Ralf-Martin Soe

Ralf-Martin Soe
Tallinn University of Technology | TTU

About

30
Publications
22,240
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178
Citations

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
Environmental awareness and technological advancements for self-driving cars are close to making autonomous vehicles (AV) a reality in everyday scenarios and a part of smart cities’ transportation systems. The perception of safety and trust towards AVs of passengers and other agents in the urban scenario, being pedestrians, cyclists, scooter driver...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates on long-term challenges faced by local governments. Using empirical evidence from Estonia, this paper aims to help fill a research gap in that there is a lack of a systematic approach on how to analyze common urban challenges via direct involvement of local governments. In terms of conceptual framework, a unique combination...
Article
Full-text available
As a network of connected sensors to transform data into knowledge, Urban Platforms have been rooted in several smart city projects. However, this has often resulted in them being no more than IoT dashboards. More recently, there has been an increased interest in supporting the data governance and distributed architecture of Urban Platforms in orde...
Article
Full-text available
Autonomous solutions for transportation are emerging worldwide, and one of the sectors that will benefit the most from these solutions is the public transport by shifting toward the new paradigm of Mobility as a Service (MaaS). Densely populated areas cannot afford an increase in individual transportation due to space limitation, congestion, and po...
Article
Full-text available
By exploring and defining characteristics of a smart city research and innovation centre, we contribute to the discussion on smart city development capacity. To do so, using a qualitative method, we review definitions of the concept and map international groups and institutes affiliated with this domain. Our main result is an overview of global res...
Article
Full-text available
Autonomous vehicles (AVs) are moving from test areas to the streets, which is one of the key components of smart cities and the future of mobility as a service (MaaS). In 2020, two AV services were operated in Tallinn. This paper focuses on one of these services, and its set-up process. The pilot project took place in Ülemiste City, a tech park wit...
Chapter
Full-text available
Autonomous driving is becoming increasingly popular worldwide. Currently, there is a high number of successful use cases and pilot projects around the world, but the market solutions are limited to restricted areas and advanced driving assistance systems. The main reason is the challenging shift from simulation and test tracks to the real world, wh...
Chapter
This paper is interested in the interplay between smart governance and urban mobility planning in the context of smart city. Mobility is one of the key urban domains, thus, it is crucial to analyze the governance models behind it, especially from two perspectives: participation of stakeholders and decision-making procedures. More specifically, this...
Article
Full-text available
The main interest of this paper is to analyze the gap between an existing city and its future vision set in the strategy, with a focus on the transition path towards becoming a Smart City. For the analyses, we used the example of Tallinn, a middle-sized European capital city acknowledged in innovation reports as a good example of a Smart City devel...
Chapter
Full-text available
The rapid development of intelligent control techniques has brought changes to the automotive industry and led to the development of autonomous or self-driving vehicles. This paper presents self-driving autonomous vehicle (AV) shuttles in the smart city context and discusses different aspects necessary to consider when deploying AV shuttles. The sm...
Article
Full-text available
The main interest of this paper is to analyze the mobility acceptance factors of an automated shuttle bus last-mile service. There is limited research on the passengers’ perception of security and safety of automated mobility, whereas prior research is mostly based on surveys interested in attitudes towards self-driving vehicles, without being link...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter aims to develop an empirical roadmap for the public sector on how to implement automated transport in the urban context. This is a theory-driven and empirics-tested approach, meaning that innovation concepts and smart city frameworks will be mapped with examples from the real-life urban cases. It is expected that smart city aims to sol...
Article
Full-text available
Urban transportation in the next few decades will shift worldwide toward electrification and automation, with the final aim of increasing energy efficiency and safety for passengers. Such a big change requires strong collaboration and efforts among public administration, research and stakeholders in developing, testing and promoting these technolog...
Preprint
Full-text available
Urban transportation in the next few decades will shift worldwide towards electrification and automation, with the final aim of increasing energy efficiency and safety for passengers. Such a big change requires strong collaboration and efforts among public administration, research and stakeholders in developing, testing and promoting these technolo...
Preprint
Urban transportation in the next few decades will shift worldwide towards electrification and automation, with the final aim of increasing energy efficiency and safety for passengers. Such a big change requires strong collaboration and efforts among public administration, research and stakeholders in developing, testing and promoting these technolo...
Thesis
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This thesis analyses the rising phenomena of smart cities in the case of two Northern- European cities: Helsinki and Tallinn, and it is interested in how cities can become smart jointly. In general, the administrative and legal set-up of cities has a strong tendency to be horizontal, with digital innovations introduced in isolation. This vertical d...
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces a new dimension to conceptualising smart cities - a cross-border approach for heterogeneous cities. There is a mutual agreement between smart city scholars that cities are smart when they reduce silos and enable better flow of data between city functions and services. This paper focuses on the cross-border aspect of smart citi...
Article
This paper discusses how local governments can team up for joint service provision, be more adaptive towards new technological and organisational changes and introduce novel services following main industry trends (e.g. predictive analytics, autonomous vehicles and artificial intelligence). The conceptual approach is to use Public Value (PV) as the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This project will demonstrate how ICT-based solutions can contribute to saving energy by motivating behavioural change of energy end-users. The project will demonstrate how energy service providers can be more open (involvement of end-users and other energy market participants) and innovative (open living lab concept for co-creation and co-design p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In general, most smart city researchers agree that population growth is driving the need for smart cities but there is very limited, if any, conceptual and empirical cases that explain the role of demographics (and ageing) as a driver of smart cities and its effect on future urban healthcare costs. This research paper proposes a new conceptual fram...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The FINEST Twins aims to build a smart-city Center of Excellence (CoE) based in Estonia capable of mobilising all leading actors and stakeholders in Estonia and establish a solid long term partnership with their Helsinki region counterparts, capitalising on the macro region's scientific knowledge, innovativeness and entrepreneurship. The smart city...
Conference Paper
This paper looks into how cities can offer joint digital services in the cross-border areas. By fact, most digital services are local and by large, most of them are developed in isolation from the neighbouring local governments, either national or international. In the digital area, this is a huge challenge, as independently developed digital servi...

Projects

Project (1)