Raju Vaishya

Raju Vaishya
Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals · Orthopaedics and Joint Replacement Surgery

MBBS, MS, MCh (L'pool), FRCS (Lon), FACS (USA)
Senior Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon Editor in Chief JOO, JOREP, JASSM, Apollo Med; EBM: Int.Orthop, IJO, JCOT, DMSCRR

About

697
Publications
617,363
Reads
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7,769
Citations
Introduction
I am working as Professor and Sr. Consultant at the Institute of Orthopaedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi. We have a busy academic unit, which is involved in original research work and publish in large numbers every year. We offer a joint fellowship for younger surgeons, in arthroplasty and arthroscopy. I am the Past President, ICS and ACF. I am the EIC of JOO, Apollo Medicine & JOREP. My present interest is in joint preservation techniques, 3Dprinting, research, publication
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals
Position
  • Professor
April 1996 - April 2014
Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals
Position
  • Professor & Sr Consultant Orthopaedic Surgery
Description
  • My area of interests are joint replacement and arthroscopic surgery, with added interest in cartilage restoration techniques like ACI.
April 1996 - April 2015
Apollo Hospitals
Position
  • Professor and Sr Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon
Education
July 2008 - July 2020
Royal College of Surgeons of England
Field of study
  • Orthopaedic Surgery
January 1990 - December 1990
University of Liverpool
Field of study
  • Orthopaedics
March 1987 - December 1989

Publications

Publications (697)
Article
One hundred patients with radial neck fractures treated at the Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital, Alder Hey, were analyzed. Excellent and good results were obtained consistently after closed manipulation. Open reduction was often followed by a fair or poor result. Operative correction should not be attempted unless the radial head is displaced >...
Article
Immediate diagnosis and surgical treatment of acacia thorn injury results in complete cure. Delay or late presentation results in morbidity. The features of this disorder are presented in a series of 22 patients. The principles of treatment can be applied to all other types of thorn injury.
Article
Fourteen patients with displaced fractures of the humeral capitellum were treated by open reduction and internal fixation of the capitellar fragments with Herbert screws. As per Bryan and Morrey classification, there were seven type I fractures, one type II fracture, three type III fractures, and three non-unions. Patient outcomes were evaluated us...
Article
Resistant nonunion of distal femoral fractures in the elderly is a great challenge to treat because it is often associated with multiple problems like poor bone quality, arthritis, disuse osteopenia, joint contractures, and implant failure. We treated ten patients with megaprosthesis and report the outcome. Ten elderly patients of resistant nonunio...
Article
Two cases of isolated fracture and dorsal dislocation of the tarsal navicular are reported. Analysis of the mechanism of injury is made, and it is suggested that the dislocation of the tarsal navicular does not occur without a fracture because of anatomical considerations. The necessity for accurate reduction and internal fixation to hold the fract...
Presentation
Implant selection for THR should be individualized for each patient. Cemented implants have proven successful, if good cementation is done and highly polished, non collared, tapered stem is used. Non cemented implants are considered ideal for the younger patients with good bone stock. Multiple choices of bearings are available: The most popular bei...
Article
Modern and innovative technologies are rapidly penetrating the clinical practices of Orthopaedic Surgeons. The ones that have proved successful for clinical use are Additive Manufacturing/3D printing, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, Smart sensors, and Orthobiologics. Industry 5.0 revolution has helped provide personalised treatment by integratin...
Article
Background Artificial Intelligence (AI) has improved the way of looking at technological challenges. Today, we can afford to see many of the problems as just an input-output system rather than solving from the first principles. The field of Orthopaedics is not spared from this rapidly expanding technology. The recent surge in the use of AI can be a...
Article
Purpose: This study aimed to examine India's orthopaedic research output during 2002-2021 to analyze the research characteristics and publication performances of leading organizations, authors, and cities, the core journals publishing research, broad subject areas, sub-specialties, and the classification by anatomical location, the subject areas o...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Background and Objectives: Starting in early December 2019, the novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) from infection with COVID-19 has caused a global pandemic. Many aspects of its pathogenesis and related clinical consequences are still unclear. Early diagnosis and dynamic monitoring of prognostic factors are essential to improve the abil...
Article
Full-text available
AIM To assess gender-specific authorship trends in musculoskeletal (MSK) radiology in three major radiology journals, Skeletal Radiology (SR), Clinical Radiology (CR) and Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging (IJRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective analysis of articles pertaining to MSK radiology was done for the years 2000, 2010, and 2020 f...
Article
A senior Arthroplasty surgeon shares his experience of TKA as a surgeon, and as a patient after his own surgery. He believes that well-performed surgery is only the ‘half battle won’ and as a patient one needs intense motivation, willingness to participate in the rehabilitation process, coping with pain, and tremendous family support.https://web.si...
Article
Background and aims Scientific publications from India and Asiatic countries are on rising in the last decade. We have attempted to analyze the growth (over the last 3 years) of various important journals being published from India in various medical fields, especially in the specialty of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism. Methods We used th...
Article
Introduction Kinematic alignment (KA) has increased in popularity in recent years, becoming a viable alternative to MA with encouraging short- and mid-term follow-up results. Recently, the concept of restricted kinematic alignment (rKA) has been developed to restore native knee kinematics better, avoiding failure of coronal alignment. This systemat...
Article
Background Quality and patient safety are the driving forces for resilient healthcare organizations. However, the healthcare leadership is central to the role of establishing the values of quality and patient safety in the organization. This task becomes extremely challenging when the safety culture has to be built across a large hospital network....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The aim of this study is to compare the functional outcomes and osteoarthritis (OA) progression after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with either hamstring autografts or allografts in people over 50. Methods The clinical records of two consecutive cohorts of 61 cases in total over 50 years of age, undergoing ACL reconstruct...
Article
Background The fifth industrial revolution, which is also known as Industry 5.0, involves the interaction of human intelligence and cognitive computing to deliver personalised products. Industry 5.0 is an advancement on the inherent pillars of Industry 4.0 revolution with the ‘Personalisation of Automation and Efficiency’. Aims In this article, we...
Article
A young adult man in 20s presented with bow leg deformity of both the knees, since childhood and bilateral knee pain for the last 4 years. Plain radiographs of both the knees confirmed bilateral genu varum deformity, more on the right side (16.2°) as compared with left (12.3°). He was managed surgically by a single-stage bilateral medial opening we...
Article
Introduction Manuscript preparation, submission, and appropriate revision can be difficult tasks. Any lack in these processes can lead to manuscript rejection and author's dissatisfaction. Methods We have searched the PubMed and Google scholar and collected information regarding causes of manuscript rejection, correct steps and order of manuscript...
Article
We believe that the technology and innovation will drive the future of orthopaedic surgery with enhanced collaboration between the man, machine, and robotic systems. The key is to embrace technology and not fear it! The Orthopaedic community should welcome and adopt technology, for the benefit of patients. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007...
Article
Quadrupled arthroplasties of the lower limb are required mostly in cases with chronic and severe inflammatory arthritis. There may be a requirement of additional surgery for the foot and ankle or joints of an upper limb, especially in inflammatory arthritis, to improve the functional outcomes. The patient’s self-motivation and patient selection for...
Article
Full-text available
I am highly satisfied with the progress of JASSM that has been made during its first 2 years of the journey and hope that its success story would continue and reach many more landmarks and milestones in the future, to make it a leading journal in Asia.
Article
There appears to be tremendous interest in learning the skills, tips, and tricks of academic publications, particularly in the Indian subcontinent. Such academic teaching endeavors as undertaken by the 1st Journal of Orthopaedics® Research Methods & Paper Review course will unquestionably enhance scholarly output including peer-review publications....
Article
Full-text available
The Journal of Orthopaedic Reports (JOREP) is shaping and coming up well, in a short span of (less than 3 months) time. Since its official launch at the beginning of March 2022, it has published two issues including 32 articles, including mini case series, review articles, case reports, clinical images, and surgical techniques.
Article
Background Periprosthetic tibial fractures in Total Knee Arthroplasty are much less commonly seen than femoral fractures, and there is a paucity of available literature and management recommendation for these fractures. We aimed to identify the relevant and up-to-date literature on this subject to analyse the incidence, risk factors, and management...
Presentation
Full-text available
Research and Publication have been the forte of the western world until recently. Now the Asiatic countries have taken a leap in these fields. China has taken over the first rank from the US, for the first time and the ranking of India has moved to 7 from 11, in the last decade.
Article
Full-text available
Background Transient Migratory Osteoporosis (TMO) is a self-limiting and non-destructive condition, that migrates from one major weight-bearing joint of the lower limb to the other in a sequential manner. It is observed commonly in middle-aged men, and its diagnosis is delayed often due to the absence of early radiographic changes. An early diagnos...
Presentation
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This presentation emphasizes the importance of Research and Publications for Orthopaedic Surgeons.
Presentation
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This presentation provides tips and tricks for publishing arthroscopy and sports medicine-related research.
Article
Modern technologies offer several new applications and have several benefits in health‑care delivery. These technologies include the Internet of things, artificial intelligence, wearable devices, telemedicine, virtual reality, and robotics. These enable targeted personalized health and well‑being services. At present, the pharmaceutical industry is...
Article
Background Glomus tumors are benign and seldom seen. They arise from the glomus body. They account for 1-6 percent of all soft tissue tumors in the upper extremity specially hand. Due to a lack of awareness of this entity, and their non- obvious location, the diagnosis is delayed frequently. Case Report We present a case of an adult male, where th...
Article
Full-text available
Poly-Ether-Ether-Ketone (PEEK) is among the newer special thermoplastic engineering plastics and has shown reasonable biological, mechanical, and chemical properties. Compared to traditional biomaterials such as metals, PEEK has the advantage of less stress shielding, is lightweight, avoids adverse reactions caused by metallic ions, compatible with...
Article
We are delighted to announce the launch of the Journal of Orthopaedic Reports (JOREP), with its inaugural issue getting published in March 2022. It is a companion journal of a well-established Journal of Orthopaedics or JOO and an official publication of the Prof. PK Surendran Memorial Educational Foundation and Indo Korean Orthopaedic Foundation....
Article
Background Obesity is a significant risk factor for developing knee osteoarthritis, and these cases suffer from complications following Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA). An association between obesity and outcome after TKA is ambiguous. Knowledge is scarce about a definite relation between the two. This study aims to establish a correlation between ob...
Presentation
Full-text available
Review articles are an important source of providing useful information based on previously published data and articles. These are several types, but broadly three types: Narrative, Current Concept, and Systematic Reviews. It is important to understand the differences in these types and know how to conduct the research and write these reviews.
Presentation
Full-text available
Doing Research is daunting and getting it published is even tougher. I say 'Research is Repulsive, but Publication is Addictive'. This presentation highlights the importance of Research and Publications and gives some insight into these fields.
Article
India has moved up its publications ranking globally to fourth, and to second amongst Asiatic countries in 2020, in all subject areas. In Diabetes journals the Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews is the fastest growing journal with the highest Cite Scoree, currently.
Article
A 25-year-old pregnant woman reported suffering from an aggressive giant cell tumour of the distal humerus extending into the elbow joint. The successful management required a careful evaluation of the various treatment options due to her pregnancy. Surgical excision of the mass was performed. The residual bone defect was reconstructed with an elbo...
Article
Full-text available
The Industry 4.0 revolution has made it possible for the manufacturing of newly customised implants, tools, devices instruments for the medical field. Sensor technology uses embedded or surface devices that detect physical, chemical, biological signals and provide a way of interpretation of these signals to be measured and recorded. Sensor technolo...
Article
Purpose Bibliometric studies have been established methods of analysing publications on a particular topic. These studies have been done on various orthopaedic topics and are increasing. The advantages of these studies have been highlighted in previous publications. Although some studies have been done on Indian publications from other specialties,...
Article
Ultracongruent and standard cruciate-retaining insert designs have comparable outcomes and survivorship. The differences observed are not clinically significant. Based on current evidence, arthroplasty surgeons could use either of these inserts with equivalent clinical results. https://rdcu.be/cEJKp
Article
In the COVID‑19 outbreak, drones can provide essential support to fight the virus. Varieties of drones are used to monitor the lockdown situation. These were used to control the crowd in public places during the COVID‑19 outbreak. The people who are not wearing a mask are identified quickly, and drones are helpful to spray disinfectants in public s...
Presentation
Full-text available
The importance of Research and Publication is gaining increasing recognition, in recent times. Choosing a Research topic is the crucial first step toward it. This presentation highlights these two aspects.
Article
Full-text available
Apollo Medicine has gained recognition worldwide during its journey so far, with an excellent international representation of the Editorial Board members, authors, and readers. The submissions to our Journal have progressively increased in recent times. We have been publishing supplementary issues for the last 2 years, in addition to the four Quart...
Article
Full-text available
It is indeed satisfying to see the growth of the Journal of Arthroscopic Surgery and Sports Medicine (JASSM), since its launch in April 2020. In lesser than 2 years, we are publishing the 5th issue, without any break. We have been publishing all article types, related to Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine and have published 56 articles so far. Some of...
Article
The JOO has seen phenomenal growth since its inception in lesser than a decade. It has achieved abstracting and indexing in almost all the major databases. There has been a healthy trend of continuously rising h-index, and cite score, which is significant. The published articles in the JOO are receiving a good number of citations that are increasin...
Article
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617.2 (Delta) variant was first identified in the state of Maharashtra in late 2020 and spread throughout India, outcompeting pre-existing lineages including B.1.617.1 (Kappa) and B.1.1.7 (Alpha)1. In vitro, B.1.617.2 is 6-fold less sensitive to serum neutralising antibodies from recovered individuals, and 8-fold less sensitive t...
Article
Background Various joint preserving treatments are available for use in Avascular Necrosis of the femoral head. Most of these are effective in the pre-collapse stage of the disease. This review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of core decompression and Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate in various stages of AVN, in modifying the progression of the...
Article
Osteoarticular Tuberculosis (TB) of the Sacroiliac (SI) joint is an uncommon site affected by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis infection. The SI joint is involved in approximately 5–10% of all cases of TB. Diagnosis of SI joint TB can be delayed in early stages due to its varied and hidden presentation and probability of being confused with other spinal...
Article
Charcot’s joint is a type of neuro-arthropathy, where asymmetrical damage of the involved joint happens haphazardly, without following any described pattern. We present a rare case of Charcot’s joint involving the knee joint in an adult male following spina bifida. His knee joint was successfully fused after two surgeries. Later, he sustained a fra...
Article
The submissions of JCOT have significantly increased, but so also its H index, Citations, Cite Score, Number of publications, and a higher level of evidence publications. The Cite Score and H index of the JCOT are escalating at a phenomenal speed in 2021, with the current Cite score of 2.0 and H-index of 27. During the last three years, we received...
Article
Steroid induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head is commonly seen in clinical practice, but yet not fully understood. It is intriguing why only some cases develop and others escape from it. We did an extensive and up to date literature review on it, with the aim to identify its incidence, associated risk factor and pathogenesis. We found that the...
Article
Background and aims During the COVID-19 vaccination program in India, the healthcare workers were given the first priority. There are concerns regarding the occurrence of breakthrough infections after vaccination. We aimed to investigate the effictiveness of COVID-19 vaccines in preventing and reducing the severity of post-vaccination infections....
Article
A 23-year-old female-treated patient of osteomalacia and secondary hyperparathyroidism with hypophosphatemia presented with a 5-year history of bilateral groin pain and stiffness of both hips and difficulty in walking. Plain radiographs of the pelvis showed bilateral coxa vara deformity. She was managed surgically by a single-stage bilateral subtro...
Article
Although it is primarily a respiratory disease, many other systems and organs are involved, including the neurological system. Many acute and delayed neurological manifestations and complications of COVID‑19 are encountered in a large number of cases. Both the central and peripheral nervous system is involved. The severe disease is often associated...
Article
The SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617.2 (Delta) variant was frst identifed in the state of Maharashtra in late 2020 and spread throughout India, outcompeting pre-existing lineages including B.1.617.1 (Kappa) and B.1.1.7 (Alpha)1 . In vitro, B.1.617.2 is 6-fold less sensitive to serum neutralising antibodies from recovered individuals, and 8-fold less sensitive to...
Article
COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected healthcare delivery and directly impacted the PG training of the medical student especially that of orthopaedics. The PGs face tremendous and multiple challenges in completing their thesis work in the stipulated time of their curriculum. We have suggested the solutions to overcome the problems of PGs in com...
Article
Background The Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma (JCOT) is one of the top three orthopaedic journals from India. We set out to analyse the top 50 cited articles from JCOT since indexing in PubMed and Scopus. Methods We looked into the bibliometrics of the top 50 cited articles and compared citations from PubMed and Scopus, and depicted ou...
Article
The severity of COVID-19 is dependent on the host factors, apart from the pathogen. The Ct values only provide a rough estimate of the viral load and cannot be relied solely on their numerical values in determining the infectivity and the management protocols.
Article
Innovations in computer technology and implant design have paved the way for the development of smart instruments and intelligent implants in trauma and orthopaedics to improve patient-related functional outcomes. Sensor technology uses embedded devices that detect physical, chemical and biological signals and provide a way for these signals to be...
Article
Background The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in an infodemic about the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 outbreak to build knowledge and develop mitigation strategies. In addition, scientific journals across the world have studied the impact of COVID-19 on trauma and orthopaedics. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34608365/ Methods A cross-sectional, bi...
Article
Delta variant infection has risen significantly during the study period, and the variants can lead to a higher incidence of the PVI. However, the severity of infection was reduced in these vaccinated HCWs, avoiding the hospital or ICU admissions and reducing the fatalities.
Article
This concise book on 'Clinical Rheumatology' has described all the important Rheumatology conditions and their management in adequate detail and lucid manner. It is likely to serve multiple goals by catering to a multitarget audience comprising undergraduate and postgraduate medical students, residents, and clinicians who wanted to gain practical k...
Article
Dr. Prathap Chandra Reddy is the Founder-Chairman of the Apollo Hospitals Group (AHG) and is considered a living legend and architect of modern private health care in India. In 1983, Dr. Reddy started the first professionally run private hospital – Apollo Hospitals in Madras (now Chennai). Since then, the AHG has expanded to over 73 hospitals acros...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Obesity is an important risk factor in development of knee osteoarthritis, and these cases suffer from complications following Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA). The association between obesity and outcomes after TKA is ambiguous. Knowledge is scarce about a definite relation between the two. This study aims to establish a correlation betwee...
Article
Bony infarcts result from ischemia causing cell death and deterioration of bony architecture. The common causes of these lesions include sickle cell disease, Gaucher disease, Caisson disease, renal transplantation, and corticosteroid use. We present a 56‑year‑old female, with a history of acute pain in the left knee for 5 days. She was a known cas...
Article
This systematic review analyses the consensus of treatment of IGTF based on evidence-based practice. Initially, it is recommended that an MRI is done to rule out occult IT fractures. When the IGTF is identified, the majority of studies advocate conservative management to surgery for such cases. The difference in outcomes of the different conservati...
Article
The burning topic of gender inequalities and diversities in Research and Publications has recently come into the foray and is discussed widely. It is often argued that in most disciplines of medicine, women are under-represented, publish fewer articles, and receive fewer citations than males. There are two contrasting opinions on the reasons for ge...
Article
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating disease generally of old age manifested as degeneration of articular cartilage. With no definitive treatment available, ongoing research aims at early detection and use specific noninvasive imaging markers to monitor therapeutic efficacy of disease modifying osteoarthritic drug (DMOAD) to reverse or/and arrest...
Article
We analyzed the available real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) samples of 69 of these positive HCWs with genome sequencing. The predominant infections occurred from the B.1.617.2 lineage (49.25%), followed by B.1 (28.35%), and B.1.1.7 (11.94%) strains. A total of 61.19% were the variants of concern (VOC; eg, the Delta and Alfa variants). Al...
Article
Background & objectives: COVID-19 pandemic has taken a significant toll on the health of the people across the globe, including India, and is still continuing with its rapidly evolving second wave. Although the COVID-19 vaccines effectively prevent infection, yet some cases of infections have been reported post-vaccination, raising concerns about t...
Article
The unprecedented second wave of SARS‑CoV‑2/COVID‑19 pandemic has caught an already weak public health system unaware in India. The rising number of COVID‑19 afflicted patients, shortage of testing strategy, disorganized vaccination drive, lack of oxygen‑supported beds, and overwhelmed medical facilities in cities across India has led to a quintess...
Article
We have recently described a rare attern of ramp lesion. Here, the ramp lesion was associated with a fracture of the rim of the posterior medial tibia, avulsion of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus, and a radial tear of the junction of the body and posterior horn. In effect, this lesion had amputated the posterior meniscus.
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 vaccination is effective and safe with the currently available vaccines. There are benefits and reservations of undertaking COVID-19 vaccination. A lot of doubt still exists about their routine use across the population. Hence, although we believe that it could be offered and made universally available to confer better immunity against...
Article
Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic has severely impacted health-care delivery globally, especially for non-COVID diseases. These cases received suboptimal attention and care during the pandemic. In this observational cohort study, we have studied the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on various aspects of medical and surgical practices. Material and M...
Article
Research and publications have taken the driver's seat in the last decade, especially amongst the Orthopaedic surgeons of India (Vaishya and Lal, 2016 Oct-Dec)¹. Doing research and publishing scientific papers is crucial to practice evidence-based medicine and keep updated on the latest developments. It is also a quick method to get recognized in y...
Article
As we step into a technology powered era, where information is available everywhere, managing data forms an important part of professional and everyday life. With developments like online databases, high definition videos and images, social media, robotics, explosion of academic publications, telecommunication, artificial intelligence and internet...
Article
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common degenerative disorder of the articular cartilage, which is associated with hypertrophic changes in the bone, synovial inflammation, subchondral sclerosis, and joint space narrowing (JSN). Radiography remains the first line of imaging till now. Due to the lack of soft-tissue depiction in radiography, researchers are e...
Chapter
Bone grafting is the treatment of choice for fracture nonunions and bone defects. From the incipient era of xenografts, bone grafting methodology has evolved many folds, to deliver a safe and more predictable outcome. The autografts have remained the preferred choice for most applications; however, their use is limited by the quantity of graft avai...
Article
Arthroscopic surgery is considered as one of the safest orthopedic surgeries to conduct during the ongoing pandemic. Still, the selection of cases and a due justification to do the surgery must be considered by the surgeon, before embarking on a surgical procedure, in view of keeping the safety for their patients and the HCWs.
Preprint
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 B.1.617.2 (Delta) variant was first identified in the state of Maharashtra in late 2020 and has spread throughout India, displacing the B.1.1.7 (Alpha) variant and other pre-existing lineages. Mathematical modelling indicates that the growth advantage is most likely explained by a combination of increased transmissibility and immune...
Article
Full-text available
In Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), early identification of patients with a high risk of mortality can significantly improve triage, bed allocation, timely management, and possibly, outcome. The study objective is to develop and validate individualized mortality risk scores based on the anonymized clinical and laboratory data at admission and d...
Article
Aims There is a lack of bibliometric analytical studies on Diabetes Mellitus in Covid-19. As diabetes mellitus is a common co-morbidity associated with poor outcomes in Covid-19, we undertook a bibliometric analysis of the top 100 publications relating to this subject. Methods The top 100 cited papers were searched on Pubmed. Information about aut...
Article
India has recently witnessed the mammoth upsurge of the second COVID‑19 wave which has swept across the country, around 8 months after the first wave. It started around mid‑March 2021 and seems to have reached its peak in May 2021. The second wave is behaving like a “Tsunami” as it has shattered all the previous records for the country and of the g...