Raeid M M Abed

Raeid M M Abed
Sultan Qaboos University | SQU · Department of Biology

Professor

About

170
Publications
73,282
Reads
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4,777
Citations
Citations since 2017
42 Research Items
2776 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
Additional affiliations
November 1998 - September 2008
Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (170)
Article
Full-text available
We studied the biodegradation of oily sludge generated by a petroleum plant in Bahrain by a bacterial consortium (termed as AK6) under different bioprocess conditions. Biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons in oily sludge (C11-C29) increased from 24% after two days to 99% after 9 days of incubation in cultures containing 5% (w/v) of oily sludge a...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial biodegradation is a key process for the removal of estrogens during wastewater treatment. At least four degradation pathways for natural estrogens have been proposed. However, major estrogen degraders and the occurrence of different estrogen biodegradation pathways in wastewater treatment plants have been rarely investigated. This study w...
Article
Full-text available
Biological soil crusts (biocrusts) release the reactive nitrogen gases (Nr) nitrous acid (HONO) and nitric oxide (NO) into the atmosphere, but the underlying microbial process controls have not yet been resolved. In this study, we analyzed the activity of microbial consortia relevant in Nr emissions during desiccation using transcriptome and proteo...
Article
Constructed wetlands have been successfully used in the treatment of produced water brought to the surface in large quantities during oil extraction activities. However, with the increasing use of partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM) in enhancing oil recovery, the impacts of HPAM on the biological processes of wetlands is still unknown. Micro...
Article
Full-text available
Hypersaline microbial mats are dense microbial ecosystems capable of performing complete element cycling and are considered analogs of Early Earth and hypothetical extraterrestrial ecosystems. We studied the functionality and limits of key biogeochemical processes, such as photosynthesis, aerobic respiration, and sulfur cycling in salt crust-covere...
Article
The applicability of extremophilic amylases in hydrolyzing food waste for bioethanol production has not been investigated much. The current study aims to extract amylases from halophilic bacteria isolated from a hypersaline mat and to use them for the saccharification of food waste to produce bioethanol. Nine halophilic bacteria belonging to the ge...
Article
Full-text available
A novel slightly halophilic Gram-stain-negative bacterial strain (MKS20T) was isolated from a brine sample collected from one of the Anderton brine springs in the Cheshire salt district, located in Northern England. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed a close proximity to Motilimonas eburnea (98.30 %), followed by Motilimon...
Preprint
Full-text available
We enriched and characterized a biodesulfurizing consortium (designated as MG1). The MG1 consortium reduced the total sulfur of diesel by 25 % and utilized each of the diesel-born compounds dibenzothiophene (DBT), benzothiophene (BT), 4-methyldibenzothiophene (4-MDBT) and 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene (4, 6-DMDBT) as a sole sulfur source. MiSeq ana...
Article
Full-text available
We enriched and characterized a biodesulfurizing consortium (designated as MG1). The MG1 consortium reduced the total sulfur of diesel by 25 % and utilized each of the diesel-born compounds dibenzothiophene (DBT), benzothiophene (BT), 4-methyldibenzothiophene (4-MDBT) and 4, 6-dimethyldibenzothiophene (4, 6-DMDBT) as a sole sulfur source. MiSeq ana...
Article
Full-text available
Revealing the unexplored rhizosphere microbiome of plants in arid environments can help in understanding their interactions between microbial communities and plants during harsh growth conditions. Here, we report the first investigation of rhizospheric fungal and bacterial communities of Adenium obesum, Aloe dhufarensis and Cleome austroarabica usi...
Article
Full-text available
Information pertaining to changes in abundance and composition of microbial communities on offshore platforms in relation to changes in environmental conditions due to internal tides are scarce. In this study, artificial substrata were deployed at two locations on a gently sloping seabed off the coast of Kuwait. The abiotic factors at the two sites...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial mats are rarely reported for chromium-polluted ecosystems, hence information on their bacterial diversity and role in chromium removal are very scarce. We investigated the role of nine microbial mats, collected from three quarry sumps of chromium mining sites, in the removal of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)]. Bacterial diversity in these ma...
Article
Full-text available
Latitudinal diversity gradients are well-known for plants and animals, but only recently similar patterns have been described for some specific microbial communities in distinct habitats. Although microbial diversity is well-investigated worldwide, most of the studies are spatially too restricted to allow general statements about global diversity p...
Article
Little is known about the degradability of oxo-biodegradable polyethylene (OXO-PE) and its surface fouling bacterial communities in the marine environment. The degradation of OXO-PE, PE and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was compared at two depths (2 m and 6 m) in the Arabian Gulf. Scanning electron microcopy (SEM) revealed more fissure formation...
Article
Full-text available
Although marine biofouling has been widely studied on different substrates, information on biofouling on plastics in the Arabian Gulf is limited. Substrate- and location-specific effects were investigated by comparing the microbial communities developed on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polyethylene (PE) with those on steel and wood, at two l...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial succession during the initial stages of marine biofouling has been rarely studied, especially in the Arabian Gulf. This study was undertaken to follow temporal shifts in biofouling communities in order to identify primary and secondary colonizers. Quantitative analysis revealed a significant increase in total biomass, coverage of macrofou...
Article
Full-text available
Biological soil crusts (biocrusts) occur within drylands throughout the world, covering ~12% of the global terrestrial soil surface. Their occurrence in the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula has rarely been reported and their spatial distribution, diversity, and microbial composition remained largely unexplored. We investigated biocrusts at six diff...
Article
As the production of metallic nanoparticles has grown, it is important to assess their impacts on structural and functional components of ecosystems. We investigated the effects of zinc and titanium nanoparticles on leaf decomposition in freshwater habitats. We hypothesized that nanoparticles would inhibit the growth and activity of microbial commu...
Article
The Cheshire Salt District (UK) is home to a wide range of largely unexplored inland brine springs, whose increased salinity originates from subterranean Triassic salt rock deposits. Our study focused on the Anderton Brine Spring System, a set of pools of varying salinity which are subjected to regular salinity fluctuations depending on drainage an...
Article
Full-text available
For the first time, the densities and diversity of microorganisms developed on ocean gliders were investigated using flow cytometry and Illumina MiSeq sequencing of 16S and 18S rRNA genes. Ocean gliders are autonomous buoyancy-driven underwater vehicles, equipped with sensors continuously recording physical, chemical, and biological parameters. Mic...
Article
Full-text available
Biodegradation in oil-contaminated desert soils can be limited by the lack of nutrients and/or water. We investigated the effect of irrigation, using nutrient-free and -amended distilled water, sewage water and seawater on alkane degradation rates in an oil-contaminated desert soil. Nutrient-amended soils exhibited the highest alkane degradation ra...
Article
Full-text available
Benthic cyanobacterial mats (BCMs) have increased in abundance on coral reefs worldwide. However, their species diversity and role in nitrogen fixation are poorly understood. We assessed the cyanobacterial diversity of BCMs at four coral reef sites in Curaçao, Southern Caribbean. In addition, nitrogen fixation rates of six common mats were measured...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiesel is considered the most convenient biofuel, due to its direct use in existing combustion engines; however, its production is not economically optimal due to processes that utilize costly substrates, require high energy expenditure or achieve low biodiesel yields. We used primary sewage sludge for the production of biodiesel and compared yi...
Article
Desert wadis are widespread in the Arabian Peninsula and play a vital role in the ecology of the region; nevertheless, these ecosystems are among the least studied. Various types of microbial mats are predominant in wadis, but information on their bacterial diversity and spatial distribution is very scarce. We investigated bacterial diversity, pigm...
Article
Full-text available
Hypersaline intertidal zones are highly dynamic ecosystems that are exposed to multiple extreme environmental conditions including rapidly and frequently changing parameters (water, nutrients, temperature) as well as highly elevated salinity levels often caused by high temperatures and evaporation rates. Microbial mats in most extreme settings, as...
Article
Aerobic heterotrophic microorganisms (AH) play a significant role in carbon cycling in cyanobacterial mats, however, little is known about their abundance, diversity and interaction with cyanobacteria. Using catalyzed reporter deposition fluorescence in situ hybridization (CARD-FISH), bacterial counts in the mat's oxic layer reached a mean of 2.23...
Article
Full-text available
We compared the response of oil-polluted desert and marine soils to biostimulation using three nonioinc surfactants (i.e., Triton X-100, Tween-80 and Brij-35) and inorganic nutrients (i.e., N and P) at different ratios. The addition of Tween-80 and Brij-35 resulted in an increase in the produced CO2 from 2.1 ± 0.01 to 2.5 ± 0.10 and from 0.7 ± 0.01...
Article
Full-text available
Desert streams occur in abundance in the mountain regions of the Arabian Peninsula, where massive areas are covered by phototrophic microbial mats. In this study, 11 different phototrophic microbial mats were screened for their carbohydrate and lipid contents and their ability to produce methane, and mats with potential were further used for biofue...
Article
Full-text available
Although Phragmites australis is commonly planted in constructed wetlands, very little is known about its roots-associated bacterial communities, especially in wetlands used for the remediation of oil produced waters. Here, we describe the bacterial diversity, using molecular (illumina MiSeq sequencing) and cultivation techniques, in the rhizospher...
Article
Full-text available
Although polyacrylamide (PAM) and its derivatives have many useful applications, their release in nature can have impacts on the environment and human health, thus bioremediation approaches for residual PAM are urgently needed. Biodegradation of PAM and its derivatives has been studied only in the last two decades, with most emphasis on acrylamide...
Article
Little is known about the effect of commercial biocidal fouling control coatings on fouling diatom communities and their growth forms after long periods of exposure in the marine tropical environment. The current study investigated the abundance and composition of fouling diatom communities developed on 11 commercially available biocidal antifoulin...
Article
Fecal waste is an environmental burden that requires proper disposal, which ultimately becomes also an economic burden. Because fecal waste is nutrient-rich and contains a diverse methanogenic community, it has been utilized to produce biomethane via anaerobic digestion. Carbohydrates and lipids in fecal waste could reach up to 50% of the dry weigh...
Article
Full-text available
For the first time a combined genotype-phenotype diversity analyses of endolithic microorganisms by pyrosequencing and microscopy was carried out across the intertidal and supratidal ranges of the Adriatic limestone coast. The coastal profiles represent ecotones between the sea and land, which express gradients of water supply, solar illumination a...
Article
Full-text available
The common practice of counting bacteria using epifluorescence microscopy involves selecting 5–30 random fields of view on a glass slide to calculate the arithmetic mean which is then used to estimate the total bacterial abundance. However, not much is known about the accuracy of the arithmetic mean when it is calculated by selecting random fields...
Article
Full-text available
Cyanobacteria hold significant potential as industrial biotechnology (IB) platforms for the production of a wide variety of bio-products ranging from biofuels such as hydrogen, alcohols and isoprenoids, to high-value bioactive and recombinant proteins. Underpinning this technology, are the recent advances in cyanobacterial "omics" research, the dev...
Article
Full-text available
A lot of research has been performed on cyanobacteria and microalgae with the aim to produce numerous biotechnological products. However, native strains have a few shortcomings, like limitations in cultivation, harvesting and product extraction, which prevents reaching optimal production value at lowest costs. Such limitations require the intervent...
Article
Full-text available
Waste materials have a strong potential in the bioremediation of oil-contaminated sites, because of their richness in nutrients and their economical feasibility. We used sewage sludge, soybean meal and wheat straw to biostimulate oil degradation in a heavily contaminated desert soil. While oil degradation was assessed by following the produced CO2...
Article
The effect of bacterial quorum sensing (QS) signals on the respiration activity of an oil-polluted soil with and without the addition of an alkane-degrading bacterial consortium was investigated. The addition of C4–C12-HSL N-acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) to the contaminated soil with the bacterial consortium resulted in a significant increase in...
Article
Full-text available
The use of organic wastes in bioremediation of oil-contaminated desert soils has received little attention, although their use is cost-effective. We evaluated the use of spent mushroom compost (SMC), poultry manure (PM), and urea in the stimulation of respiration activities and oil degradation in a polluted desert soil. Moreover, we followed post t...
Data
Natural CO2 venting systems can mimic conditions that resemble intermediate to high pCO2 levels as predicted for our future oceans. They represent ideal sites to investigate potential long-term effects of ocean acidification on marine life. To test whether microbes are affected by prolonged exposure to pCO2 levels, we examined the composition and d...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, cyanobacterial microbial mats from five hot springs in Oman, namely Al Kasfah Rustaq, Al Thwara Nakhl, Al–Ali Hammam, Gala and Bowsher, were characterized using direct microscopy. Nine monoclonal cyanobacterial cultures were obtained and their extracts in butanol, dichloromethane (DCM) and hexane were screened for antibacterial and a...
Article
Full-text available
Populations of the benthic diazotrophic cyanobacterium Hydrocoleum Kützing (1843) are widely distributed in coral reefs and lagoons of tropical oceans, where they contribute to benthic nitrogen fixation. We compared the morphological, molecular and physiological features of 31 freshwater and marine Hydrocoleum populations from geographically differ...
Article
Full-text available
Potential rates of ammonia oxidation, denitrification and anammox were measured in a hypersaline microbial mat. Ammonia oxidation and denitrification had potential rates of 0.8 § 0.4 and 2.0 § 1.0 nmol N g¡1 h¡1, respectively, anammox was not detectable. The rate of N2O production under anoxic conditions accounted for ca. 5% of total denitrificatio...
Article
Full-text available
Various types of cyanobacterial mats were predominant in a wetland, constructed for the remediation of oil-polluted residual waters from an oil field in the desert of the south-eastern Arabian Peninsula, although such mats were rarely found in other wetland systems. There is scarce information on the bacterial diversity, spatial distribution and oi...
Article
Full-text available
Natural CO2 venting systems can mimic conditions that resemble intermediate to high pCO2 levels as predicted for our future oceans. They represent ideal sites to investigate potential long-term effects of ocean acidification on marine life. To test whether microbes are affected by prolonged exposure to pCO2 levels, we examined the composition and d...
Article
Full-text available
We examined soil surface colour change to green and hydrotaxis following addition of water to biological soil crusts using pigment extraction, hyperspectral imaging, microsensors and 13C labeling experiments coupled to matrix-assisted laser desorption and ionization time of flight-mass spectrometry (MALD-TOF MS). The topsoil colour turned green in...
Article
Full-text available
The current study investigated the microbial community composition of the biofilms that developed on 11 commercial biocidal coatings, including examples of the three main historic types, namely self-polishing copolymer (SPC), self-polishing hybrid (SPH) and controlled depletion polymer (CDP), after immersion in the sea for one year. The total wet w...
Chapter
Summary This chapter deals with both classical and modern molecular methods that can be useful for the identification of microorganisms, elucidation and comparison of microbial communities, and investigation of their diversity and functions. The most important and critical steps necessary for all molecular methods is DNA isolation from microbial c...
Chapter
Identification, visualization and investigation of biofouling microbes are not possible without light, epifluorescence and electron microscopy. The first section of this chapter presents methods of quantification of microbes in biofilms and Catalyzed Reporter Deposition Fluorescent in situ hybridization (CARD-FISH). The second section provides an o...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial communities in oil-polluted desert soils have been rarely studied compared to their counterparts from freshwater and marine environments. We investigated bacterial diversity and changes therein in five desert soils exposed to different levels of oil pollution. Automated rRNA intergenic spacer (ARISA) analysis profiles showed that the bact...
Book
In the modern strategy of development, biotechnology assumes a major role in every country, more so in the arid regions. In spite of significant contributions to biotechnology by the developed nations, the information available for the arid zones is scant. Combining biotechnology and conservation is a novel idea of the editors of this book, who hav...
Article
Full-text available
Using a combination of process rate determination, microsensor profiling and molecular techniques, we demonstrated that denitrification, and not anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox), is the major nitrogen loss process in biological soil crusts from Oman. Potential denitrification rates were 584±101 and 58±20 μmol N m(-2) h(-1) for cyanobacterial...