Raquel Cunill Artigas

Raquel Cunill Artigas
Autonomous University of Barcelona | UAB · Departamento de Geografia

PhD

About

46
Publications
8,399
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562
Citations
Citations since 2016
25 Research Items
404 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
Raquel Cunill Artigas currently works at the Departamento de Geografia, Autonomous University of Barcelona. Raquel does research in Biogeography, Geography and Paleoclimatology. Their current project is "“Los bosques del pasado como clave para comprender los bosques del futuro: dinámica histórica de los abetales en la vertiente sudoriental pirenaica, CSO2015-74008-JIN"
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - January 2014
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2012 - January 2014
Université Toulouse  II - Jean Jaurès
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
The Iberian Central System (ICS) is a clue region to reveal Mediterranean/Atlantic inferences over Iberia. We present a multidisciplinary study from western Spain conducted in the Navamuño depression (ND), covering the last 16.8 ka (cal BP). A reconstruction of the palaeotemperature from the resulting geochemical data highlights four cold and dry i...
Article
S’analitzen les pastures montanes i subalpines de la Serra de l’Aramo, bastió calcari del Massís Central Asturià, centrant-se no només en l’estat i la composició dels prats, sinó també en el seu origen i esdevenir històric, especialment en la dinàmica actual. Les metodologies emprades inclouen, entre d’altres, l’estudi florístic i fitosociològic, l...
Chapter
Full-text available
En el área de distribución natural del pino resinero -el Mediterráneo occidental- existen enclaves donde el carácter autóctono de esta conífera ha sido cuestionado por la comunidad científica, como es el caso de Sierra Bermeja (provincia de Málaga). En este macizo, considerado el mayor afloramiento ultramáfico de Europa occidental, los pinares resi...
Article
Full-text available
Human activities have profoundly transformed mountain woodland landscapes, particularly in the Pyrenees where they have intensified and diversified since the Bronze Age. Quantification of the role played by past practices with regard to woodland cover is critical for accurate assessment of how ongoing global environmental change may affect its dyna...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster proposes to approach charcoal kiln terraces as an ethnobotanical tool for reconstructing with high temporal resolution, former silvicultural practices and those of charcoal makers. We present here the results of the combined study of radial cracks, cell collapses, hyphae infestation (mycelium of wood-rotting fungi) and tree felling seas...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster presents the results of the dendroanthracological study carried out on 25 charcoal kiln terraces (16 were dated) in the ancient charred forest of Bernadouze. The dendro-anthracological protocol developed by Paradis-grenouillet 2012, based on a mathematical formula: trigonometry in an isosceles triangle combined with AnthracoloJ open sou...
Article
Full-text available
Pinus pinaster (maritime pine), a conifer native to the western Mediterranean, has a broad distribution, occupying a wide variety of habitats. On certain substrata such as ultramafic (ultrabasic) rock, the indigenous nature of this conifer has traditionally been questioned by the scientific community, which has regarded it as an introduction. In Si...
Article
Full-text available
p>Se analizan las formaciones vegetales con presencia de Taxus baccata situadas en la Sierra del Aramo, la composición florística de dichas comunidades, su distribución y estado. La investigación se ha fundamentado en el trabajo de campo y las herborizaciones fitosociológicas que han desvelado la relevancia de este taxón en el paisaje vegetal y la...
Presentation
Full-text available
Al llarg de les últimes dues dècades s'ha tirat endavant un ambiciós programa de recerca al Parc Nacional d'Aigüestortes i l'Estany de Sant Maurici-PNAESM, situat al Pirineu axial central de Lleida. Aquest es focalitza en modelitzar els canvis en els paisatges d'alta muntanya al llarg dels últims 15 mil anys. Aquesta potent línia de recerca inclou...
Article
Human activities have profoundly transformed mountain forest landscapes, particularly in the Pyrenees where they have intensified and diversified since the Bronze Age. Quantification of the role played by past practices with regard to forest cover is critical for accurate assessment of how ongoing global change may affect their dynamics in the futu...
Article
Full-text available
p> Pinus pinaster es una conífera nativa del Mediterráneo Occidental que ocupa una amplia área corológica, apareciendo en gran diversidad de hábitats. En el caso de Sierra Bermeja (provincia de Málaga, sur de España), la especie integra, junto con los abetales de Abies pinsapo , las formaciones forestales predominantes en la actualidad sobre suelos...
Chapter
Full-text available
At the centre of concerns related to curbing the decline in forest biodiversity caused by increasing anthropogenic pressure and global change, old-growth forests are mainly characterised by the continuity of their tree cover. This has been defined mainly by their appearance on historical maps and by ecological criteria dating back to certain tempor...
Poster
Full-text available
L’étude anthracologique de 28 charbonnières et de 3 fosses pédoanthracologiques de la forêt de Freychinède montre qu’il s’agit d’une forêt très ancienne où se sont tour à tour déroulées des activités sylvo-pastorales, des prélèvements de bois et de charbonnage. L’étude des charbons du sol révèle à l’âge du Bronze l’existence d’une forêt séculaire,...
Presentation
Full-text available
The 15 years of survey and research at Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici National Park, located in central Pyrenees, has shown an early human presence related to the development of an agro-pastoral economic system. The prehistoric human occupation that ranges chronologically from Mesolithic to Bronze Age is normally documented in rock-shelter s...
Article
Fire has been one of the main causes of disturbance of vegetation over time, and since the Neolithic has become an irreplaceable tool for the opening of forest spaces and maintenance of pastures. Previous studies showed that the intensity and effects of wildfires are related to the biomass and controlled by climate factors. However, in regions such...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on past woodland changes and land uses in an ancient mining area of the Eastern Pyrenees (Ariège, France). The area discussed is located at the western entrance of the Vicdessos, a valley with significant steel production, and it is crossed by the road used from the 14th c. to the end of the 18th c. for the iron-charcoal exchange...
Book
Full-text available
This book aims to provide case studies and a general view of the main processes involved in the ecosystem shifts occurring in the high mountains, and to analyse the implications for nature conservation. Although case studies from the Pyrenees are preponderant, conclusions are aimed at any mountain range surrounded by highly populated lowland areas....
Chapter
Full-text available
Proper management of the perceived value of any geographic space requires the capacity to interpret research results from spatial, temporal, and environmental points of view, applying the principles of environmental geohistory. Basic concepts such as baseline, threshold, or resilience are discussed from a long-term ecological perspective, with exam...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster present the first results of the anthracological and dendroanthracological study of FODYNA project realize in the beech forest of Bernadouze. This is an ancient charcoal-making forest marked by several centuries of charcoal-making activities. The main objective is to reconstruct with high spatio-temporal resolution the past forest dynam...
Article
Full-text available
Se presenta el reciente hallazgo y caracterización preliminar de una cuenca endorreica en la cumbre de la Sierra Palmitera, una abrupta estribación del macizo peridotítico de Sierra Bermeja (SW de España) que alcanza 1.473 m.s.n.m. Dada la naturaleza ultramáfica de esta montaña litoral, dicha cuenca se considera una excepcionalidad geomorfológica p...
Article
This paper presents the first paleoecological results of the study of soil charcoals in the ultramafic massif of Sierra Bermeja (Betic Cordillera, southern Iberian Peninsula). Through the pedoanthracological analysis, a charcoal fossil register of Abies sp. has been obtained -with high certainty belonging to Abies pinsapo- in a small endorheic basi...
Article
Fire plays an essential role in the configuration of the mountain landscapes. However, our knowledge of its incidence over time is very fragmentary and often based on a small number of sources. In order to explore their limitations and complementarity, we discuss the results of some analytical techniques (study of sedimentary charcoal, pollen, pedo...
Article
The results of the wood charcoal analysis of plant macroremains contained in the walls of the Juslibol (Zaragoza) medieval castle built in Islamic period (tenth century) are presented. Analyzed samples have been recovered in fallen walls. The approach to archaeobotanical record occurs from two perspectives. On the one hand, from a palaeoecological...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: Se presentan los resultados del estudio antracológico de los macrorrestos vegetales contenidos en la muralla del castillo medieval de Juslibol (Zaragoza) construido en época islámica (s. x). Las muestras analizadas han sido recogidas en los paramentos caídos. La aproximación al registro arqueobotánico se produce desde una doble perspectiva...
Poster
Full-text available
This paper aims to present the preliminary results and discussions from the interdisciplinary project FODYNA, performed within the Observatory Human-Environment (OHM) Haut-Vicdessos. It focuses on past mining and ore processing cycles, and their impact on the changes and the trajectories of woodland cover, in a Pyrenean mining area, from Antiquity...
Article
Fir (Abies alba Mill.) occupies an important place in the Pyrenean context, where the species finds its optimal conditions in this mountain zone (800–1800 m a.s.l.). In the Pyrenees, the fir woods of Volvestre (Ariège, France) are of particular interest because of two peculiarities of its location: its northern latitude with respect to the usual lo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Cette prospection inventaire s’insère dans le projet FODYNA financé par l’OHM (INEE/CNRS). Il s’inscrit en complémentarité de deux autres projets : DYVAH (dir. D. Galop, GEODE) et ASTAHÉM (dir. G. le Roux, EcoLab). Le projet FODYNA s’articule en trois principaux volets : 1) la relecture archéologique des mines polymétalliques de montagne (en partic...
Article
Using an interdisciplinary methodology based on pedoanthracology, palynology and sedimentary charcoals, landscape transformation in the Pyrenees mountains during the Holocene is analyzed, with special attention to altitudinal variation in the treeline. The data sources were eight soil profiles on a transect at 2000–2600 m a.s.l. and a sedimentary r...
Article
Estanilles peat bog, located in the northeastern Iberian peninsula, was studied to determine the anthropogenic changes in the landscape over the past seven millennia. The pollen diagram and sedimentary charcoal analyses from this site permit us to reconstruct the landscape changes in an area of both Mediterranean and Atlantic influence. In addition...
Article
Full-text available
The Coma de Burg lake (CMB) and the Estanilles peat bog (EST) are two sedimentary records that provide paleoenvironmental information about the Lateglacial-Holocene transition in the central-eastern Pyrenees (Alt Pallars, Lleida). The comparison of the organic matter values (Loss On Ignition) with the pollen records from the two sequences (CMB and...
Article
Full-text available
The principal objective of this research is to determine the maximum elevation reached by the treeline, as well as its altitudinal variations and composition throughout the Holocene, in a high mountain zone of the Pyrenean range. The temporal intervals of pedoanthracological data begin in 11000 cal. b.p. with the oldest dated charcoal, permitting a...
Article
The study of macroscopic charcoal particles from peat bogs has led to a better understanding of climate, vegetation and fire history, and human impacts. To determine the relationship between human activities and the role of fire events in vegetation change during the last 3300 cal yr BP, we present the results of a multi-proxy approach based on the...
Article
Full-text available
Superimposed on the long-term climate variability attributed to orbital forcing, there are other modes of variability covering timescales from interannual to millennial throughout the Holocene. Their signatures in climate proxy archives can differ substantially because of their lower magnitude and regional diversity. However, if identified they can...
Article
Full-text available
This research is based on the discovery of a large number of charcoal kiln sites and abandoned iron mines in Vallferrera (Axial Pyrenees, northeastern Spain). The study reveals that this region has been affected by the metal mining and smelting industry for at least 2,000years, with maximum intensity in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, foll...
Article
The growing interest raised by landscape studies and its past and present dynamics is generating a large number of methods which require a trans-disciplinary approach from very different scientific angles. The method proposed in this paper is based on interpreting the way of geographic spaces (understood as a complex system) works through the use o...
Chapter
Nowadays mountain landscapes are hugely attractive for tourists. However, in addition to tourists, the environmental quality attracts new residents too. Until now traditional systems have influenced the culture in these areas. Nowadays, these systems have almost disappeared. In this chapter we try to see how this change has affected the mountain la...
Article
Full-text available
L’interès creixent per l’estudi del paisatge i de la seva dinàmica pretèrita i present dóna lloc a la utilització d’un gran nombre de metodologies que requereixen una aproximació transdisciplinària a partir de mètodes i de tècniques molt diferents. La proposta que es presenta aquí consisteix a interpretar el funcionament de l’espai geogràfic (entès...
Article
Full-text available
L'objectiu d'aquesta recerca és l'estudi de l'evolució del límit superior del bosc en la vessant sud dels Pirineus, concretament a l'àrea dels Plaus de Boldís-Montarenyo (Lladorre, Pallars Sobirà). S'han usat diferents fonts i metodologies amb cobertures temporals diverses. Per una banda s'ha emprat la pedoantracologia, per tal d'analitzar el carbo...

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