Radian Romus Andreescu

Radian Romus Andreescu
Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a României · Department of Archaeology

About

57
Publications
34,613
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1,390
Citations
Citations since 2017
13 Research Items
984 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
Additional affiliations
May 1989 - present
Muzeul Naţional de Istorie a României
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Full-text available
The exploitation of animal resources in an economic system, to process artifacts, has the same sequence of phases: acquisition; transformation; use; and abandonment. This operation involves the implementation of a sequence of actions, first to extract the raw material and then to the manufacture of products obtained from it, and finally their use....
Chapter
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Figurinele lucrate din os reprezintă o creație originală a culturii Gumelnița-Karanovo VI-Kodjadermen. Există mai multe tipuri de astfel de figurine, cele mai răspândite fiind cele plate. Alături de acestea, o categorie de piese specială este reprezentată de figurinele prismatice. Acestea sunt lucrate de obicei din metopodii de porc (domestic sau s...
Article
Full-text available
There are many artefacts among the discoveries of the Neolithic period decorated with various elements, usually geometrically shaped, and mostly incised. The artefacts are diverse, there are many figurines, vessels, and seldom clay objects such as the tablets from Tărtăria. This article has gathered several artefacts, some of them discovered in rec...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Tell-settlements are a constant reality at the Lower Danube during the 5th millennium BC. Over more than a century and a half, the archaeological researches focused on the tell-settlements themselves,therefore the surrounding area was usually left unsearched. Despite this, both old and new researches summarily investigated also the area a...
Article
Full-text available
European farmers' first strides from the south The early spread of farmers across Europe has previously been thought to be part of a single migration event. David Reich and colleagues analyse genome-wide data from 225 individuals who lived in southeastern Europe and the surrounding regions between 12000 and 500 BC. They analyse this in combination...
Article
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Farming was first introduced to southeastern Europe in the mid-7th millennium BCE - brought by migrants from Anatolia who settled in the region before spreading throughout Europe. However, the dynamics of the interaction between the first farmers and the indigenous hunter-gatherers remain poorly understood because of the near absence of ancient DNA...
Data
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In south-eastern Romania, a prominent place was given to pigs in the Gumelniţa culture (Late Chalcolithic, second half of 5th millennium BC); as was the highly prized wild boar, one of a variety of species targeted for hunting. The wild boars’ ecological niche and the scale of pig husbandry were investigated during a stable isotope study of the Gum...
Data
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Description of archaeological sites All Romanian sites analysed in this study are open-air sites, all of them corresponding to dwelling sites, except Cernavodă that is also associated with a necropolis (all references can be found in SI-Table 1). During the Mesolithic, the dog (Canis familiaris), is the only domesticated species, whereas the Neolit...
Article
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Current evidence suggests that pigs were first domesticated in Eastern Anatolia during the ninth millennium cal BC before dispersing into Europe with Early Neolithic farmers from the beginning of the seventh millennium. Recent ancient DNA (aDNA) research also indicates the incorporation of Euro-pean wild boar into domestic stock during the Neolithi...
Data
In this poster we will try to provide an integrated image on the ways the Eneolithic communities from the tell of Vitănești (Gumelnita culture, phase B1) exploited the animal environment to obtain artifacts and on the way these objects are reintegrated in the cycle, this time as means to exploit the environment
Article
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Stable isotope analyses were conducted on faunal remains from the site of Măgura-Boldul lui Moş Ivănuş with the objective of characterizing the environments and seasonality of husbandry in the earliest Neolithic (Gura Baciului-Cârcea/Starčevo-Criş I) of southern Romania. Results from bone collagen analysis indicate extensive herding strategies for...
Article
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North of the Mălăieştii de Jos village (Prahova county), on the edge of a high terrace (295 m altitude), an Eneolithic settlement was noted. To the north and south the site is naturally bordered by deep gullies and ravines, and to the east by the river valley. A rather easy way of access, probably manmade. exists on its west side. The settlement is...
Article
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This paper explains and applies a statistical analysis approach for the study of a representative pottery group. Pottery from dwelling no. 5 at Sultana ‘Malu Roşu’ is used as a case study. The results show a number of specific features for the examined complex and by using the same methodological criteria comparisons with other similar (dwellings)...
Article
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This paper has as aim to present some tell settlements from Southern Romania from the point of view of their preservation (identification of the main degradation types) and protection. With the shape of a mound, the tell type settlements drew the attention not only to archaeologists but also to local people who saw them as a good raw material sourc...
Article
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This article presents a number of Eneolithic finds from the Gumelniţa culture settlement at Vităneşti ‘Măgurice’. Among the artefacts discovered are six ornithomorphic figurines. There are two types of figurine. One type is of birds modeled on a socle (the legs) probably representing sitting birds at rest. The second type is represented by relative...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
SSultana-Malu Roşu tell settlement stands out as one of the richest and most spectacular settlement belonging to the Kodžadermen–Gumelniţa–Karanovo VI cultural complex. The tell settlement is placed on the right bank of Iezerul Mostiştei Lake, about 15 km N from the Danube. The initial research was carried out in 1923, followed by rescue excavation...
Article
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This paper aims to present details of some of the hearths discovered at Vităneşti ‘Măgurice’ tell settlement, belonging to both B1 and A2 phases of Gumelniţa culture. The level corresponding to the later phase was partially investigated through a small surface excavation. Despite the generally poor preservation of hearths some interesting details r...
Conference Paper
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This article aims to analyze some tell type settlements from Giurgiu County from the environmental point of view. The landscape analysis regards the study of settlements from the point of view of their location in the natural environment and the transformation which human communities made on this location in order to optimize their habitation....
Conference Paper
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This paper aims to illustrate some aspects regarding Neolithic habitation in the Teleorman Valley in a study area between Măgura and Vitănești villages. This area consists of a wide flood plain bordered by high terraces. Many Neolithic sites were discovered in this area dating from the Early Neolithic to the Eneolithic. The habitation dynamic in th...
Article
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Sultana Malu Roşu is one of the most spectacular sites belonging to Gumelniţa culture and generally to Eneolithic Age. The tell-settlement is placed on Iezerul Mostiştei Lake shore at 15 km north of the Danube Valley. The archaeological researches were restarted in 2001 with the discovery of interesting complexes, for example the house no. 2, with...
Article
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There are many aspects regarding the analysis of the relation between human communities and landscape. One of them regards the way in which humans transform one location for habitation purposes. Another one regards the influence of several environment factors upon the habitation dynamic from a settlement or micro zone. Three cases of tell settlemen...
Article
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The Eneolithic cemetery is located near the Sultana-Malu Roşu Eneolithic tell, ca. 400 m northeast of the Sultana village, commune of Mânăstirea, in Călăraşi county, southeast Romania. This is a settlement from the second half of the fifth millennium BC (Kodjadermen-Gumelniţa-Karanovo VI complex). Between 2008-2009 we found 17 inhumations graves. T...
Article
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The tell-settlement at Vităneşti ‘Măgurice’ is located in the Teleorman Valley, about 7 km northeast of Alexandria town. Research started here in 1993. The main objectives are the uncovering of the last habitation level belonging to the Gumelniţa B1 phase and the excavation of a stratigraphical control surface. The stratigraphy of the site has been...
Article
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The Măgura ’Buduiasca’ site, discovered in 2001, is situated on the lower terrace of Teleorman River, in the South-East side of Măgura commune (Teleorman County). In 2004 campaign a pit (complex 36) was discovered in which were deposited as offerings three animals: two domestic cattle (an adult and a calf) and a bird (a goose). The complex is dated...
Article
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The paper presents the researches carried out at Coţatcu “Cetăţuia”, an Eneolithic tell settlement placed in the Buzău hilly region. Related with the land slides which destroyed most of the settlement, a stratigraphic profile was made in order to establish the site cultural evolution. The cultural layer has about 3,5 m thickness and it is composed...
Article
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This article represents an analysis of the decor on the anthropomorphic clay statuettes belonging to Gumelnita culture. There is no doubt that there were certain patterns for decorating the statuettes. The analysis has proven the existence of two main decor types on the statuettes' trunk. Other decorative motifs are the incised stripes on the necks...
Article
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Abstract: Artefacts, bearing all sorts of signs, are discovered each and every year during archaeological investigations. These signs are of an astonishing diversity. For example, the decorative motifs on clay vessels go from simple graffiti to sophisticated geometrical motifs, some of which are even gold-painted. The anthropomorphic and zoomorphic...
Article
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The Sultana-Malu Roşu Eneolithic tell is located 400 m North-East of Sultana village, commune of Mânăstirea, in the Călăraşi county, South-East Romania. This is a settlement from the second half of the fifth millennium (Kodjadermen-Gumelniţa-Karanovo VI complex). Sultana-Malu Roşu was the first Gumelniţa site to be submitted to scientific research,...
Article
Full-text available
The tell settlement from Sultana Malu Roşu stands out as one of the most rich and spectacular settlement from Gumelniţa-Karanovo VI-Kodjadermen culture. Sultana village (Mânăstirea commune) lays cca. 35 km West-North-West from the town of Călăraşi, and less than 15 km North from the Danube. The tell settlement from Malu Roşu location is placed on I...
Article
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The domestication of cattle, sheep and goats had already taken place in the Near East by the eighth millennium BC. Although there would have been considerable economic and nutritional gains from using these animals for their milk and other products from living animals-that is, traction and wool-the first clear evidence for these appears much later,...
Article
The site of Măgura-Buduiasca on the left bank of the River Teleorman in southern Romania is composed of pit complexes dating to the Early and Middle Neolithic Period (Starčevo-Criş, Dudeşti and Vădastra cultures, the 6th millennium BC). An integrated archaeological and palaeo-environmental study was carried out. Local soils are Mollisols formed in...
Article
Full-text available
The site of Măgura-Buduiasca on the left bank of the River Teleorman in southern Romania is composed of pit complexes dating to the Early and Middle Neolithic Period (Starčevo-Criş, Dudeşti and Vădastra cultures, the 6th millennium BC). An integrated archaeological and palaeo-environmental study was carried out. Local soils are Mollisols formed in...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the recent archaeological researches in Teleorman Valley, focused on the Early Neolithic habitation. For first time in Muntenia the recent researches have attested traces of a habitation belonging to the Early Neolithic. Chronologically these discoveries are synchronous with discoveries from the West side of the Olt Valley fro...
Article
Full-text available
The anthropomorphic figurines that make the subject of the present paper are discovered on Teleorman Valley, most of them during the Southern Romania Archaeological Project. The majority of the pieces come from Măgura-Buduiasca site, as well as from Beciu and Lăceni. The figurines belong to Early and Late Neolithic and the beginnings of Eneolithic...
Article
This paper reports on a radiocarbon-dated sequence of alluvial terraces from the Teleorman Valley in the southern Romanian Plain and represents the first Late-glacial and well-constrained Holocene alluvial sequence from the lower Danube Valley of southeast Europe. The two earliest and most extensive terraces (T1 and T2) are dissected by large, high...
Article
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This paper focuses on the 5th-millennium BC shift from short-term habitations to permanent tell settlements in southern Romania: from the Cris, Dudesti and Boian to the Gumelnita Cultures. Archaeological and geomorphologic data suggest that changes in river stability conditioned shifts in settlement and economies.
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the 5th-millennium BC shift from short-term habitations to permanent tell settlements in southern Romania: from the Cris, Dudesti and Boian to the Gumelnita Cultures. Archaeological and geomorphologic data suggest that changes in river stability conditioned shifts in settlement and economies.

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