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Public swimming pools, if not treated well could work as a reservoir of many microorganisms that cause infections among swimmers. Conjunctivitis is one of those common infections that resulted from microbial and non-microbial agents, microbial conjunctivitis caused by viral (mainly Human adenovirus HAdVs) and bacterial infections. This study aims t...
Staphylococcus aureus a common cause of many diseases related to human health. It colonizes the skin and mucosal surfaces, and the most consistent site from which this bacterium can be cultured in the anterior nares. A total of 261 patients' samples taken were received from the different hospitals in Erbil city from July 2019 to January2020. Using...
Staphylococcus aureus is important pathogens that can produce wide range of toxins.Enterotoxins are among those staphylococcal virulence factors that can cause infection and diseases to human. S. aureus strains show variability in possessing enterotoxin SEs genes, most strains possess one or more of the SEs genes, while some strains possess none of...
Background: The mandatory month is Ramadan on Muslim’s fasting. Muslims cease from ingestion of food and water starting onset to grass widower to who wants to be fasting in this month that’s according to the lunar calendar; so many immunological, physiological and biochemical changes may happen. Objective: To evaluate some vitamins, hormones and im...