Raphaël Fèvre

Raphaël Fèvre
Université Côte d'Azur · GREDEG (Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion)

PhD

About

42
Publications
4,865
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Citations
Introduction
I work on topics in history of economic thought and methodology of the 20th century. I am particularly interested in understanding how the dual trend of fascination and repulsion vis-à-vis the rise of authoritarian European regimes contributed to shape some of the central intellectual debates of the interwar period. My areas of research concern German ordoliberalism (Walter Eucken, Wilhelm Röpke), French corporatism (François Perroux) as well as Georges Bataille's economic imagination.
Additional affiliations
September 2020 - present
Université Côte d'Azur
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
February 2020 - August 2020
University of Lausanne
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2018 - January 2020
University of Cambridge
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
October 2012 - October 2017
Université de Lausanne & Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne
Field of study
  • Economics, major History of Economic Thought & Philosophy

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
The chapter analyzes François Perroux’s institutional and intellectual activities under the Vichy regime (1940–1944) mainly by drawing on archival insights from Perroux’s papers. The authors argue that Perroux used his strategic position as general secretary of the Carrel Foundation (created by Marshal Pétain) to reshape French economics along a tw...
Book
Full-text available
Today, ordoliberalism is at the center of the ongoing debate about the foundations, the present governance, and future prospects of the European Union—and yet we do not dispose of a comprehensive definition of it. Whenever we talk of the dominance of the German model, the discussion should involve a detailed picture of ordoliberal principles. This...
Article
This paper deals with the initial reception of the Marshall Plan by Georges Bataille and François Perroux in light of the discussion they held in the journal Critique , during the second half of 1948. I argue that Bataille and Perroux took the Marshall Plan as an enigma that current economic and political theories were not able to explain fully. In...
Chapter
Full-text available
L’usage de couples d’animaux pour incarner des comportements économiques structure certaines de nos représentations collectives. Dans les milieux boursiers par exemple, le taureau et l’ours symbolisent respectivement la confiance et la défiance vis-à-vis des cours financiers. Dans sa célèbre fable, Jean de La Fontaine opposait au comportement indus...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines François Perroux’s corporatist thought from the interwar period to the Vichy period, in the light of his travels in Italy, Germany, Austria, and Portugal from 1934 to 1935. We will show that Perroux’s critical analysis of what he called “fascist”—politically authoritarian and economically corporatist—regimes is central to gras...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper deals with the initial reception of the Marshall Plan by Georges Bataille and François Perroux in light of the discussion they held in the journal Critique, during the second half of 1948. I argue that Bataille and Perroux took the Marshall Plan as an enigma that current economic and political theories were not able to explain fully. And...
Chapter
This chapter explores how Walter Eucken situated himself in respect to John Maynard Keynes’s thought. It will be shown in particular that Keynes and Eucken were less alien to one another than is commonly assumed in the secondary literature. By considering together Keynes and Eucken’s letters to Hayek in response to The Road to Serfdom (1944), a som...
Article
Walter Eucken’s methodological program is usually related to the search for a meaningful synthesis between the general-theoretical and the individual-historical aspects of economic life. Yet, overcoming this ‘great antinomy’ was only a step in achieving the vital methodological task Eucken assigned to economists: answering the challenge raised by p...
Article
The article analyses the works of François Perroux from the inter-war years to the Vichy period (July 10th, 1940-August 20th, 1944). It shows in particular that through his conceptualisation of a "community of labour" as the fusion of both the activity and consciousness of a people, Perroux sought to bring together social mysticism (anti-rationalis...
Book
Full-text available
Walter Eucken est la figure centrale de la pensée ordolibérale allemande. Il fait paraître « Le problème politique de l’Ordre » (1948) dans le premier numéro de la revue Ordojahrbuch. Remettant en cause le concept historiciste et marxiste de capitalisme, ce long article redéfinit les fondements de l’économie politique. Pour ce faire, il recourt au...
Chapter
Nous proposons ici la traduction de l'article "Das ordnungspolitische Problem" que Walter Eucken publia en 1948 dans la revue Ordo. C'est la première traduction française d'un écrit de Walter Eucken, père de l'ordolibéralisme allemand. Cet article est un point d’entrée idéal à l’œuvre de Walter Eucken en particulier et à l’ordolibéralisme dans son...
Preprint
Full-text available
L’activité de l’économiste François Perroux au moment de l’occupation a été analysée sous différents angles. Dans le travail qui va suivre, nous tâcherons d’éclairer l’activité de Perroux sous l’État français non pas à partir des nombreux ouvrages et articles académiques qu’il publie entre 1940 et 1944, mais plutôt en se consacrant à ses prises de...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper assesses French intellectuals’ early reception of the Marshall Plan in the light of the discussion Georges Bataille (1897-1962) and François Perroux (1903-1987) had in the journal Critique, by the second-half of 1948. I argue that Bataille and Perroux parallel efforts to go beyond what they perceive as the narrow boundaries of economics...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
L’article analyse les écrits de François Perroux de l’entre-deux-guerres jusqu’à la période du régime de Vichy. Ce faisant,l’article montre en particulier qu’à travers sa conceptualisation d’une Communauté de travail,pensée comme la fusion des activités et des consciences, Perroux cherche à tenir ensemble mystique sociale et organisation politique....
Article
Full-text available
Le présent article étudie l’inscription du régime de Vichy dans l’histoire de la mise en forme et de l’institutionnalisation des sciences sociales autour d’une « science de l’Homme ». Le modèle d’une science sociale unifiée est en particulier porté par la Fondation française pour l’étude des problèmes humains et son secrétaire générale, François Pe...
Article
Full-text available
Léon Walras and the ordoliberals share the opinion that State intervention in favour of a competitive order is a central element of economic policy. Hence, can Walras be regarded as a forerunner of ordoliberalism? This study performs a methodological and ontological analysis of Walras’ and Eucken’s thoughts and sheds light on another common ground:...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article donne un aperçu de la diversité des approches de la concurrence dans l’histoire de la pensée économique, d’Adam Smith à Friedrich Hayek. En abordant différentes définitions de la concurrence, souvent en tension entre pertinence empirique et sophistication axiomatique, l’article souligne également que ce concept économique fondamental pe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Fèvre examines the difficulties of the commonly encountered qualification that Wilhelm Röpke’s early work is “proto-Keynesian.” By focusing on his 1936 Crises and Cycles and previous publications, Fèvre shows that Röpke attempted a synthesis by drawing upon various inspirations in business cycle theory. The major impulses stemmed from J.M. Keynes,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Fèvre compares John M. Keynes’ and Walter Eucken’s respective ideas on the issue of economic power. This chapter analyses, in particular, the consequences this entails on both Keynes’ and Eucken’s visions of how to manage a market economy. Fèvre shows that while Keynes put his faith in the complementary nature of private and public bodies as a way...
Thesis
Full-text available
Cette thèse propose une histoire intellectuelle de l’ordolibéralisme (1932-1950), centrée sur les travaux de Walter Eucken et Wilhelm Röpke, incluant également des références à Franz Böhm, Alexander Rüstow, Leonhard Miksch et Friedrich Lutz. Il s’agit de répondre à la question suivante : comment expliquer que la pensée ordolibérale ait eu les resso...
Article
Full-text available
Market without Power: At the Core of the Ordoliberal Discourse This article aims at reconstructing the ordoliberal discourse around what appears as a core concept, the concept of “power”. If ordoliberalism fought against Marxism and historicism, it also inherits some of their research agenda: for instance, in their historical reading of liberalism,...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is twofold. First, it is a reconstruction of Wilhelm Röpke’s [1899-1966] declinist discourse, its articulation and its singularity. It is subsequently an explanation of the author’s theoretical claims in the light of his historical analysis. Thus the article reveals the primarily moral concerns of Wilhelm Röpke and their impli...
Article
Full-text available
On Röpke’s view of the twentieth century social crisis The characteristic features of the civilization crisis described by Wilhelm Röpke (1899-1966) could be understood as an attack against collectivism and planning. Massification in all spheres of society reaches an apex in the economic field, mainly through big business’ concentration and the ens...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
This project aims to explore the place and contributions of engineers-economists (such as Maurice Allais and Marcel Boiteux) in the economic reconstruction of post-war France in both theoretical and political terms. (Project in collaboration with Thomas M. Mueller)
Project
This project aims at investigating Georges Bataille's work from the perspective of the history of economic thought.
Project
This project aims at retracing the intellectual history of ordoliberalism, focusing in particular on the works of Walter Eucken and Wilhelm Röpke, with references to the contributions of Franz Böhm, Alexander Rüstow, Leonhard Miksch and Friedrich Lutz. The main question it addresses is the following: how can we explain the fact that ordoliberal thought had the intellectual resources to weight on German post-war reconstruction?