Rafael Domingo Martínez

Rafael Domingo Martínez
University of Zaragoza | UNIZAR · Department of Sciences of Antiquity

Doctor en Historia

About

135
Publications
35,821
Reads
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1,059
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2014 - present
University of Zaragoza
Position
  • Ramón y Cajal Research Fellow
September 2010 - October 2014
University of Zaragoza
Position
  • Investigador senior
August 2005 - April 2011
Position
  • Arqueólogo autónomo

Publications

Publications (135)
Article
Among the defining characteristics of the Cantabrian (Spain) Lower Magdalenian (19.2–17.5 cal kya), along with portable art works, are so-called “nucleiform endscrapers.” These small cores often display one or more regularized edges that could indicate a secondary function as scrapers. Although this has been demonstrated microscopically to be the c...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the first archaeological campaign in Espantalobos, a new Mesolithic site in the Ebro Basin. The site is a dismantled sandstone rock-shelter that shows two different human occupations. The most recent archaeological layer (level c) is related to the Geometric Mesolithic: its lithic industry is based on laminar elem...
Article
This paper presents a study that includes the factor analysis of some classic deposits from the Cantabrian Middle and Lower Magdalenian and the functional analysis of Rascaño nucleiform endscrapers. Three categories of enclaves are distinguished, based on their main industrial features (two functional: aggregation sites and hunting camps; and one c...
Article
This synthesis shows the transformation of an area traditionally described as a “research desert” (The Ebro Basin) into a well-known territory with more than 30 sites from the Lower to the Upper Magdalenian. The recent excavations in the majority of these sites have furnished 109 numerical dates that allow a preliminary overview of the development...
Article
An engraved block from the cave of Abauntz is interpreted as a Magdalenian map in which the actual surrounding landscape, including mountains, rivers, and ponds, is represented. Some possible routes or avenues of access to different parts of the geography are also engraved on the landscape. The engraving seems to reproduce the meandering course of...
Book
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Volumen que recoge las contribuciones de cerca de un centenar de investigadores de diferentes universidades y centros de investigación en homenaje a Pilar Utrilla Miranda. A lo largo de 28 artículos se ofrece una visión de diferentes temas relacionados con la trayectoria investigadora de la homenajeada, destacando las novedosas aportaciones sobre P...
Article
Full-text available
The Roca San Miguel (RSM) archaeological site was occupied during Mousterian times. Here we present a geoarchaeological and paleoenvironmental reconstruction of the site. Five stratigraphic units (A to E) formed by different archaeological levels are identified. Three optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) ages show that Unit A dates to between 16...
Article
Full-text available
El yacimiento musteriense de Roca San Miguel se sitúa en el curso alto del río Noguera Ribagorzana, en el Prepirineo de Huesca. Aunque en la actualidad se extiende por una ladera con la apariencia de un sitio al aire libre, un resalte de arenisca hoy erosionado debió generar un abrigo rocoso que prestaría protección a sus ocupantes prehistóricos. S...
Chapter
Full-text available
Many research projects focused in the Iberian Neolithic have offered during the last years a significant archaeological documentation. Researchers' efforts to compile those data and to give them a historic sense are not enough if, at the same time, we do not think about the concepts associated to the neolithization process. Usually, reconstructions...
Article
The Fuente del Trucho Cave (Asque‐Colungo, Huesca, Spain) is located in the central Pre‐Pyrenean range in NE Iberia, in the Arpán ravine, a tributary of the Vero River. The mouth of the cave is 22 m wide and it is oriented to the SE. The entrance gives access to a 24 m deep hall. Palaeolithic paintings were discovered in the cave in 1978. The Fuent...
Chapter
Full-text available
La presencia inicial de los humanos en la alta montaña desde hace poco menos de 8000 años presenta más ele-mentos de domesticación de lo que inicialmente se había estimado. raciones arqueológicas es todavía limitada, hay evidencias de uso de ganado doméstico y, en algunos casos, una probable agricultura utilizando mezcla de cereales a cotas interme...
Article
A key problem in explaining the mountain landscapes of the Mediterranean region is the relationship between the development of transhumance (seasonal movement of livestock over long distances) and deforestation of the subalpine and upper montane belts at 1350–2200 m above sea level (m a.s.l.). We examined this relationship in the Central Southern P...
Conference Paper
Recientemente se ha llevado a cabo la toma de muestras de algunos conjuntos con arte Levantino de la provincia de Teruel, dos de los cuales son analizados en el presente estudio: abrigo de Arenal de Fonseca (Maestrazgo) y Ceja de Piezarrodilla (Sierra de Albarracín). El objetivo del trabajo es conocer la composición y morfología tanto de los pigmen...
Article
Using a database of all the catalogued dolmens and stone circles in six Pyrenean valleys, we investigated the distribution of these megalithic monuments on the basis of elevation, gradient, aspect, terrain ruggedness, and terrain position, and identified factors potentially explaining the distribution of the monuments. A map of the areas having the...
Article
The Chaves cave (Huesca, Spain) is located in the central Pre‐Pyrenean range in NE Iberia. It is a huge cave opening to the east, which was systematically excavated between 1975 and 2007. Several human occupations from the Upper Palaeolithic and the Neolithic periods were documented. Archaeological investigations had barely covered a tenth of the t...
Article
Full-text available
The Sauveterrian is an industrial complex barely known in Spain. We have a little over a dozen known stratigraphic sequences, and there are very few studies about their industries. In this sense, there are many open research questions: a) about its chronological framework; b) its technological characterisation; c) its connection with the previous e...
Chapter
Full-text available
Entre los inicios del Allerod y del Boreal se observan transformaciones importantes, a escala europea, en todos los ámbitos (técnico, social, territorial) de los grupos humanos del Tardiglacial. Son cambios paulatinos que finalmente acaban por consolidarse en las consideradas sociedades epipaleolíticas, cuya denominación interna varía con el tiempo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Los inicios de un nuevo territorio cultural The beginnings of a new cultural territory Resumen: En el cuadrante NW de la cuenca del Ebro, la primera ocupación prehistórica que presenta caracteres específicos de inten-sidad, estructuración territorial y continuidad temporal no se documenta hasta las fases finales del Magdaleniense. En ese momento se...
Article
The geographical name of Monegros has traditionally been used to describe a high‐quality, dark‐coloured chert originating in a carbonate lacustrine environment, being one of the most important long‐distance tracers in south‐west Europe during prehistory. This chert type outcrops in the Monegros region, situated in the Ebro Basin (north‐eastern Iber...
Article
Full-text available
Presentamos los resultados del estudio de la industria lítica del nivel d del abrigo de Peña-14 (Biel, Zaragoza). El análisis tecnológico y de materias primas efectuado permite una reconstrucción completa del sistema de producción líti-ca. Los resultados remiten a dinámicas tecnológicas propias tecnológica, predominancia del utillaje microlaminar…)...
Article
Full-text available
Presentamos los resultados del estudio de la industria lítica del nivel d del abrigo de Peña-14 (Biel, Zaragoza). El análisis tecnológico y de materias primas efectuado permite una reconstrucción completa del sistema de producción lítica. Los resultados remiten a dinámicas tecnológicas propias del Epipaleolítico (aprovisionamiento local, simplifica...
Article
We present a very intriguing set of finds coming from Tragaluz Norte, one of the most inaccessible rock shelters in the Vero canyon, which runs north to south through the Sierra de Guara, in the Huesca province (north-east Spain). There, a skeleton from a 9-years-old child with his toy wooden bow as well as other elements (pieces of wood, fabric an...
Article
Full-text available
The Anthropocene is related to the origin of current landscape configuration, and in terms of vegetation, with the consideration of human action as main forcing of clear, intense and permanent changes through time. In this paper we compile and compare data from palynological sequences, microcharcoal records, archaeological sites and radiocarbon dat...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEn Las prospecciones arqueológicas llevadas a cabo en el término municipal de La Muela (Zaragoza), entre 2008 y 2009, han permitido documentar una compleja e interesante red de explotación minera de sílex. De esta actividad se conservan grandes escombreras y minas a cielo abierto adoptando diversas morfologías. En relación con las zonas de ext...
Presentation
Full-text available
During the 7th millennium cal BC a profound technological change took place in the last Mesolithic societies. In different regions of Western Europe, the development of lithic industries characterised by a very regular and standardised blade production is recognised, usually associated with the use of indirect percussion. Also, it is associated to...
Presentation
Many research projects focused in the Iberian Neolithic have offered during the last years a significant archaeological documentation. Researchers' efforts to compile those data and to give them a historic sense are not enough if, at the same time, we do not think about the concepts associated to the neolithisation process. Usually, reconstructions...
Presentation
Full-text available
In the NW quadrant of the Ebro Basin the first intense Prehistoric human presence does not occur until the end of Magdalenian times. Located in the Pyrenean footsteps, caves, rock-shelters and campsites suggest a new occupation of a rich environment, whose fertile natural resources increase with the Holocene onset. Being the previous human evidenc...
Article
This paper summarises our knowledge of Mesolithic space management - which concerns the choice of the living place itself and the recognisable dwelling structures - in the Middle Ebro Basin, where more than fifteen accurately dated Mesolithic sites have been found and excavated in the last several decades.In the last forty years, the Ebro Basin has...
Article
Full-text available
The Puerto Bajo de Góriz (Low Góriz Greenhill) belongs to the wide pasture areas of the Ordesa and Monte Perdido National Park. The current vegetal landscape is not totally natural as anthropic activity has influenced its evolution. Thousands of years of husbandry exploitation has contributed to the widening of the pasture surface which nowadays co...
Article
The Ebro Basin constitutes one of the most representative territories in SW Europe for the study of prehistoric societies during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition. The correlation of palaeoenvironmental and geomorphological proxies obtained from sedimentary records with chronologically well-constrained reference archaeological sites has allowed d...
Presentation
In recent years the advance of prehistoric research in the Ebro valley has allowed the identification and excavation of numerous archaeological sequences of the Pleistocene / Holocene transition. Thanks to that, the vision of these interior territories has changed significantly, revealing the existence of a relatively intense and continuous occupat...
Article
The geochemical characterization of several lacustrine chert formations outcropping in the Central-Eastern Pre-Pyrenean area is presented. Four geological formations were considered: one Upper Cretaceous (Tremp formation), two Oligocene (Castelltallat and Tartareu-Alberola formations) and one Miocene (Aragonian limestones formation). Furthermore, l...
Presentation
L’ensemble préhistorique de l’Arba de Biel est devenu une référence pour l’étude du peuplement en milieu montagnard dans la Basin de l’Èbre. Ses gisements offrent, avec le support de 35 dates C14, une image précise des visites préhistoriques entre 15000 et 4000 calBP. Quelques éléments nous font penser que ces groupes arrivaient généralement du Sud...
Article
Wood charcoal analysis carried out at Espantalobos (Quicena, Huesca) provides key data on the research of past vegetation and woodland exploitation by late Mesolithic groups in the middle Ebro Valley. Radiocarbon dates place the occupations between 8975-8547 cal BP and 8321-8046 cal BP, the last one related to the well-known 8.2 cal BP event. Its l...
Article
Se presenta un avance del estudio de las esquirlas óseas recuperadas en los trabajos iniciales del nuevo yacimiento musteriense de Roca San Miguel (Arén, Huesca). En uno de los sondeos efectuados (cata intermedia) abundan los restos de fauna en un estado de fragmentación extremo y en distintos grados de combustión. Se analizan sus características y...
Article
El Cierro Cave (Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain), located near the mouth of the River Sella, has yielded one of the most important Upper Palaeolithic sequences in northern Spain. To date, three major occupation periods at the cave have been identified and dated. The first was at the beginning of the Holocene (ca. 8500 BP; ca. 9000 cal BP); the second...
Article
El Cierro Cave (Ribadesella, Asturias, Spain), located near the mouth of the River Sella ,has yielded one of the most important Upper Palaeolithic sequences in northern Spain.Todate, three major occupation periods at the cave have been identified anddated.The first was at the beginning of the Holocene (ca.8500BP;ca.9000calBP); the second at the end...
Article
Full-text available
n recent years, allusions to exploitation of a so-called “Monegros-type” chert have been a commonplace in archaeological literature, mostly in Iberia but also in southern France. It has been also a routine that these references did not include a true petrographic characterization, being mere de visu descriptions of those products. This work present...
Article
Full-text available
The upper Arba de Biel Basin hosts an interesting archaeological ensemble composed by five sites that were repeatedly occupied by human groups from the Upper Magdalenian until the Chalcolithic (between ca. 15,000 and 4,500 years calBP). This work presents the first results of the petrographic study of the local chert (Las Lezas), as well as a diss...
Article
Full-text available
In 2012, during a field survey to locate primary outcrops of cherts in the Carrodilla Mountain Range (Huesca, Spain), abundant remains of chert-knapping were found next to nodular cherts in primary and sub-primary position from the Garumnian limestones. Chert knapping evidences were discovered in Tozal de la Mesa mount, near the town of Alins del M...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo estudia la posibilidad de que la red de cabañeras del Alto Aragón que comunican la tierra llana con los Pirineos centrales este fosilizando antiguos caminos usados durante la Prehistoria reciente. Se han seleccionado y cartogra ado sobre un mapa las vías pecuarias actuales, los principales asentamientos del Neolí- tico-Bronce, los dólm...
Article
This paper concerns the dating of the Paleolithic rock art of the Fuente del Trucho cave. We used the U–Th method to date calcite crusts superimposed to the paintings. Whenever sub-samples of a single crust could be dated we obtained stratigraphically consistent results and the correction for detrital contamination is negligible. Our results are st...
Presentation
The Ebro Basin constitutes one of the most representative territories in SW Europe for the study of prehistoric societies during the Pleistocene-Holocene transition. The correlation of palaeoenvironmental and geomorphological proxies obtained from sedimentary records with chronologically well-constrained reference archaeological sites has allowed d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Se revisan los trabajos arqueológicos realizados en la cueva de la Fuente del Trucho entre 2005 y 2015. Éstos afectan por un lado a la excavación de los niveles arqueológicos al pie de los grabados y las pinturas, con materiales líticos y dataciones que permiten comprobar una presencia cierta de gentes del Gravetiense y del Solutrense y, muy probab...
Chapter
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El gran abrigo de El Esplugón, también conocido como la Esplunga, está situado en la margen derecha del río Guarga a tan solo 500 m del Molino de Billobas, en término municipal de Sabiñánigo (Huesca). Se trata de un abrigo profundo abierto en un farallón rocoso de areniscas y conglomerados, a una altitud de 800 msnm. El valle del río Guarga, afluen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El yacimiento al aire libre de Roca San Miguel se localiza en una ladera bien orientada que domina un estrechamiento del río Noguera Ribagorzana. La abundancia de materiales arqueológicos en super cie nos impulsó a realizar trabajos de campo sistemáticos en 2013 y 2014, que han dado a conocer un rico asentamiento musteriense, cuya cronología precis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Archaeological works carried out in the cave of Fuente del Trucho between 2005 and 2015 have been revised. This paper focuses on the excavation of archaeological levels at the at the base of its engravings and paintings, offering lithic materials and chronology that allow us to document several periods of occupation in the cave during the age of th...
Article
Full-text available
The Upper basin of the Vero River –locally known as Tierra Bucho, for the abundance of boxwoods- forms a small, open valley surrounded by mountains up to 1500 m in the central area of the Pre-Pyrenean ranges, in the province of Huesca. During the Late Neolithic and the Chalco-lithic/Early Bronze Age the human occupation was dense and stable, as sho...
Article
This paper summarizes the current data about the site of Las Callejuelas (Teruel, Spain) and, for the first time, offers an accurate chronological proposal for its human occupations. The AAR dates confirm the chronology deduced after the lithic industry features and link it to some other uncommon Mousterian sites such as Bolomor or Estret de Tragó,...
Article
Full-text available
The Upper Arba de Biel constitutes a small valley in north-eastern Spain where a detailed study of five archaeological sites (Peña-14, Legunova/Rambla, Valcervera and Paco-Pons) has been performed, defining the recurrent prehistoric occupation from the Late Magdalenian until the Chalcolithic. The aim of this study focuses on exploring the main driv...