Randal D. Day

Randal D. Day
Brigham Young University - Provo Main Campus | BYU · School of Family Life

B.S., MS, MS, PhD

About

75
Publications
39,562
Reads
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3,696
Citations
Citations since 2017
0 Research Items
1679 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Introduction
Additional affiliations
May 1999 - August 2015
Brigham Young University - Provo Main Campus
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 1985 - August 1999
Washingto State University
Position
  • Professor
August 1977 - August 1985
South Dakota State University
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (75)
Article
This longitudinal study was conducted with 262 adolescents (M age=15.3) and their parents to examine adolescent respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA; baseline and reactivity) as a moderator of the relationship between parenting style and adolescent externalizing behaviors. This was conceptualized within the differential susceptibility to the environme...
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Prior research links poor maternal emotion regulation to maladaptive parenting and child behaviors, but little research is available on these relationships during the adolescent period. We use structural equation modeling to assess the influence of poor maternal emotion regulation, measured as emotional reactivity and distancing, on adolescent beha...
Article
The authors introduce factor mixture modeling (FMM) and its implications for assessing varying degrees of shared reality in families. FMM extends the typical factor analytic model that uses a set of observed indicators to identify an unobservable factor and its structure. FMM examines the possibility a sample is a mixture of “classes,” each with un...
Article
Pathologic video game use (PVGU) has been associated with a host of negative psychological, physical, and social outcomes during adolescence; however, little research has examined physiological predictors of such use. The purpose of the study was to examine physiological predictors of the development of PVGU across adolescence. The article involves...
Article
The current study examined the influence that parental warmth/support and verbal hostility had on adolescents' prosocial behavior toward multiple targets (stranger, friend, family) using multiple reporters (self, parent, observations). Data were taken from Times 2 and 3 of a longitudinal project and included 500 adolescents and their parents (M age...
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Guided by a proposed religiosity and family strengths framework, presented here for the first time, the current study examined the associations between religious beliefs and religious practices and whether they facilitated the family strengths construct of family involvement as reported by both husbands and wives. Using data from the Flourishing Fa...
Article
This article asks whether researchers should seek separate conceptualizations of fathers' and mothers' parenting behaviors. We posit that there is not sufficient evidence to conclude that the constructs of fathering and mothering are unique. Our argument is based on 3 sets of findings. First, there have been a number of studies showing that fatheri...
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Media use in families has generally been examined from a narrow viewpoint, focusing on monitoring or co-viewing. The current research provides an expanded view of positive media use in families with adolescents by examining associations between diverse positive media use and family and adolescents outcomes. In addition, we used qualitative methods...
Article
Father involvement research has typically not recognized that reports of involvement contain at least two components: 1 reflecting a view of father involvement that is broadly recognized in the family, and another reflecting each reporter's unique perceptions. Using a longitudinal sample of 302 families, this study provides a first examination of s...
Article
The purpose of our study was to investigate how connection between parents and children influences the child's healthy separation during adolescence. We analyzed 3 waves of panel data from a study (Flourishing Families Project) of 500 families with children who were 10–13 years old at Time 1. This study includes information from the perspective of...
Article
Using data from a sample of 281 couples (the Flourishing Families data set), the authors tested a systemic theoretical model that examined the relationship among observed marital interaction, physical and mental health, and work satisfaction. The results showed that negative marital interaction was associated with significantly lower work satisfact...
Article
This study investigated the common assumption that measures of father involvement are invariant across child age, gender, and reporter. Measurement invariance was tested with 320 families who were interviewed at child ages 10, 12, and 14. Criterion validity was also examined, using observational, survey, and physiologic measures with factor rotatio...
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Abstract This study examined the relationship between parent-child social networking, connection, and outcomes for adolescents. Participants (491 adolescents and their parents) completed a number of questionnaires on social networking use, feelings of connection, and behavioral outcomes. Social networking with parents was associated with increased...
Article
Emotional and sexual aspects of intimacy in romantic relationships are important correlates of couples' relationship satisfaction. However, few studies have examined the effect of emotional and sexual aspects of intimacy on relationship satisfaction within the context of the interpersonal relationship processes. In addition, the association between...
Article
This study investigated religiousness and couple well-being as mediated by relational virtue and equality. Relational spiritual framework theory posits that religiousness is associated with couple well-being through relational virtues (e.g., forgiveness, commitment, and sacrifice). Theories of relational inequality postulate that religion decreases...
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Children's empathy and prosocial behavior play an important role in their social competence. Of the influential factors, research has demonstrated that parental behaviors and the quality of the parent-child relationship are important correlates of children's development of empathy and prosocial behavior. The current study examined the associations...
Article
Recently, national attention has turned to the need for increased financial education, particularly for low-income populations. Incarcerated individuals represent a growing low-income group with unique needs that could likely benefit from financial education. However, few studies have examined the specific financial education needs of inmates, part...
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We used structural equation modeling to explore associations between inhibitory maternal gatekeeping attitudes, reports of inhibitory maternal gatekeeping behaviors, maternal psychological control, observed mother-adolescent warmth, and adolescent reports of maternal involvement. Our random stratified sample consisted of 315 mothers and their adole...
Article
The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between media-based family leisure and family functioning. Because the sample (n = 500) included responses from parents and children (ages 11 to 16) from each family, mixed models were used to account for family-level and individual-level variance. Findings Indicated a negative relationship b...
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The purpose of this study was to explore how family distance regulation and other family demographic factors influence parenting behavior and family routines, which, in turn, influences the child's school engagement. The data from the project came from a larger study conducted in a large Northwestern urban area and included both two-parent and sing...
Article
The current study examined adolescent persistence as a mediator between authoritative parenting and adolescents' school engagement, prosocial behavior, and delinquency. Participants were taken from Time 2, 3, and 4 of the Flourishing Families Project and included 325 two-parent families with a child between the ages of 11 and 14 at Time 2 (mean age...
Article
The present study was designed to examine the links between economic strain, parental depression, parent–child connectedness, and adolescents' prosocial behaviors. The sample consisted of 478 participants (M age at Time 1=11.29 years, 51% male) recruited from the community who were mostly of European American descent (69%) and from mostly middle to...
Article
How children perceive parental involvement has implications for their development and well-being, as well as the father-child relationship. Emerging research suggests that father involvement is a multifaceted concept, often driven by evolving cultural mandates. In this study, survey data were collected from 704 adolescents aged 14-16 in Botswana, w...
Article
Video game use has been associated with several behavioral and health outcomes for adolescents. The aim of the current study was to assess the relationship between parental co-play of video games and behavioral and family outcomes. Participants consisted of 287 adolescents and their parents who completed a number of video game-, behavioral-, and fa...
Article
The purpose of the current study was to explore clusters of proactive parenting practices, and how they might vary as a function of parental demographics, the quality of the parent-child relationship, and the traits and behaviors of the adolescent child. Data were taken from the Flourishing Families Project, which includes 500 families with an earl...
Article
This study examined how mother and father-child relationship quality and marital forgiveness were related to early adolescents' forgiveness of mothers and fathers. Adolescents' social-cognitive skills (empathy and emotional regulation) and parents' forgiveness of child were examined as mediators. Mother, father, and child self-reported questionnair...
Article
We investigated early adolescents' perceptions of parenting styles in mother–father–adolescent triads along with child self-reported problem behaviors (substance abuse and delinquency). We also examined the various combinations of mothers' and fathers' parenting styles by child gender in relation to problem behavior. Participants included 3,353 chi...
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The purpose of the current study was to explore how mother's and father's connectedness and involvement individually and collectively influence the lives of their children. Specifically, we asked how fathers' and mothers' parent-child connectedness and behavioral involvement influenced both problem behaviors (externalizing and internalizing behavio...
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This study uses nationally representative data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth 1997 to analyze adolescent outcome indexes (delinquency, substance use, and emotional and behavior problems) by gender, race, household income, and family structure. Results from analysis of variance show that family structure is correlated with better ad...
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Although a number of studies examined the implications of marital disruption for adolescent well-being, few studied the implications of marital relationship quality on health outcomes for children in married-couple families. The present study examines how parent marital quality among intact families interacts with the quality of parent–adolescent r...
Article
The link between growing up outside of an intact family and the likelihood of engaging in risky sexual behaviors as an adolescent has been explored extensively. However, fewer studies examined the likelihood of risky sexual behaviors among adolescents within intact families and what elements of those married-parent families seem to function as prot...
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This article uses data from the NLSY97 to provide a descriptive portrait of core family process measures—family routines, parent–youth relationship, parental monitoring, control and autonomy in parenting adolescents, parenting style, and the parents' marital relationship. This research contributes to our understanding of how family processes vary b...
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This article uses data from the NLSY97 to provide a descriptive portrait of family environmental indices—family/home risk, physical environment risk, enriching environments for youth, and family religious practices. The report includes a brief overview of the literature on risk, resilience, and protective factors as they relate to family processes,...
Article
Rigorous studies repeatedly have demonstrated the negative effects of parental divorce on outcomes for families. However, very few studies have examined the quality of the marital relationship within intact families or how the quality of the marital relationship interacts with the quality of the parent–adolescent relationship. The present study exa...
Article
This research examines the effects of parental marital quality and the quality of the parent–child relationship on the educational progress of adolescents. Previous research indicates that family structure and economic capacity have significant effects on educational achievement and high school graduation rates. Few studies, however, examined the e...
Article
This article focuses on family processes and adolescent religious attendance and personal religiosity. We find that the closeness and quality of the marital relationship and relationship between adolescent and parents significantly contributes to the strength of adolescent religious conviction and practice. The study used data from the NLSY97 cohor...
Article
Nationally representative studies estimate that almost one in five adolescents in the United States is overweight. This is a major concern for individuals' physical and psychological health and the overall economy in terms of health care costs and loss of productivity. A 12- to 14-year-old subsample of 4,688 adolescents from the NLSY97 cohort was u...
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The current report addresses several issues regarding family process measures in the NLSY97. We draw particular attention to the numerous sampling strategies available, the strengths and weaknesses of each strategy, the nature of missingness among variables dependent on sampling strategy, and the issue of nonindependence associated with sibling res...
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This article introduces the idea of family process research and asserts that the study of family processes is an indispensable component of any effort to conceptualize and measure family life. Within this article the family process approach is defined through the use of several domains that categorize core constructs. Further, several key assumptio...
Article
This article introduces a special edition of Marriage and Family Review. We comment on how this collection emerged and was funded. A theoretical foundation for the articles is also presented. Finally, a short description of each article is included. The overall conclusion of the article is that the NLSY97 is a significant and important starting poi...
Article
This paper examines the use of the often quoted remarriage studies done in the 50s by Monahan. It was found that extreme caution should be used in presentations where the redivorce rate is discussed. The current statistics certainly do not paint the bleak picture presented by Monahan. Surprisingly, when 28 current family texts were sampled for thei...
Article
This article suggests that the state and federal investment in communities during the last 100 years has shifted from a proactive public policy investment strategy to one based on investing in the prison industrial complex. The author warns that this strategic shift in policy is having and will continue to have devastating, long-term consequences f...
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Fathers who live apart from their children have been investi-gated mainly through the lens of separation, divorce, and repartnering. With the growing prison population in many western countries, fathering from prison is emerging as a fur-ther significant context in which to understand the contempo-rary experience of fathers in families. This paper...
Article
L'A., universitaire specialise dans l'etude de la famille, presente son autobiographie, en ce qu'elle est exemplaire de la facon dont le capital social (la famille et les relations communautaires, en ce qu'elles sont benefiques pour le developpement cognitif et social de l'enfant) agit comme facteur de mobilite sociale. Il raconte ainsi comment, ga...
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Throughout the 1990s, scholars interested in fatherhood have generated a voluminous, rich, and diverse body of work. We selectively review this literature with an eye toward prominent theoretical, methodological, and substantive issues. This burgeoning literature, complemented by social policy makers' heightened interest in fathers and families, fo...
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Our analysis, grounded in a social constructionist perspective, explores the theoretical and political complexities facing researchers and policymakers as they attempt to conceptualize, study, and promote fathers' involvement with their children. Taking into account the growing diversity of life course and residency patterns for men and children to...
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As the study of fathering has matured in recent years, fathering scholars have recognized the need for richer, broader measures of the construct of father involvement (Hawkins & Palkovitz, 1999). In an effort to create a measure sensitive to affective, cognitive, and direct and indirect behavioral components of involvement, 100 items were initially...
Article
Using longitudinal data on sibling pairs from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth, we investigate the influence of father presence on behavioral and cognitive outcomes for children. Our results indicate that children who live in one-parent families exhibit more behavioral problems and have lower mathematics and reading ability than children in...
Article
We examine parents' characteristics that influence the incidence of spanking as a discipline strategy in younger and older children. Data were analyzed from the National Survey of Families and Households. We found that different combinations of blocks of predictor variables influenced spanking in eight subsamples. Belsky's model of competent parent...
Article
Explored whether a man-to-child bond exists as part of the human biogram. Part of the evidence needed to corroborate the existence of such a bond would include successful prediction about facets of the putative bond. Based on a core sample of 19 cultures, with over 32,000 adult–child dyads surveyed, predictions were made concerning proxemic behavio...
Article
In this article, we describe a procedure for analyzing data on couples or dyads (paired data). We propose a latent-variable structural equation model that allows for consideration of both within- and between-family variation in patterns of effects. The procedure is flexible and can be used whenever two or more observations are available from the sa...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine a pharmacist's comfort level when she/he counsels patients receiving different types of contraceptive. The pharmacist's counselling comfort is important because it could determine the initiation of patient contact and the quality of the contraception counselling. There has been little research done related t...
Article
90 men were asked to indicate the order of importance of 10 reasons for becoming a father (either biological or social). 136 women were asked to predict the men's answers. For the men, psychological reasons and, to a lesser extent, social reasons were more powerful motivators than were economic reasons. The women's predictions were quite accurate....
Article
This study explored the transition to first sexual intercourse among Chicano, Latino, black, and white teens. A logistic regression model was used to estimate the effect of distal and proximate variables on that transition. It was hypothesized that as a teen ages she or he would move from being more influenced by proximate factors to being more inf...
Article
Since the mid-1970s social scientists have given unprecedented attention to American fathers. As birth rates have declined and more women have entered the labor force, expectations for men to assume parenting duties and responsibilities have increased, and numerous studies have compared the parenting of men and women. The studies have generally sho...
Article
Miscarriage is generally overlooked as a potentially disruptive stressor event. Little research has been done to identify its general magnitude of disruption or the speed of individual recovery. One hundred two randomly selected Midwestern women were surveyed about their experience with miscarriage. It was found that family resource variables were...
Article
Examined the correspondence among the symbolic image of the American male as a father, the generalized paradigm of the US father-figure, and data on adult male–child interactions. Findings show that elements of the symbolic image of fathers shifted in the mid-70's, resulting in a perspective change about how fathers were viewed in society. A stereo...
Article
The purpose of this research was to detemine how gender and divorce affect per capita family income. The data were the young men and young women cohorts of the National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experience. All individuals who were married were followed for ten years and divided into three groups: (1) those who remained married during the...
Article
A middle-range theory is presented that describes the potential impact of divorce on children. Concepts from family stress theory are integrated with research findings from the divorce literature to accomplish this goal. The proposed theoretical model is concerned especially with variations in the "definition of the situation" assigned to the crisi...
Article
It has been charged that American men are derelict in their paternal duties. This is an important assertion given that the family is the primary socialization agent and that father interaction and nurturing behavior could be just as important to the developing child as such behavior on the part of the mother. In this study, the adult male-child dya...
Article
Denney and Ziobrowski concluded that children (first graders) cluster more than adults (college students) on complementary (syntagmatic) pairs, while adults cluster more than children on similarity (paradigmatic) pairs. An inspection of their findings in light of several problems of analysis and method seriously questioned the validity of their rep...
Article
As many as 10,000,000 U.S. children have at least one parent, usually their father, who has been imprisoned (Reed & Reed, 1998). This is especially problematic in minority communities. We care about this issue because incarcerated fathers who maintain family ties and reenter family life successfully after incarceration are less likely to be rearres...

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