Ran Schwarzkopf

Ran Schwarzkopf
NYU Langone Medical Center | NYUMC · Department of Orthopaedic Surgery

Doctor of Medicine

About

530
Publications
46,503
Reads
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5,157
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - September 2020
NYU Langone Medical Center
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2011 - July 2012
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Position
  • Adult Reconstruction Fellow

Publications

Publications (530)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose A better understanding of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) candidate expectations within the perioperative setting will enable clinicians to promote patient-centered practices, optimize recovery times, and enhance quality metrics. In the current study, TKA candidates were surveyed pre- and postoperatively to elucidate the relationship between...
Article
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Introduction Surgeons can improve their practice by understanding potentially avoidable reasons for early revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA). The purpose of this study is to describe potentially avoidable indications for rTKA within 5 years of the index procedure. Methods This retrospective observational analysis utilized the rTKA database at...
Article
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Background Although several techniques and implants have been developed to address bone loss in revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA), management of these defects remains challenging. This review article discusses the indications and management options of bone loss following total knee arthroplasty based on preoperative workup and intraoperative...
Article
The purpose is to investigate the incidence of wound complications for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) following tibial plateau open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). A prospective arthroplasty registry was queried for patients with CPT codes for primary TKA, tibial plateau ORIF, removal of hardware (ROH), and diagnosis of post-traumatic arthri...
Article
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PurposeThe clinical impact of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) remains unclear. In this study, we evaluate the effect of VTE following TJA on postoperative outcomes including discharge disposition, readmission rates, and revision rates.Methods We retrospectively reviewed all patients over the age o...
Article
Background: Cost excess in bundled payment models for total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is driven by discharge to rehabilitation or a skilled nursing facility (SNF). A recently published preoperative risk prediction tool showed very good internal accuracy in stratifying patients on the basis of likelihood of discharge to an SNF or rehabilitation. The...
Article
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Introduction High body mass index (BMI) and wound drainage following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) can lead to wound healing complications and periprosthetic joint infection. Silver-embedded occlusive dressings and negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) have been shown to reduce these complications. The purpose of this prospective trial was to com...
Article
Aims: Although readmission has historically been of primary interest, emergency department (ED) visits are increasingly a point of focus and can serve as a potentially unnecessary gateway to readmission. This study aims to analyze the difference between primary and revision total joint arthroplasty (TJA) cases in terms of the rate and reasons asso...
Article
Patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) with multiple comorbidities require medical clearance recommendations from their primary care provider, which if not adhered to can lead to adverse postoperative complications. In this quality improvement initiative, we explore the impact of a standardized handoff process incorporating medical clea...
Article
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to identify common complications and the rates of readmission and revision in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) patients younger than 65 years. Methods: Using the American Joint Replacement Registry, we conducted a retrospective review of all TKAs done in patients aged 18 to 65 years from 2012 to 2020. Dem...
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Introduction Stiffness and decreased range of motion frequently lead to hindrance of activities of daily living and dissatisfaction follow total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study aims to evaluate the effect of non-aspirin (ASA) chemoprophylaxis and determine patient-related risk factors for stiffness and need for manipulation under anesthesia (MU...
Article
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Aims Navigation devices are designed to improve a surgeon’s accuracy in positioning the acetabular and femoral components in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of this study was to both evaluate the accuracy of an optical computer-assisted surgery (CAS) navigation system and determine whether preoperative spinopelvic mobility (categorized as...
Article
Purpose: Use of dual mobility (DM) articulations can reduce the risk of instability in both primary and revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Knowledge regarding the impact of this design on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) is limited. This study aims to compare clinical outcomes between DM and fixed bearing (FB) prostheses following pri...
Article
Introduction Demographic variables play an important role in outcomes following revision total hip arthroplasty (rTHA). Surgical and in-patient variables as well as outcomes vary between indications for rTHA. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the indication for the rTHA on costs and postoperative outcomes. Methods This ret...
Article
Background: Dual mobility (DM) bearings for total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been proposed to reduce the risk of instability in high-risk patients; however, their utility in primary THA remains relatively unexplored. No previous reports have described whether surgical approach influences outcomes associated with DM implant systems. This study aim...
Article
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Purpose The previous literature suggests that 25–30% of patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are using opioids prior to their surgery. This study aims to investigate the effect of preoperative opioid use on clinical outcomes and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) following TKA. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 329 patients...
Article
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Purpose Aseptic loosening is a common cause of implant failure following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Cement penetration depth is a known factor that determines an implant’s “strength” and plays an important role in preventing aseptic loosening. Tourniquet use is thought to facilitate cement penetration, but its use has mixed reviews. The aim of...
Article
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Introduction As more centers introduce same-day discharge (SDD) total joint arthroplasty (TJA) programs, it is vital to understand the factors associated with successful outpatient TJA and whether outcomes vary for those that failed SDD. The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes of patients that are successfully discharged home the day of su...
Article
Background Regulatory change has created a growing demand to decrease the hospital costs associated with primary total joint arthroplasty (TJA). Concurrently, the removal of lower extremity TJA from the in-patient only list has affected hospital reimbursement. The purpose of this study is to investigate trends in hospital revenue versus costs in pr...
Article
Background There is considerable disparity in institutional practices surrounding routine pathologic examination of femoral heads removed during total hip arthroplasty (THA). Multiple groups have studied the merits of routine femoral head pathology in THA, without clear consensus. We sought to further investigate the existing evidence on routine pa...
Article
Background Surgical site infection (SSI) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and healthcare expenditures. Our institution intensified hygiene standards during the COVID-19 pandemic; hospital staff exercised greater hand hygiene, glove uses, and mask compliance. We examined the effect of these factor...
Article
Introduction: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) can be used to evaluate post-operative health care quality and patient satisfaction. The Patient's Joint Perception (PJP) question gathers a single PRO to measure how patients appraise their joint. This study compares PJP to the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) at 21-months post-operation to asses...
Article
Introduction Isolated head and liner exchange in aseptic revision total hip arthroplasty (rTHA) is an appealing option rather than full acetabular component revision; however, early outcome reports suggest high rates of complications requiring re-revision. This study seeks to compare the outcomes of these procedures. Methods This retrospective stu...
Article
Background Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neuroinflammatory disease with debilitating manifestations that may predispose patients to hip fracture and osteoarthritis, and may affect recovery from total hip arthroplasty (THA). With increased longevity of MS patients and growth in demand for arthroplasty in this population, it is important to understand...
Article
Introduction: Medicaid expansion has allowed more patients to undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA). Given the continued focus on the opioid epidemic, we sought to determine whether patients with Medicaid insurance differed in their postoperative pain and narcotic requirements compared with privately or Medicare-insured patients. Methods: A singl...
Article
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PurposeBack pain may both decrease patient satisfaction after TKA and confound outcome assessment in satisfied patients. Our primary objective was to determine whether preoperative back pain is associated with differences in postoperative patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs).Methods We retrospectively reviewed 234 primary TKA patients who comp...
Article
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Aims: The Forgotten Joint Score-12 (FJS-12) is a validated patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) tool designed to assess artificial prosthesis awareness during daily activities following total hip arthroplasty (THA). The patient-acceptable symptom state (PASS) is the minimum cut-off value that corresponds to a patient's satisfactory state-of-hea...
Article
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Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a known risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE), defined as pulmonary embolism (PE) or deep vein thrombosis (DVT); however, little is known about its effect on VTE rates after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). This study sought to determine whether patients with OSA who undergo TJA are at greater r...
Article
Introduction: Advanced age is considered a major risk factor for postoperative complications in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Consequently, older patients undergoing THA may require more detailed pre-procedural examinations and more healthcare resources postoperatively than younger patients. The purpose of this study was to compare discharge param...
Article
Background: Mepivacaine is an intermediate acting amide local anesthetic that can be used for neuraxial anesthesia in total joint arthroplasty(TJA) with a shorter duration of action(1.5-2h) compared to the more commonly used local anesthetic bupivacaine. The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing bupiva...
Article
The Risk Assessment Prediction Tool (RAPT) predicts discharge disposition after total joint arthroplasty with only 75% accuracy. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether higher accuracy can be achieved with basic electronic health record (EHR) data combined with machine learning (ML) algorithms. Three ML analysis models were developed: model...
Article
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Introduction Obesity has been associated with poorer outcomes following total knee arthroplasty (TKA); however, data remain sparse on its impact on patients’ joint awareness following surgery. This study aims to investigate the impact of body mass index (BMI) on improvement in outcomes following TKA as assessed by the Forgotten Joint Score-12 (FJS-...
Article
Cement fixation of the femoral stem in total hip arthroplasty, first popularized in the 1960s following the success of Sir John Charnley's design, remains a prevalent topic in arthroplasty literature today. Though this technique is still widely used among European surgeons, since the 1980s many American surgeons have shifted to the use of cementles...
Article
The usage of tourniquets in orthopedic surgery is commonplace. This review will describe the history of tourniquet usage throughout medicine and trace this device's evolution to the modern device used today. Several basic principles of tourniquet usage will also be explored, debunking common myths regarding upper time-limits of tourniquet inflation...
Article
Introduction Although increased femoral head size reduces the risk of instability in total hip arthroplasty (THA), it may lead to iliopsoas irritation and increased anterior groin pain. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes between non-modular dual mobility (NDM) implants, small (≤32mm), and large (≥36mm) fixed bearing (FB) constructs....
Article
Tourniquet use creates a reduced blood surgical field during total knee arthroplasty (TKA), however, prolonged ischemia may cause post‐operative tourniquet complications. To understand the effects of tourniquet‐induced ischemia, we performed a prospective observational study using quantitative broadband diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS) to measure...
Article
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Background: While technology-assisted total knee arthroplasty (TA-TKA) improves implant positioning, whether it confers improved clinical outcomes remains inconclusive. We sought to examine national TA-TKA utilization trends and to compare outcomes between TA-TKA and unassisted TKA (U-TKA). Methods: Patients who underwent primary, elective TKA f...
Article
Background In order to better understand the clinical benefit of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and improve the interpretability of the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS-12), the establishment of a meaningful change in scores is necessary. The purpose of this study is to determine the threshold of the FJS-12 for detecting the patient acceptable symptom sta...
Article
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Introduction Computer-assisted navigation systems (CAS) are increasingly being integrated into total knee arthroplasty (TKA) procedures, but perceptions of associated learning curve and increased operative time continue to curtail uptake. Newer-generation navigational systems aim to streamline integration into surgical workflow to mitigate increase...
Article
Purpose: Computer navigation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) offers potential for more accurate placement of acetabular components, avoiding impingement, edge loading, and dislocation, all of which can necessitate revision THA (rTHA). Therefore, the use of computer navigation may be particularly beneficial in patients undergoing rTHA. The purpose...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Increasing age and hip fractures are considered risk factors for post-operative complications in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Consequently, older adults undergoing THA due to hip fracture may have different outcomes and require additional healthcare resources than younger patients. This study aimed to identify the influence of age on...
Article
Introduction: Traditionally, most efforts have focused on readmission rates while little has been reported on emergency department (ED) presentation. This study aims to analyze the difference between same-day discharge (SDD) and non-SDD primary total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA and TKA) cases to determine the rate and reasons associated with 90...
Article
Introduction: Although technology-assisted total hip arthroplasty (TA-THA) may improve implant positioning, it remains unknown whether TA-THA confers improved clinical outcomes. We sought to examine national TA-THA utilization trends and compare clinical outcomes between TA-THA and unassisted THA (U-THA). Methods: Patients who underwent primary,...
Article
Introduction: Telemedicine is the practice of caring for patients remotely when the patient and provider are not physically present at the same location. Within orthopedic surgery, telemedicine offers care without the typical obstacles of an in-person appointment such as difficulty ambulating following surgery and patient wait times. In this study,...
Article
Introduction Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is challenging to diagnose. We aimed to evaluate the impact of dry taps requiring saline lavage during preoperative intraarticular hip aspiration on the accuracy of diagnosing PJI before revision surgery. Methods A retrospective review was conducted for THA patien...
Article
Introduction Targets of acetabular inclination and version have been suggested based on a patient’s spinopelvic mobility. Current methods in THA include manual instrumentation, computer-assisted navigation, and robotic-assisted surgery. This study aims to compare the accuracy of these three methods in targeting the functional safe zone. Methods Th...
Article
Introduction Patients who undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA) require resilience to recover and resume daily functions. Increased resilience may be an important factor for achieving improved outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of resilience on time to discharge and on early patient reported outcomes following primary THA....
Article
Aseptic loosening is a common cause of revision total hip arthroplasty (rTHA) and with the rising number of primary THAs, revisions for aseptic loosening represent a significant burden for arthroplasty surgeons. Aseptic loosening remains a diagnostic and management challenge. Loosening can occur as a result of inadequate initial fixation, mechanica...
Article
Background There are a variety of methods available to treat periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), including 2-stage revision with the use of an antibiotic spacer. This study compares the outcomes of real-component (RC) and all-cement (AC) articulating spacers for total hip arthroplasty (THA) PJI treatment. Methods This multicenter retrospective s...
Article
Introduction Airborne biologic particles (ABPs) can be measured intraoperatively to evaluate operating room (OR) sterility. Particulate matter (PM) up to 2.5 microns can contain microbial species which may increase infection risk. Our study examines differences in air quality and ABP count in primary (pTKA) and revision total knee arthroplasty (rTK...
Article
Introduction Same-day discharge (SDD) total joint arthroplasty (TJA) programs often have stringent selection criteria. Some patients deemed ineligible may nonetheless be discharged the day of surgery. This study compares outcomes between patients enrolled in our SDD TJA program who were SDD to those who did not participate in the program but were a...
Article
Introduction: Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) retention may impact a patient's awareness of their artificial joint following primary total knee arthroplasty (pTKA) due to increased proprioception and more native knee kinematics. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether cruciate-retaining (CR) or posterior-stabilized (PS) i...
Article
Background: The effect of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on the ankle joint is not entirely clear. The purpose of this study was to assess postoperative changes in the coronal alignment of the ankle joint in patients undergoing TKA for various degrees of knee deformity. Methods: This retrospective study included 107 patients who had undergone TKA...
Article
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Background Image-guided joint aspirations used to assist the diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) may commonly result in a dry tap–or insufficient fluid for culture and cell count analysis. Dry tap aspirations are painful and invasive for patients and often utilize a subsequent saline lavage to obtain a microbiology sample. Currently,...
Article
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Introduction Bicruciate retaining (BCR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was designed to simulate natural knee kinematics and improve proprioception by retaining both the ACL and PCL. While the prospect of the design appears favorable to patients, previous designs have demonstrated modest survivorship rates compared to traditional designs. This study...
Article
PurposeThe purpose of the study was to utilize a large-scale biomorphometric computer tomography (CT) database to determine the desirable starting point and angle for placement of the femoral intramedullary rod in the sagittal plane.MethodsA CT-based modeling and analytics system (SOMA, Stryker, Mahwah, NJ) was used to evaluate 1029 entire-femur CT...
Article
Background: Many THA simulation models rely on a limited set of preoperative static radiographs to replicate sagittal pelvic tilt during functional positions and to recommend an implant orientation that minimizes the risk of prosthetic impingement. However, possible random changes in pelvic or lower extremity angular motions and the effect of coro...
Article
Introduction Although tourniquet use in primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been widely studied, the outcomes associated with tourniquet use in revision TKA (rTKA) remains relatively unexplored. This study investigates surgical outcomes and patient satisfaction in association with tourniquet use during aseptic rTKA. Methods We retrospectivel...
Article
Introduction Preoperative anemia (POA) is a significant predictor for adverse outcomes in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Current literature has studied POA stratified by severity. This study aims to find a threshold preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) value for increased risk of adverse outcomes in THA. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of...
Article
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The direct anterior approach (DAA) to the hip was initially described in the nineteenth century and has been used sporadically for total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, recent increased interest in tissue-sparing and small incision arthroplasty has given rise to a sharp increase in the utilization of the DAA. Although some previous studies claimed...
Chapter
Arthritis isolated to the patellofemoral joint (PFJ) is a well-described entity that can result in significant disability and pain. Epidemiological studies suggest that nearly 10% of individuals over the age of 40 may have isolated PF arthritis with females appearing to have a significantly higher risk. Non-surgical management represents the initia...
Article
Background: Obesity is a recognized risk factor for severe knee osteoarthritis. However, it remains unclear how obesity prevalence trends in the current population undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) compare with those seen in individuals not undergoing this procedure. In this study, we assessed the yearly trends in body mass index (BMI) and...
Article
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IntroductionTotal knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the gold standard for treatment of end-stage osteoarthritis. Previous studies have shown that successful outcomes following TKA depend on accurate implant alignment and soft tissue balancing. Robotic-assisted TKA have demonstrated improved accuracy in component placement and have been associated with bet...
Article
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Purpose Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common pathology usually presenting with anterior or retropatellar pain. It is associated with a relative imbalance between the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) and the vastus lateralis (VL) muscles. This can lead to considerable morbidity and reduced quality of life (QOL). This study aims to assess the...
Article
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Purpose Navigated total knee arthroplasty (TKA) improves implant alignment by providing feedback on resection parameters based on femoral and tibial cutting guide positions. However, saw blade thickness, deflection, and cutting guide motion may lead to final bone cuts differing from planned resections, potentially contributing to suboptimal compone...