Raquel Leirós-Rodríguez

Raquel Leirós-Rodríguez
Universidad de León | UNILEON

PhD

About

72
Publications
18,859
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
269
Citations
Introduction
Raquel Leiros-Rodríguez currently works at University of León. Raquel does research in Rehabilitation Medicine, Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy.

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Full-text available
Background The central component of person-centred care is in having a therapeutic realtionship. Furthermore, the empathy of the physiotherapist is one of the most important attributes in achieving a successful therapeutic alliance. Objective The aim of the research was to determine the association between the constructs of empathy and therapeuti...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There have been few studies carried out into empathy in physiotherapists. Burnout can debilitate the quality of care and the efficacy of treatment as the empathetic capacity of the professional diminishes. Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the association between the construct burnout, empathy and sociodemographic asp...
Article
Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the manual therapy (MT) methods and techniques that have been evaluated for the treatment of cervicogenic headache (CH) and their effectiveness. Background: MT seems to be one of the options with the greatest potential for the treatment of CH, but the techniques to be applied are varied and there...
Article
Full-text available
The biopsychosocial paradigm contemplates the patient’s personality traits in physiotherapy treatments for chronic pain. Among these traits, the locus of control has a direct relationship with the person’s coping strategies in the face of their health problems. The objective of this systematic review was to assess the influence of locus of control...
Article
Full-text available
The preterm baby is born at a critical period for the growth and development of the gastrointestinal and neuromotor systems. Breast milk is the food of choice for infants during the first months of life, as it provides multiple short- and long-term benefits to preterm and sick newborns. Despite this, breastfeeding is often nutritionally insufficien...
Article
Full-text available
Perineal massage increases elasticity of myofascial perineal tissue and decreases the burning and perineal pain during labour, thus optimising child birth, although an application protocol has not been standardised yet. The objective of this study is to determine the efficiency of massage in perineal tear prevention and identification of possible d...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic caused the start of the academic year 2020/2021 to be conditioned by health and safety regulations. The present research was defined with the aim of analyzing the degree of satisfaction and perceptions on the establishment of bubble groups and pairs and on the use of audiovisual platforms for the development of theoretical and...
Article
Background: During pregnancy, maintaining an inadequate lifestyle (bad eating habits, stress, consumption of toxic substances...) generate complications such as pre-eclampsia, overweight, lumbar pain and Gestational Diabetes. Objective: This review was carried out with the objective of to determine the influence of practising physical activity o...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to quantify the level of burnout and competence for evidence-based practice among Spanish physical therapists and to determine if there is a relationship between these and other socio-professional factors. A cross-sectional study with 472 Spanish Physiotherapists. An electronic survey was conducted that included the Maslac...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lateral epicondylitis is a tendinopathy with a prevalence of between 1-3% of the population aged 35-54 years. It is a pathology with a favorable evolution, but with frequent recurrences (which imply an economic extra cost). Objective: The objective of this review was to determine the efficacy of physiotherapy treatment for the treatm...
Article
Full-text available
The performance of postural control is believed to be linked to how children use available sensory stimuli to produce adequate muscular activation. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to thoroughly explore postural stability under normal conditions and without visual information in postural control in children aged 6–12 years during static...
Article
Background Although the effects of balance training on unstable surfaces have been widely studied, the impact of exposure to an unstable surface in static balance throughout childhood has not been described to date. Research question How does postural stability vary between sexes in children 6 to 12 years of age during single leg static support on...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV) son la causa de muerte más frecuente en las mujeres en todo el mundo. La deficiencia de estrógenos debido a la menopausia se asocia con un mayor riesgo a padecer esta patología. Objetivo: Analizar los factores de riesgo cardiovascular en mujeres perimenopausicas con al menos un factor de...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical tests for the evaluation of balance in people with intellectual disability that have been most commonly used depend on the subjective evaluation of the evaluator, easily reach the ceiling effect and are poorly sensitive to small changes; but new tests have been developed, such as the Six Spot Step Test. The aim of this study was to determi...
Article
Full-text available
Knowing the most frequent injuries in canoeists is important, considering the consequences for the athlete's sports career, health, and labour, social and economic life. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe the most frequent injuries among high-level canoeists and the intrinsic variables of the sport's practice (years of practice, numbe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Existen dos disciplinas muy diferenciadas dentro del piragüismo de aguas tranquilas en función de la posición en la embarcación y movimiento de paleo: el kayakista realiza un paleo por ambos lados en una posición sedente con el raquis lumbar flexionado; mientras que el canoísta palea por un solo lado, realizando un movimiento cíclico de flexión, ro...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: García-Liñeira, J.; Leirós-Rodríguez, R.; Romo-Pérez, V.; García-Soidán, J.L. Validity and Reliability of a Tool for Accelerometric Assessment of Balance in Scholar Children. J. Clin. Med. 2021, 10, 137. https://doi. Publisher's Note: MDPI stays neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations....
Article
Full-text available
The special situation brought about by the coronavirus pandemic and the confinement imposed by the Government, has given rise to numerous changes in working habits. The workers at the universities have had to start a period of teleworking that could give rise to consequences for the musculoskeletal system. The objective of this article is to analyz...
Article
Full-text available
The correct development of postural control in children is fundamental to ensure that they fully reach their psychomotor capacities. However, this capacity is one of the least studied in the clinical and academic scope regarding children. The objective of this study was to analyze the degree of implementation of accelerometry as an evaluation techn...
Article
Full-text available
The lockdown, due to the coronavirus, has led to a change in lifestyle and physical activity in Spanish university students. The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain and changes in physical activity and self-perceived stress in the student bodies of two Spanish Universities during the lockdown. A cross-secti...
Article
Full-text available
The postural control assessments in patients with neurological diseases lack reliability and sensitivity to small changes in patient functionality. The appearance of pressure mapping has allowed quantitative evaluation of postural control in sitting. This study was carried out to determine the evaluations in pressure mapping and verifying whether t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The identification of factors that alter postural stability is fundamental in the design of interventions to maintain independence and mobility. This is especially important for women because of their longer life expectancy and higher incidence of falls than in men. We constructed the percentile box charts and determined the values of r...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Promoting healthy lifestyles in children, has become a priority for public health institutions. However, electronic devices with screens encourage sedentary behaviors. The aim of this study was to analyze the evolution of the habits of physical activity practice and television watching in a cohort of 20 years of research in Spanish chi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study aims to analyze the effect of physical activity practice on the postural control state of school children. If such an effect was detected, the second aim of the study was to identify which specific capacities of postural control benefited the most from physical activity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed using...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Dysphagia causes severe complications among people with a stroke. Physiotherapy allows the cure of this pathology, and among the tools it offers is neuromuscular electrical stimulation. However, this is a technique that has not been protocolized. Therefore, it was considered necessary to carry out a systematic review on the efficacy of...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: Este estudio se llevó a cabo con los objetivos de determinar la prevalencia del sobrepeso y la obesidad de los menores españoles; identificar las posibles relaciones existentes entre éstas y los hábitos de AF en los adultos; y explicar si dichas relaciones tienen como origen variables socio-económicas para la muestra objeto de estudio. Par...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is still no consensus on the most suitable interventions for exercise practice in breast cancer survivors. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a two-year physical activity intervention (strength, aqua fitness and aerobic exercise programs) on the self-perceived quality of life and physical functionality...
Article
Este estudio se llevó a cabo con los objetivos de determinar la prevalencia del sobrepeso y la obesidad de los menores españoles; identificar las posibles relaciones existentes entre éstas y los hábitos de AF en los adultos; y explicar si dichas relaciones tienen como origen variables socio-económicas para la muestra objeto de estudio. Para alcanza...
Article
Full-text available
Background Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract. Its physiotherapy treatment aims to reduce the frequency of asthmatic spells and the intensity of symptoms. The methods employed act mainly through the education of the patient in the correct handling of the asthma attacks and the improvement of the pulmonary el...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Identifying whether the recommendations of the WHO regarding the amount of weekly time dedicated to the practice of PA in its different modalities are being met in the population of people over 65 in Spain. Method: This study has used data provided by 1317 interviewees aged 65 to 69 years old included in the Spanish Health Survey. Results:...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To analyze the efficacy of the dry needling technique in the treatment of trigger points of the trapezius muscle. Material & Methods: A systematic search was carried out in the databases: PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science with the terms neck pain, trapezius, dry needling and acupuncture therapy. The results were analyzed following two in...
Article
Full-text available
Para citar este artículo utilice la siguiente referencia: Boente-Antela, B.; Leirós-Rodríguez, R.; García-Soidán, J.L. (2020). ¿Los menores españoles, en su tiempo libre, prefieren dispositivos electrónicos o actividad física?. Para citar este artículo utilice la siguiente referencia: Boente-Antela, B.; Leirós-Rodríguez, R.; García-Soidán, J.L. (20...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Development and evaluation of an accelerometers technique for collecting data for asses balance had reported difficulty due to equilibrium reactions and continuous bursts. The aim of this study is to determine the reliability and internal consistency of accelerometric measurements, related to static equilibrium and gait in children age...
Article
Full-text available
The identification of factors that alter postural stability is fundamental in the design of interventions to maintain independence and mobility. This is especially important for women because of their longer life expectancy and higher incidence of falls compared to men. The objective of this study was to construct the percentile box charts and dete...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents a simple methodology for the evaluation of gait with accelerometers, for rapid and simple application, in which we employ current balance tests in clinical practice (Timed Up and Go, Chair Stand Test and Six-Minute Walk Test). The aim was to determine whether the accelerometric valuation of gait can detect alterations in balance...
Article
Full-text available
Alterations of balance are a growing public health problem as they affect one in three adults over the age of 65, and one in two over the age of 80. Identifying the factors that affect postural stability is essential in designing specific interventions to maintain the independence and mobility of older people. The aim of this review was to understa...
Preprint
Full-text available
The objectives of this cross-sectional observational study were: (a) To define the prevalence of tobacco smoking in Spain and its evolution over the years; (b) to define the prevalence of physical activity participation in the Spanish population and its evolution over the years; (c) to identify whether physical activity practice inhibits tobacco sm...
Article
Full-text available
Episiotomy is a minor surgical procedure that is very common in obstetrics. By definition, it consists of an incision made in the vulva and the perineum during the second stage of labor, under local anesthesia, to facilitate the expulsion of the fetus and prevent tears in the perineal area. In its origins, 250 years ago, it was considered an advanc...
Article
Full-text available
Inactivity has been associated with decreased quality of life of older people, and many physical activity programs are encouraged. However, the heterogeneity of the different exercise programs available is well recognized. The objective was to compare three physical activity programs (strength training, aqua fitness, and aerobic exercise) to discer...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es explorar las relaciones entre los parámetros acelerométricos de la marcha y la composición corporal en mujeres sanas. Para conseguirlo se realice un estudio transversal con una muestra de 112 mujeres adultas sanas (64,1 ± 8,6 años). Las participantes caminaron una distancia de 20 metros con un acelerómetro triaxial si...
Book
Este manual trata sobre a importancia da Saúde Pública e Comunitaria na prevención de enfermi¬dades cardiovasculares nas mulleres. Con el preténdese introducir ós profesionais sanitarios (fisioterapeutas, enfermei¬ros, médicos, nutricionistas, psicólogos, etc) e da educación, nos conceptos básicos de Saúde Pública e Comunitaria, así como coñecer un...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To compare strength training, aqua-fitness and aerobic exercise programs to discern the differences in the benefits achieved by each of the activities in older people. Design: Double-blind randomized trial. Setting: Controlled clinical environment. Participants: 108 people: 54 female paired with a male of the same age (average age of 65....
Book
Este manual está baseado na abordaxe de tratamento moderno e actualizado de pacientes xeriátricos con déficit do equilibrio. Esta deterioración do equilibrio é un proceso fisiolóxico que, de xeito natural (e con maior ou menor intensidade), se produce durante o envellecemento. Esta guía é de particular interese para os profesionais que se se enfron...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Estrogen deficiency due to menopause is associated with an increased risk of suffering from this pathology, since these hormones have a cardioprotective function in young women since it preserves the endothelial function of the arteries, and decreases cholesterol and bl...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To compare the behavior of the spinal levels for the accelerometric analysis and thus to define a proper placement point. Method: Using three triaxial accelerometers (in dorsal and in lumbar regions) and a video camera, of 66 older women through one leg balance and standing tests with open and closed eyes, in static and dynamic condition...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To describe the prevalence of functional limitations; and to examine associations between Body Mass Index, age, gender and functional limitations, in a Spanish National representative sample. Patients & methods: This cross-sectional study was based on data drawn from all the participants in the 2014 European Health Survey over 65 years o...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen. Objetivo: describir la prevalencia de las limitaciones funcionales y examinar las asociaciones entre IMC, edad, sexo y limitaciones funcionales. Material y Método: en este estudio transversal se emplearon los datos de 5.970 personas mayores de 65 años (rango de edad: 65-94 años) procedentes de la Encuesta Europea de Salud 2014 (EES14) real...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objective Randomised clinical trial performed in two urban health centres in Spain. To evaluate if educational intervention in women of perimenopausal age with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and/or dyslipidaemia could achieve significant changes in the reduction of biochemical and haemodynamic risk parameters. Patients and methods...
Article
Full-text available
Metabolic syndrome includes a combination of clinical signs that, at the same time, are risk factors for cardiovascular disease, and among which include abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia (increased triglycerides and reduction of high density lipoproteins and cholesterol), hypertension, and increased blood glucose. This syndrome is conside...
Article
Objective: to describe the prevalence of functional limitations and examine its association with BMI, age, and sex. Method: in this cross-sectional study, data from 5,970 people aged 65 and over (age range 65-94 years) was retrieved from the European Health Survey 2014 (EES14) conducted by the National Statistics Institute and the Ministry of Healt...
Article
Full-text available
Women affected by endometriosis should be one of the priorities in current urogynecological research. Being a disease that affects women in a chronic way, it affects the quality of life of women and has a high impact on their reproductive, functional and even psychological functions. In addition to the cost for health systems (due to the constant a...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To define the prevalence of UI in the Spanish elderly population in both sexes, and to identify the possible relationships between physical activity habits, psychosocial variables, and the presence of UI. Placement: Spain. Participants: Data were collected from 7,878 people over 60 years of age (age range: 60-89 years). Of these, 57.6% w...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence in the elderly Spanish population of both sexes and identify a possible relationship between physical activity habits and the presence of urinary incontinence in the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used data from 8146 individuals older than 60 years (age range, 60-94 years), from whi...
Article
Full-text available
As a physiotherapist, I am aware of the challenge of developing and strengthening the role of Physiotherapy in the treatment of urogy-necology within the multidisciplinary health team. The dysfunction of the pelvic floor muscles (and, in general, the lumbo-pelvic joint) that can affect the normal biomechanics of the area and the functioning of the...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son la primera causa de muerte en las mujeres tras la menopausia, ya que después de esta etapa se producen profundos cambios metabólicos y hormonales que favorecen el desarrollo de síndrome metabólico. Un aumento en el porcentaje de la grasa visceral puede estar relacionado con la aparición de dicho s...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in women after menopause, since after this stage there are profound metabolic and hormonal changes which favor the development of metabolic syndrome. An increase in the percentage of visceral fat may be related to the onset of this syndrome. Objective: To establish the relation...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify factors of balance and items explaining each of them and then, using a model based on accelerometric variables, to develop an easy-to-apply tool for assessing static balance. Materials and methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in a random sample of 145 adult women (63.8 ± 8.4...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objective: Randomised clinical trial performed in two urban health centres in Spain. To evaluate if educational intervention in women of perimenopausal age with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and/or dyslipidaemia could achieve significant changes in the reduction of biochemical and haemodynamic risk parameters. Patients and method...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper accelerometers were used as a persuasive technology to monitor exercise training and to promote healthy habits in senior citizens. The sample was composed by 100 users of a nursing home. Subjects were randomly assigned to an experimental and a control group. The intervention program lasted four months. Both groups carried acceleromete...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence in the elderly Spanish population of both sexes and identify a possible relationship between physical activity habits and the presence of urinary incontinence in the elderly. Material and methods: We used data from 8146 individuals older than 60 years (age range, 60-94 years), from...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To identify if physiotherapist employers require them to have some postgraduate training and, if there are such requirements, to identify them. Material and methods: For this study, a specific survey was designed, in which the clinic director had to answer questions about the training of the professionals hired. Results: The demands of 1...
Article
Full-text available
Los resultados obtenidos en este estudio indican que los parques públicos tienen un equipamiento adecuado para realizar programas de interven-ción relacionados con el equilibrio y hacen más sencilla la práctica de ejercicios regulares. Por lo tanto, el diseño de las instalaciones de estos espacios promueve el uso accesible y seguro para las anciana...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo: Explorar las relaciones entre los parámetros de la composición corporal y los movimientos producidos durante la marcha, medidos mediante acelerómetros, en personas mayores sanas y con normopeso. Material y método: La muestra estuvo compuesta por 30 personas mayores con una media de edad de 69,7 ± 3,5 a˜nos. Se realizaron pruebas clínicas...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper accelerometers were used as a persuasive technology to monitor exercise training and to promote healthy habits in senior citizens. The sample was composed by 100 users of a nursing home. Subjects were randomly assigned to an experimental and a control group. The intervention program lasted four months. Both groups carried acceleromete...
Article
Full-text available
To compare the behavior of the spinal levels for the accelerometric analysis and thus to define a proper placement point.
Article
Full-text available
Resumen. En este trabajo se valora el equilibrio a través de una amplia gama de condiciones de valoración cinemáticas para poder contrastarlos posteriormente con pruebas de equilibrio vigentes en la práctica clínica. Todo ello con el objetivo de conseguir una medida holística del equilibrio e identificar con mayor fiabilidad qué sistemas subyacente...