Rachel V Vitali

Rachel V Vitali
University of Iowa | UI · Department of Mechanical Engineering

PhD

About

27
Publications
8,001
Reads
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275
Citations
Introduction
Additional affiliations
August 2020 - present
University of Iowa
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
This preliminary investigation studied the effects of concurrent and terminal visual feedback during a standing balance task on ankle co-contraction, which was accomplished via surface electromyography of an agonist-antagonist muscle pair (medial gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior muscles). Two complementary mathematical definitions of co-contract...
Article
A single sacrum mounted inertial measurement unit (IMU) was employed to analyze warfighter performance on a bounding rush (prone-sprinting-prone) task. Thirty-nine participants (23M/16F) performed a bounding rush task consisting of four bounding rush cycles. The sacrum mounted IMU recorded angular velocity and acceleration data were used to provide...
Article
Full-text available
Accelerometers are being increasingly incorporated into neuroimaging devices to enable real-time filtering of movement artifacts. In this study, we evaluate the reliability of sway metrics derived from these accelerometers in a standard eyes-open balance assessment to determine their utility in multimodal study designs. Ten participants equipped wi...
Article
Inertial measurement units (IMUs) are increasingly utilized as motion capture devices in human movement studies. Given their high portability, IMUs can be deployed in any environment, importantly those outside of the laboratory. However, a significant challenge limits the adoption of this technology; namely estimating the orientation of the IMUs to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Future human space exploration will include a variety of scientific investigations and pursuits that will require fieldwork. However, the current processes that scientists employ to complete their fieldwork in present-day terrestrial settings are not well documented and measures do not currently exist to quantify performance (e.g., work cadence/tim...
Article
Despite the exponential growth in using inertial measurement units (IMUs) for biomechanical studies, future growth in “inertial motion capture” is stymied by a fundamental challenge - how to estimate the orientation of underlying bony anatomy using skin-mounted IMUs. This challenge is of paramount importance given the need to deduce the orientation...
Article
Full-text available
This study introduces a new method to understand how added load affects human performance across a broad range of athletic tasks (ten obstacles) embedded in an outdoor obstacle course. The method employs an array of wearable inertial measurement units (IMUs) to wirelessly record the movements of major body segments to derive obstacle-specific metri...
Data
Statistical results and additional information. Complete statistical results for all performance metrics for all obstacles and additional information for specific obstacles are included in this document. (DOCX)
Data
Results data file. Data for each performance metric from all obstacles are included in this file. It should be noted that subject codes are randomized between obstacles (e.g., Subject 1 is not necessarily the same for all obstacles). (XLSX)
Article
Human crawling performance and technique are of broad interest to roboticists, biomechanists, and military personnel. This study explores the variables that define crawling performance in the context of an outdoor obstacle course used by military organizations worldwide to evaluate the effects of load and personal equipment on warfighter performanc...
Article
Manual lifting of loads arises in many occupations as well as in activities of daily living. Prior studies explore lifting biomechanics and conditions implicated in lifting-induced injuries through laboratory-based experimental methods. This study introduces a new measurement method using load-embedded inertial measurement units (IMUs) to evaluate...
Article
Full-text available
Stair running, both ascending and descending, is a challenging aerobic exercise that many athletes, recreational runners, and soldiers perform during training. Studying biomechanics of stair running over multiple steps has been limited by the practical challenges presented while using optical-based motion tracking systems. We propose using foot-mou...
Article
Full-text available
Running agility is required for many sports and other physical tasks that demand rapid changes in body direction. Quantifying agility skill remains a challenge because measuring rapid changes of direction and quantifying agility skill from those measurements are difficult to do in ways that replicate real task/game play situations. The objectives o...
Data
Results data table. Data for each agility run trial are included in this table. (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
Three-dimensional rotations across the human knee serve as important markers of knee health and performance in multiple contexts including human mobility, worker safety and health, athletic performance, and warfighter performance. While knee rotations can be estimated using optical motion capture, that method is largely limited to the laboratory an...
Article
Abstract Performance in an agility run drill is often used to characterize an athlete’s ability to quickly and explosively change direction. Beyond athletic applications, agility tasks are also used to assess the physical readiness of warfighters for battle and the influence that their equipment has on their performance. However, in all of these ap...
Data
This video highlights the output from the optimization-based drift-correction methodology presented in "Inertial Sensor and Cluster Analysis for Discriminating Agility Run Technique"
Article
An array of inertial measurement units (IMUS) was experimentally employed to analyze warfighter performance on a target acquisition task pre/post fatigue. Eleven participants (5M/6F) repeated an exercise circuit carrying 20 kg of equipment until fatigued. IMUs secured to the sacrum, sternum, and a rifle quantified peak angular velocity magnitude (P...
Article
We utilize an array of wireless inertial measurement units (IMUs) to measure the movements of subjects (n=30) traversing an outdoor balance beam (zigzag and sloping) as quickly as possible both with and without load (20.5kg). Our objectives are: (1) to use IMU array data to calculate metrics that quantify performance (speed and stability) and (2) t...
Article
Full-text available
We present a method for quantifying sacral kinematics during countermovement jumping (CMJ) using an inertial measurement unit (IMU). The IMU-derived sacral kinematic trajectories reproduced motion capture acceleration, velocity, and displacement to within mean (standard deviation) differences of 0.024 (0.088) m/s2, 0.023 (0.026) m/s, and 0.003 (0.0...
Article
Performance in an agility run drill is often used to characterize an athlete's ability to quickly and explosively change direction. Beyond athletic applications, agility tasks are also used to assess the physical readiness of warfighters for battle and the influence that their equipment has on their performance. However, in all of these application...
Article
Full-text available
Up-down and rifle aiming maneuvers are common tasks employed by soldiers and athletes. The movements underlying these tasks largely determine performance success, which motivates the need for a noninvasive and portable means for movement quantification. We answer this need by exploiting body-worn and rifle-mounted miniature inertial measurement uni...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
To develop new ways to use wearables to identify athletic performance characteristics.