Rami K. Isaac

Rami K. Isaac
Breda University of Applied Sciences · Tourism

PhD in Spatial Sciences

About

106
Publications
29,983
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1,230
Citations
Citations since 2017
66 Research Items
949 Citations
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Introduction
Rami K. Isaac currently works at Breda University of Applied Sciences. Their current project is 'Tourism in Palestine' Political aspects of Tourism, heritage tourism,
Additional affiliations
January 2002 - present
NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences and Bethlehem University
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (106)
Chapter
In Palestine, tourism is the backbone of the national economy, and pilgrimage accounts for a significant part. However, the social-cultural and economic impacts of tourism and specifically pilgrimage tourism, are not sufficiently studied. This chapter sets out to fill this gap-to analyse the socio-cultural and economic impacts of pilgrimage tourism...
Chapter
International tourists are genuinely conceived [of] as an opportunity for residents and refugees to tell their stories and have their stories known outside of Palestine. Tourists were expected to go back home and communicate, on their terms. These tourists were not only regarded as witnesses but also as participants in the realization of a new, hop...
Chapter
Several tour operators and NGOs are offering “alternative tours” in Palestine. This paper explores such tours and considers their potential contribution to hope and peace. We examine how these examples of ‘alternative tourism’ help to create a counter-discourse through the construction of ‘narratives of hope’. The article discusses the links betwee...
Article
The Israeli human rights organization B’Tselem has classified Israel as an ‘apartheid regime’ for the first time in its history of documenting human rights violations in occupied Palestine, the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. The primary goal of this conceptual paper is to investigate Israel’s exploitation of Palestinian tourism and...
Article
Full-text available
This research aims to gain a better understanding of the impact of terrorism on risk perceptions and attitudes of Dutch travel behavior towards Egypt. The research process involved an online self-administered method created with one of the leading research and web-based survey tools called Qualtrics. The questionnaire was filled in by 414 responden...
Book
This book provides original, innovative, and international tourism research that is embedded in interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary theoretical and methodological thought in the study of dark tourism. It is almost 25 years since the idea of dark tourism was introduced and presented into the field of tourism studies. The impact of this idea was...
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Introduction Terrorism and politically related conflicts like civil wars are said to have a bigger impact on a destination than a natural or human-caused disaster, since the level of perceived risk and uncertainty about the destination increases. This particularly intimidates (potential) tourists and has an impact on tourism demand. Terrorism, p...
Article
of the Dutch market Purpose – This paper aims to analyse what drives and limits the Dutch population during COVID-19 in their intention to travel for leisure once travel restrictions have been lifted, in order to gain an insight in the psychological travel barriers following a period of crisis. Design/methodology/approach - The research process in...
Chapter
Tourism is an important economic sector for many countries worldwide. According to UNWTO (2018), it represents 10% of the world’s GDP and is responsible for one in every ten jobs around the globe. In 2017 there was a growth in the number of international tourist arrivals reaching 1,326 million (UNWTO, 2018). As a country that benefits from tourism...
Article
This special issue of Journal of Heritage Tourism on dark tourism aims to encourage and advance theoretical, conceptual, and empirical research on dark tourism. The call for papers was inspired by the editor’s theoretical and research interest in dark tourism studies. The collection of articles in this special issue provides original, innovative an...
Article
This research aims to investigate the impacts of Covid-19 on Bethlehem and examine the potential recovery strategies for the tourism sector during and after the pandemic. This research contributes in fulfilling intriguing gaps in literature on the impacts of Covid-19 on Bethlehem. All data collected were in the period of August and September 2020....
Article
This study aims to examine the impact of terrorism on risk perception and travel behaviour of the Dutch market towards Sri Lanka. The research process involved an online self-administered method created with one of the leading research and web based survey tools called Qualtrics. The questionnaire filled in by 328 respondents. Findings indicate tha...
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Tipping is a social norm in many countries and has important functions as a source of income, with significant social welfare effects. Tipping can also represent a form of lost tax revenue, as service workers and restaurants may not declare all cash tips. These interrelationships remain generally insufficiently understood. This paper presents the r...
Chapter
Full-text available
Palestine is a physical and symbolic space of great importance to three major monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The land of many narratives stands in the midst of dynamic interactions that affect many aspects of people’s lives. Protecting, conserving, and promoting heritage and history for development are essential responsib...
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Abstract Many people have the means and opportunities to travel easily and freely compared to the past. Although, the freedom of travel and the right to travel are far from being globally recogniszed as human rights. For some travelers, the freedom of movement is dominated by one’s race, nationality, and particularly gender. Drawing on my personal...
Article
The aim of this research is to get a better understanding of the influence of terrorism on risk perceptions and attitudes of the German travel behaviour towards Egypt, a country that is one of the main destinations for German holidaymakers within the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The research process involved an online self-administer...
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Pilgrimage Tourism to Palestine: The ‘come and see’ initiative in Palestine Rami K. Isaac, Center for Sustainability, Tourism and Transport Breda University of Applied Sciences, The Netherlands This chapter aims to explore the new phenomena “Come and See” that are gaining ground in Palestine targeting pilgrimage market. Under the slogan of “Comes...
Article
Purpose This study aims to examine the impact of terrorism on risk perception and travel behaviour of the Dutch market towards Sri Lanka. Design/methodology/approach The research process involved an online self-administered method created with one of the leading research and web-based survey tools called Qualtrics. The questionnaire was filled in...
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Abstract This study aims at identifying whether the communicated brand promise of Vancouver’s newly established destination brand is in line with the brand experience perceived by tourists visiting the city. The methods employed qualitative field research and semi-structured interviews with industry experts and tourists. The findings reveal that th...
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Abstract This chapter goes over the importance of Palestinian cities for the Islamic and Halal tourism sector, and dissects the issues and problems that prevent this type of tourism from flourishing in recent years, due to political and economic instability. In addition, this chapter suggests new concepts in the Halal sector, such as Halal voluntee...
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This special issue of International Journal of Tourism Cities on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and Ethics in Tourism was originally conceived as a point of departure for a call for papers based on the international conference on Tourism, Ethics and Global Citizenship: Connecting the dots in Apeldoorn, the Netherlands. The conference was co-...
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This study aims to understand how alternative tourism can contribute to the destination image of Palestine, given its negative image in the media. It proposes a framework for various destination image aspects and applies this framework in the context of alternative tourism in Palestine. It seeks to explore the key image formation factors, the perce...
Book
Tourism and Hospitality in Conflict-ridden Destinations provides insight into the various types of current and post‐conflict destinations worldwide and the steps that might be taken to transform them into future tourist destinations. Through both a conceptual and demonstrative approach, this book examines the steps Destination Management Organiza...
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The aim of this paper is to address the issue of how Dutch customers have reacted to increases in threat levels, both real and perceived, and to explore the role of the tour operators in their own destination choices. The research process involved a self-administered survey conducted at different central train stations in the Netherlands and the Du...
Book
Tourism and Hospitality in Conf lict-Ridden Destinations provides insight into the various types of current and post-conf lict destinations worldwide and the steps that might be taken to transform them into future tourist destinations. Through both a conceptual and demonstrative approach, this book examines the steps destination management organiza...
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This study examined the motivations to visit concentration camp memorial sites in the Netherlands. Nine hundred and seventy-five Dutch respondents participated in a panel survey. The data were analysed by means of an exploratory factor analysis, to yield underlying motivational factors. The findings revealed that potential visitors were motivated t...
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In this review article, Isaac and Platenkamp argue that during the 1930s and 1940s of the previous century, concepts like “critical” and “essence” were still defined and understood in the tradition of what increasing numbers of academics called “Critical Theory.” However, they suggest that since then the situation has significantly changed. In thei...
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In our introduction to this volume, we provide a chronological discussion of science and power relations in the academia and set the scene for the articles featured in this special issue. This endnote works to a reverse formula, looking forward and seeking if not to unweave the dominating discourse of centrality in the tourism academia and pointing...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Introduction Overtourism’ is a relatively new term in the public and academic debate on negative consequences of tourism. However, the phenomenon itself is not a new one, as problematic forms of tourism crowding and their effects on local communities and environment have been studied for decades. Yet, there is much evidence that the character of...
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Edward Said had warned in 1995 that “only by first projecting an idea of Jerusalem could Israel then proceed to the changes on the ground [which] would then correspond to the images and projections”. Israel’s idea of Jerusalem, as elaborated in its master plans – for ethnic cleansing – involves maximizing the number of Jews and reducing the number...
Book
This volume provides valuable insight into the phenomenon of tourism in the Arab world, particularly from the industry perspective. This volume is indeed the first book to examine the Arab tourism from a business view point. It focuses on planning, management and marketing of destinations in the Arab world. It discusses the confusion between Muslim...
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Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to get a better understanding of the influence of terrorism on risk perception and attitudes of the German travel behavior toward Turkey as a destination in crisis, which has been considered one of the biggest losers for 2016. Design/methodology/approach The research process involved an online self-administered...
Chapter
According to Nietzsche, European civilization has entered a phase of nihilism. The catastrophes of the twentieth century confirm this image. Adorno’s moral dictum that art and thinking become impossible after the Holocaust refers to this image (Isaac and Platenkamp, 2015; Tiedemann, 2003). Western morality has ended in a form of relativism that rej...
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According to Nietzsche, the European civilization has entered a phase of nihilism. The catastrophes of the 20th century confirmed this image. Western morality has ended in a form of relativism that rejects any substantial value in the everyday life of the Western world. This pessimistic line of thought suggests the end of identity. Identities are n...
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Travel for religious reasons dates back to the Roman, Greek, Egyptian and Indus Valley civilizations, and is possibly the oldest and most predominant type of travel in human history (Jackowski & Smith, 1992; Rinschede, 1992; Timothy & Boyd, 2006). For thousands of years, people have been travelling to places considered sacred to meet or to worship...
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After the Oslo Peace Process between Palestine and Israel, the Palestinian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities was established and which took responsibility for recognizing and supporting the tourism industry in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The Ministry accomplished a lot, reorganizing internal transportation, developing tourism agencies and r...
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This study explored Dutch people's expected intensity of emotional responses of a potential visit to a concentration camp memorial site in the Netherlands. A total of 1050 online panel members participated in a questionnaire that contained a 33-item emotion scale. Results reveal that individuals with a closeness to the Holocaust expect to feel most...
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Hiking is nowadays amongst the most popular leisure and holiday activities in Europe. According to some studies (Kouchener and Lyard, 2000, cited in Kastenholz & Rodrigues, 2007), in Italy and France there are more than three million hikers, in the UK the number rises to ten millions, while more than thirty per cent of the wedish population use to...
Article
TRANSFORMATIONAL HOST COMMUNITIES: JUSTICE TOURISM AND THE WATER REGIME IN PALESTINE In this article, Isaac argues that since 1948, Israel's control of water resources has been the result of military actions that forced between 700,000 and 800,000 Palestinians into exile and claimed the most fertile part of the disputed territory for the state. It...
Article
EXPLORING THE ROLE OF SCIENCE AND POWER RELATIONS IN TOURISM STUDIES: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE SPECIAL ISSUE RAMI K. ISAAC AND ERDINҪ ҪAKMAK Academy for Tourism, NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences This special issue of Tourism, Culture & Communication on “Tourism and Power: Science, culture and society” advances theoretical, conceptual, and...
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Drawing Tourism to Conflict-ridden Destinations The collection of articles in this special issue provides original and innovative research studies that are embedded with interdisciplinary theoretical, conceptual, and methodological thought in the study of destination marketing and branding. The emphasis is on critically interpreting the theoretica...
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Recently two publications, the article “The Tourism Knowledge System” (Tribe & Liburd, 2016) and the edited book Tourism Research Paradigms: Critical and Emergent Knowledges ( Munar & Jamal, 2016a) have tried to update and rethink tourism epistemology. What follows is a commentary that challenges and discusses a few of the key concepts and argument...
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The premise for this paper is that tourism scholars researching in Israel and Palestine are, in effect, actors in the geopolitical landscape of the Holy Land. Political tourism (characterized through a shared definition with Micheletti’s ((2003). Political Virtue and Shopping. New York: Palgrave Macmillan) political consumerism) is a significant fa...
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It is important to understand emotion clusters in darker forms of tourism (Stone & Sharpley, 2008), because such clusters allow for a better insight into the emotional experience of tourists by providing a basis to study potential causes and consequences in such a context. In hedonic contexts tourists are drawn to destinations because of the positi...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the motives and emotions of Western tourists visiting Tuol Sleng Genocide Prison Museum in Phnom Penh, Cambodia and further contribute to a deeper understanding of the dark tourism consumption. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected from popular travel blog sites. This study employs variou...
Book
Full-text available
Tourism in Palestine has been receiving an increasingly important profile given its economic and religious importance and the significant role it plays in Israeli-Palestinian relations, representation of Palestinian statehood and identity, and wider Middle Eastern politics. Nevertheless, Palestine, like much of the Middle East as a whole, remains e...
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Introduction State branding is about promoting a state’s image, products and resources for tourism, public diplomacy and foreign direct investment (FDI) by means of strategic destination marketing. States, like products, compete with each other for getting competitive advantage in a world of 206 sovereign states (International Olympic Committee, 20...
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The aim of this chapter is twofold: first an analysis of how tourism/pilgrimage could be re-shaped in Bethlehem in order to meet the needs of the widest cross section of Palestinians and a consideration of the significance of UNESCO World Heritage designation in Star Street in Bethlehem and second, how this might be extended with a close considerat...
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Understanding the Motivations and Emotions of Visitors at Tuol Sleng Genocide Prison Museum (S-21) in Phnom Penh, Cambodia Abstract Purpose – This study further our understanding in examining the motives and emotions of Western tourists visiting Tuol Sleng Genocide prison museum in Phnom Penh, Cambodia and contribute to a deeper understanding of t...
Article
It is almost 20 years since the idea of dark tourism was introduced into tourism studies, which was still predominantly viewed as a fun-based activity with a potential for a beneficent cross-cultural understanding. The suggestion that it could have dark attributes was both novel and shocking. Once introduced, the idea offered new insights into the...
Article
The aim of this article is to deconstruct the utopian character of Israel by analysing the case of Rachel's Tomb in Bethlehem. In this illustration of how cultural heritage became dominated by Israel's utopia, this article proposes to create an inspirational alternative. Therefore, two tales of Bethlehem will be juxtaposed. Participatory observatio...
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This study begins to fill the gap in tourism literature in examining the tourism structures from the perspective of a socialist-market economy with a single-party political system like Vietnam. At present, Central Vietnam (CV) has three different types of administrative layers and existing different tourism structures of destination management orga...
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This paper is about Grūtas, a Lithuanian park museum near Druskininkai featuring recovered Soviet-era artifacts. This study fills the gap in literature on people's emotions and reactions dealing with an unwanted past, and an undesirable heritage. Visits to sites associated with occupation, death and suffering are considered emotionally laden. Data...
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This study begins to fill the gap in research of people's motivations to visit sites of death and suffering and to contribute to a deeper understanding of dark tourism consumption within dark conflict sites. The article aims to examine the motivations of visitors to former transit camp Westerbork as an iconic dark site in the Netherlands. The resea...
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The understanding of visitor images is an important subject for tourism destination marketers. Although an increasing number of empirical studies explore images of several tourism destinations worldwide, limited research has been focussed on the tourism destination image of conflict areas. This study examines the image of Bethlehem by analysing Bet...
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In this critical review article an adopted framework from critical theorists will be introduced in order to question the alleged neutral objectivity in social scientific discussion. This old discussion—on value free science—becomes increasingly evident through the illustration of the relevant example of how academics concealed their positions of ne...
Article
In this critical review article, Isaac and Platenkamp present the case that tourism is not isolated from the world's dramatic situations in which humanity is at stake. Their argument principally centers on the devastating historical and contemporary conflict in Palestine and its relations with tourism. In this article, Isaac and Platenkamp maintain...
Chapter
Palestine has experienced division and occupation for several decades with severe effects on tourism to that area and to the Holy sites such as Bethlehem, Jericho, Nablus, Ramallah and East Jerusalem. This chapter presents an analysis of the ramifications of tourism in an environment effectively controlled by an external power – Israel – with subse...
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Within a field that has prioritized ideas of a global tourism industry impacting on a local environment, less attention has been given to regional, cultural, and geographic differences and parallels. A problematic concern in the study of tourism was perhaps the lack of contextualization and the integration of the units of analysis (e.g., tourist de...
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traveling to places associated with death is not a new phenomenon. People have long been drawn, purposefully or otherwise, towards sites, attractions, and events linked in one way or another with death, suffering, violence, or disaster. war-related attractions, though diverse, are a subset of the totality of tourist sites associated with death and...
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This commentary summarizes the conference held in Bethlehem from 30 April–1 May 2010 entitled ‘Sumud and the Wall Conference’. It further explores the relationship between the (colonization of) life worlds of the Palestinian people and the tensions between life worlds and political systems. Finally it moves on to link the relevance of this to touri...
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Justice tourism is emerging as a social phenomenon worthy of further critical examination and conceptualisation. Justice tourism can be described as a form of purposeful travel directly aiming to meet criteria of social, political and environmental sustainability. Although, many of the concepts falling under justice tourism have been around since t...
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Since the beginning of the twentieth century, Palestine has seen complicated changes in its political circumstances, most notably the creation of Israel in 1948 and the 1967 war, where Israel occupied the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. These events have created catastrophic political, economic and social facts which deeply affected the life of the P...
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This second volume examines detailed methodological examples of visual concepts and their use and value in advancing knowledge and understanding of tourism beyond business and economics. The 17 chapters that make up this book can be divided into four separate but interconnected methodological categories: semiotics/symbolism; visual sociology/photo-...
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The objectives of this book are threefold: (i) to identify and learn from examples of a positive relationship between tourism and peace; (ii) to make available the output of and to stimulate further academic research and scholarship focused on the tourism and peace proposition; and (iii) to move on from the original question of whether tourism cont...
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Full-text available
Palestine"s main attraction for a large proportion of visitors is the status of Palestine as the Holy Land. Pilgrims have visited the country from all over the world. The violence between the Palestinians and Israelis has caused a drastic reduction in pilgrimages. With virtually no access to religious sites, the blockade of border crossing points,...

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