies of neuroimage (computerized axial tomography, magneti...
Article
The lack of univocal diagnostic biological markers which are easily reproducible, highly specific and sensitive has propitiated the apparition of a conjunct of neuropsychological instruments for the detection and evaluation of dementias. The main markers are reviewed in this paper, the third of three papers dedicated to dementias by the authors. Al...