Raquel Paz

Raquel Paz
University of Zurich | UZH · Marie Meierhofer-Institut für das Kind

Ph.D.

About

45
Publications
9,714
Reads
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978
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - May 2022
University of Zurich
Position
  • Scientific Researcher

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Bislang ist zum Sucht- und Gesundheitsverhalten von Jugendlichen, die berufliche Schulen besuchen, nur wenig bekannt. Ziel der Arbeit Auf Grundlage der Daten einer Stichprobe Berufslernender in der Schweiz wird untersucht, (1) in welchen demographischen Subgruppen Suchtverhaltensweisen, Belastungs- und Schutzfaktoren b...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Occupational stress is one of the main sources of stress in apprentices with physical and psychological health consequences. Just-in-time planning interventions (JITPIs) are one opportunity to deliver intervention components at the right times and locations to optimally support apprentices in stressful situations. The aim of this study...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mobile phone–delivered life skills programs are an emerging and promising way to promote mental health and prevent substance use among adolescents, but little is known about how adolescents actually use them. Objective: The aim of this study is to determine engagement with a mobile phone–based life skills program and its different comp...
Article
Full-text available
Background Life skills are abilities for adaptive and positive behavior that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. Life-skills training programs conducted within the school curriculum are effective in preventing the onset and escalation of substance use among adolescents. However, their disseminati...
Article
Full-text available
Background Migrant populations usually report higher smoking rates. Among those migrant populations, Turkish- and Kurdish-speaking migrants are often overrepresented. Providing equal access to health services is one of the major challenges of our time. The need for adapted smoking-cessation treatments for Turkish-speaking populations to achieve equ...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Mobile phone–delivered life skills programs are an emerging and promising way to promote mental health and prevent substance use among adolescents, but little is known about how adolescents actually use them. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to determine engagement with a mobile phone–based life skills program and its different compon...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Life skills are abilities for adaptive and positive behavior that enable individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life. Life-skills training programs conducted within the school curriculum are effective in preventing the onset and escalation of substance use among adolescents. However, their disseminati...
Article
Mobiltelefone eröffnen neue Möglichkeiten, um bei Jugendlichen über einen längeren Zeitraum hinweg individualisiert Lebenskompetenzen zu fördern und sie in einem risikoarmen Umgang mit Suchtmitteln zu unterstützen. ready4life ist ein Programm zur Suchtprävention bei Lernenden in der Berufsausbildung, das sowohl substanzspezifische als auch substanz...
Article
Full-text available
Background A large proportion of apprentices shows addictive behaviours like cigarette smoking, alcohol, cannabis, or compulsive Internet use, others do not show such behaviours at all. ready4life is a smartphone application-based coaching program for apprentices, which takes into account the heterogeneity of adolescent addictive behaviour by promo...
Article
Full-text available
Diabetes mellitus type I is a chronic disease, often diagnosed in childhood and associated with an increased risk of diabetes-related emotional and behavioral problems. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether the quantity of parent-child time spent together is associated with fewer emotional and behavioral problems of the c...
Presentation
Background Life-skills trainings conducted within the school curriculum are effective in preventing the onset and escalation of substance use among adolescents. However, their dissemination is impeded due to their large resource requirements. Life-skills training provided via mobile phones might represent a more economic and scalable approach. Met...
Poster
Background Migrant populations usually report higher smoking rates. Among those migrant populations, Turkish- and Kurdish-speaking migrants are often overrepresented. Providing equal access to health services is one of major challenges of our time. The need for adapted smoking-cessation treatments for Turkish-speaking populations to achieve equity...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Previous research on public stigma towards people with mental disorders has mostly targeted adult samples and focused on depression, schizophrenia or mental disorders in general. Hence, the present study aimed to investigate predictors of stigmatizing attitudes towards different mental disorders (including less researched ones) in a rep...
Article
Full-text available
Interventions to reduce alcohol use typically include several elements, such as information on the risks of alcohol consumption, planning for sensible drinking, and training of protective behavioral strategies. However, the effectiveness of these individual intervention elements within comprehensive programs has not been addressed so far, but it co...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Interventions to reduce alcohol use typically include several elements such as information on the risks of alcohol consumption, motivation for sensible drinking, or protective behavioral strategies. However, the effectiveness of these single intervention elements within comprehensive programs has not been addressed so far, but could give...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Interventions to reduce alcohol use typically include several elements, such as information on the risks of alcohol consumption, planning for sensible drinking, and training of protective behavioral strategies. However, the effectiveness of these individual intervention elements within comprehensive programs has not been addressed so f...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Alcohol use is prevalent in many societies and has major adverse impacts on health, but the availability of effective interventions limits treatment options for those who want assistance in changing their patterns of alcohol use. Objective: This study evaluated the new Daybreak program, which is accessible via mobile app and desktop and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In recent years, cocaine use has increased in many countries, but only a minority of users seek treatment. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is seen as first-choice face-to-face treatment. However, a web-based intervention might serve as an alternative. Aims: To test the efficacy of a web-based self-help intervention, with and without...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Life-skills trainings conducted within the school curriculum are effective in preventing the onset and escalation of substance use among adolescents. However, their dissemination is impeded due to their large resource requirements. Life-skills training provided via mobile phones might represent a more economic and scalable approach. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Zielsetzung: Vorstellen des Konzepts für ein mobiltelefonbasiertes Programm zur Förderung von Lebenskompetenzen bei Jugendlichen und Untersuchung individueller und klassenspezifischer Merkmale, welche die Teilnahmebereitschaft und den Abbruch der Programmteilnahme beeinflussen. Methodik: Datengrundlage für die Mehrebenenanalysen bildeten 2008 Lerne...
Article
Aims. To examine the quality of life (QOL) of parents of children with a specific mental disorder (any age). Methods. Relevant articles were searched using different databases. Articles were included that compared the QOL of parents with mentally-ill children to parents of healthy controls or norm values or provided the required data for this compa...
Preprint
BACKGROUND In recent years, cocaine use has increased in many countries and only a minority utilize treatment. To date, no pharmacological therapy has been proven effective and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is seen as first-choice treatment. However, a web-based intervention might be an alternative treatment option. OBJECTIVE To test the effi...
Article
Background: Drinking goal preferences could change over time in alcohol treatment and during follow up. Objectives: To examine the stability of drinking goals over time, types of drinking goal trajectory, and the associations between drinking goal trajectories and baseline client characteristics and treatment outcomes. Methods: We performed se...
Data
Table S1 Means, standard deviations and effect sizes of all study groups on weekly standard units alcohol [imputation by baseline observation carried forward (BOCF)]. Table S2 Means, standard deviations and effect sizes of all study groups on secondary outcomes [imputation by baseline observation carried forward (BOCF)]. Table S3 Results of the p...
Article
Mobile phone-based early interventions seem promising as means to address tobacco and problematic alcohol use in adolescents. They are appealing to adolescents, demonstrate small, but significant preventive effects, and are implemented at relatively low cost. Beyond questions regarding their effectiveness, little is known about how adolescents enga...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although mobile phone–delivered smoking cessation programs are a promising way to promote smoking cessation among adolescents, little is known about how adolescents might actually use them. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine adolescents’ trajectories of engagement with a mobile phone–delivered smoking cessation program ov...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: To test the efficacy of a web-based alcohol intervention with and without guidance. Design: Three parallel groups with primary endpoint after 6 weeks. Setting: Open recruitment in the German working population. Participants: Adults (178 males/ 256 females, mean age of 47) consuming at least 21/14 weekly standard units of alcohol (SUA)...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Substance use and misuse often first emerge during adolescence. Generic life skills training that is typically conducted within the school curriculum is effective at preventing the onset and escalation of substance use among adolescents. However, the dissemination of such programs is impeded by their large resource requirements in terms...
Article
Objective: To test the efficacy of a technology-based integrated smoking cessation and alcohol intervention versus a smoking cessation only intervention in adolescents. Methods: This was a two-arm, parallel-group, cluster-randomised controlled trial with assessments at baseline and six months follow-up. Subjects in both groups received tailored mo...
Article
Introduction: Moderators of outcome are investigated in a technology-based intervention that has been shown to effectively reduce binge drinking among adolescents. Methods: Secondary data analyses were performed on socio-demographic, health-related, and socio-cognitive moderators of intervention efficacy. Students attending 80 vocational and upper...
Article
Objective: To test the efficacy of a combined web- and text messaging-based intervention to reduce problem drinking in young people compared to assessment only. Method: Two-arm, parallel-group, cluster-randomized controlled trial with assessments at baseline and 6-month follow up. The automated intervention included online feedback, based on the...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims: Smartphone addiction, its association with smartphone use, and its predictors have not yet been studied in a European sample. This study investigated indicators of smartphone use, smartphone addiction, and their associations with demographic and health behaviour-related variables in young people. Methods: A convenience sample o...
Article
Aims: Internet- And text messaging-based interventions open up the possibility to motivate adolescents via individually tailored messages to drink within low-risk limits. The school setting is particularly suited for the recruitment of large populations of adolescents for such interventions. We investigated the influence of individual-, school-clas...
Article
Zielsetzung: Internet- und Short Message Service (SMS)-basierte Interventionen eröffnen die Möglichkeit mit Hilfe von individualisierten Botschaften zu einem sensiblen Umgang mit Alkohol zu motivieren. Schulklassen sind ein geeignetes Setting um große Populationen junger Leute proaktiv für diese Interventionen zu gewinnen. Es wurden individuelle, s...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking prevalence continues to be high, particularly among adolescents and young adults with lower educational levels, and is therefore a serious public health problem. Tobacco smoking and problem drinking often co-occur and relapses after successful smoking cessation are often associated with alcohol use. This study aims at te...
Article
Full-text available
Background Problem drinking, particularly risky single-occasion drinking is widespread among adolescents and young adults in most Western countries. Mobile phone text messaging allows a proactive and cost-effective delivery of short messages at any time and place and allows the delivery of individualised information at times when young people typic...
Article
Full-text available
Zielsetzung: Identifizierung von Einflussfaktoren, die bei Auszubildenden einen Rauchstopp begünstigen oder erschweren. Methodik: Die Daten wurden innerhalb einer kontrollierten Studie zur Wirksamkeitsprüfung einer mobiltelefonbasierten Intervention zur Förderung des Rauchausstiegs bei 755 Auszubildenden erhoben. Innerhalb eines Telefoninterviews w...
Conference Paper
Introduction Shared family activities and routines provide a learning environment for children in which tacit knowledge of communicating, interacting and organizing one’s experiences can be acquired. Thus, the amount of time parents spend together with their children is considered to be critically important for a variety of desirable developmental...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Individual level factors and the history of previous substance use are associated with different polydrug use patterns in Swiss nightlife settings. For the first time, Swiss prevention and early intervention offers for recreational drug users will be fully described, while accounting for different patterns of licit and illicit drug use in nightlife settings.