Rana Ejaz Ali Khan

Rana Ejaz Ali Khan
The Islamia University of Bahawalpur | IUB · Department of Economics

PhD
Professor of Economics. Ex-The Islamia University of Bahawalpur. Pakistan.

About

113
Publications
80,109
Reads
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1,398
Citations
Citations since 2017
32 Research Items
1035 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - April 2018
The Islamia University of Bahawalpur
Position
  • CEO
June 2010 - July 2011
COMSATS University Islamabad
Position
  • Associate Professor and Head of Department
January 2005 - June 2011
The Islamia University of Bahawalpur
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (113)
Article
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Foreign aid is critical for developing economies to meet their developmental objectives. Income disparity is a major problem that can be addressed with foreign resources; however unscrupulous behaviors such as misappropriation of funds for personal gain might diminish the effectiveness of foreign aid. This paper analyses the influence of foreign ai...
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A large number of studies on fiscal decentralization have supported the claim that decentralized governments have a greater capacity to approach local preferences and have greater potential for public service delivery, which demonstrates a favorable status of socioeconomic indicators. However, there is no empirical evidence on fiscal decentralizati...
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Tourism is a rapidly growing industry globally and it is contributing a significant part in the GDP of the economies. In the literature, a variety of determinants of tourism are discussed theoretically and empirically but the effect of national governance on tourism is rarely discussed. This study investigates the effect of governance on tourism de...
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The current study investigates the relationship among trade openness, poverty and income inequality in the developing economies classified as lower and middle income countries. Kao and Fisher cointegration tests are employed to see the long-run equilibrium relationship among the variables. Panel cointegration regression is employed to calculate the...
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Pakistan is the 8th largest wheat producer in the world. However, the country’s wheat productivity is not as impressive as that of China, India and Bangladesh. Punjab shares more than 70 percent of the country’s total area cultivated under wheat crop. Although the application of farm inputs in their optimal quantities translate into improved wheat...
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Objective: The paper investigates the determinants of nutritional status of mothers in developing countries. Method: For a panel of 38 developing countries, data were obtained from the nationally representative Demographic Health Surveys (DHS). Married women of reproductive ages (15 to 45 years), currently living with their husbands were selected a...
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This study examines the relationship between corruption, income inequality and human resource development by using simultaneous-equation model for a panel of 38 developing countries for the time period 2000-2015. The endogenous variables of human resource development, income inequality and corruption are measured by human resource development index...
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A cross sectional study was conducted from October 2016 to February 2017 with the aim to examine the factors affecting the quality of antenatal care (ANC) services being used in Bahawalpur district. Data was collected using the Stratified cluster sampling technique from 1,650 married women of reproductive age (15-49 years) who had given birth to at...
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The exports are not only significant for a country but also for firms for their growth and expansion. The financial constraints hinder firms' operations and growth by limiting their access to working capital and funds for investment. The current study focusses on the effect of financial constraints on firms' exporting tendency in Pakistan. The logi...
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Theoretically the decentralization in any form may put very promising impact on the economy and the welfare of community. The current study examines the impact of fiscal decentralization on poverty in Pakistan. The fiscal decentralization is captured by two indicators, i.e. revenue decentralization and expenditure decentralization and political eco...
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The financial constraints hinder firms' operations and growth by limiting their access to working capital and funds for investment. The current study focuses on the effect of financial constraints on firms' exporting tendency in Pakistan. The logistic regression is employed on the data set taken from World Enterprise Survey to find the probability...
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This work investigates the dynamic heterogeneous causal links among financial development, construction industry, energy use, and environmental quality across the development levels, for 30 Chinese provinces during the period 2001–2016. For this purpose, a model of environmental quality has been constructed introducing the financial development and...
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Corruption is a widespread phenomenon in majority of the developing countries. However, literature evident both positive and negative impact of corruption in economises at macro level. At the micro level the studies rarely exist explaining this phenomenon. This paper empirically investigates the micro level impact of corruption on firms’ innovation...
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The aim of this study is to investigate two central questions, first is to find the relationship between corruption and growth and second is to explore if institutions matter for growth. The study operationally focused on developed and developing economies and on Asian regions i.e. South Asia, East Asia and West Asia. For the purpose, Dynamic Panel...
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This study seeks to empirically investigate whether demographic transition with dynamics of human capital matters for economic growth for a representative sample of developing world. The empirical analysis based on panel of 67 developing countries, using 5-year interval data over 1960–2014, has been done by employing dynamic panel System-Generalize...
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The study empirically probed the interdependence among corruption, political instability and sustainable development for a panel of 28 developing economies and disaggregated sample of lower-middle and upper-middle income economies for the time period 2000-2014. The three stage least square (3SLS) estimation revealed that corruption negatively affec...
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Objective: To investigate the role of predisposing factors, enabling factors, and illness factors as the determinants of adequate use of prenatal care services in a Pakistani district. Methods: The study was conducted in Bahawalpur district of the Punjab province of Pakistan from October 2016 to February 2017.The district was divided into 34 clu...
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This study is an empirical assessment of the presumption that real effective exchange rate and its volatility matter for trade balance in Pakistan. It explores the dynamic causal connection amongst series covering time span of 1976 to 2017. For the purpose, ARDL approach to co-integration is employed and to investigate the direction of causal conne...
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It is generally presumed that women empowerment and household wealth improves health-care of the households; and it may be argued that in absence of sufficient household wealth, women empowerment cannot operate for households' health-care. The current study focuses to detangle the issue and role of women empowerment, in child health-care for varyin...
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The study attempted to identify the factors that responsible for variability in stock market prices in Karachi Stock Exchange particularly focusing on socioeconomic stability in the country. The socioeconomic stability is measured by an index including social, economic and political dimensions of stability. Annual time series data for the years 197...
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This study examines the impact of trade openness on the income inequality in the developing and developed countries. Additionally, we see if technology transfer and changes in the ratio of skilled to unskilled labor and educational attainment have any role in influencing the income inequality. We used panel data for 104 countries from both develope...
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It is attempted to explore the role of change in age-structure and human capital in economic growth of developing countries. A disaggregated panel analysis of 67 developing economies across regions and income groups over the time period of 1960-2014 is conducted. Difference Generalized Method of Moments (Diff-GMM) is employed to overcome the panel-...
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It is attempted to explore the role of change in age-structure and human capital in economic growth of developing countries. A disaggregated panel analysis of 67 developing economies across regions and income groups over the time period of 1960-2014 is conducted. Difference Generalized Method of Moments (Diff-GMM) is employed to overcome the panel-...
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India is committed to Millennium Development Goals regarding prenatal health but still the utilization of quality source of prenatal-care is lacking. In this paper an attempt has been made to examine the socioeconomic determinants of utilization of quality source of prenatal-care by the women in the age group of 15–49 years. Micro data having 25,89...
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The paper attempted to examine the socioeconomic determinants of two components of utilization of prenatal-care, i.e. prenatal consultation (at least four prenatal visits to medically trained professionals) and proper time of first consultation (first prenatal consultation within first trimester from medically trained professional) by the Indian wo...
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The purpose of this paper is to highlight the determinants of malnutrition in children (under 5 years) in urban and rural areas of India. The ultimate objective is to frame policy proposals for children’s nutritional welfare. In this empirical study, logit model is applied to 9,381 observations of urban and 18,418 of rural areas. The composite inde...
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This study attempted to investigate the direction of causation between the volatilities of exchange rate and stock market prices in India. Monthly time series data of Bombay Stock Exchange prices (BSE-100 Index) and exchange rate of India (Rupee against US Dollar) is used for the period January 1992 to February 2013. Phillips Perron (PP) unit root...
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The study empirically investigated the impact of sectoral volatility on fluctuations in economic growth of Pakistan and South Korea (Korea). ADF unit root test is used to check the stationery of the data. Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscadasticity (ARCH) and Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscadasticity (GARCH) have been used for est...
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This study is an attempt to capture the impact of fiscal policy on income inequality in Pakistan. It employed Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model on annual time series data from 1980 to 2012. The stationarity of data is checked by Augmented Dickey Fuller unit root test. Short-run dynamics are tested by error correction model. Model reliabil...
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This study examines the factors affecting rural household poverty in district Bahawalpur (Pakistan) by using primary data collected through rural household survey. Through multistage random sampling technique 600 households from two tehsils of district Bahawalpur are selected for data collection. Socioeconomic empowerment index is generated by usin...
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The study empirically investigated the impact of sectoral volatility on the economic growth of India using annual time series data for the years 1970-2011. It is attempted to find out that to what extant volatility in economic growth rate of India is associated with volatility in growth rate of different sectors. ADF unit root test is used to check...
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The literature confirmed the existence of gender discrimination in children?s health, nutrition and education in South Asia. This study examines, whether there are sex differences in stunting and wasting among schooling-going children (5-14 years) and how they are affected by socioeconomic factors. A sample of 684 school-going children of both sexe...
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To enhance the inflow of foreign direct investment (FDI) and ultimately to increase the economic growth, the countries have implemented a variety of financial and trade liberalization policies in the last three decades. Pakistan also initiated such type of policies. This study makes an analysis of the impact of liberalization (financial and trade)...
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The governance at the national level has commonly been measured as poor or good governance by researchers in the area of public sector reforms. They have rarely attempted the numeric estimation of the concept but used different socioeconomic indicators as proxies. Governance is a multidimensional concept that cannot be accurately elaborated by a sin...
Article
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Th e governance at the national level has commonly been measured as poor or good governance by researchers in the area of public sector reforms. Th ey have rarely attempted the numeric estimation of the concept but used diff erent socioeconomic indicators as proxies. Governance is a multidimensional concept that cannot be accurately elaborated by a...
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Introduction: The economy of the United States is the number one economy of the world on the basis of its GDP size. Many economies of the world depend upon the working upon it. However, US economy has been facing the phenomena of labour productivity slowdown since 1973. The productivity grow was witnessed during 1990s decade due to revolution of in...
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The study investigate the impact of socioeconomic factors on malnutrition in children (under 5 years) using Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. The urban and rural areas are separately probed for stunting, wasting and under-weight children. The analysis revealed that birth-interval, mother’s education and wealth index reduce the malnutrition...
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The objective of the current analysis is to see the factors responsible for malnutrition in children (under-5 years) in urban and rural areas of Bangladesh. In this study binary logistic model is applied to 1831 observations of urban and 3427 observations of rural areas. The Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure (CIAF) is constructed and used a...
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Introduction: The economy of the United States is the number one economy of the world on the basis of its GDP size. Many economies of the world depend upon the working upon it. However, US economy has been facing the phenomena of labour productivity slowdown since 1973. The productivity grow was witnessed during 1990s decade due to revolution of in...
Article
Full-text available
The governance at the national level has commonly been measured as poor or good governance by researchers in the area of public sector reforms. They have rarely attempted the numeric estimation of the concept but used different socioeconomic indicators as proxies. Governance is a multidimensional concept that cannot be accurately elaborated by a si...
Article
Full-text available
Most of the developing economies including Pakistan are facing the problem of rapid population growth. All the efforts to control higher population growth become useless when the household desire larger number of children. In the study the determinants of ideal number of children revealed by the woman are probed. So along with sociocultural, econom...
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The main objective of this study is to empirically investigate whether economic performance in Asian economies is helpful for human development or not. For this purpose, data of 40 Asian economies has been taken from various international sources. Empirical investigation has been done by two-stage least square and validity of estimations have been...
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The study mainly focused on the estimation and implementation of the concept of non-accelerating inflation rate of unemployment (NAIRU) in prominent SAARC countries (Pakistan, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and Nepal) by using a panel dataset during 1971-2012. Three approaches (i.e. the pooled OLS, the fixed effect, the random effect) were applied fo...
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Prenatal-care is one of the important elements of maternal health-care. In this paper an attempt has been made to examine the socioeconomic determinants of Tetanus Toxoid (TT) vaccination as a component of prenatal-care by the women in the age group of 15-49 years. Micro-data having 25847 observations from Indian Demographic and Health Survey (I...
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Prenatal care is an essential segment of maternal health-care. In this paper an attempt has been made to examine the socioeconomic determinants of maternal iron supplementation and sufficient maternal iron supplementation as components of prenatal care. Micro-data having 25999 and 19764 observations for two models, i.e. maternal iron supplementatio...
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The study identifies the determinants of velocity of money (VM) in Pakistan by using cointegration technique. The analysis covers narrow money (M2). The cointegration results support a positive relationship between VM and economic growth in Pakistan. Financial development and inflation also affect VM positively. Having an increasing relationship of...
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This paper examines the short- and long-run relationship between economic growth, exports of primary and manufactured goods and of imports of consumption and capital goods for the period of 1972-2011 using error correction model (ECM). The theoretical base of the study is that staple theory of growth emphasizes the crucial role of primary exports i...
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The study attempted to see whether Pakistan economy can follow the Korean growth model or not. For the purpose Granger causality has been employed for the relationship between GDP and exports, capital formation, employment and education for both countries. Annual time series data for the years 1971-2010 has been analyzed through ECM. The results ex...
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The paper attempted to see the relationship between trade liberalization and poverty and inequality in Pakistan. For trade liberalization, volume of trade as ratio of GDP, head count ratio for poverty and Gini-coefficient has been used for income inequality. The granger causality technique is applied to time series data for the years 1975-2010. The...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to estimate those variables which have significant impact on the food security in a developing country such as Pakistan. The matter of food security in rural areas is of immense nature and needs to be probed. A number of factors are responsible for the situation. The current paper examines the determinants of th...
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The study analyzed the effectiveness of exchange rate on macroeconomic variables of Pakistan. The precise objective of the study is to examine the causality between exchange rate, trade, inflation, FDI and GDP through a series of models. On the annual time series data for the years 1980-2009 unit root test for stationarity, Johansen's cointegration...
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Empowerment of women is one of the important issues in developing countries. Women are an integral part of the society, their participation in decision making through their participation in economic activities is very low. Microfinance plays a significant role in improving women decision making through participation in economic activities. The stud...
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Economists are of the view that tourism leads to economic development just like human and physical capital and exports. A few studies have discussed this issue empirically. The current study aims to estimate the long-run relationship between income from tourism and the economic growth of Pakistan by using the annual time series data of 1971–2008, a...
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The paper attempted to see the relationship between trade liberalization and poverty and inequality in Pakistan. For trade liberalization, volume of trade as ratio of GDP, head count ratio for poverty and Gini-coefficient has been used for income inequality. The granger causality technique is applied to time series data for the years 1975-2010. The...
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Government of Punjab is committed to attain the universalization of school education by providing free education and even in a number of districts the free books and through the programs of food for education. The stipends on the subsidized schooling are also part of the policy by Government of Punjab. The rapid increase in enrollment in private sc...
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Primary school enrollment rates in Pakistan are lower than in other countries at the same level of economic development. The proportion of children reaching grade 5 is about half that in Sri Lanka and China and three-quarter that in India. Nationally, the gross primary school ratio is 74, and 101 for boys and 45 for girls. According to the National...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to highlight the determinants of malnutrition of primary school‐age (five to ten years) children in urban and slum areas. The ultimate objective is to frame policy proposals for children's nutritional welfare. Design/methodology/approach In this empirical study, logit model is applied to 882 observations of pri...
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Literature in economics has identified many channels through which the financial liberalization may affect demand for money. There are evidences of stability as well as instability of demand for money due to financial development for developing economies. The objective of the current study is to examine the effect of financial liberalization on dem...
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Pakistan is second largest importer of tea. It is based on the fact that negligible part of the consumption of tea is produced domestically. The import analysis of tea is significant to check the import bill. The paper empirically investigated the determinants of import of tea using annual time series data for the years 1977-2009 at the national le...
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We analyzed the effect of Structural Adjustment Program (SAP) on macroeconomic variables of Pakistan using annual time series data for the years 1981-2001. The impact of four policy instruments of SAP, i.e. reduction in budget deficit, increase in indirect taxes, adjusting the exchange rate and sliding down of subsidies, on employment, income distr...
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The objective of the paper is to identify the determining factors of demand for formal and informal credit by cotton growers in Bahawalpur. The borrowing behavior of the farmers revealed that educated farmers and big farmers take loaning from the formal sector. The distance of the formal sector loaning agency, number of visits to take the loan, hig...
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The paper attempted to see the relationship between trade liberalization and poverty and inequality in India. For trade liberalization, volume of trade as ratio of GDP, head count ratio for poverty and Gini-coefficient has been used for income inequality. The granger causality technique is applied to time series data for the years 1970-2009. The re...
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The study examines the relationship between unemployment and property crimes for Pakistan covering the period of 1975 to 2008. The Johansen cointegration methodology along with Granger causality through VEC is applied to the annual time series data. The results of the cointegration analysis provide evidence of a valid long-run relationship between...
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Sialkot, the export city of Pakistan is earning $900 million per annum by exports. The major exports are the sports goods, surgical instruments, leather products, martial art instruments, musical instruments and sports wear. All these products are value-added by cottage industry. How the export potential of cottage industry in Sialkot may be increa...
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Pakistan aims to increase the investment GDP ratio by attracting foreign direct investment (FDI). The foreign investors mostly from the developed dynamic centers are enhancing international production by investing in resource abundant economies. Having an overview of the influx of cross border investments, this paper empirically attempted to invest...
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The paper presents a comparative analysis of determinants of child labor in urban and rural areas. A simple theoretical model (Probit) of household's decision about child's time allocation is used. From the econometric data sets of urban and rural areas of two districts of Pakistan, evidence is provided suggesting that urban and rural children have...
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The study empirically examined the relationship between the financial sector reforms and household savings in Pakistan by applying the ARDL cointegration technique on annual time series data for the years 1988 to 2008. Empirical findings indicated that the financial liberalization index negatively created an impact on the household savings in the s...
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The paper examines the long-run determinants of agricultural land expansion by JJ cointegration technique. The results of cointegration indicates that there exists a long-run relationship between agriculture land expansion and the factors like agricultural prices, agricultural income, live stock population, human population, agricultural technology...
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It is generally argued that open trade is crucial for economic growth and development. The economic literature also argues that growth is an important option for reducing poverty in developing countries. The paper analyzed the causality between the trade, growth and poverty for Pakistan using annual time series data from 1973-2009. Granger causalit...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to highlight the factors that influence the decision of married women (in the age group of 16‐60 years) to participate in labor force activities. Design/methodology/approach This is an empirical study employing the non‐linear maximum likelihood probability (probit) function on primary data (3,911 observations)....
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The high inflation is undesirable phenomenon. The causing factors of high inflation remained inconclusive by both monetary and fiscal perceptions. The procurement prices and administered prices along with imported inflation have contributed to higher inflation. The paper focuses on the determinants of inflation in Pakistan using four price indicato...
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The paper re-investigates the relationship between economic growth and domestic savings by applying new approaches rather than old techniques. The cointegration and causality approaches have been applied for economic growth and domestic savings. In doing so, ARDL Bounds Testing, Johanson cointegration approaches are employed to examine for long run...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to analyze the demand side determinants of schooling of Pakistani urban children and the factors affecting boys and girls' schooling separately. Design/methodology/approach This is an empirical study using the non‐linear maximum likelihood probability (probit) function on primary data. Findings Besides other v...
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1 Telephone: +92 062 9255456 Ext. 433 (O), +92 062 9255456 Ext. 422(R) E-mail: tasnim_iub@hotmail.com 2 Telephone: +92 062 9255456 Ext. 433 (O), +92 062 2011323 (R;) Mobile: 0345 8724744 ABSTRACT The total fertility rate in Pakistan is as high as 5.4, that is result of low contraceptive prevalence rate of only 28 percent. By using probit model on p...
Article
One of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is to achieve significant improvement in live