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Ramón Montes-Barquín

Ramón Montes-Barquín
Cultural Route of the Council of Europe "Prehistoric Rock Art Trails"

PhD Archaeology and Prehistory

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40
Publications
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950
Citations
Citations since 2017
5 Research Items
442 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100

Publications

Publications (40)
Chapter
Full-text available
A first overall evaluation of the project “Study of assemblages of red paintings of possible Palaeolithic chronology in the Autonomous Community of Cantabria”, that has been developing since 2016, is presented. 26 caves have been documented with an abundant record of mainly red paintings (generally without other associated techniques, such as engra...
Article
Evidence of the potential occurrence of Palaeolithic red paintings has been found in several caves in Cantabria since the 1980s. Awareness of those references led us to propose a research project aiming at exploring the caves with the most recent methods and techniques of graphic data acquisition and processing to the Government of the Autonomous C...
Article
Full-text available
We propose for the first time the use of the combination of two high-resolution techniques, dental wear (meso- and microwear) and dental cementum analyses, to gain a better understanding of Neanderthal subsistence strategies and occupational patterns. Dental wear analysis provides information not only on ungulate palaeodiet and palaeoenvironments b...
Article
Full-text available
We present the recently developed study of the Paleolithic graphic manifestations of the Cueva de Solviejo, in Voto (Cantabria). Due to the themes, the execution techniques used and their morpho-stylistic characters, it is attributable to an early phase of the Upper Paleolithic, with characteristics that point towards the Gravettian.
Article
Full-text available
The Iberian Peninsula is key for the study of the transition from the Middle to the Upper Palaeolithic in Europe, as well as for the replacement of Neanderthals by anatomically modern humans (AMH). On this subject, the most widespread misconception assumed that both human species coexisted during a certain period of time, after which Homo sapiens i...
Article
Full-text available
Cueto Grande Cave has a limited and homogeneous assemblage of Palaeolithic engravings that has been studied in 2014. The assemblage includes -at least- 4 (perhaps 5) partial representations of animals, some potential signs and some lines that it can be considered as “burin tests”. This assemblage completes a progressively larger list of little cave...
Article
The rock art in Altamira Cave was the first ensemble of Palaeolithic parietal art to be identified scientifically (Sautuola, 1880). Due to the great thematic, technical and stylistic variety of the art in the cave, which constitutes one of the most complete Palaeolithic art ensembles, Altamira was listed as World Heritage by UNESCO in 1985. Uranium...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Paleolithic cave art is an exceptional archive of early human symbolic behavior, but because obtaining reliable dates has been difficult, its chronology is still poorly understood after more than a century of study. We present uranium-series disequilibrium dates of calcite deposits overlying or underlying art found in three caves, including the UNE...
Article
Full-text available
The Iberian Peninsula plays a central role in the current debates on the Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition and the Neanderthal extinction. This is largely due to the chronological data which some authors have suggested show a clear divide between Northern Iberia, where the Upper Palaeolithic appeared as early as 36.5 ka 14C BP, and Southern Iber...
Article
Full-text available
Dating Cave Paintings A number of caves in Europe contain exquisite ancient art. Most of the art has been thought to be produced during the time of last glaciation by recently arrived modern humans, but dating of the art has been problematic because the art contains only minimal amounts of carbon for radiocarbon dating. Pike et al. (p. 1409 ; see t...
Article
Full-text available
Se presenta un nuevo conjunto parietal paleolítico descubierto recientemente en la cueva denominada "Los Moros de San Vitores". Este conjunto se compone de puntos y manchas rojas localizados en el vestíbulo de la cavidad y de un panel con grabados figurativos, cuatro cuadrúpedos y un posible signo, ubicado en el tramo final de la misma. El conjunto...
Article
Full-text available
El Museo Nacional y Centro de Investigación de Altamira desarrolla diferentes programas de investigación en relación a la mejora del conocimiento científico y a la conservación de la cueva de Altamira; sobre las colecciones del museo y su catalogación y documentación; sobre el Paleolítico superior y el arte rupestre, la especialidad del museo, y co...
Chapter
Full-text available
Excavation report of the roman levels in Colonia Colonia Flaviobriga (Castro Urdiales, Cantabria). -- Memoria de la excavación de niveles de época romana en la Colonia Flaviobriga (Castro Urdiales, Cantabria).
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we show the results of the archaeological interventions carried out in Respalacios during 2003-2004. This involved the full excavation of a deposit that was going to be affected by the construction of a new motorway. The most important elements found during the intervention are the foundations of a church of the Modern Age and 228 tom...
Article
Full-text available
This paper briefly describes some reflections about lithic technology, referring to the lithic production analysis technique of identifying chames opératoires. These considerations are the result of the work recently carried out in the mousterian levels of Cueva de Covalejos (Piélagos, Cantabria), within a research project which aims to establish a...
Article
We are introducing a new example of Paleolithic art, recently discovered in the cave known as “Los Moros de San Vitores”. This example consists of dots and red patches located in the main entrance of the cave and a panel with four engraved animals and a kind of sign, situated on its last part All these engravings, with their great stylistic and for...
Article
Full-text available
Cette petite cavité a souffert la destruction de sa partie antérieure et une importante altération du registre de la salle terminale. Stratégiquement située a l'entrée de la vallée de Buelna, elle fút occupée au moins durant le Magdalénien Supérieur-Final, comme le témoignent les industries retrouvées en surface. Les gravures rupestres conservées,...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Proposal of Inscription of Properties in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Management of the Property in terms of the World Heritage Convention: legal protection, conservation, research, dissemination
Project
Evidence of the potential occurrence of Palaeolithic red paintings has been found in several caves in Cantabria since the 1980s. Awareness of those references led us to propose a research project aiming at exploring the caves with the most recent methods and techniques of graphic data acquisition and processing to the Government of the Autonomous Community. Encouraged by the discovery of Cueva Auria in 2015, the project started in 2016. In a first stage, seven caves were selected for study with the systematic integrated application of lasergrammetry, photogrammetry, microphotography and multispectral sensor techniques. This high-resolution study has been able to confirm the existence of six new Palaeolithic cave art sites in Cantabria. The preliminary results of the project, programed to last for another two years, are most interesting from a scientific perspective.