Raphaël Suire

Raphaël Suire
University of Nantes | UNIV Nantes · Institut d'Economie et de Management de Nantes (IAE)

Phd in Economics

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61
Publications
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1,021
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Publications

Publications (61)
Article
Innovation policies are increasingly questioned by researchers and policymakers in the face of the changing economy and with regards to the role played by local grassroots initiatives in driving structural change at the regional level. This paper aims to enrich existing policy frameworks by emphasizing the notion of local commons as a means to driv...
Article
This article aims to study the role of brokers, places, and events in the structuring of a community of innovation whose practice is at the intersection of art and technology – projection mapping. Using an exploratory case study, we observe the relationships between the different actors who form a community, sharing a common interest in a techno –...
Article
This paper provides some insights into the way a fabrication laboratory (FabLab) increases local entrepreneurial capabilities by offering a new and collective way to co-shape novelties based on a bricolage mode of innovation. With an original survey of 48 international FabLabs, it was observed that FabLabs tend to co-produce more unstabilized proto...
Article
In the context of the knowledge-based economy, social and economic networks are now considered as a strong determinant of regional development and competitiveness. Few academic works have studied deeply how public actor can act as an intermediary by knitting these so-called networks. We here propose a framework based on creative city theory in orde...
Article
The performance of places of knowledge co-creation The case of FabLabs Although FabLabs (Fabrication Laboratories) have become a huge phenomenon, their performance based on their socio-economic embeddedness is still an open research question. Drawing on an original world database (N=48), the author shows that the production of documented projects...
Article
In a recent literature, the structural properties of knowledge networks have been pointed out as a critical factor for cluster structural changes and long-run dynamics. Mixing evolutionary economic geography and network-based approach of clusters, this contribution aims at capturing and discussing the particular influence of hierarchy (degree distr...
Article
À la suite d’une abondante littérature sur le rôle important du développement des clusters pour l’innovation et la croissance dans les économies fondées sur la connaissance, les politiques de cluster ont été récemment et de façon croissante remises en cause par les évidences empiriques. Le but de l’article est de montrer qu’en dépit de ce scepticis...
Article
Cet article a pour objectif d'étudier les usages d'Internet pour la santé en termes de consultation d'informations médicales en ligne. Les internautes cherchent-ils sur Internet des informations en vue de comprendre ou confirmer le diagnostic du médecin (Internet comme complément) ou pour remplacer ou contester son diagnostic (Internet comme substi...
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French Abstract: A la suite d’une abondante littérature sur le rôle important du développement des clusters pour l’innovation et la croissance dans les économies fondées sur la connaissance, les politiques de cluster ont été récemment et de façon croissante remises en cause par les évidences empiriques. Le but de l’article est de montrer qu’en dépi...
Article
Illegal digital file consumption is widely believed to influence sales of cultural goods. Online piracy is now regulated and prohibited in some countries, especially in France, where HADOPI is a legal authority in charge of Peer-to-Peer (P2P) protocol monitoring. We claim that prohibitions on digital markets share some characteristics of other crim...
Article
In a recent literature, the structural properties of knowledge networks have been pointed out as a critical factor for cluster structural changes and long-run dynamics. Mixing evolutionary economic geography and network-based approach of clusters, this contribution aims at capturing and discussing the particular influence of hierarchy (degree distr...
Chapter
One of the challenges of innovative clusters relies on their ability to overlap technological domains in order to maintain their growth path along the cycle of technological markets. The paper studies two particular structural properties of collaboration networks that provide new insights for understanding this overlapping process. On the one hand,...
Chapter
The concentration and dispersion of innovative activities in space have been largely evidenced by the nature of knowledge and the geographical extent of knowledge spillovers. One of the empirical challenges is to go beyond this by understanding how the geography of innovation is shaped by particular structural properties of R&D collaboration networ...
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Full-text available
As people are spending more time online, it is important to evaluate the impact of Internet use on individual well-being. Internet use yields direct utility and economic returns (e.g. better job, higher productivity) that may increase life satisfaction. But the Internet might also have detrimental effects (addiction, social isolation, e.g.). This p...
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This article develops an evolutionary framework of regional resilience with a primary focus on the structural properties of local knowledge networks. After presenting the network-based rationales of growth and structuring of clusters, we analyze under which structural conditions a regional cluster can achieve short-run competitiveness without compr...
Article
A third-place (Oldenburg, 1991) is a place, most of time urban place, which is not exactly neither an office nor a home. This place is mainly dedicated to individual social capital building and relational asset production. Bars, cafe, airport or any public or private places with WiFI hot spot are third-places. In the line of this seminal definition...
Article
What’s up Doc? An econometric study of the online search for medical information by patients This article aims to study the uses of Internet for health in terms of online medical information consultation. Are surfers looking for information on Internet in order to understand or confirm the doctor’s diagnosis (Internet as a complement), or to replac...
Article
The concentration and dispersion of innovative activities in space have been largely explained and evidenced by the nature of knowledge and the geographical extent of knowledge spillovers. One of the empirical challenges is to go beyond this by understanding how the geography of innovation is shaped by particular structural properties of knowledge...
Article
This paper investigates the driving forces behind the life cycles and resilience of technological clusters. It concentrates in particular on the combination of critical parameters that allows clusters to succeed in disconnecting their cycle from the cycle of the technologies they produce, in order to maintain stability and growth in unstable econom...
Article
The concentration and dispersion of innovative activities in space has been largely explained and evidenced by the nature of knowledge and the geographical extent of knowledge spillovers. One of the empirical challenges is to go beyond by understanding how the geography of innovation is shaped by particular structural properties of knowledge networ...
Article
This article aims to assess the willingness to pay for online video content, in a context where consumers enjoy “ free ” content. Using survey data, we find that online and offline consumptions of video content are interlaced. Our findings also suggest that a viable business model of online video service should break the current chronology of media...
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Full-text available
This article aims to examine how the size of P2P file-sharing communities affects their functioning and performance (i.e. their capacity to share and distribute content). Olson (1965) argued that small communities are more able to provide collective goods. Using an original database on BitTorrent file-sharing communities, our article finds a positi...
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This paper contributes to the empirical identification of geographical and structural properties of innovative networks, focusing on the particular case of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) at the European level. We show that knowledge bases of organizations and knowledge phases of the innovation process are the critical factors in determi...
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Full-text available
One of the most convincing explanations papers generally provide concerning clusters in knowledge-based economies refers to the geographically bounded dimension of knowledge spillovers. Here, we shall underline that location decision externalities precede local knowledge spillovers in the explanation of cluster aggregate efficiency, which thus requ...
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Résumé : L'article propose une analyse de la performance collective des pôles de compétitivité basée sur les liens qui peuvent être établis entre l'économie de la connaissance et la théorie des clusters. Si les clusters tirent leur attractivité de leur charisme géographique et des flux de connaissances qui y circulent, nous montrons que la proximit...
Article
Full-text available
This article aims to examine how the size of P2P fi le-sharing communities affects their functioning and performance (i.e. their capacity to share and distribute content). Olson (1965) argued that small communities are more able to prov ide collective goods. Using an original database on BitTorrent file-sharing communities, ou r article finds a pos...
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Full-text available
Résumé : L'objectif de cet article est de comprendre comment les interactions sociales interviennent dans l'économie d'Internet et en particulier dans la dynamique d'adoption et de diffusion d'Internet. L'étude des comportements d'adoption et d'usage permet aussi de mieux appréhender les modèles d'affaires des entreprises présentes sur Internet. Là...
Article
Vicente J. and Suire R. (2007) Informational cascades versus network externalities in locational choice: evidence of ‘ICT clusters’ formation and stability. Regional Studies 41, 1–12. The paper provides new insights into the mechanisms of ‘information and communication technology (ICT) clusters’ formation. The basic assumption is that clusters can...
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Il convient de bien différencier la question de l'adoption de celle de l'usage que l'on fait de l'Internet. Si la première ligne de fracture, celle de l'adoption, trouve son explication dans des déterminants d'ordre économique, les usages apparaissent quant à eux largement déterminés par des variables d'interactions non-marchandes et des aptitudes...
Article
Until now, the political discourse on the digital divide implied a spatial dimension. The main issue was the difference between people who "have" ICT access and those who "do not."Henceforth, it is important to distinguish between ICT adoption and ICT usage. The "first-level" digital divide is governed by financial and socio-economic determinants....
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The aim of this paper is to study the ambivalent properties of stabilities of clusters. We propose to enter the black box of the local knowledge externalities by focusing on the location decision externalities. In particular, we show that the nature of mimetic strategies in the convergence process of locational choices influence the dynamic stabili...
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Nombre de discours investissent intensément sur le thème du « cluster » comme solution aux triples problèmes d'innovation, de compétitivité et d'attractivité des territoires. La politique des pôles de compétitivité qui en est la déclinaison opérationnelle en quelque sorte interroge cependant l'observateur. En effet de précédents travaux (Vicente, S...
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The aim of this paper is to track the location decisions of knowledge-intense firms in a redeveloped urban district in the city of Barcelona in which government policy has promoted the formation of a cluster of knowledge-based activities. After decades of economic and industrial stagnation in a district called Poblenou, in the year 2000 the City Co...
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Quels sont les facteurs qui favorisent ou au contraire freinent l'usage de l'Internet à domicile ? Afin de répondre à cette question, les enquêtes se sont multipliées ces dernières années tant aux Etats-Unis qu'en Europe. Cet article propose une modélisation économétrique des choix d'adoption de l'Internet dans les ménages français et des choix d'a...
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What are the forces driving or curbing Internet use in the home? Agrowing number of surveys have been carried out to address this question. In thisvein, this article focuses on the decisions whether to have an Internet access inthe home andwhether to buyonline, usingthe results ofa survey carried out in Brittany at the endof 2002. The econometric r...
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Cet article propose un cadre d’analyse original du comportement entrepreneurial des lors que celui-ci repose sur un double encastrement : encastrement social d’abord, encastrement territorial ensuite. Nous posons les fondements de l’innovation disruptive comme reposant sur le triptyque confiance – capital social – creativite. L’articulation des lie...
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In the fashionable context of "ICT clusters" development (Quah, 2001), the aim of the paper is to explore the emergence and the stability of agglomerations dedicated to net-economy activities. Agglomeration processes can be studied as locational norms formation, proceeding from mimetic behaviors of location. This uniformity of location strategies c...
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The paper provides new insights into the mechanisms of “ICT clusters” formation. The basic assumption is that clusters can be explained as the result of a locational norm, i.e. as an alignment of locational choices proceeding from both mimetic behaviours and sequential and cumulative interactions. We distinguish informational externalities (and obs...
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This paper proposes an explanation for the emergence of internet activities cluster: the cyber-district. This cluster is characterized with a very fast evolution cycle whereas spatial dynamics are more often longer. We define the principle of cascade location as the product of individual decision making based on the information externalities and mi...
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Université de Rennes 1 7 place Hoche F35065 Rennes Cedex France raphael.suire@univ-rennes1.fr février 2006 1 Je remercie les rapporteurs de la revue pour leurs fructueux commentaires et reste bien évidemment seul responsable des erreurs et imprécisions qui pourraient subsister dans ce document.
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Full-text available
This paper aims to contribute to the identification of the key parameters of cluster life cycles. We assume that clusters are embedded in larger technological fields, so that the search for these parameters focuses on the way by which clusters could disconnect their cycle from the cycle of technologies, in order to insure their long term viability....

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