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Raubal Martin

Raubal Martin
ETH Zurich | ETH Zürich · Institute of Cartography and Geoinformation

Dr.techn., Dipl.-Ing., MS

About

272
Publications
92,094
Reads
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6,543
Citations
Introduction
Martin Raubal is Professor of Geoinformation Engineering at ETH Zurich and a member of the Future Resilient Systems Management Committee at the Singapore-​ETH Centre. Martin's research focuses on spatial decision-​making for sustainability. He concentrates on mobile GIS & LBS, analyzing spatio-​temporal aspects of human mobility, spatial cognitive engineering, and mobile eye-​tracking to investigate visual attention while interacting with geoinformation and in spatial decision situations.
Additional affiliations
April 2011 - present
ETH Zurich
Position
  • Professor (Full)
June 2008 - March 2011
University of California, Santa Barbara
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
December 2006 - May 2008
University of California, Santa Barbara
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (272)
Article
Full-text available
Planning and operations in urban spaces are strongly affected by human mobility behavior. A better understanding of individual mobility is key to improve transportation systems and to guide the allocation of public space. Previous studies have discovered statistical laws of travel distances, but the topology of movement between places has received...
Article
Full-text available
The number of electric vehicles (EVs) has been rapidly increasing over the last decade, motivated by the effort to decrease greenhouse gas emissions and the fast development of battery technology. This trend challenges distribution grids since EVs will bring significant stress if the charging of many EVs is not coordinated. Among the many strategie...
Preprint
Full-text available
Over the past decade, scientific studies have used the growing availability of large tracking datasets to enhance our understanding of human mobility behavior. However, so far data processing pipelines for the varying data collection methods are not standardized and consequently limit the reproducibility, comparability, and transferability of metho...
Article
Full-text available
The introduction of battery electric vehicles (BEV) and the expansion of rooftop photovoltaic (PV) power generation are both progressing at a fast pace to decarbonize the transport and the energy sector in Switzerland. These parallel developments have an enormous synergy potential as the actual decarbonization impact of BEVs depends heavily on the...
Preprint
Full-text available
The IARAI Traffic4cast competitions at NeurIPS 2019 and 2020 showed that neural networks can successfully predict future traffic conditions 1 hour into the future on simply aggregated GPS probe data in time and space bins. We thus reinterpreted the challenge of forecasting traffic conditions as a movie completion task. U-Nets proved to be the winni...
Article
Full-text available
Detecting, predicting, and alleviating traffic congestion are targeted at improving the level of service of the transportation network. With increasing access to larger datasets of higher resolution, the relevance of deep learning for such tasks is increasing. Several comprehensive survey papers in recent years have summarised the deep learning app...
Preprint
Full-text available
Advances in traffic forecasting technology can greatly impact urban mobility. In the traffic4cast competition, the task of short-term traffic prediction is tackled in unprecedented detail, with traffic volume and speed information available at 5 minute intervals and high spatial resolution. To improve generalization to unknown cities, as required i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The emergence of passively and continuously recorded movement data offers new opportunities to study the long-term change of individual travel behaviour from data-driven perspectives. This study proposes a clustering-based framework to identify travel behaviour patterns and detect potential change periods on the individual level. First, we extract...
Chapter
Full-text available
Urban mobility and the transport of people have been increasing in volume inexorably for decades. Despite the advantages and opportunities mobility has brought to our society, there are also severe drawbacks such as the transport sector’s role as one of the main contributors to greenhouse-gas emissions and traffic jams. In the future, an increasing...
Book
Full-text available
The global mobility system is very important for the economy and the well-being of society. In parallel, passenger and freight transport exhibit a high demand for space, infrastructure and energy resources, while they may have negative impacts on the environment, specifically through noise and pollutant emissions. Of particular importance however i...
Article
Full-text available
Since new (Power) Transmission Lines (TLs) can have a long-term effect on the makeup of a landscape and on the human living space, it should be expected that the route of any new TL will be based on objective criteria that take into account the views of the public. Geographic Information Science (GIScience) provides powerful tools that assist in th...
Preprint
Prediction tasks related to congestion are targeted at improving the level of service of the transportation network. With increasing access to larger datasets of higher resolution, the relevance of deep learning in such prediction tasks, is increasing. Several comprehensive survey papers in recent years have summarised the deep learning application...
Article
Though GPS-based human trajectory data have been commonly used in travel surveys and human mobility studies, missing data or data gaps that are intrinsically relevant to research reliability remain a critical and challenging issue. This study proposes a novel framework for imputing data gaps based on frequent-pattern mining and time geography, whic...
Article
Full-text available
Our mobility is responsible for substantial global greenhouse gas emissions and urban problems such as air pollution, usage of public spaces for infrastructure and parking, and congestion. Therefore, the transformation of our mobility towards sustainability is essential to achieve the sustainable development goals #11 (sustainable cities and commun...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The project «3D DSS – EC» extended an existing 3D Decision Support System (3D DSS) for the calculation and visualization of planning areas and corridors of electrical power lines with the integration of earth cables. For this purpose, several methods were developed to determine locations that are particularly suitable for the construction of a new...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Dr Dionysios Georgiadis and Prof. Martin Raubal from the Future Resilient Systems (FRS) programme propose a unified conceptual framework for weak signal detection in their study "An interdisciplinary review on weak signal detection". When managing systems that are embedded in complex environments, being able to anticipate and navigate discontinuiti...
Chapter
Many outdoor spaces have hidden stories connected with them that can be used to enrich a tourist’s experience. These stories are often related to environmental features which are far from the user and far apart from each other. Therefore, they are difficult to explore by locomotion, but can be visually explored from a vantage point. Telling a story...
Article
Full-text available
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. Figure 10a and b were interchanged during the publishing process.
Conference Paper
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Measures of spatial autocorrelation like Moran's I do not take into account information about the reliability of observations. In a context of mobile sensors, however, this is an important aspect to consider. Mobile sensors record data asynchronously and capture different contexts, which leads to considerable heterogeneity. In this paper we propose...
Article
This work addresses recent research in the area of pedestrian navigation aids that aims at finding alternatives to the widely used map-based turn-by-turn navigation systems in the context of Smart City environments. Four different approaches of pedestrian navigation systems were compared to each other in a user experiment that was conducted in a vi...
Article
Full-text available
The adoption of electric vehicles has the potential to help decarbonizing the transport sector if they are powered by renewable energy sources. Limitations commonly associated with e-cars are their comparatively short ranges and long recharging cycles, leading to anxiety when having to travel long distances. Other factors such as temperature, desti...
Article
Full-text available
The constant rise of urban mobility and transport has led to a dramatic increase in greenhouse gas emissions. In order to ensure livable environments for future generations and counteract climate change, it will be necessary to reduce our future CO2 footprint. Spatial data science contributes to this effort in major ways, also fuelled by recent pro...
Conference Paper
The inspection of feature-rich information spaces often requires supportive tools that reduce visual clutter without sacrificing details. One common approach is to use focus+context lenses that provide multiple views of the data. While these lenses present local details together with global context, they require additional manual interaction. In th...
Conference Paper
Eye tracking has a longstanding history in aviation research. Amongst others it has been employed to bring pilots back "in the loop", i.e., create a better awareness of the flight situation. Interestingly, there exists only little research in this context that evaluates the application of machine learning algorithms to model pilots' understanding o...
Conference Paper
Subtitles play a crucial role in cross-lingual distribution of multimedia content and help communicate information where auditory content is not feasible (loud environments, hearing impairments, unknown languages). Established methods utilize text at the bottom of the screen, which may distract from the video. Alternative techniques place captions...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Moving towards the highly controversial single pilot cockpit, more and more automation capabilities are added to today’s airliners. However, to operate safely without a pilot monitoring, avionics systems in future cockpits will have to be able to intelligently assist the remaining pilot. One critical enabler for proper assistance is a reliable clas...
Cover Page
Proceedings of the first International Workshop on Eye-Tracking in Aviation (ETAVI) 2020
Conference Paper
Current Mixed Reality (MR) systems rely on a variety of sensors (e.g., cameras, eye tracking, GPS) to create immersive experiences. Data collected by these sensors are necessary to generate detailed models of a user and the environment that allow for different interactions with the virtual and the real world. Generally, these data contain sensitive...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a framework to automatically analyze the performance of elite orienteers under the consideration of the slope and of a wide-range of vegetation types. We test our approach using data of four different competitions of the European Orienteering Championships 2018. Two use cases of the framework are presented: first, the analysis o...
Article
Decisions about urban space and especially regarding power transmission lines are of great public interest, because their visibility affects citizens for decades. With citizens’ increasing awareness, they expect to be transparently informed, their concerns to be taken seriously and that decision-makers base their decisions rationally on facts and l...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Novel interaction methods based on eye tracking can help users of location-based tourist guides to retrieve information about touristic features in the environment. However, these Gaze-Informed Location-Based Services (GAIN-LBS) do not assist their users with orientation. Here, we introduce Map-Enhanced GAIN-LBS which extend GAIN-LBS by an interact...
Article
Full-text available
The energy demand of buildings heavily depends on outdoor temperature. Current climate change projections suggest an increase in annual mean temperatures of up to 5.4°C for Switzerland until the end of the century. In this study, an existing bottom-up building stock model is coupled with the latest spatio-temporal climate change projections. This a...
Article
This work investigates the potential of providing commercial aviation flight instructors with an eye tracking enhanced observation system to support the training process. During training, instructors must deal with many parallel tasks, such as operating the flight simulator, acting as air traffic controllers, observing the pilots and taking notes....
Article
Full-text available
Perspective paper for Spatial Data Science Symposium 2019, Santa Barbara
Article
Full-text available
Map reading is a visual task that can strongly vary between individuals and maps of different characteristics. Aspects such as where, when, how long, and in which sequence information on a map is looked at can reveal valuable insights for both the map design process and to better understand cognitive processes of the map user. Contrary to static ma...
Article
Full-text available
To ensure long-term availability of mobility and to keep the effects of humanity on global climate limited, politics, research, and industry currently search for ways to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by it. A potential reduction could be achieved by transitioning towards more efficient transport modes, optimally powered by renewable...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper discusses the opportunities and challenges of utilizing optical (head-mounted) displays for mixed reality in the context of seamless mobile learning. Recent technological developments have significantly improved the capabilities and the mobility of head-mounted displays. Future displays, frequently referred to as data glasses, will be ev...
Poster
Full-text available
The here presented study addresses the technological feasibility of replacing current internal combustion engine trucks that were registered in Switzerland with battery electric trucks. Three types of BYD (a Chinese manufacturer) battery electric trucks with different loading and range capabilities were considered as potential replacements of regis...
Poster
Full-text available
Many of today's urgent challenges, especially climate change and green house gas emissions are closely linked to the movement of people and goods. A possible path towards a more sustainable transport sector is given by the concept of Mobility as a Service (MaaS). SBB Green Class is one of the first large pilot projects for a multi-modal mobility fl...
Article
Flying an aircraft is a mentally demanding task where pilots must process a vast amount of visual, auditory and vestibular information. They have to control the aircraft by pulling, pushing and turning different knobs and levers, while knowing that mistakes in doing so can have fatal outcomes. Therefore, attempts to improve and optimize these inter...
Article
Full-text available
We are now living in a mobile information era, which is fundamentally changing science and society. Location Based Services (LBS), which deliver information depending on the location of the (mobile) device and user, play a key role in this mobile information era. This presentation will review the state-of-the-art in LBS research, and identify sever...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Visual analytics (VA) research provides helpful solutions for interactive visual data analysis when exploring large and complex datasets. Due to recent advances in eye tracking technology, promising opportunities arise to extend these traditional VA approaches. Therefore, we discuss foundations for eye tracking support in VA systems. We first revie...
Chapter
Full-text available
Travel mode choice analysis is a central aspect of understanding human mobility and plays an important role in urban transportation and planning. The emergence of passively recorded movement data with spatio-temporal and semantic information offers opportunities for uncovering individuals’ travel mode choice behavior. Considering that many of these...
Article
Full-text available
The present urban transportation system, mostly tailored for cars, has long shown its limitations. In many urban areas, public transportation and soft mobility would be able to effectively satisfy many travel needs. However, they tend to be neglected, due to a deep-rooted car dependency. How can we encourage people to make sustainable mobility choi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Exploring a city panorama from a vantage point is a popular tourist activity. Typical audio guides that support this activity are limited by their lack of responsiveness to user behavior and by the difficulty of matching audio descriptions to the panorama. These limitations can inhibit the acquisition of information and negatively affect user exper...
Article
Full-text available
How can we encourage people to make sustainable mobility choices, reducing car dependency and the related CO 2 emissions and energy consumption? Taking advantage of the wide availability of smartphone devices, we designed GoEco!, an application (app) exploiting automatic mobility tracking, eco-feedback, social comparison and gamification elements t...
Article
Well-established techniques exist for measuring the similarity of space–time paths. These measures support clustering and aggregation of space–time paths as well as moving objects database queries based on similar movement patterns or semantics. Little attention has been paid, however, to the analogous problem of measuring space–time prism (STP) si...
Chapter
Full-text available
Eye-tracking data contains mostly fixations, eye movements that stabilize over a stationary object of interest for a certain temporal duration [1]. Thresholds for determining fixations are arbitrary (about 100ms) and we assume that during a fixation people perceive an object meaningfully, which allows us to infer their cognitive processes [3]. This...
Article
Renewable electricity production from intermittent energy sources, such as wind and photovoltaic, is rapidly increasing worldwide. The Swiss Energy Strategy aims at generating roughly one-third of the current electricity demand through intermittent renewables by 2050. This raises the need for flexible on-demand power production capabilities to bala...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, most people carry around a powerful smartphone which is well suited to constantly monitor the location and sometimes even the activity of its user. This makes tracking prevalent and leads to a large number of projects concerned with trajectory data. One area of particular interest is transport and mobility, where data is important for urb...
Article
Full-text available
OMLETH is a map-based learning platform, used in formal and informal educational institutions. It features educational multimedia field trips that allow authentic, location-based mobile learning.
Article
Full-text available
Increasing mobility demands raise the pressure on existing transport networks. As the most used mode of transport, private cars have a particularly strong environmental impact and produce congestion. Ridesharing or carpooling, where a driver and several riders form a carpool, can help to address these issues by increasing the number of persons per...
Poster
Full-text available
The grid extension in Europe is in full swing and thereby, citizens' demand on earth cables instead of overhead lines is steadily increasing. The keyword often used in this context is partial underground cabling, as the Swiss jurisprudence compels grid planners to suggest not only an overhead line but also a partial underground cabling when a new t...
Poster
Full-text available
The transport sector is responsible for 36% of the Swiss total annual energy demand. If the transport sector is electrified, significant additional power production capabilities are required. Photovoltaic (PV) energy is the renewable energy source with the highest remaining potential in Switzerland. However, due to its fluctuating power production,...
Conference Paper
Although severe aircraft accidents have been reduced in the last decades, the number of injuries and fatalities caused by weather phenomena leading to turbulence is still rising. Current aviation weather products are unable to provide a holistic and intuitive view of the overall weather situation, especially in terms of turbulence forecasts. This w...
Poster
Full-text available
Technological advances, infrastructural limits and the demands for more ecologically sustainable transport lead to a rapid change in the ways we perceive and use mobility. A potential pillar for future mobility is Mobility as a Service (MaaS), where multiple modes of transport are integrated and made available as an easily accessible, packaged offe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The energy transition towards alternative energy sources requires new power transmission lines to connect these additional energy production plants with electricity distribution centers. For this reason, Multi Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) offers a useful approach to determine the optimal path of future transmission lines with minimum impact on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As maps are visual representations of spatial context to communicate geographic information, analysis of gaze behavior is promising to improve map design. In this research we investigate the impact of map task complexity and different legend types on the visual attention of a user. With an eye tracking experiment we could show that the complexity o...
Article
Full-text available
We are now living in a mobile information era, which is fundamentally changing science and society. Location Based Services (LBS), which deliver information depending on the location of the (mobile) device and user, play a key role in this mobile information era. This article first reviews the ongoing evolution and research trends of the scientific...
Article
Andrew Frank, who retired in September 2016 from the chair of geoinformation position at the Vienna University of Technology that he had held for a quarter century, has had an extraordinary influence on our field. His curiosity and wide spanning intellectual interests enriched the field’s foundations and propelled it in many ways. To name just one...
Conference Paper
The idea of using eye tracking technology in pilot training has been suggested and successfully applied in the past. At the same time, the possibilities of visualizing eye tracking data have strongly progressed. Nonetheless, little effort has been invested into exploring which type of eye tracking visualization flight instructors prefer for evaluat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Complex information visualizations, such as thematic maps, encode information using a particular symbology that often requires the use of a legend to explain its meaning. Traditional legends are placed at the edge of a visualization, which can be difficult to maintain visually while switching attention between content and legend. Moreover, an exten...