Raimund Bleischwitz

Raimund Bleischwitz
Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT) | ZMT

Prof. Dr.
Scientific Director, Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT) Bremen, Germany

About

227
Publications
111,222
Reads
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4,088
Citations
Introduction
Raimund Bleischwitz started as scientific director of the Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research in Bremen, Germany, in January 2022. Before, he has been Chair in Sustainable Global Resources and Director of the Bartlett School of Environment Energy and Resources (BSEER), University College London. Raimund does research on the Circular Economy, Blue Economy and the Resource Nexus, with a background in Political Economy, Governance, Environmental Economics and International Economics.
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - December 2021
University College London
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • Set up and teach on the MSc Sustainable Resources: Economics, Policy, Transitions, MSc SRes, https://www.ucl.ac.uk/bartlett/sustainable/programmes/msc-sustainable-resources-economics-policy-and-transitions
May 2013 - June 2013
Johns Hopkins University
Position
  • Fellow
Description
  • Doing research on transparency in raw materials (Dodd-Frank Act), international trade disputes (rare earth WTO), resource efficiency across the Atlantic.
September 2011 - June 2012
Transatlantic Academy
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Working with a group of six (three US, three Europeans) on a 'resource nexus' report

Publications

Publications (227)
Article
Full-text available
The contemporary debate considering the use of natural resources in economic growth centres around the concept of ‘decoupling’ driven through improvements in resource efficiency. Many studies extrapolate future demand from a short time series of previous years. However, we believe there should be greater attention on the underlying demand assumptio...
Article
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Debate around increasing demand for natural resources is often framed in terms of a “nexus” and perhaps at risk of becoming a buzz word. A nexus between what, at what scales, and what would be the consequences? This article analyses why readers should care about the nexus concept towards the SDGs. We discuss a five-nodes definition and propose pers...
Article
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China's wide-ranging circular economy (CE) efforts have been studied multiple times from a range of perspectives. Synthesizing the relevant literature, this paper provides a critical reflection on the transition to a CE in China. Key factors for China's success in shifting towards a CE are seen in multi-level indicators and upscaling niches. This p...
Article
Last years have seen a surge of Industrial Symbiosis (IS) development in association with ad-hoc widespread policies to encourage more circular and sustainable practices in the manufacturing sector. Developments in Europe, despite having attracted less attention in the literature, have been significant, driven both by public and private initiative....
Article
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In today’s world, urban systems play an important role in sustainable economic development. In particular, urbanisation trends and the increasing demands of urban mobility place additional pressure on existing transportation infrastructure, and this creates new challenges for urban planners in terms of developing integrated and sustainable urban mo...
Article
China has launched a national level carbon emissions trading market with a rate-based cap and benchmarks in the power generation sector. This emissions trading system (ETS) differs from a mass-based one, which lacks an absolute carbon cap. This study assesses the impact of such an unconventional ETS on economic development, carbon emission mitigati...
Article
In this issue of One Earth, Li and Hanaoka explore technological and policy options for decarbonizing China’s iron and steel sector, which produces more than half of the world’s crude steel. We expand on the discussion to consider opportunities and challenges associated with circular economy approaches of steelmaking.
Article
Aluminium is one widely used metal that plays an important role in China’s industrial and economic development. The life cycles of aluminium products involve high energy inputs, intensive material consumption and heavy environmental emissions. China has released its ambitious climate change targets, namely reaching carbon peak in 2030 and achieving...
Article
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The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam is causing tensions and potential for conflict along the Nile. Egypt fears water losses and threatens sanctions; Ethiopia plans to expand the electric power supply. The United Nations Security Council is advocating negotiations under the auspices of the African Union. Against this backdrop, this article discusses...
Article
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This paper analyses the impacts of climate change and its implications for human security for the regions of Northern Nigeria and Lake Chad. The introduction identifies a gap between evidence on global environmental change and interactions on the ground; it positions the scope for a deeper understanding of the climate–security–resource nexus in Nor...
Article
Given the recent debate on the role of central banks under climate change, this research theoretically investigates the mix of monetary and climate policy and provides insights for central banks who are considering their engagement in the climate change issue. The “climate-augmented” monetary policy is pioneeringly proposed and studied. We build an...
Article
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There is significant potential for reducing energy use and emissions from buildings through energy efficiency retrofits. However, a number of barriers, including long payback periods and uncertainties around business models and technologies, restrict large scale implementation. A recent joint project, piloting green energy schemes and low-carbon in...
Article
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This research compares the potential environmental impacts of heat pumps with gas boilers and scenario analysis through utilising the life cycle approach. The study analyses the current situation with the baseline model and assesses future applications with Circular Economy (CE), Resource Efficiency (RE) and Limited Growth (LG) scenarios. Then, hyb...
Article
Full-text available
The wide adoption of lithium-ion batteries used in electric vehicles will require increased natural resources for the automotive industry. The expected rapid increase in batteries could result in new resource challenges and supply-chain risks. To strengthen the resilience and sustainability of automotive supply chains and reduce primary resource re...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Eco-Innovation Observatory functions as a platform for the structured collection and analysis of an extensive range of eco-innovation and circular economy information, gathered from across the European Union and key economic regions around the globe, providing a much-needed integrated information source on eco-innovation for companies and innov...
Chapter
Full-text available
This article assesses the water use of hydropower in Brazil, shedding light on the scale of the water cycle and the resilience of hydropower under accelerating climate change conditions. Recent droughts unveiled increasing risks and highlighted a lack of methodological approaches and well-defined metrics. We present a novel detailed spatiotemporal...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter assesses the water use of hydropower in Brazil, shedding light on the scale of the water cycle and the resilience of hydropower under accelerating climate change conditions. Recent droughts unveiled increasing risks and highlighted a lack of methodological approaches and well-defined metrics. We present a novel detailed spatiotemporal...
Article
The resource nexus consists of a framework to address interlinkages between natural resources and systems that provide water, energy, food and waste management. It transcends traditional assessments conducted in “silos”, raising trade-offs and synergies that are rarely acknowledged. The nexus framework is intrinsically context-specific, as each res...
Article
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Recently, business models for environmental sustainability have gained increasing attention in the management field and among practitioners and stakeholders. This study aims to analyse the state of the art on the topic by reviewing the growing but mainly phenomenon‐driven research. In particular, by identifying main research trends and relevant gap...
Article
The BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) are central to future global economic development. However, they are facing both environmental and natural resource stresses due to their rapid economic growth. This study examines the balance between economic benefits and cost of environmental emissions and resource usage in BRICS...
Article
China is increasingly known for its ambitions towards an 'ecological civilisation' and a circular economy. Our article assesses the implications of an accelerated shift towards steel recycling in China. Given the relevance of steel for development worldwide as well as its environmental intensity, any such shift is likely to have implications for co...
Article
Background Co-benefit assessments on health and economic impacts of climate change mitigation towards the 2-degree target are still largely insufficient in literature, especially from a sectoral perspective. Objectives This study aims to (1) evaluate PM2.5 pollution-related health impacts on China's road transport sector at both national and provi...
Article
This article discusses issues on resources availability to achieve climate adaptation and resilience for cities and infrastructures. In the age of climate change, there could be cascading failures through a range of infrastructure breakdowns. Direct and indirect damage costs could exceed what had been estimated in traditional risk assessments. This...
Article
Starting from institutional theory, this study aims to explore the effects of coercive, normative and mimetic pressures on businesses climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies. In order to test these hypotheses, the study relies on an econometric model by using data from 487 Italian manufacturing companies collected by a questionnaire-bas...
Article
Land resources are important for China’s rapid economic development, especially for food and construction. China’s land resources are under tremendous pressures, and therefore land use is increasingly displaced to other parts of the world. This study analyses the evolution and driving forces of China’s land consumption from 1995 to 2015. The main r...
Article
Rapid urbanization brought many environmental issues, leading to an urgent need on urban environmental governance. This special issue aims to focus on such a topic so that cities can accelerate their transition to equitable, sustainable, and livable Cities. Twenty-six papers were selected in this special issue, with different foci on different topi...
Conference Paper
Can technology neutralize the threat that depletion poses to resource availability? We offer new insights into this long-standing topic by analysing the US mining sector of iron ore, an important primary commodity used in a wide range of industrial productions. We develop a new econometric approach that allows to distinguish the sign of unobserved...
Article
Supply chain effectiveness and general societal prosperity, as well as economic and ecological productivity will be highly affected in the next decades, entailing challenges for the supply chain and logistics sector. Thereby this sector plays a significant role within the transformation process of economic systems, yet the capacities of it remain u...
Article
China proposed the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), an unprecedented development strategy in terms of scope and scale, to increase the connectivity with the rest of the world by infrastructure development and trade activities. Recently, more attention has been directed to the environmental implications of the international trade activities under thi...
Article
Full-text available
We call for a global initiative to advance the circular economy. It should set up an international platform to share data and experiences, and coordinate industrial policies and trade to conserve resources and energy. Policies, missions and incentives should be developed to spread circular-economy practices worldwide.
Article
The tremendous use of building materials poses heavy threats to resources and the environment. In order to better understand the GHG emissions embodied in the abundant building material consumption of Shanghai's buildings and search for approaches to reduce GHG emissions, this study explores the building consumption and the embodied GHG emission in...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the inter-linkages between the water and energy sectors and their planning processes, by describing a comprehensive analytical tool developed to evaluate water energy nexus operational cost trends and planning to assist decision makers in exploring and evaluating alternative courses of action. Brazil has been chosen as a case st...
Article
Eco-industrial Parks (EIP) have become a central element in China’s industrial strategy to combine industrial development while minimizing environmental impacts and improving resource efficiency. National standard system has been developed as a main tool for assessing EIPs. This paper provides a review of the development of China's EIP standard sys...
Chapter
In practice firms are faced by a range of market frictions and barriers, which can prevent them from undertaking investments in efficiency and low-carbon technologies. With a focus on resource efficiency investments, this chapter systematically investigates how the theoretical assumptions of perfectly competitive and efficient markets are violated...
Chapter
Increasing resource efficiency is considered to yield multiple economic and environmental benefits. However, evidence suggests that resource efficiency is only gradually increasing across regions, countries, and firms. To systematically investigate the incentives and dis-incentives for firms to invest in resource efficiency, this chapter firstly in...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter discusses long-term changes in economies and future challenges. It introduces two concepts that may help boosting resource efficiency in the future. First, new insights into the saturation effect, i.e. evidence on how UK, USA, Germany and Japan have been consuming key materials since early stages of their industrialisation. The result...
Article
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he SINCERE project (SINo-european Circular Economy and Resource Efficiency) is addressing the following priority themes under the Green Economy area: - The greenness and dynamics of economies; - Metrics and indicators for a green economy; - Policies planning, and institutions (including business) for a green economy - Green economy in cities and me...
Article
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In this article, we analyse the evolution of circular economy (CE) scientific knowledge in the most productive political geographies in the field, namely the European Union (EU) 28 and China by using bibliometric, network and survey analysis. Our objective is to provide a systemic, quantitative, visio-temporal review of the evolution of the CE scie...
Article
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It is critical to adapt to climate change and reduce the overall carbon emissions. China announced its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) at the Paris climate conference in 2015. The carbon cap-and-trade scheme, which plays a key role in carbon emissions abatement, is an effective policy for China to achieve its NDC. This study focuses on th...
Chapter
The complexity of nature and its interactions with societies is nowadays often discussed under the narrative of the water–energy–food nexus.1 This nexus approach refers to interlinkages among the use of natural resources, illustrated by water needed for both energy and food production. While research about interlinkages has a long tradition in sust...
Article
Full-text available
Tantalum, considered one of the critical elements by many countries, is a widely used metal in industries such as electronics, aerospace and automotive. The tantalum market has experienced several disruptions and subsequent price swings in the past, implying problems with its supply chain resilience and stability. In this study, we trace the entire...
Article
Construction and demolition waste (CDW) accounts for 30% to 40% of the total amount of waste in China. CDW is usually randomly dumped or disposed in landfills and the average recycling rate of CDW in China is only about 5%. Considering there is big challenge in adoption of circular economy in CDW industry in China while related research is still li...
Book
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In recent years the concept of the resource "nexus" has been hotly debated and now widely adopted in research and policy circles as a powerful new way of understanding the relationships between multiple resources and their sustainable management. These include particularly water, food and energy. This comprehensive Handbook presents a detailed inte...
Article
Full-text available
In practice firms are faced by a range of market frictions and barriers, which can prevent them from undertaking investments in efficiency and low-carbon technologies. Thus, even when environmental taxes are imposed, firms may be unable (or unwilling) to adjust their behaviour and technology in response to price signals. With a focus on energy and...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter addresses the resource nexus, a concept that has recently become quite popular. It is often framed as a water-energy-food nexus and discussed at international organisations, within infrastructure planning units and among actors on the ground concerned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations. The chapter seek...
Chapter
The supply side of resource provision is often seen from two contrasting views: one narrative is the scarcity debate and ‘limits to growth’, according to which the availability of resources is limited and uncertain. The other narrative is one of optimism and argues in favour of abundant supply, where any potential scarcity is prevented through tech...
Article
Full-text available
Recent major droughts in Brazil have given rise to discussions about water availability and security in relation to energy production. The relationship of the two resources, the water-energy nexus, is recognised being of importance in literature and metrics for its estimation and understanding are sought after. One important aspect in understanding...
Chapter
Full-text available
Demand for natural resources has grown rapidly for decades, and is expected to continue growing. These trends lead to repercussions, risks, and threats for humans and ecosystems at different scales. The challenges of sustainable resource management and governance are on numerous agendas, ranging from the G7 and G20 summits to UNEP’s International R...
Chapter
This chapter sheds some light on the latter group of phenomena by looking at important stylized facts of the structure and the evolution of some specific commodity markets. It explains the events in a broader historical perspective by focusing on the international dimension of the modern commodity industry, and in particular on the recent trade pat...
Article
Full-text available
Measuring eco-innovation helps us understand the overall trends and raises awareness in society. Measuring eco-innovation at the national level and making comparisons across countries may allow us to benchmark performance and foster policy learning. This paper assesses two indices developed in two different regions: The ASEM Eco-Innovation Index (A...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the cross-sectoral integration of the water-energy nexus in Brazil. Recent droughts resulted in unprecedented water scarcity. This caused water shortages for population and agriculture, as well as for electricity production (hydropower being the main source of electricity production). As a result, the system became more vulnerab...
Article
Due to different resource endowment, geographical features, culture and population sizes, different regions are facing different challenges and therefore need to adopt different strategies toward sustainable development. China’s Eastern, Central and Western provinces are taking different policies on international trade in order to boost their econo...
Chapter
This chapter seeks to demonstrate that business has a huge role to play in encouraging sustainable resource management. To tackle the enormous challenges ahead, simply improving efficiency in the production of goods and services by cutting material costs will not be sufficient. The chapter intends to outline the emerging field of resource policy. A...
Article
International trade has accelerated the trend of globalization, giving consumers and countries the opportunity to reach new markets and products. However, it also brought negative externalities in the forms of pollution and environmental degradation. Plus, the large amounts of resource flows among different countries may aggravate resource depletio...
Article
Full-text available
Due to different resource endowment, geographical features, culture and population sizes, different regions are facing different challenges and therefore need to adopt different strategies toward sustainable development. China’s Eastern, Central and Western provinces are taking different policies on international trade in order to boost their econo...
Article
Full-text available
A number of recent economic modelling studies have attempted to analyse resource efficiency and the circular economy. However, modelling analysis in this area is relatively underdeveloped. In particular, many CGE models are unable to provide significant insight given their aggregated sectoral coverage. Here we describe the development of the Enviro...
Article
Full-text available
The idea of a circular economy (CE) has become prominent in both European and Chinese policy making. Chinese and European perspectives on a CE share a common conceptual basis and exhibit many similar concerns in seeking to enhance resource efficiency. Yet they also differ, and this article explores differences in the focus of CE policy in China and...