Rafaela Granja

Rafaela Granja
Communication and Society Research Centre (CECS), University of Minho · Institute of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology

PhD in Sociology

About

66
Publications
9,597
Reads
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408
Citations
Citations since 2016
46 Research Items
388 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Introduction
Rafaela Granja holds a PhD in Sociology (2015) and is currently a Post-doctoral researcher. Her PhD thesis is entitled "Behind and beyond prison walls: Family relationships at the interface between the inside and the outside of prison". Her main areas of research are focused on prison studies, family relationships, gender and, more recently, social studies of science and technology.
Additional affiliations
October 2017 - present
Institute of Social Sciences, University of Minho
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Project "EXCHANGE" (ref.648608), funded by the European Research Council, 2015-2020, led by Helena Machado
October 2017 - present
University of Minho
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Qualitative Research (B.A. in Criminology) and Project and Practice in Sociology (B.A. in Sociology)
October 2015 - September 2017
University of Coimbra
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Project "EXCHANGE" (ref.648608), funded by the European Research Council, 2015-2020, led by Helena Machado
Education
September 2010 - June 2015
University of Minho
Field of study
  • Sociology
September 2007 - July 2010
University of Minho
Field of study
  • Sociology

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Full-text available
An analysis is presented of how prisoners’ relatives experience and attribute meanings to the imprisonment of one or more family members. Drawing on 30 interviews conducted in Portugal with men and women taking an active role in supporting prisoners, the article explores the collateral consequences associated with both male and female imprisonment....
Article
Full-text available
“Intensive parenting” ideologies have been increasingly disseminated in popular culture, expert discourses, and social policy. These have impacted particularly mothers owing to their actual or presumed central role in child rearing. One of the main features of these ideologies is an increasing apportioning of rights and responsibilities to families...
Article
Big Data is seen as an increasingly important tool to support policing activities, define security governance policies and assist criminal investigations. Although significant literature has explored the predictive capabilities of Big Data, there has been less focus on the uses of Big Data in criminal investigations, focused on detection and appreh...
Article
Full-text available
The so-called Prüm system made mandatory for all EU Member States to join the pan-European network for the exchange of fingerprints, DNA profiles and motor vehicle information for stepping up on cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime. Taking into consideration the number of DNA profiles archived in the...
Chapter
In this chapter, I explore how imprisoned men manage and reflect upon fatherhood. Drawing upon nineteen interviews with Portuguese prisoners, I explore the points of connection and detachment between the representations and practices conveyed by the dominant fatherhood ideology and those enacted by fathers in prison. An in-depth analysis of narrati...
Article
Full-text available
Greater scrutiny and demands for innovation and increased productivity place pressures on scientists. Forensic genetics is advancing at a rapid pace but can only do so responsibly, usefully, and acceptably within ethical and legal boundaries. We argue that such boundaries require that forensic scientists embrace ‘ethics as lived practice’. As a sta...
Book
Full-text available
Este livro aborda as relações entre ciência, cultura e política a partir do olhar sociológico sobre as implicações societais e éticas da presença da genética forense na prevenção da criminalidade e terrorismo na União Europeia. As contingências, controvérsias e expectativas dirigidas à genética forense num contexto híbrido, em que se cruzam agendas...
Book
Full-text available
[Chinese version of the book "Forensic Genetics in the Governance of Crime"]. This open access book uses a critical sociological perspective to explore contemporary ways of reformulating the governance of crime through genetics. Through the lens of scientific knowledge and genetic technology, Machado and Granja offer a unique perspective on current...
Book
Full-text available
Este livro mobiliza uma perspectiva sociológica crítica para explorar modos contemporâneos da governança da criminalidade por via da genética forense. Helena Machado e Rafaela Granja abordam um conjunto de temas útil à compreensão do lugar e do papel da genética nos sistemas de justiça criminal, bem como os desafios sociais, éticos e políticos subj...
Article
Full-text available
This article aims to contribute to the growing body of literature that critically reflects on the practical, ethical and relational challenges raised by conducting research in prison. Basing our work on three different studies developed in Portuguese prison settings, we develop an intersectional understanding of building (dis)trust in prison settin...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides an outline of the historical evolution of biometric databases in the European Union and explores how these developments reconfigure notions of borders within this region of the world. This sets the scene for understanding how the melange of biometrical technologies and digitization has reconfigured how we think about the mobil...
Chapter
Full-text available
The concluding chapter reviews and compares the modes of biobordering at the EU level and in Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and the UK with a particular focus on the transnational exchange of DNA data within the Prüm system. This analysis reveals the multiplicity of heterogeneous biobordering regimes that enact different visions of Euro...
Chapter
Full-text available
The UK is the possessor of the world’s oldest and largest DNA database by proportion of population: the National Criminal Intelligence DNA Database, established in 1995. As a nation-state that holds one of the world’s largest DNA databases, the UK has been dealing systematically with the societal effects triggered by various ethical controversies....
Article
Full-text available
Long-range familial searches in recreational DNA databases have been the subject of intense interest since the high-profile case of the Golden State Killer. This technique has raised considerable media attention and has sparked immediate criticism from forensic geneticists and other professionals, regulators, policy advisors, and ethicists. However...
Book
Full-text available
This open access book explores how biometric data is increasingly flowing across borders in order to limit, control and contain the mobility of selected people, namely criminalized populations. It introduces the concept of bio-bordering, using it to capture reverse patterns of bordering and ordering practices linked to transnational biometric data...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter introduces the concept of ‘biobordering’. Taking the nationally grown crime control regimes into account, we argue that the proposed concept of bioborders is useful in capturing how the territorial foundations of national state autonomy are partially reclaimed (what we call rebordering) and at the same time partially purposefully suspe...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Portuguese DNA database was established in 2008 and is one of the smallest DNA databases in the EU. Portugal has one of the most restrictive regulatory frameworks in the EU in relation to the criteria for the entry and deletion of DNA profiles. The country started connecting with the Prüm system’s genetic data exchange in 2015. In terms of bord...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Netherlands’ DNA database was legally established in 1994 and became operational in 1997. It represents one of the mid-sized databases in the EU. The Netherlands has a track record of ‘innovation’ regarding the regulation and practical application of genetic technologies for forensic purposes. The Netherlands was involved with the Prüm regime f...
Chapter
Full-text available
Germany’s DNA database was established in 1998 and grew into one of the mid-sized databases in the EU. Under the leadership of its Minister of the Interior, Germany was among the countries that drove the creation of the Prüm system and was among the first signatories of the Prüm Treaty in 2005. The 2007 German Presidency of the EU, along with the E...
Chapter
Full-text available
Poland established its DNA database in 2007 and joined the Prüm system in 2013. In comparison to the other countries in the European Union, the Polish DNA database is small. The facilitation of international DNA data exchange was considered as fundamental to Poland’s project to technologically modernize, integrate into Europe and incorporate intern...
Article
Full-text available
Forensic DNA Phenotyping (FDP) is a set of techniques that aim to infer externally visible characteristics in humans – such as eye, hair and skin color – and biogeographical ancestry of an unknown person, based on biological material. FDP has been applied in various jurisdictions in a limited number of high-profile cases to provide intelligence for...
Article
This article aims to contribute to the growing body of literature that critically reflects on the practical, ethical and relational challenges raised by conducting research in prison. Basing our work on three different studies developed in Portuguese prison settings, we develop an intersectional understanding of building (dis)trust in prison settin...
Article
Full-text available
Forensic DNA phenotyping is a genetic technology that might be used in criminal investigations. Based on DNA samples of the human body found at crime scenes, it allows to infer externally visible characteristics (such as eye, hair and skin colour) and continental-based biogeographical ancestry. By indicating the probable visible appearance of a cri...
Article
Full-text available
Background Systems for large-scale data exchanges are playing a pivotal role in the governance, surveillance, and social control of criminality in different parts of the world. Analysis This article explores the case study of the Prüm system, which is a technological system for the exchange of DNA data among several European Union (EU) countries. M...
Chapter
This chapter provides an explanation and context for situating the particular approach of sociology to the social phenomenon of the uses of forensic genetics in criminal justice systems. The aim is to describe, in an accessible manner, why the governance of crime using science and technology is a fertile domain for sociological enquiry and identify...
Chapter
Criminal DNA databases are expanding in different regions of the world to support the activities of the criminal justice system. The use of techniques that combine different sources of digital information for preventing and anticipating the risk of crime (one of the potential uses of so-called Big Data) is increasingly seen as a promising strategy...
Chapter
This chapter provides a historical and sociological overview of the biological explanations for violent and criminal behaviour. It starts with a detailed description of the seminal work by Cesare Lombroso (nineteenth century) and highlights the risks of biological determinism and the potential stigmatization raised by this line of research. It then...
Chapter
This chapter succinctly summarizes the contents presented in the book, highlighting the main arguments. In particular, we revisit the various modalities and roles of forensic genetics in the governance of crime in contemporary societies. Additionally, we reflect upon paths for the future of research in the field of the social studies of forensic ge...
Chapter
DNA profiling has been assuming a prominent role in the activities of the criminal justice system. Genetic technologies support criminal investigations, while also being seen as holding a highly valuable potential for producing evidence to be used in courts. This chapter has two main objectives: on the one hand, to describe and explain the ways tha...
Chapter
Despite their consolidated role in providing evidence for criminal justice, DNA technologies have been subjected to continuous investment that has given rise to the emergence of new DNA technologies. This chapter will focus on such innovations, explaining how forensic genetics is increasingly expanding its role in the criminal justice system. Recen...
Chapter
Contemporary societies are increasingly facilitating movement while simultaneously creating forms of restricting and monitoring the mobility of persons deemed problematic. This chapter focuses on the growing relevance of genetic technologies in this domain by discussing the several forms whereby genetics has been used to prevent, manage and survey...
Book
Full-text available
This open access book uses a critical sociological perspective to explore contemporary ways of reformulating the governance of crime through genetics. Through the lens of scientific knowledge and genetic technology, Machado and Granja offer a unique perspective on current trends in crime governance. They explore the place and role of genetics in cr...
Chapter
The upholding of family ties during imprisonment is inscribed at the intersection of contradictory principles and practices that coexist in prisons. On the one hand, in the last few years, there has been an increasing recognition of prisoners’ rights in correctional facilities. On the other, organisational models that target control and punishment...
Article
Full-text available
Under EU Law, Member States are compelled to engage in reciprocal automated forensic DNA profile exchange within the so-called Prüm system. Presently, 25 operational EU Member States exchange DNA data within the Prüm system to combat terrorism and cross-border crime. This article discusses the perceived risks and benefits of the Prüm system on the...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the fluid and flexible forms of constructing suspicion, which take shape in transnational governance of crime through forensic DNA databases. The empirical examples are the views of professionals engaged with the so-called Prüm system. This technological identification system was developed to enable DNA data exchange across EU...
Article
Full-text available
The exchange of forensic DNA data is seen as an increasingly important tool in criminal investigations into organised crime, control strategies and counter-terrorism measures. On the basis of a set of interviews with police professionals involved in the transnational exchange of DNA data between EU countries, this paper examines how forensic DNA ev...
Article
Full-text available
The automatic exchange and comparison of DNA data between national databases to combat terrorism and cross-border crime in the EU area has been facilitated by the 2008 Prüm Decisions. While it was anticipated that all EU Member States would have fulfilled the requirements by August 2011, this has not yet occurred. Once each Member State has impleme...
Article
Familial searching is a technology that detects genetic relatedness. The term is generally used to refer to searches conducted in criminal DNA databases to identify criminal suspects through their connection with relatives. Beyond criminal investigation purposes, familial searching might also be used for the identification of unknown bodies and mis...
Article
Full-text available
Under EU Law, Member States are compelled to engage in reciprocal automated forensic DNA profile exchange for stepping up on cross-border cooperation, particularly in combating terrorism and cross-border crime. The ethical implications of this transnational DNA data exchange are paramount. Exploring what the concept of ethics means to forensic prac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Face ao incremento da mobilidade de pessoas no espaço da União Europeia (UE) e a uma escala global, a criminalidade transnacional apresenta-se, cada vez mais, como uma fonte de preocupação política. De forma a dar resposta a potenciais riscos para a segurança pública, tecnologias forenses, como o DNA, têm sido mobilizadas no âmbito de práticas gove...
Thesis
RESUMO Esta tese tem como principal objetivo analisar, descrever e compreender as experiências e atribuições de sentido conferidas à vivência familiar, na interface entre o interior e o exterior da prisão, através da perspetiva de reclusos/as e familiares. Alicerçadas numa postura crítica face aos discursos dominantes que conectam família, criminal...
Article
Parenthood is a gendered relation, but its bearing on how men and women “do” gender differs: fatherhood is more peripheral an attribute in men’s conventional gender definitions than motherhood is in women’s. Confinement situations may amplify this asymmetry. However, as prisons reflect structural variations, the very saliency of gender as a categor...
Chapter
Full-text available
In a context designed to discipline and control prisoners' bodies, the inhibition, conditioning, and regulation of intimacy and sexuality raise paradoxical questions in the scope of prison policies. In this paper, drawing from data provided by interviews in a Portuguese female prison, our aim is to explore how intimacy practices of heterosexual cou...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO: Explorando o carácter genderizado e socialmente situado do conceito de parentalidade, este artigo analisa, através das narrativas de pais e mães reclusas, as formas alternativas de exercício da paternidade e maternidade no contexto prisional. Os dados sugerem que as diferenças e desigualdades de género se materializam, antes e durante a rec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Roma are a highly stigmatized, segregated and discriminated ethnic minority in Portuguese society. Although the issue of involvement of the Roma ethnic group in deviant and criminal practices is frequently discussed in media and political discourses, scarce research has focused on the experiences of Roma individuals involved with the criminal justi...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO Este artigo aborda a natureza relacional e socialmente situada da paternidade, captando os múltiplos sentidos que ser pai pode assumir em contextos distanciados das configurações familiares tradicionais, através das narrativas de homens envolvidos nas malhas da justiça, mas posicionados em contextos sociais e simbólicos diferenciados: pais p...
Conference Paper
This paper examines how the experience of female prison confinement, especially in relation to mothering, is shaped by women's different trajectories. Results are drawn from interviews with 20 incarcerated mothers in a female prison in Portugal. We aim to explore issues of identity, representations and practices of inmate mothers in a prison contex...

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Project (1)
Project
The transnational exchange of DNA profiles for forensic and policing use is an important tool to tackle serious and organised crime. European Union Law, under Prüm Decisions, compels Member States to create the conditions for the reciprocal automated exchange of DNA profiles for the purpose of fighting cross-border crime, combating terrorism and preventing illegal migration. What do we study? The EXCHANGE project explores the societal, cultural, ethical, regulatory and political impacts of the implementation of Prüm Decisions in the European Union. Within the project, an in-depth comparison of the cases of the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and the United Kingdom will be carried out. Who supports our research? We are supported by the European Research Council (ERC), a public body established by the European Commission to promote cutting-edge science through highly competitive funding. We are hosted by the Centre for Social Studies (CES) at the University of Coimbra, Portugal. http://exchange.ces.uc.pt/ ERC Grant agreement No 648608