Raffaella Bianucci

Raffaella Bianucci
Ronin Institute

MScPhD

About

254
Publications
102,665
Reads
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1,613
Citations
Citations since 2016
183 Research Items
1176 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
Introduction
Raffaella does research in Biological Anthropology, Medical History and Medical Humanities
Additional affiliations
August 2015 - present
Università degli Studi di Torino
Position
  • PostDoc Position
July 2013 - June 2015
University of Oslo
Position
  • PostDoc Position
June 2012 - present
University of Sassari
Position
  • Approccio paleobiologico alla storia della malaria e della leishmaniosi in Sardegna dall’Età Prenuragica al Medioevo

Publications

Publications (254)
Article
Full-text available
Biochemical investigations were carried out on the embalmed head of Nebiri (Museo Egizio, Turin; S-5109)—an 18th Dynasty Ancient Egyptian dignitary—and on the canopic jar containing his lungs (Museo Egizio, Turin; S. 5111/02) with the aim of characterizing the organ’s (lung) specific paleo-proteins and of identifying the compounds used in his embal...
Article
Full-text available
Mummy studies help scientists to reconstruct both the evolution and manifestation of past diseases as well as the lifestyles and the habits of the ancient populations. They also help to gain insights into their funerary rites, which are a refl ection of the community spiritual beliefs. Last but not least, the study of embalmed corpses reveals the e...
Book
Full-text available
I capolavori delle Gallerie degli Uffizi si trasformano in strumenti didattici per Studentesse e Studenti dei Corsi di Laura di area sanitaria e si arricchiscono di nuove chiavi di lettura per visitatori, turisti, curiosi. Il mondo della Medicina, infatti, affiora in queste opere, diventando spunto per originali approfondimenti e per inedite incur...
Presentation
Full-text available
The control of zoonoses is a key factor within the "One Health" approach; the microbes affecting animals also affect also humans as they share the same ecosystem and all are conditioned by climate change. Research, policies and legislations have been established to ameliorate the environmental, animal and human conditions towards an effort to reach...
Article
Full-text available
There exist numerous reports on violence in South American populations which shed a particular light on life and living conditions in those historic communities. Most studies have been performed on collections of isolated skulls. Whole-body investigations especially on well-preserved mummified human remains are rare. In the present study we investi...
Article
Background: As the world has challenged/argued with the Covid-19 pandemic over the last two years, there has been an increase in vaccine misinformation. Although immunity against Covid-19 infection is limited to 4-6 months and requires at least three doses of vaccine to be maximally effective, the current vaccination campaign in industrialized coun...
Article
Full-text available
The formal interactions between the living and the dead predate human history. How corpses are treated relate to the cultural and religious societies in which they lived. Differences in burial can also depend on whether the deceased is a member of the society or a social outcast, an enemy, or a criminal. It can also be different according to the ca...
Article
Full-text available
Since Antiquity, votive offerings were deposited in temples dedicated to deities in order to fulfil a special request of a supplicant. Later, in Orthodox churches, votive offerings entered in the form of anatomical ex-voto or tamata, metallic effigies that realistically represented the disease-affected portion of the body. In this paper, we show fo...
Article
In this article the origins of Mary Shelley's neurological and cerebrovascular problems are described. Through a reanalysis of her biography, her early health issues caused by a dermatological condition, potentially eczema, psoriasis or chickenpox, are related, thanks to current biomedical knowledge, to her migraines and strokes, including the one...
Article
Full-text available
SUMMARY- Alfredo Salafia (1869-1933) was a famous embalmer from Palermo, Sicily. He created an embalming fluid, the “Perfection fluid”, which was supposed to leave the corpse perfectly preserved in a “fresh state”. Within the remit of the Human Embalming Project© (H.E.P.), we performed referenced historical research on Salafia’s American period. We...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter focuses on the fate of the body of Vladimir Il'ič Ul'janov, (1870-1924), aka Lenin, from the day after his death, the 22nd January 1924, till the present day. It is aimed at considering the process of a conservation of the non-living body of the founder of the Soviet Union over the last 96 years and to elucidate its socio-cultural and...
Book
Owing to their unique state of preservation, mummies provide us with significant historical and scientific knowledge of humankind’s past. This handbook, written by prominent international experts in mummy studies, offers readers a comprehensive guide to new understandings of the field’s most recent trends and developments. It provides invaluable in...
Article
Full-text available
Brainstem is one of the most complex structures of the human body, and has the most complex intracranial anatomy, which makes surgery at this level the most difficult. Due to its hidden position, the brainstem became known later by anatomists, and moreover, brainstem surgery cannot be understood without knowing the evolution of ideas in neuroanatom...
Article
We describe the peculiar facial morphology of a carved head dating to the end of the Roman Republican period (40 BCE) which displays evident unilateral asymmetry. A comprehensive discussion of the different etiologies is provided and a contextualization of this condition in the broader frame of Roman artistic verism is offered. This case study cont...
Article
This paper examines the views on blood by the medieval poet Dante Alighieri (1265-1321), shedding light onto his knowledge of the differences between arterial and venous blood. The presentation and natural history of the resulting haemorrhages from both types of blood are as presented in his masterpiece "Divine Comedy". This information is contextu...
Article
The year 2022 will mark the 150th anniversary of the death of Giuseppe Mazzini, the spiritual father of the Italian Republic and one of the best political minds of the nineteenth century. In this review, we revisit the events surrounding Mazzini’s death, based on a report published in 1872 by Dr. Giovanni Rossini, the Italian physician who cared fo...
Article
The study of ancient parasites, named paleoparasitology, traditionally focused on microscopic eggs disseminated in past environments and archaeological structures by humans and other animals infested by gastrointestinal parasites. Since the development of paleogenetics in the early 1980s, few paleoparasitological studies have been based on the anci...
Chapter
There exist numerous crypts and catacombs in churches and cemeteries that harbor mummified human remains. Due to burial customs these are most frequently detected in European countries, mostly as the result of spontaneous (natural) mummification. Beyond those mummies, occasionally artificial mummification has led to permanently preserved bodies. Th...
Chapter
Arteriosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are chronic inflammatory afflictions of the vascular system leading to stiffening and occlusion of the arterial vessels. The particular involvement of the coronary and carotid arteries may result in lethal ischemia of the heart or brain. Therefore, they represent the most frequent cause of death i...
Chapter
Before the discovery of X-rays, the only available method of scientifically investigating the structure of a mummified body was to dissect it. Since the discovery of X-rays by Roentgen in 1895, Egyptologists and others interested in paleopathology have been using medical imaging to aid research into ancient biological artifacts. In this chapter, th...
Article
Full-text available
Dante places the sinners who promoted scandals, schism, and discord in the ninth Ditch of the Inferno. Among those is also the Prophet Muhammad. Describing the Prophet’s punishment, Dante resorts to technical terms and vulgar expressions. This poetic representation highlights Dante’s medical and anatomical knowledge and reflects 14th c. Christian r...
Article
Gender medicine as a subject began with Bernadine Healy’s 1991 article ‘The Yentl Syndrome’ which showed that women had worse outcomes following heart attacks since their symptoms are different from men. Since then gender-specific clinical research protocols have been progressively included so that evidence for guidelines can be better informed suc...
Article
Résumé Il est certainement trop tôt pour faire le point sur les intuitions du professeur Raoult, et ce n'est d'ailleurs pas le but de ce court article. Néanmoins, l'expérience a montré qu'en période de crise sanitaire sans précédent, les prescriptions se révèlent souvent aventureuses, surtout lorsqu'il s'agit d'un nouveau virus. L'imagination colle...
Chapter
Paleo-oncology is a relatively new branch of paleopathology aimed at identifying pathognomonic cancer lesions in ancient human remains while trying to reconstruct its incidence in the history of humankind. Besides the mere identification of cancer types, the central question concerns the prevalence of malignant tumors in different time periods, dif...
Article
Full-text available
President John F. Kennedy (JFK) had a complex medical history that is now thought to be an autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 2 with Addison’s disease and hypothyroidism. He also had gastrointestinal symptoms from adolescence, which now fit well with coeliac disease. In addition, he had a chronic back problem, which contributed to a chronic pai...
Article
Aim: To confirm that the sixteenth century surgeon-anatomist, Jacopo Berengario da Carpi, used a woman who died of a ruptured uterus as a model for a woodcut of female genital anatomy, and that the presentation was based on the cloak in Michelangelo’s Creation of Adam after visiting the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican whilst he was in Rome. Method: A...
Article
Full-text available
What is the place of medico-historical cases in the professional practice of the disciplinary field of medicine and biology? How can these patients from the past be used for teaching and continuing medical education? How to justify their place in biomedical publications? In this article, we explain all the legitimacy of paleomedicine, and the need...
Article
Recent paleopathological cases have shown the usefulness of interdisciplinary odontological studies in the investigation of historical figures. A macroscopic examination of the mandible of Saint-Louis (13th c. AD), conserved in the cathedral of Notre-Dame (Paris, France) was carried out, and compared with biographical data about the life and death...
Article
Sir Martin Frobisher (ca 1535-1594), the famous Elizabethan explorer and privateer, sustained a bullet to the outer plate of his ilium from a low-velocity bullet wound fired at close range from an arquebus, an early form of musket. The bullet was removed, but he subsequently died from gas gangrene. This paper looks at the management of this injury...
Article
Full-text available
Excavation (2008-2014) carried out under the Uffizi Gallery (Florence, Italy) led to the discovery of 75 individuals, mostly buried in multiple graves. Based on Roman minted coins, the graves were preliminarily dated between the second half of the 4th and the beginning of the 5th centuries CE. Taphonomy showed that this was an emergency burial site...