Rachel Nechushtai

Rachel Nechushtai
Hebrew University of Jerusalem | HUJI · Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences

D.Sc.

About

209
Publications
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6,244
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Publications

Publications (209)
Preprint
NEET proteins are conserved 2Fe-2S proteins that regulate the levels of iron and reactive oxygen species in plant and mammalian cells. Previous studies of seedlings with constitutive expression of AtNEET, or its dominant-negative variant H89C (impaired in 2Fe-2S cluster transfer), revealed that disrupting AtNEET function causes oxidative stress, ch...
Article
Full-text available
Elevated levels of mitochondrial iron and reactive oxygen species (ROS) accompany the progression of diabetes, negatively impacting insulin production and secretion from pancreatic cells. In search for a tool to reduce mitochondrial iron and ROS levels, we arrived at a molecule that destabilizes the [2Fe-2S] clusters of NEET proteins (M1). Treatmen...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondrial inner NEET (MiNT) and the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) mitoNEET (mNT) proteins belong to the NEET protein family. This family plays a key role in mitochondrial labile iron and reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis. NEET proteins contain labile [2Fe-2S] clusters which can be transferred to apo-acceptor proteins. In eukaryotes...
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An analytical platform for the selective miRNA-21-guided imaging of breast cancer cells and miRNA-221-guided imaging of ovarian cancer cells and the selective photodynamic therapy (PDT) of these cancer cells is introduced. The method is based on Zn(II)-protoporphyrin IX, Zn(II)-PPIX-loaded UiO-66 metal–organic framework nanoparticles, NMOFs, gated...
Article
Considered a key aging gene, CISD2, encoding CDGSH iron-sulfur domain-containing protein 2, plays a central role in regulating calcium homeostasis, preventing mitochondrial dysfunction and the activation of autophagy and apoptosis in different cells. Here we show that cardiomyocytes from CISD2-null mice accumulate high levels of iron and contain hi...
Article
Biomolecule-loaded nucleic acid-functionalized carboxymethyl cellulose hydrogel-stabilized microcapsules (diameter ca. 2 µm) are introduced as cell-like containments. The microcapsules are loaded with two DNA tetrahedra, T1 and T2, functionalized with guanosine-rich...
Article
An effective anti-cancer therapy should exclusively target cancer cells and trigger in them a broad spectrum of cell death pathways that will prevent avoidance.
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UiO-66 metal-organic framework nanoparticles (NMOFs) gated by aptamer-functionalized DNA tetrahedra provide superior biomarker-responsive hybrid nano-carriers for biomedical applications. Hybrid nano-carriers consisting of ATP-aptamer or VEGF-aptamer functionalized tetrahedra-gated NMOFs are loaded with the chemotherapeutic drug, doxorubicin (DOX)....
Article
Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient whose uptake is tightly regulated to prevent either deficiency or toxicity. Cadmium (Cd) is a non-essential element that induces both Fe-deficiency and toxicity; however, the mechanisms behind these Fe/Cd-induced responses are still elusive. Here we explored Cd and Fe-associated responses in wildtype Arabidop...
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Photosynthesis in deserts is challenging since it requires fast adaptation to rapid night-to-day changes, that is, from dawn’s low light (LL) to extreme high light (HL) intensities during the daytime. To understand these adaptation mechanisms, we purified photosystem I (PSI) from Chlorella ohadii, a green alga that was isolated from a desert soil c...
Article
The CISD2 (NAF-1) protein plays a key role in regulating cellular homeostasis, aging, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. It was found to control different calcium, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and iron signaling mechanisms. However, since most studies of CISD2 to date were conducted with cells that constitutively lack, overexpress, or contain...
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Full-text available
The NEET proteins constitute a unique class of [2Fe–2S] proteins. The metal ions bind to three cysteines and one histidine. The proteins’ clusters exist in two redox states; the oxidized protein (containing two Fe III ions) can transfer the cluster to apo-acceptor protein(s), while the reduced form (containing one ferrous ion) remains bound to the...
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Decreased insulin secretion, associated with pancreatic β-cell failure, plays a critical role in many human diseases including diabetes, obesity, and cancer. While numerous studies linked β-cell failure with enhanced levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the development of diabetes associated with hereditary conditions that result in iron overlo...
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Nucleic acid-based constitutional dynamic networks (CDNs) have recently emerged as versatile tools to control a variety of catalytic processes. A key challenge in the application of these systems is achieving intercommunication between different CDNs to mimic the complex interlinked networks found in cellular biology. In particular, the possibility...
Article
The synthesis of stimuli-responsive hybrid structures composed of drug-loaded UiO-66 metal-organic framework nanoparticles, NMOFs, locked by DNA tetrahedra gates is presented. The hybrid systems combine the high loading capacity of drugs in the porous NMOFs and the effective cell permeation properties of the DNA tetrahedra. The nucleic acid-functio...
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Climate change‐driven extreme weather events, combined with increasing temperatures, harsh soil conditions, low water availability and quality, and the introduction of many man‐made pollutants, pose a unique challenge to plants. Although our knowledge of the response of plants to each of these individual conditions is vast, we know very little abou...
Article
The reversible and switchable triggered reconfiguration of tetrahedra nanostructures from monomer tetrahedra structures into dimer or trimer structures is introduced. The triggered bridging of monomer tetrahedra by K⁺‐ion‐stabilized G‐quadruplexes or T‐A•T triplexes leads to dimer or trimer tetrahedra structures that are separated by crown ether or...
Preprint
Full-text available
Integration of a photosynthetic network with an assimilation, metabolic network is the fundamental prerequisite to construct an “artificial leaf”. Nucleic acid-based constitutional dynamic networks provide the building modules to construct integrated, intercommunicated networks mimicking photosynthesis. Two constitutional dynamic networks composed...
Chapter
NEET proteins belong to a newly discovered class of iron–sulfur proteins that harbor a unique labile [2Fe–2S] cluster and is thought to play a major role in preventing mitochondrial dysfunction. Mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with many human pathologies including diabetes, inflammation, neurodegeneration, and cancer. The degree of NEET [2F...
Preprint
Climate change-driven extreme weather events, combined with increasing temperatures, harsh soil conditions, low water availability and quality, and the introduction of many man-made pollutants, pose a unique challenge to plants. Although our knowledge of the response of plants to each of these individual conditions is vast, we know very little abou...
Article
Full-text available
Several human pathologies including neurological, cardiac, infectious , cancerous, and metabolic diseases have been associated with altered mitochondria morphodynamics. Here, we identify a small organic molecule, which we named Mito-C. Mito-C is targeted to mitochondria and rapidly provokes mitochondrial network fragmentation. Biochemical analyses...
Article
NEET proteins belong to a highly conserved group of [2Fe–2S] proteins found across all kingdoms of life. Due to their unique [2Fe-2S] cluster structure, they play a key role in the regulation of many different redox and oxidation processes. In eukaryotes, NEET proteins are localized to the mitochondria, ER and the membranes connecting these organel...
Article
Photo-bioelectrochemical cells that are based on photosynthetic proteins are drawing increased attention for both fundamental and applied research. While novel photosynthetic based systems have been introduced, further optimization in terms of stability and efficiency is required. Photosystem I has been utilized extensively in bioelectronic devices...
Article
Full-text available
The sensing modules for analyzing miRNA or the endonuclease consist of tetrahedra functionalized with three different fluorophore-quencher pairs in spatially quenched configurations, and hairpin units acting as recognition elements for the analytes. Three different miRNAs (miRNA-21; miRNA-221 and miRNA-155) or three different endonucleases (Nt.BbvC...
Article
Microcapsules consisting of hydrogel shells cross‐linked by glucosamine–boronate ester complexes and duplex nucleic acids, loaded with dyes or drugs and functionalized with Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) or Au nanorods (Au NRs), are developed. Irradiation of Au NPs or Au NRs results in the thermoplasmonic heating of the microcapsules, and the dissociati...
Article
All‐DNA scaffolds act as templates for the organization of photosystem I (PS I) model systems. A series of DNA templates composed of Zn(II)‐protoporphyrin IX (Zn(II)PPIX)‐functionalized G‐quadruplex conjugated to the 3 ' ‐ or 5 ' ‐end of the tyrosinamide (TA) aptamer and Zn(II)PPIX/G‐quadruplex linked to the 3 ' ‐ and 5 ' ‐ends of the tyrosinamide...
Article
All‐DNA energy conversion: ZnIIPPIX/G‐quadruplex aptamer/electron acceptor nanostructures provide effective scaffolds for mimicking photosynthesis. Abstract All‐DNA scaffolds act as templates for the organization of photosystem I model systems. A series of DNA templates composed of ZnII‐protoporphyrin IX (ZnIIPPIX)‐functionalized G‐quadruplex conj...
Article
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A method to assemble stimuli-responsive nucleic acid-based hydrogel-stabilized microcapsule-in-microcapsule systems is introduced. An inner aqueous compartment stabilized by stimuli-responsive hydrogel-layer (ca. 150 nm) provides the inner microcapsule (diameter ca. 2.5 µm). The inner microcapsule is separated from the outer aqueous compartment sta...
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Two different micro-drug carriers consisting of doxorubicin-dextran (DOX-D) and camptothecin-modified cellulose (CPT-CMC)-loaded nucleic acid-stabilized microcapsules, MC-1 and MC-2, or two different nanocarriers consisting of nucleic acid-locked doxorubicin (DOX) and camptothecin (CPT)-loaded metal-organic framework nanoparticles, NMOF-1 and NMOF-...
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This paper features the synthesis of thrombin-responsive, nucleic acid-gated, UiO-68 metal–organic framework nanoparticles (NMOFs) loaded with the drug Apixaban or rhodamine 6G as a drug model. Apixaban acts as an inhibitor of blood clots formation. The loads in the NMOFs are locked by duplex nucleic acids that are composed of anchor nucleic acids...
Article
The broad band C3N4 semiconductor absorbs in the UV region, λ = 330-380 nm, a feature limiting its application for light-to-energy conversion. The unique surface adsorption properties of C3N4 allow, however, the binding of photosensitizer, operating in the visible solar spectrum to the surface of C3N4. Coupling of the energy levels of the photosens...
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Full-text available
Iron‐sulfur (Fe‐S) clusters play an essential role in plants as protein co‐factors mediating diverse electron transfer reactions. Because they can react with oxygen to form reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflict cellular damage, the biogenesis of Fe‐S clusters is highly regulated. A recently discovered group of 2Fe‐2S proteins, termed NEET prote...
Article
Full-text available
MitoNEET is an outer mitochondrial membrane protein essential for sensing and regulation of iron and reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis. It is a key player in multiple human maladies including diabetes, cancer, neurodegeneration, and Parkinson’s diseases. In healthy cells, mitoNEET receives its clusters from the mitochondrion and transfers t...
Article
Sequence-specific aptamers act as functional scaffolds for the assembly of photosynthetic model systems. The Ru(II)-tris-bipyridine photosensitizer is conjugated by different binding modes to the anti-tyrosinamide aptamer to yield a set of photosensitizer-aptamer binding scaffolds. The N-methyl-N'-(3-aminopropane)-4,4'-bipyridinium electron accepto...
Article
UiO‐68 metal–organic framework nanoparticles (NMOFs) are loaded with a doxorubicin drug (fluorescent dye analogs) and locked by means of structurally engineered duplex nucleic acid structures, where one strand is covalently linked to the NMOFs and the second strand is hybridized with the anchor strand. Besides the complementarity of the second stra...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleic acid–modified UiO‐68 metal–organic framework nanoparticles, NMOFs, are loaded with the anticancer drug camptothecin (or drug models), and the loaded NMOFs are capped with sequence‐specific duplex units. The NMOFs are unlocked by the biocatalytic decomposition of the duplex capping units that result in the release of the drug (or drug models...
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Suppression of apoptosis is a key hallmark of cancer cells, and reactivation of apoptosis is a major avenue for cancer therapy. We reveal an interaction between the two anti-apoptotic proteins iASPP and NAF-1, which are overexpressed in many types of cancer cells and tumors. iASPP is an inhibitory member of the ASPP protein family, whereas NAF-1 be...
Article
Zeolitic Zn²⁺-imidazolate crosslinked framework nanoparticles, ZIF-8 NMOFs, are used as “smart” glucose-responsive carriers for the controlled release of drugs. The ZIF-8 NMOFs are loaded with the respective drug and glucose oxidase (GOx), and the GOx-mediated aerobic oxidation of glucose yields gluconic acid and H2O2. The acidification of the NMOF...
Article
Full-text available
Programmed cell death, which occurs through a conserved core molecular pathway, is important for fundamental developmental and homeostatic processes. The human iron–sulfur binding protein NAF-1/CISD2 binds to Bcl-2 and its disruption in cells leads to an increase in apoptosis. Other members of the CDGSH iron sulfur domain (CISD) family include mito...
Article
Full-text available
The synthesis of doxorubicin-loaded metal–organic framework nanoparticles (NMOFs) coated with a stimuli-responsive nucleic acid-based polyacrylamide hydrogel is described. The formation of the hydrogel is stimulated by the crosslinking of two polyacrylamide chains, PA and PB, that are functionalized with two nucleic acid hairpins (4) and (5) using...
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In article number 1705137, Itamar Willner and co-workers report a new class of nano-carriers comprising stimuliresponsive hydrogel-coated metal-organic framework nanoparticles. The ATP-triggered unlocking of doxorubicin-loaded nanoparticles and the release of the drug are presented. Selective cytotoxicity and high efficiency toward MDA-MB-231 cance...
Article
Significance: Cancer cells accumulate high levels of iron and reactive oxygen species (ROS) to promote their high metabolic activity and proliferation rate. However, high levels of iron and ROS can also lead to enhanced oxidative stress and the activation of cell death pathways such as apoptosis and ferroptosis. This has led to the proposal that d...
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Full-text available
NEET proteins comprise a new class of [2Fe-2S] cluster proteins. In human, three genes encode for NEET proteins: cisd1 encodes mitoNEET (mNT), cisd2 encodes the Nutrient-deprivation autophagy factor-1 (NAF-1) and cisd3 encodes MiNT (Miner2). These recently discovered proteins play key roles in many processes related to normal metabolism and disease...
Article
Amino-triphenyl dicarboxylate-bridged Zr4+ metal-organic framework nanoparticles (NMOFs), 100-130 nm, are modified with a nucleic acid complementary to the VEGF aptamer. The nucleic acid-functionalized NMOFs were loaded with the anti-cancer drug doxorubicin (or Rhodamine 6G as drug model), and the loaded NMOFs were capped by hybridization with the...
Article
Full-text available
The NEET family is a relatively new class of three related [2Fe-2S] proteins (CISD1–3), important in human health and disease. While there has been growing interest in the homodimeric gene products of CISD1 (mitoNEET) and CISD2 (NAF-1), the importance of the inner mitochondrial CISD3 protein has only recently been recognized in cancer. The CISD3 ge...