Ramona Coman

Ramona Coman
Université Libre de Bruxelles | ULB · Department of Political Science

PhD in Political Science

About

68
Publications
9,492
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Introduction
Ramona Coman is Associate Professor in Political Science at the Université libre de Bruxelles and Director of the Institute for European Studies. Her current project is focused on Conflicts of sovereignty in a European Union in crisis’ (SovEU), a collaborative research project between the University of Cambridge and the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) funded by the Wiener-Anspach Foundation. Research interests: European Union, modes of governance, rule of law, Central and Eastern Europe, think tanks, policy change/coordination, sovereignty
Additional affiliations
October 2009 - present
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (68)
Book
Full-text available
Un manuel qui met l'accent sur les méthodes et méthodologies propres à la science politique, avec des conseils pratiques pour mener à bien un travail de recherche. Une initiation à la recherche en science politique à travers : une présentation pédagogique des méthodes de collecte et d’analyse des données des conseils pratiques pour mener à bien un...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 2015 parliamentary elections in Poland, the government led by the Law and Justice party (PiS) has sought to win two interwoven battles: the restoration of ‘a strong state’ internally and ‘regaining sovereignty’ in the country’s relationship with the EU. By examining the 2015 constitutional crisis in Poland, this article seeks to understan...
Article
Full-text available
Contemporary conflicts of sovereignty in Europe have gone beyond the clash between national and supranational sovereignty. Sovereignty conflicts are increasingly occurring within member states. This paper develops a conceptual framework that distinguishes between foundational, institutional and territorial conflicts of sovereignty, elaborating on t...
Chapter
Over the last decades, EU integration has become the subject of increased public discussion, debate, and contestation, which is explained through different lenses in EU studies by liberal intergovernmentalists and post-functionalists. This chapter is a contribution to this debate as it seeks to shed light on patterns of politicisation over EU integ...
Article
Full-text available
Three decades since the collapse of communism in Central and Eastern Europe, the ideal of liberal democracy is under considerable strain. Recent developments in the region show that democratic institutions do not only evolve and consolidate, but they can also decay. The article intends to provide a comprehensive theoretical account to shed light on...
Article
This special issue sheds light on the shift from consensus over democracy and liberal values to increased dissensus. With a focus on Central and Eastern Europe, it explores the nature and the origins of anti-liberal ideas and their diffusion beyond the EU. While anti-liberal ideas are not new per se, this special issue shows how in recent years the...
Article
In the original publication of the article, the production team updated wrong journal name in some references. Those references with correct journal name are given below:
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to understand why the EU opted to conclude the ‘EU–Turkey refugee deal’ in March 2016 in the context of the Syrian refugee crisis, despite the fact that the agreement deeply contradicts fundamental EU values and norms. The article seeks to explain the outcome—the conclusion of the EU–Turkey refugee deal—by analysing not o...
Article
This article examines the Romanian rotating presidency of the Council of the European Union during the first half of 2019 as a two-level game. It shows how, despite heightened political tensions at the domestic and European level, the Romanian rotating presidency managed to fulfil its main functions. It is argued that the preparation and the conduc...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years IPE and EU studies scholars have examined how actors in international organisations and EU institutions shape policy ideas. This article explores the professional structure of economists affiliated to two Brussels-based think tanks, Bruegel and CEPS, who, in the context of the Eurozone crisis, sought to contribute to the production...
Article
In recent years, government officials in Hungary, Poland and Austria have contested the authority of the EU in areas linked to core state powers, such as democracy and the rule of law and migrations. Analyzing the discursive strategies displayed by conservative and/or right-wing governments in these countries, the article shows how the old conflict...
Article
Full-text available
In the post-Maastricht era, member states of the European Union (EU) have proved increasingly reluctant to transfer further competences to the supranational level and are willing to safeguard their sovereignty. Though the responses to the contemporary multiple crises – related to economic and monetary policy, borders and migrations, or democracy an...
Article
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This article examines the debates surrounding the Regulation 1303/2013 on structural funds, arguing that the rules adopted in the midst of the eurozone crisis to strengthen the governance of the euro area had spill-over effects on cohesion policy. It shows how, in the fast-burning phase of the crisis (2010–2013), some actors pushed forward the idea...
Article
Full-text available
The eurozone crisis has spectacularly increased the European Union’s (EU’s) institutional demand for expert knowledge. While the crisis has challenged the legitimacy of the EU in many ways, it has in contrast amplified the visibility and the role of Brussels-based think tanks as laboratories of ideas that think ahead about eurozone governance and p...
Article
Full-text available
GOVERNING THROUGH CONDITIONALITY OR FLEXIBILITY? THE REFORM OF EUROPEAN UNION COHESION POLICY (2014-2020) The eurozone crisis greatly reshaped the EU’s economic governance in order to strengthen the rules of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). This article shows how these ideas, originally conceived to strengthen economic governance, also shaped t...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the preservation of the Schengen as a borderland has generated heightened tensions between domestic and European actors. Drawing on a qualitative analysis, this article illustrates how EU institutional actors frame the EU's internal and external borders and how said frames have shaped the EU's Schengen governance. To do so, it scru...
Article
Over the last decades, academic interest in judicial globalization and judicial reforms has increased. The literature has gone through three distinctive waves of research. One part of this literature examines judicial reforms from a top-down perspective, revealing the origins and evolution of European/international prescriptions related to rule of...
Book
Full-text available
Manuel mettant en évidence les méthodes et méthodologies propres à la science politique, avec des conseils pratiques pour mener à bien un travail de recherche. Une initiation à la recherche en science politique à travers : - des conseils pratiques pour mener à bien un travail de recherche - une présentation pédagogique des méthodes de collecte e...
Book
Full-text available
This book examines recent developments in political science research. What are the new influences to which the discipline opens itself up? Is political science research converging towards a single model or splitting into different streams? What are the new challenges at the beginning of the 21st century? By addressing these questions, this collecti...
Article
Full-text available
Since its inception in 2010, the European Semester has undergone a series of institutional clarifications and procedural adjustments aimed at strengthening its legitimacy. Over its first 5 iterations it has significantly reshaped the roles, attributions and relations between the EU’s institutions, thus echoing several scholars’ contention that the...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to show how (new) modes of governance emerge in EU politics. It seeks to find out how European institutions manage to define new policy tools and modes of governance when their legitimacy is not only contested but it also reveals a regulatory gap. By examining recent debates concerning the ability of the EU to safeguard t...
Book
Full-text available
The scope and extent of Europeanization among the member states of the European Union is all too often exaggerated by scholars of European integration. It has long been assumed that the mere existence of mechanisms designed to promote commonality between countries in the EU and to encourage a collective European identity has given credence to the i...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines judicial reforms in the new member states of the EU in a comparative perspective. It explores the interactions between domestic and European actors in the Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria and explains why the EU has had a differential impact on the way the principle of judicial independence has been implem...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the relationship between Europeanization and EU integration in the field of judicial politics. It claims that the process of Europeanization engenders contention which creates demands for increased supranational governance. To illustrate this duality, the article draws on the waves of reforms aiming to consolidate the independ...
Chapter
Over the past 15 years, research about Europeanization has developed as a main field for understanding the multiple facets of political change on the European continent. While the notion of Europeanization has generated vivid conceptual debates (Radaelli, 2000a; Olsen, 2002; Ladrech, 2002; Poguntke et al., 2007), its most widespread and basic under...
Chapter
The literature on Europeanization has developed impressively in recent years. Since the late 1990s, this concept has brought together scholars from different disciplines with a common interest in the process of change induced by the European Union (EU). Political scientists, anthropologists, sociologists and even scholars of legal studies have focu...
Article
Full-text available
Recent developments in Hungarian constitutional and judicial politics have given impetus to question not only the outcomes of democratisation and Europeanisation, but also the efficacy of the European Union’s compliance mechanisms. In 2010, Hungary, one of the forerunners in building democracy made the headlines with Fidesz’s attempts at adopting a...
Chapter
As in many recent democracies of Central and Eastern Europe, in Romania the process of judicial reform and modernization is still ongoing. Judicial reform began de jure after the collapse of the communist regime, when a new Constitution (1991) and a new Law on the Organization of the Judiciary (Law no. 92/1992) were adopted. The new democratic Cons...
Article
New Members States and the “old misunderstandings” of the European integration This article examines the discourse about the European Union (EU) of political elites in Slovenia, Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland, while their governments were holding the rotating presidency of the EU. It analyses how the core issues of European integration are disc...
Book
La question d’une hostilité, latente ou déclarée, vis-à-vis du procès d’intégration européenne est désormais d’une actualité évidente. Pour la première fois dans son histoire, la construction européenne pourrait être interrompue, ou du moins sérieusement ralentie, par la désaffection des électorats et de certains de ses dirigeants. Pourtant, tant l...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the functional representation in post-Communist Romania, addressing the question of interest groups regulation. Taking into account the novelty of this matter in the Romanian political system, the aim of this paper is to describe and understand why the question of regulating lobbying has entered the Romanian political agenda 1...
Article
This article analyzes the Rumanian response to the criteria required in the process of accession to the EU, pressures dictated by European regulations, namely the setting up of an independent judiciary system. Bearing in mind the lack of a European designed model so as to adjust communist inherited judiciary institutions, the article attempts at de...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
This is a call for applications for one full-time post-doctoral position that is part of a collaborative research project between the University of Cambridge and the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) funded by the Wiener-Anspach Foundation established in Brussels. The project investigates conflicts of sovereignty within the European Union, focusing on the manner in which traditional conflicts between supranational EU institutions and national sovereignty are increasingly being supplemented by conflicts at the national level between competing notions of sovereignty. Conflicts around sovereignty form the core of the scholarly and lay narratives on European integration. More integration at the EU level is associated with a transfer of sovereignty from nation states to supranational institutions. Resistance to ‘ever closer union’ is taken as evidence of a reassertion of national sovereignty. This project is premised upon the original hypothesis that the existential crisis faced by the EU over last decade cannot be reduced to a conflict between national sovereignty and supranational institutions but rather the result of conflicts at the national level between different conceptions of national sovereignty, specifically the struggle between popular and parliamentary visions of national sovereignty. This project will empirically test this hypothesis using three paradigmatic cases: constitutional reform in Poland regarding the rule of law, ratification of the EU Canada Comprehensive Trade Agreement (CETA) in Belgium and the UK’s decision to leave the EU (Brexit). The project will combine documentary research and process tracing with semi-structured elite interviews and a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the discourse over sovereignty articulated by the relevant parties.
Project