Rajib Shaw

Rajib Shaw
Keio University | Keidai · Graduate School of Media and Governance

Doctor of Science

About

799
Publications
362,812
Reads
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12,519
Citations
Citations since 2016
328 Research Items
9681 Citations
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Introduction
Rajib Shaw is a professor in Graduate School of Media and Governance in Keio University’s Shonan Fujisawa Campus (SFC). Earlier, he was the Executive Director of the Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR). He is also the Senior Fellow of Institute of Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) Japan, and the Chairperson of SEEDS Asia, a Japanese NGO. Previously, he served as a Professor in the Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies of Kyoto University.He is the chair of the United Nations Science Technology Advisory Group (STAG) for disaster risk reduction, and also the Coordinating Lead Author of Chapter 10 (Working Group II) of IPCC AR6. He is also the member of Science Committee of IRDR, and series editor of Springer series on disaster risk reduction.
Additional affiliations
April 2017 - present
Keio University
Position
  • Professor
July 2016 - March 2017
Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR)
Position
  • Managing Director
April 2004 - March 2016
Kyoto University
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (799)
Article
Full-text available
The southwestern coastal part of Bangladesh is highly vulnerable to different kinds of disasters due to the changing climatic conditions. With the lenses of rural communities here an approach to examine how were the different disasters experiences, what lesson they learnt and what are their present disaster associated problems and stakeholder’s net...
Presentation
Full-text available
Elsevier Call for Book Chapter (Scopus Indexed) Dear, Prof. /Dr./Scientist/Academician/Researcher/Research Scholar Greetings from India, ELSEVIER one of the world’s leading scientific publishing companies has accepted our proposal to write a Multi-Authors Contributed book titled- “Homelessness to Hope: Research, Policy and Practices on Global P...
Chapter
Jugaad originates from the Indian language of Hindi that vaguely means the courageous act of improvising an effective solution with the limited possible resources to overcome the harsh constraints. Often considered to be a rough, informal innovation, Jugaad helps address social problems and blends seamlessly with the Sustainable Development Goals a...
Chapter
COVID-19 has deep impacts on the already pressed world, where the existing vulnerabilities due to human and climate induced risks were prominent. However, the pandemic also provided ample opportunities for innovation and technology development. It is often said that the last 12 years of innovation is done in the last 2 years. China is no exception...
Chapter
The chapters summarized in this book revolve around a “people” centered approach connected to a technology-driven society. This chapter presents key challenges, lessons learned, and recommendations for combining Society 5.0 and digital transformation to create resilient communities. It is a well-known theory that disaster risk is “vulnerable” to “h...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of key concepts addressed in this book and highlights the key community issues faced in Japan and elsewhere before, during, and after recent major disasters. It examines what a people-centered, technology-driven, and secure society would resemble. By summarizing interdisciplinary practical research activities focus...
Chapter
Against the growing frequency and intensity of disasters worldwide, and the pressing planetary and socio-economic challenges, the close alignment of scientific efforts with the societal needs is imperative to ensure that science truly benefits the people. In that context, the notion of open science is gaining increasing prominence by laying emphasi...
Chapter
Science and technology have been contributing to the advancement of disaster risk reduction approaches and saving people’s lives and properties. However, its nature, role and usage have changed over time. Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) had focused on the increasing use of science and technology, not only by scientists but all...
Chapter
In recent years, governments have achieved some success in saving human lives from the threats of disasters, however, the direct economic losses in the form of property and infrastructural losses continue to rise. Recent catastrophic events have highlighted that the loss and damages experienced in the critical infrastructure sectors (viz., transpor...
Chapter
This volume has covered diverse and challenging topics pertaining to disaster risk redcution such as multi-hazard, vulnerabilities, climate change, resilience, and other cross-cutting issues. Multi-hazard events or hazards of higher magnitude coupled with pre-existing vulnerabilities and exposure have led to large scale cascading disasters. As clim...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of “water smart city” is increasingly being recognized as a new approach to managing urban environments (including urban floods), especially in the context of developing countries, such as Indonesia. While Indonesia’s national capital relocation plan is expected to attract significant human migration to two nearby cities, Samarinda City...
Article
Full-text available
As in many other parts of the world, the urban areas of the South Asian region are increasingly expanding. While cities today are the heart of commercial, technological and social development, they are also vulnerable to a variety of natural and anthropogenic threats. The complex urban infrastructure, and the ever-expanding population in cities, ex...
Article
Full-text available
To combat the adverse climatic condition in agriculture, a sustainable production system like organic agriculture is inseparable, which stimulates and increases agro-ecosystem health, including biodiversity, biological cycles, and soil biological activity. Throughout this context, this study examined the current literature on organic agriculture's...
Article
Full-text available
The likelihood of a mega-earthquake, the COVID-19 pandemic, and the threat of other disasters in the Tokyo Metropolitan area have necessitated collective responsibilities to take all possible actions to reduce their impacts. The experiences from past disasters have, however, highlighted the plight of foreign residents in coping with disasters and h...
Article
Full-text available
Bangladesh, a low-lying deltaic country, experiences recurrent floods. To reduce the subsequent losses and damages, self-preparedness measures are imperative. In that context, the present study attempted to assess the flood protection motivation status of local flood-prone households through the evaluation of threat and coping capacities, as well a...
Article
The devastating impact of flooding is gradually increasing worldwide including riverine islands of Bangladesh due to climate change issue. Riverine islands and coastal communities are the primary victims due to their geographical position. The riverine islands (char) of Bangladesh are frequently flooded, necessitating context-specific flood managem...
Presentation
Full-text available
Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Book Series, (Abstracted and indexed in Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals and Series) Dear, Prof. /Dr./Scientist/Academician/Researcher/Research Scholar Greetings from India, Springer-Nature one of the world’s leading scientific publishing companies has accepted our proposal to write a Multi-Authors C...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Nepalese Himalayas is one of the world’s most active mountain belts, with widespread natural hazards of various types, including landslides, which claim numerous lives and properties in Nepal. Landslides occur due to the combined effects of seismic activity, monsoon rainfall, and improper land-use practices. The prevention and mitigation of lan...
Article
Full-text available
The world's urban population is expected to nearly double by 2050, making urbanization one of the most disruptive developments of the 21st century. On a global-to-local scale, ensuring a secure and reliable supply of food energy and water (FEW) resources for all humans is a major challenge in such a scenario. While much attention has recently been...
Article
Full-text available
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015–2030 pursues the goal of preventing new risk, reducing existing risk, and managing residual risk through integrated and multi-sectoral interaction. It considers educational infrastructures pivotal, with the framework promoting resilient educational facilities as a global target for 2030....
Chapter
Full-text available
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–30 has stressed on public and private investments for empowering the social, economic and cultural resilience of the communities, and suggests that these investments could be the driver of innovation, growth, and job creation. Social entrepreneurship is an emerging field with over 40 million glo...
Chapter
Rapid urbanization around the world has come with problems such as environmental degradation, stress on resources due to increasing demand, incompetent or incompatible supply mechanisms, and lack of strong governance. On top of these grievances, urban communities are highly vulnerable to disaster and environmental impacts. Hence, in addressing thes...
Chapter
Social innovation and entrepreneurship address social disparity and basic human needs in many countries. While on the one hand there has been tremendous progress in new technologies and social media over the past several years, the application of these technologies for social innovation is still a challenge. There is immense scope for making progre...
Chapter
Pandemic has affected different parts of life. Higher education institutions (HEIs) are no exception to that. With the sudden pandemic, the HEIs suffered the most in Spring and Fall semester in 2020 with disruption of classes, changing to online education, student management, etc. In this chapter, the impacts are analyzed with six different issues:...
Chapter
The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly impacted the education sector globally. To investigate the current status of disaster preparedness capacity on campuses, the Association of Pacific Rim Universities (APRU) Multi-Hazards (MH) program conducted a survey from August to October 2020 based on the minimum checklist developed at the APRU MH campus safe...
Chapter
Higher educational institutions (HEIs) have had to undergo significant transformations during the COVID-19 pandemic. Some countries have also experienced both the pandemic and natural hazards, which meant that they have had to move their conventional educational systems to digital and online modes and to cancel or postpone important events. However...
Article
Full-text available
A sustainable and resilient local community requires a learning culture that allows them to evolve over time. Disaster education in this context is expected to be an important element for local communities. Conventionally, disaster education in Japan is provided in elementary and junior high school as an evacuation drill. After that age, the attach...
Article
The study is part of the ongoing research project which focuses on developing a framework for identifying flood exposure level among the schools in the Himalayan region with the case study of Lakhimpur and Dhemaji, Assam to facilitate flood resilient school design and climate change adaptation. Two distinct methodologies using spatial overlay, have...
Chapter
Globalization affects various disasters and health risks. People benefit from globalization, but they are being exposed to its adverse effects and suffer from health problems. “Health” is a key dimension to be addressed within an all-hazard approach to disaster risk reduction (DRR). SDG3 highlights concerns about people health and well-being common...
Article
Full-text available
Disasters disrupt communication channels, infrastructure, and overburden health systems. This creates unique challenges to the functionality of surveillance tools, data collection systems, and information sharing platforms. The WHO Health Emergency and Disaster Risk Management (Health-EDRM) framework highlights the need for appropriate data collect...
Article
Purpose In spite of the growing usage of “water security” as a policy template, the sustainable delivery of adequate quantity/quality of water remains a major challenge, specifically in the rural areas of developing countries. Focusing on the specific case of Nagpur (India), this study aims to establish a broader understanding of rural water securi...
Article
Full-text available
Despite confronting severe climatic risks, many people prefer to remain in climate hazard-prone areas rather than migrate. Environmental non-migration behavior, however, has gained relatively little research attention in the field of migration processes. This study aims to unveil the determinants motivating voluntary environmental non-migration dec...
Chapter
Evident through the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic situation, the wider impacts of pandemics stretch far beyond the immediate and devastating loss of human lives. Beyond the health crisis, the pandemics often turn out to be a crisis for human security, as the unprecedented movement restrictions disrupt the lives of all people and their freedom to live w...
Chapter
With the perspective of global pandemic, the chapter looks at the developmental issues through a systematic review of current literature on seven mainstream human security indicators: health, economy, food, education, environment, personal, community, and political security. After conceptualising the pandemic’s contribution towards sustainability a...
Chapter
The COVID-19 pandemic has created an unprecedented crisis. The pandemic poses a significant threat to human security and existing developmental challenges, compelling emergency spending on saving lives and securing livelihoods. Despite being in the ongoing traumatic phases of the global pandemic, the world is further expected to face undue developm...
Chapter
Human security concept has evolved over the last 20 years and covers the broader aspects of development, environment, and disaster risk reduction perspectives. In general, human security concerns itself with safeguarding and expanding people’s vital freedom, with the ambition “freedom from want,” “freedom from fear,” and “freedom to live with digni...
Chapter
COVID-19 pandemic has placed a huge burden on the healthcare system, and mainly on healthcare workers who have faced the biggest challenges and concerns in their health profession toward the unprecedented outbreak of coronavirus worldwide. Science and technology for handling a pandemic has always been there in some form in different countries. This...
Article
Full-text available
Several countries have been affected by natural hazards during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic. The combination of the pandemic and natural hazards has led to serious challenges that include financial losses and psychosocial stress. Additionally, this compound disaster affected evacuation decision making, where to evacuate, volunteer participation in mi...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the inter- and intra-relationships between climate change and urban flood risk in Balikpapan city. Design/methodology/approach This study adopts a qualitative method by applying the driver–pressure–state–impact–response (DPSIR) framework, which helps to determine the strategies for reducing flood vul...
Article
Full-text available
The paper conducts a case study on the international urban search and rescue (USAR) response to the Beirut explosions in August 2020. The incident is worth analysing because it was the first of the international USAR deployments under global travel restrictions arising from the COVID-19 pandemic. It will closely look at the activity of @fire German...
Article
Purpose Foreign residents in Japan are classified as one vulnerable group at risk of disasters. Therefore, various measures are in place to engage, educate and offer first-hand experiences of disaster countermeasures required to overcome systematic disaster preparedness problems. However, the need for Japan to prevent the spread and infection of CO...
Presentation
Full-text available
Dear, Prof. /Dr./Scientist/Academician/Researcher/Research Scholar Greetings from India, ELSEVIER one of the world’s leading scientific publishing companies has accepted our proposal to write a Multi-Authors Contributed book titled- “Climate Change, Community Response and Resilience Sub-Title: Insight for Socio-Ecological Sustainability” It will...
Article
Full-text available
Bangladesh, a flat densely populated country in a dynamic delta, is vulnerable to recurring flood disasters. Various types of structural and non-structural flood risk reduction interventions have been implemented over the years to safeguard the people and assets. In that context, the present study assesses the community perception about the implica...
Article
Full-text available
For a smart city, soft or non-physical assets share an important capital component with many impacts in different contexts. They enable a city to deliver and mainstream a people-centered policy in addition to the benefits provided by traditional, hard infrastructure. Soft assets can involve social and human capital, knowledge, participation, and in...
Article
Full-text available
Japan experienced natural hazards during the COVID-19 pandemic as some other countries did. Kumamoto and Kagoshima prefectures, including many other parts of southern Japan, experienced record-breaking heavy rain on 4th July 2020. While many countries were affected by compound hazards, some cases such as the Kumamoto flood did not cause a spike of...
Chapter
Full-text available
Land Cover Changes and Landslide Risk in Sri Lanka Abstract A landslide is a phenomenon that forms devastating impacts on human activities and the natural environment. The occurrence of landslides is a result of the interplay between driving and resisting forces. While gravity acts as the primary driving force, various climatic conditions and env...
Article
This study explores the possibilities and challenges of introducing ex-ante or proactive disaster risk financing (DRF) solutions such as mitigation funds, credit arrangements, risk transfer instruments for enhancing disaster resilience at the national and sub-national levels in India. A survey using a structured questionnaire was undertaken conside...
Chapter
In addition to providing a range of social, economic, and environmental benefits to human societies, forest ecosystems also play a vital role in disaster prevention and mitigation. With the growing frequency and intensity of landslide hazards, the importance of forest management is increasingly being recognized to safeguard the sustainable delivery...
Chapter
This chapter describes the integration of socioeconomic dynamics and communities’ resilience to landslides in Swat valley, Pakistan. Swat valley is part of northern mountains of Pakistan and falls in the Hindu Kush region. The study area is famous for its scenic beauty, numerous glaciers, snowclad mountains, springs, lush green coniferous forest, t...
Chapter
A landslide is a phenomenon that forms devastating impacts on human activities and the natural environment. The occurrence of landslides is a result of the interplay between driving and resisting forces. While gravity acts as the primary driving force, various climatic conditions and environmental settings such as topography, morphology, hydrology,...
Chapter
Location, topography, geological and climatic condition have shaped Japan as one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Especially, sediment-related disasters such as landslide, debris flows and soil collapse are frequent and major natural disasters in Japan. These sediment-related disasters are most common in mountain areas. The mounta...
Chapter
Climate change and disaster risks are mainstreamed in the three major pillars of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and complement the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. All ASEAN Member States (AMS) have ratified the Paris Agreement. The projected climate change impacts for Southeast Asia are less severe for global warming...
Chapter
Mobile communication basically has a generation of ten years. The first few years before each generation starts are a mature process, and there are many version upgrades during each generation. It can be said that the technology is constantly improving. It is obvious that the technology is not mature when it is just commercial, especially 5G. Devel...
Chapter
Full-text available
The development of industries related to robotics in China was not vibrant compared to other parts of the world but have seen exponential enhancement in recent years. Before COVID-19 pandemic, the focus of robot industry in China was mainly related to industrial robots. However, the pandemic initiated new phenomenon by creating non-contact requirem...
Chapter
China was the first country to be affected by coronavirus (COVID-19) and was also the first country to initially recover from the disaster. While several other affected countries could have the opportunities to learn from each other, for China, it was its own efforts which made it stand out to overcome the disaster. A strong government protocol, se...
Chapter
Although this book is mainly covering on post COVID-19 technology development, we need to understand the historical perspective of Chinese investment in science and technology over last couple of decades. The Chinese government has placed emphasis through funding, reform and societal status on science and technology as a fundamental part of the soc...
Chapter
Social media use has highlighted its role in the spread of information during the COVID-19. To be able to understand the impacts of social media in China during the COVID-19, this chapter firstly introduces the development and progress of social media since 2000 and to understand its role in the spread of the incident. Then using literature reviews...
Chapter
Artificial intelligence (AI) has been a powerful tool in the fourth industrial revolution as industries have been shifting to using technologies in data management, supply chain, and logistics. In this pandemic, when the economy and health sectors face enormous threats, AI creates a solution by filling in gaps of each industry. AI’s computer vision...
Book
This book highlights the current issues, challenges, and priorities for climate change adaptation in the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The status of each country was prepared by a consortium of researchers in consultation with National Focal Points of the ASEAN Working Group on Climate Change (AWGCC). Nati...
Book
COVID-19 has made differential impacts on countries and communities around the world. China, where COVID-19 started, has developed and utilized different types of technologies, including both traditional and disruptive technologies, to address the pandemic risks. Also, there have been many innovations in applying technologies in different contexts...
Chapter
Location, topography, geological and climatic condition have shaped Japan as one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Especially, sediment-related disasters such as landslide, debris flows and soil collapse are frequent and major natural disasters in Japan. These sediment-related disasters are most common in mountain areas. The mounta...
Chapter
Disaster risk reduction has become a priority for most countries since the signing of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) in 2015. As most of the Sustainable Development Goals, signed by these countries, lead to disaster risk reduction, the subject is getting more importance in development planning. This chapter summarises the...
Chapter
The concept of disaster risk reduction has evolved over years. Back in 1990, when we had the first International Decade of Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR: 1990–1999), it was proposed as an “international decade on hazard reduction”. Since then, two concepts have been changed significantly: we no longer reduce the hazard, rather, we reduce the ri...
Article
The development of information networks has given people the freedom of choice and the ability to mutate and adapt on their own. Today's upper elementary school students to college students (born in the late mid-1990s to early 2010s) are the first digital native generation, known as “Generation Z” (shortly known as Gen Z). A review of immersion edu...
Chapter
COVID-19 pandemic undoubtedly has a long-term implication for various aspects of governance. The coupled impacts of COVID-19 pandemic and natural hazards in global perspectives provided the opportunities to researchers, academicians, decision-makers, and practitioners to opening up new research avenues and policy requirements. Integrated assessment...
Chapter
COVID-19 pandemic and its repercussions came as a surprise to nations including China. However, the unique central governance system of the country enhanced its ability to promulgate laws and guidelines which caused rapid changes across all aspects of its development. The result from this was a swift implementation of initiatives that ensured stric...
Chapter
The emergence of COVID-19 pandemic has caused severe damage to many aspects of lives and its management has equally brought about different approach where many have witnessed lockdowns, state of emergencies, and travel restrictions. These measures in their own spectrum have achieved many results identified as successful or otherwise. To many, being...
Chapter
The world continues to be gripped by COVID-19, though the pandemic's impact varies across countries and regions. The South Asian case is illustrative. The region is marked by inherent socioeconomic and other vulnerabilities, including high population density, relatively poor health care, and limited water sanitation facilities. South Asian countrie...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses open data, open governance, and disruptive/emerging technologies from the perspectives of disaster risk reduction (DRR). With an in-depth literature review of open governance, the paper identifies five principles for open data adopted in the disaster risk reduction field: (1) open by default, (2) accessible, licensed and docume...
Chapter
China’s IoT has been booming since 2009 and has gradually become an important part of China’s new social infrastructure and the key to supporting the development of China’s digital economy. Its technology and application innovation emerge in endlessly and occupy an important position in the development of smart city. According to the latest data, t...