Rashid Sumaila

Rashid Sumaila
University of British Columbia - Vancouver | UBC · Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries

PhD (Economics)

About

251
Publications
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Publications

Publications (251)
Preprint
Full-text available
Human impacts on the Earth’s biosphere are driving the global biodiversity crisis. Governments are preparing to agree on a set of actions intended to halt the loss of biodiversity and put it on a path to recovery by 2050. We provide evidence that the proposed actions can bend the curve for biodiversity, but only if these actions are implemented urg...
Technical Report
Full-text available
EXPERT INPUT TO THE POST-2020 GLOBAL BIODIVERSITY FRAMEWORK: TRANSFORMATIVE ACTIONS ON ALL DRIVERS OF BIODIVERSITY LOSS ARE URGENTLY REQUIRED TO ACHIEVE THE GLOBAL GOALS BY 2050
Article
Full-text available
Small-scale fisheries (SSF) are critical to food systems and livelihoods. However, the relation between fisheries resilience, outcomes of proximate and distal drivers and the potential space for transformative changes have been largely unexplored. Such knowledge is key to understanding how fishery resources, institutions and actors respond to, and...
Article
Full-text available
Harmful fisheries subsidies have historically contributed to fleet overcapacity and continue to be allocated to the fishing industry to artificially maintain its profitability. However, in this contribution we show that removing harmful subsidies and reducing overfishing will help to recover the resource biomass, subsequently leading to increased l...
Article
Full-text available
Of all the interconnected threats facing the planet, the top two are the climate and the biodiversity crises. Neither problem will be solved if we ignore the ocean. To turn the tide in favour of humanity and a habitable planet, we need to recognize and better value the fundamental role that the ocean plays in the earth system, and prioritize the ur...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As part of the ongoing Oceans Asia project, commissioned by ADM Capital Foundation in 2014, this report follows the 2015 report Boom or Bust: The Future of Fish in the South China Sea. Research scientists from the University of British Columbia’s Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries modelled the trajectories of East and South China Sea fisheries...
Article
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WTO must ban harmful fisheries subsidies (with also 296 co-authors)
Article
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Fish from marine and inland capture fisheries is an important food that contributes significantly to diets and health, but their contribution is somewhat overlooked in food security and poverty-related policies. Given the current numbers of malnourished people globally, there is a pressing need to consider how to better realize the potential of fis...
Article
Small-scale fisheries depend on availability of and access to resources. Yet research on access – the combination of rights and capacities that enable fishers to benefit from available resources – has been limited compared to research on availability in Canadian fisheries. We surveyed 118 independent fishers in British Columbia, Canada to understan...
Article
The impacts of banning wild spat collection are crucial for the future development of the Zhikong scallop fishery. Failure to the quantitative analysis of economic impacts obstructs the understanding of policy performance. Using key parameters extracted from the data and information through field research, we estimate the financial losses in spat c...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Executive Summary This report summarizes the results of a survey conducted with active and independent fish harvesters in British Columbia (BC) in 2019. The survey was conducted as part of the 5-year OceanCanada Partnership, which is a SSHRC funded research project at the University of British Columbia that was designed to help Canadian society pre...
Article
Full-text available
In 2015 the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations stipulated that certain forms of subsidies that the fishing sector receive must be prohibited. However, the global fishing sector is complex and varied, and as such there remains a need for information on the distribution of subsidies between the different regions and their sub-sectors...
Article
Full-text available
The next few months will be crucial in determining whether the world's major fishing nations will deliver on commitments under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations to prohibit harmful fisheries subsidies. Timing is of heightened importance given that the EU-the second-largest subsidizer-is reforming its financial instrumen...
Article
Full-text available
Humanity is on a deeply unsustainable trajectory. We are exceeding planetary boundaries and unlikely to meet many international sustainable development goals and global environmental targets. Until recently, there was no broadly accepted framework of interventions that could ignite the transformations needed to achieve these desired targets and goa...
Article
Environmental NGOs are increasingly called upon to respect human rights when undertaking conservation programs. Evaluating a family planning program running alongside marine management measures in Madagascar, we find that family planning services provided by an environmental NGO can support women’s reproductive rights. Family planning services allo...
Article
Full-text available
The global rush to develop the ‘blue economy’ risks harming both the marine environment and human wellbeing. Bold policies and actions are urgently needed. We identify five priorities to chart a course towards an environmentally sustainable and socially equitable blue economy.
Conference Paper
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The workshop entitled ‘From visions to scenarios for nature and nature’s contributions to people for the 21st century’ was organized by the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) expert group on scenarios and models and its technical support unit, and hosted by the NF-UBC Nereus Program, the Peter Wall Institute f...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The East and South China Sea Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs) contain globally significant biodiversity and habitats. These two LMEs border some of the world’s most populous countries, among which are major fishing nations such as China, South Korea, Japan, Thailand, and Vietnam. Fisheries thus play a prominent economic, food security, social, cultur...
Article
Full-text available
Many analyses of fishery recovery have demonstrated the potential biological and economic benefits of management reform, but few have compared these to the associated costs of management upgrades, which can be substantial. This study aims to determine if the projected economic benefits of management reform outweigh the increases in management costs...
Data
Total cost of management under various cost assumptions for the USA. Total cost of management for the USA under alternative calculation approaches. (TIFF)
Data
Average percentages of total management costs attributed to administration, research, and enforcement services. Values in the second column represent the outcomes when using the most recent administration, research, and enforcement cost reported in each country, while values in the third column represent the outcomes when the mean value of cost in...
Data
Benefit-cost ratio (BCR) results for top 25. Benefit-cost ratios (BCRs) for top 25 countries in terms of 2012 landing volume (MTs). (DOCX)
Data
Benefit-cost ratios (BCRs) for countries in database. Benefit-cost ratios for the 30 countries in the management cost database. (DOCX)
Data
Supplementary material and methods. Additional analyses and results. (PDF)
Data
Survey responses. Survey responses from group of experts. (TIFF)
Data
Example survey. Survey used to collect information regarding the relevant cost of management from the group of experts. (XLSX)
Data
Breakdown of current assessments and approaches to management. This figure includes the 30 countries included in the management cost database for which there are future harvest and profit projections from the bioeconomic model. The “Other” category represents landings from fisheries managed under input controls and/or unregulated open access. (TIFF...
Data
Management cost database. Administration, research, and enforcement costs used in this study. This file contains both the most recent cost values and the average cost values for each category in each country. (CSV)
Article
Small-scale fisheries (SSFs) are complex social-ecological systems that are affected not only by biological responses to oceanographic changes but also by socio-economic conditions and market demand expressed from local to global scales. Ex-vessel prices are generally elastic and volatile from year to year or even from season to season, depending o...
Article
Full-text available
Coral reefs provide ecosystem goods and services for millions of people in the tropics, but reef conditions are declining worldwide. Effective solutions to the crisis facing coral reefs depend in part on understanding the context under which different types of conservation benefits can be maximized. Our global analysis of nearly 1,800 tropical reef...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying vulnerable habitats is necessary to designing and prioritizing efficient marine protected areas (MPAs) to sustain the renewal of living marine resources. However, vulnerable habitats rarely become MPAs due to conflicting interests such as fishing. We propose a spatial framework to help researchers and managers determine optimal conserva...
Article
Eco-certification is one solution to the common problem of verification of delivery of services in payment for ecosystem services (PES) schemes. Certification incurs costs, which may limit uptake, so it should be able to benefit users of certified services for it succeeds. In part to inform a project targeting expansion of the Forest Stewardship Co...
Technical Report
Full-text available
What is IPBES? IPBES—the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services—was established in 2012 to serve a role linking the science and knowledge about nature and nature’s benefits to people with policy and decision-making. IPBES has many expert groups, including one that focusses on Scenarios and Models of Biodiversity of Ecosy...
Article
Small-scale fisheries have been estimated to contribute up to 30% of the global landed value, which is caught by approximately 22 million fishers, some of which can be attributed to developed countries. Socio-economic analysis of small-scale fisheries often focuses on developing countries and fails to recognize the presence and contribution of smal...
Article
Full-text available
Reversing biodiversity loss by 2020 is the objective of the 193 countries that are party to the global Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). In this context, the Aichi Biodiversity Targets 2020 were agreed upon by the CBD in Nagoya, Japan in 2010 and this was followed by asking a high-level panel to make an assessment of the financial resources...
Article
Although trade liberalization may increase a country’s welfare, its specific effect on a country’s fishing industry has not been well studied. By decomposing the effect of international trade into four parts, i.e., scale-technique effects (ST), the indirect trade-induced composition effect (IC), the indirect effect of trade intensity through income...
Article
In this article, we examine the problem of coral reef destruction and discuss various stakeholders who suffer losses from the destruction. We then postulate a stakeholder versus threats matrix and outline an algorithm where public authorities can streamline policy based on expected losses. We also formulate, using local data, divergence between pub...
Article
Knowing the patterns of marine resource exploitation and seafood trade may help countries to design their future strategic plans and development policies. To fully understand these patterns, it is necessary to identify where the benefits accumulate, how balanced the arrangements are, and how the pattern is evolving over time. Here the flow of globa...
Article
Full-text available
Marine reserves are viewed as flagship tools to protect exploited species and to contribute to the effective management of coastal fisheries. Yet, the extent to which marine reserves are globally interconnected and able to effectively seed areas, where fisheries are most critical for food and livelihood security is largely unknown. Using a hydrodyn...
Article
Full-text available
Achieving the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) results in many ecological, social, and economic consequences that are inter-related. Understanding relationships between sustainability goals and determining their interactions can help prioritize effective and efficient policy options. This paper presents a framework that integ...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A ‘subsidy’ is a form of direct or indirect government support, often monetary and often provided to the private sector. Subsidies to the fisheries sector have been attracting increasing attention and are identified as important in terms of monetary value and the potential impact on fleet capacity, fishing effort, production and market value. Howev...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is reshaping the way in which contaminants move through the global environment, in large part by changing the chemistry of the oceans and affecting the physiology, health and feeding ecology of marine biota. Climate change-associated impacts on structure and function of marine food webs, with consequent changes in contaminant transpo...
Article
The contribution by women to fisheries economies globally continues to be overlooked, in part, because “fishing” is often narrowly defined as catching fish at sea, from a vessel, using specialized gears. Both men and women are involved in fisheries, but often in different roles and activities. Fisheries research, management, and policy have traditi...
Book
Full-text available
The trans-disciplinary thematic areas of oceans management and policy require stocktaking of the state of knowledge on ecosystem services being derived from coastal and marine areas. Recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) especially Goals 14 and 15 explicitly focus on this. This Handbook brings together a carefully chosen set of worl...
Article
The management and governance of shared stocks have long been identified as a challenge to achieve long-term sustainability in fisheries. This is the situation of fisheries in the Amazon basin, a region shared by nine countries. This paper provides an overview of the social-ecological outcomes and management implications of sharing fish stocks amon...
Article
Full-text available
China’s 13th Five-Year Plan, launched in March 2016, provides a sound policy platform for the protection of marine ecosystems and the restoration of capture fisheries within China’s exclusive economic zone. What distinguishes China among many other countries striving for marine fisheries reform is its size—accounting for almost one-fifth of global...
Book
Full-text available
This book provides a fresh and extensive discussion of corruption issues in natural resources sectors. Reflecting on recent debates in corruption research and revisiting resource curse challenges in light of political ecology approaches, this volume provides a series of nuanced and policy-relevant case studies analyzing patterns of corruption aroun...
Chapter
Full-text available
Currently some fishery-based communities are facing to tourism development and its potential impacts on local fisher’s livelihoods. This study aims to evaluate the effects of tourism on eight fishing communities by comparing a number of ecological and economic indicators. Results first discriminated the communities in non-touristy and in touristy c...
Chapter
In this chapter the authors review current knowledge on the potential impacts of climate change on marine ecosystems and the millions of people worldwide who depend on them. The authors highlight the fact that different parts of the world would be impacted differently and, therefore, climate will impact people in different regions differently. They...
Article
The Antarctic provides vital ecosystem services and contains the world’s healthiest marine ecosystems, but faces increasing impacts from climate change and fishing. The Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), lauded as a leader in international fisheries management, is committed to adopting marine protected ar...