Rainer W Bussmann

Rainer W Bussmann
Ilia State University | ISU · Institute of Botany, Department of Ethnobotany

Prof. Dr. rer. nat.

About

3,015
Publications
703,742
Reads
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24,738
Citations
Introduction
I am Professor of Ethnobotany and Head, Department of Ethnobotany, at the Institute of Botany of Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia, and co-director of Saving Knowledge. Previously I was director of William L. Brown Center at Missouri Botanical Garden, Associate Professor of Botany and Scientific Director of Harold Lyon Arboretum at University of Hawaii, and Assistant Professor/Postdoc at University of Bayreuth. I focus on ethnobotanical research in mountain regions around the globe.
Additional affiliations
June 2021 - present
Ilia State University
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Full Professor of Ethnobotany
May 2021 - present
Ilia State University
Position
  • Head of Department
October 2017 - present
Ethnomont / Saving Knowledge
Position
  • Managing Director
Education
January 1993 - November 1994
University of Bayreuth
Field of study
  • Botany
September 1987 - January 1993
University of Tuebingen
Field of study
  • Botany

Publications

Publications (3,015)
Article
We tested this hypothesis by conducting a complete ethnobotanical inventory of almost the entire adult Chácobo population, with interviews and plant collection conducted directly by Chácobo counterparts. The results verify our initial hypothesis, and showed that the loss of knowledge perceived in previous studies simply was an artifact of the resea...
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Although freelisting and semi-structured interviews are widespread methods in ethnobotany, few studies quantitatively examine how these methods may bias results. Using a comprehensive ethnobotanical inventory of palm species, uses and names in the Chácobo tribe of Bolivia, we show that interviews elicit more items than freelists, but the effect is...
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Background: That the answers elicited through interviews may be influenced by the knowledge of the interviewer is accepted across disciplines. However, in ethnobotany there is little evidence to quantitatively assesses what impact this effect may have. We use the results of a large study of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) of plant use of the...
Book
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Work up to 2012—besides developing a database of 510 medicinal plants (Bussmann and Sharon 2006b, 2007b, 2009c) and 974 remedies of mixtures (Bussmann, Glenn, Meyer, Kuhlman, and Townesmith 2010)—has demonstrated that herbal commerce in Peru is a major economic resource (Bussmann, Sharon, Vandebroek, Jones and Revene 2007), which, although used alo...
Book
Full-text available
Se puede obtener la versión de alta resolución en: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07GW5TZ8Y : Trabajo hasta la Fecha Nuestro trabajo hasta le fecha—además de desarrollar una base de datos de 510 plantas medicinales (Bussmann y Sharon 2006, 2007a, 2009a) y 974 remedios de mezclas (Bussmann, Glenn, Meyer, Kuhlman y Townesmith 2010)—ha demostrado que el...
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Abstract: Amphibians and reptiles have interacted with humans for millennia. However, humans interact with amphibian and reptile species in different manners, which depend on their culture and traditions. This study was designed to better understand the interactions between amphibian and reptile species and their usage among the native peoples in t...
Article
In an era of climate change, quantifying forest biomass and carbon stock along elevational gradients in moun- tainous areas assumes immediate relevance for carbon budgeting and forest management. Here, we carried out extensive field studies to quantify the tree biomass and carbon stock of major forest types along a wide eleva- tional gradient (350–...
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Climber–abiotic parameter interactions can have important ramifications for ecosystem’s functions and community dynamics, but the extent to which these abiotic factors influence the spatial distributions of climber communities in the western Himalayas is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the taxonomic diversity, richness, and distri...
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Background: Medicinal plants are the only possible solution to facilitate and treat different complications of human beings. The local residents of District Malakand are dependent on medicinal plants for their primary healthcare. The aim of this study was to document medicinal plants and associated traditional knowledge of District Malakand, Khy...
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Climber–abiotic parameter interactions can have important ramifications for ecosystem’s functions and community dynamics, but the extent to which these abiotic factors influence the spatial distributions of climber communities in the western Himalayas is unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the taxonomic diversity, richness, and distri...
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Pteridophytes have been used by humans for millennia, but in comparison to flowering plants, the documentation of their traditional uses is still neglected; as a result, they must be highlighted and popularized. The present study was carried out from January 2019 to November 2021 to gather ecological and traditional use information on pteridophytes...
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The significance of edaphic factors in describing forest vegetation patterns is becoming more well acknowledged, with significant implications for the description of biogeographical regions and biome classification, as well as abundance and growth patterns at regional levels. The current study examines the vegetation association in the Zabarwan mou...
Article
Ethnoveterinary practices are an important part of Himalayan culture, and they have evolved as primary health care system for the treatment of different ailments in animals. The valley of Kashmir is home to a variety of ethnic groups [i.e., Gujjar, Bakarwal and Kashmiri], mostly occupied in agriculture and related services, having traditional knowl...
Article
Among the many global drivers of ecosystem degradation, the long-term impact of livestock settlements on vegetation patterns and composition, and is one of the greatest hurdles to successful forest ecosystem restoration. In order to identify the ecological implications of human land use changes on vegetation patterns and composition, the current st...
Article
The significance of edaphic factors in describing forest vegetation patterns is becoming more well acknowledged, with significant implications for the description of biogeographical regions and biome classification, as well as abundance and growth patterns at regional levels. The current study examines the vegetation association in the Zabarwan mou...
Article
Full-text available
People have traditionally relied on fish to supply their major food and healthcare needs all across the world. However, there has been little focus on the traditional dietary, cultural identity, and integrity of traditional food systems in many rural Himalayan populations. The current study looks into the use of fish in traditional food and foragin...
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Full-text available
People have traditionally relied on fish to supply their major food and healthcare needs all across the world. However, there has been little focus on the traditional dietary, cultural identity, and integrity of traditional food systems in many rural Himalayan populations. The current study looks into the use of fish in traditional food and foragin...
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Modifications of land use and vegetation cover are proceeding faster than ever before in human history, with a considerable reduction in forest cover in biodiversity hotspots. We investigated the land use and vegetation cover changes, their impact on biodiversity in the Kurram District, Pakistan, for 27 years (1989 to 2015). Temporal satellite imag...
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Background: Measles is one of the major causes of death among young children worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, measles affects more than 20 million people globally each year, with around 17 millions of them being children. In Nigeria, traditional herbal medicine has long been employed to treat this disease. Methods: Purposive...
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Description of the subject. Ethnopharmacology is important because it aids in a proper knowledge of the interrelationships of many aspects, as well as the entire practical and intellectual culture of people with plants. Objectives. The objective of this research is to document and compare traditional knowledge about medicinal plant diversity in La...
Article
Despite the fact that numerous studies have evaluated floristic features of certain regions, there are still inaccessible and understudied places within hotspot, such as the Shishi Koh Valley, Chitral mountain region of the Hindukush. Present study evaluated the taxonomic, ecological and habitat diversity of the plant communities in the study area....
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Background Medicinal plants have always played an important role in the history of human health. However, the populations and sustainable use of medicinal plants have been severely affected by human activities and climate change. Little is known about the current conservation status and distribution pattern of medicinal plants. In this study, based...
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Background The risk of losing traditional knowledge of medicinal plants and their use and conservation is very high. Documenting knowledge on distribution and use of medicinal plants by different ethnic groups and at spatial scale on a single platform is important from a conservation planning and management perspective. The sustainable use, continu...
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Background: The use of spices is as old as humanity itself, with spice production and trade often having influenced
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Plant resources have always been valuable in human life, and many plant species are used in medicine, food, and ritual, and resource utilization is closely related to cultural diversity. Our study was conducted from June 2019 to April 2021, during which we aimed to document the local knowledge of plant resources of five ethnic groups, i.e., the Guj...
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Background: Traditional use of medicinal plants is an important aspect of Himalayan culture, and these approaches have evolved to include the primary health-care purpose and treatment of a wide range of ailments. Methods: Snowball sampling method was used to interview 300 informants using semi-structured questionnaire to document the uses of indig...
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The Yangtze River Basin (YRB), a key biodiversity area and a major economic zone in China, the biodiversity of the area is confronted with severe challenges. In this paper, we analyzed species distribution patterns based on a dataset with 18,538 seed plant species to identify hotspots and evaluate conservation effectiveness and gaps of the YRB. We...
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The current research was carried out to characterize the phytosociology of the forests of one of Pakistan's most valuable tree species (Deodar) across its native range. In this context, our main hypothesis was that, along the altitudinal gradient, we would find different plant communities that would be driven by different environmental variables (c...
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Ethnobotanical field surveys were carried out in the Tanawal area of the Lesser Himalayan Region, Khyber Pakhtunkhawa, Province from April 2016 to October 2017. The area is located between 34.36 (34° 21' 30 N) latitude and 73.07 (73° 4' 0 E) longitude with an average elevation of 1374 meters above sea level. Ethnomedicinal data were collected throu...
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Background: The Republic of Georgia is part of the Caucasus biodiversity hotspot, and human agricultural plant use dates back at least 6000 years. Over the last years lots of ethnobotanical research on the area has been published. In this paper we analyze the use of food plants in the 80% of Georgia not occupied by Russian forces. We hypothesized t...
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Background: The use of plants for different ethnobotanical purposes is a common practice in the remote areas of developing countries, particularly in reference to human and animal healthcare. For this aim, it is important to document ethnomedicinal use of plants for human and livestock healthcare from unexplored regions. Objective: The current st...
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Background: Ferula species are used for a wide variety of purposes from the Middle East to the Himalayas. This paper provides information on the biological features and ontogenesis of the promising medicinal plant Ferula tadshikorum Pimenov during the introduction in the conditions of the Tashkent Botanical Garden. Methods: The features of morpho...
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Ethnopharmacological relevance Traditional medicine has a long history and plays an important role in the Kurdish community in Sarvabad county, Kurdistan province, Iran. Despite the great diversity of medicinal plants, cultural history, and variety of herbal medicine uses among Kurdish tribes, very few cohesive ethnopharmacological studies of this...
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შესავალი: საქართველო ეკუთვნის კავკასიის ბიომრავალფეროვნების კერას, სადაც ადამიანების მიერ სამიწათმოქმედო მცენარეების გამოყენება სულ ცოტა 6000 წელს ითვლის. ბოლო წლებში ამ რეგიონიდან ბევრი შრომა გამოქვეყნდა. ამ სტატიაში ჩვენ ვაანალიზებთ საკვებ მცენარეებს საქართველოს ტერიტორიის იმ 80% პროცენტიდან, რომელიც რუსულ საოკუპაციო ჯარებს არ უკავიათ. ჩვენი ჰიპო...
Chapter
Over the last decades there has been an increasing recognition of the importance of herbal medicine around the globe. Apart from the obvious use of crude plant preparations or plant extracts, plant-based natural product research has become a common tool in drug development. Plant material for research is often sourced either directly from the wild,...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Republic of Georgia is part of the Caucasus biodiversity hotspot, and human agricultural plant use dates back at least 6000 years. Over the last years lots of ethnobotanical research on the area has been published. In this paper we analyze the use of food plants in the 80% of Georgia not occupied by Russian forces. We hypothesized t...
Article
Full-text available
The use of medicinal plants is an important source of therapeutic resources in rural communities and the wide versatility of some species may attract interest for prospecting studies. The aim of this study was to record and analyze local knowledge and the use of medicinal plants in the rural community of Malícia, municipality of Araçagi, Paraíba St...
Article
Many medicinal aphylloporoid Basidiomycetes species from Ganoderma, Phellinus, Inonotus, Fomes, Trametes, and other fungal genera have been used in folk medicine for thousands of years. The use of aphylloporoid fungi in traditional medicine is best documented from East Asia (China, Japan, and Korea). Medicinal fungi are now studied by many ethnomyc...
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The flowering phenology of plants is influenced by the unique set of environmental variations, and therefore, elucidation of important driving factors is important. The study area of Dhirkot (western Himalaya, Pakistan) is explored to record the interactions among the flowering phenology of the vascular plants and current climate along the temporal...
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Background: Open and public markets are the main providers of medicinal plants in urban environments. The present study evaluated the medicinal plants sold in public markets in diferent municipalities in the mesoregions of the state of Paraíba, northeast of Brazil, and the possible variations in the supply of these plants in the markets over the c...
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Background: Open and public markets are the main providers of medicinal plants in urban environments. The present study evaluated the medicinal plants sold in public markets in different municipalities in the mesoregions of the state of Paraíba, northeast of Brazil, and the possible variations in the supply of these plants in the markets over the c...
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Background: In the history of medicinal science of the medieval East, the merits of the great tabibs-physicians Ar-Razi, Avicenna (Ibn Sinо), the scientist-encyclopedist Beruni, Yusufi and others are enormous. When treating patients, they used medicinal plants, as well as fungi, animal (ornithological) and mineral products. Such use of plants for m...
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Background: Food and culture have both local and global implications. Through their distinct culinary habits, communities are linked to their culture. Foods can transmit a variety of cultural meanings in and of themselves. It describes the community's social standing, ethnicity, and income in addition to informing us about a specific event. A certa...
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Background: Medicinal plants are used to cure a variety of ailments since ancient times. In last few decades an increase in interest in the use of medicinal plants is noted for discovering novel medicines and treatments to fulfill the needs of the increasing population. This study was aimed to document phyto-recipes used by the indigenous communiti...
Article
Plants provide humankind with our most basic resources — food, medicines, fiber, and a whole array of other useful products. Relatives of wild crops and traditional plant varieties have been the foundation of crop domestication, plant breeding, and indeed the whole of modern agriculture. Plants provide the molecular basis of many pharmaceuticals, a...
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Following publication of the original article [1], the authors advised that an incorrect version of Fig. 1 had been provided. The published article has now been updated with the correct version of the figure and the corrected figure may be found below. The authors thank you for reading this correction apologize for any inconvenience caused.
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The ecotonal zones support populations that are acclimated to changing, fluctuating, and unstable conditions, and as a result, these populations are better equipped to adjust to expected change. In this context, a hypothesis was tested that there must be vegetation dominated by unique indicator plant species under the influence of ecological gradie...
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Background: There are handful hypothesis-driven ethnobotanical studies in Nepal. In this study, we tested the non-random medicinal plant selection hypothesis using national- and community-level datasets through three different types of regression: linear model with raw data, linear model with log-transformed data and negative binomial model. Meth...
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The present work was conducted with the aim to record the ethnic medicinal knowledge. This work is the first effort to document the folk knowledge of medicinal plants. From 2013-14, 87 participants were interviewed through semi-structured questionnaires. During the field work 45 medicinal plants belonging to 27 families were encountered. Lamiaceae...
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Background Wetlands are biologically diverse and highly productive ecosystems that support one-third of all threatened and endangered plants of the world. Wetland plants have been studied ethnobotanically much less than terrestrial plants, including in Pakistan, thus information about the uses of local wetland plants in traditional healthcare syste...
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Background Wetlands are biologically diverse and highly productive ecosystems that support one-third of all threatened and endangered plants of the world. Wetland plants have been studied ethnobotanically much less than terrestrial plants, including in Pakistan, thus information about the uses of local wetland plants in traditional healthcare syste...
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Background: The purpose of this work was to increase scientific information against the background of increasing anthropogenic pressure on nature, which causes irreparable damage to the flora, especially the most sought-after raw materials (especially resins). An improvement of the situation would require cultivating wild species and establishing n...
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Background: This survey is the first extensive and large-scale spice plant assessment in four different spices marketplaces of district Bannu, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The study offers the first significant catalog of spice prices, the chain of collection, production, trade pattern and consumption. Methods: Consultation, personal observation...
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Therapeutic plants ethnically utilized for the cure of various aliments of animals have an important part in the rural veterinary healthcare system because allopathic medicines remain inaccessible, particularly in the third world countries. This work was carried out in Teshil Tangi District Charsadda, Pakistan, in 2016-18, aiming for conserving the...
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Background Medicinal plants occupy an important place in the lives of people around the world. This study covers an area where medicinal plants are widely used for various health-related problems due to easily available sources. Objective: The current study aimed to document the quantities of data about the most commonly used medicinal plants in th...