Rachel Langevin

Rachel Langevin
McGill University | McGill · Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology (ECP)

Doctor of Philosophy

About

62
Publications
10,380
Reads
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515
Citations
Citations since 2017
47 Research Items
477 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
August 2018 - present
McGill University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Child maltreatment tends to show intergenerational continuity. However, a significant proportion of maltreated parents break these cycles. Since several studies have investigated risk and protective factors associated with the intergenerational continuity of child maltreatment over the past decades, and no systematic review of the literature is ava...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of child sexual abuse (CSA) have been found to surpass generations as maternal history of CSA is associated with increased difficulties in sexually abused children. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying this association. The present study aimed to test maternal mental health symptoms including psychological distress,...
Article
Objective: Child maltreatment is a prevalent problem, and a lot remains unknown regarding the prevalence and mechanisms involved in its intergenerational continuity. The present study examines the sequential role of maternal emotional dysregulation and mother-to-child attachment in the intergenerational continuity of specific maltreatment types (Ob...
Article
Childhood sexual abuse has pervasive effects on well-being and psychosocial functioning in children and adolescents, including negative impacts on sleep. This study aimed to systematically review and assess the literature documenting associations between childhood sexual abuse and sleep in minors (0-18 years old) and provide recommendations for fut...
Article
Background Maternal mental health problems and poor parenting are thought to account for the intergenerational transmission of poor outcomes to offspring of mothers who have experienced child maltreatment. Objective Given that emotion regulation (ER) difficulties have been linked to adult psychopathology and maladaptive parenting, the goal of the...
Article
Sexual abuse trauma can have long-term implications for individuals in terms of psychological functioning, relationships, and socio-environmental circumstances, all of which are elements that could explain the CSA intergenerational continuity phenomenon. There are few empirical studies drawing comparisons between families to identify factors associ...
Article
Intergenerational continuity of child maltreatment (CM) is a well-documented phenomenon of concern; however, its effects on the child’s level of exposure to CM, as well as subsequent trauma exposure and adult functioning remain undocumented. The present study aimed to further explore the intergenerational effects of CM by comparing emerging adults...
Article
This integrative review aimed to synthesize both qualitative and quantitative research on the (re)experiencing of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms during the perinatal period for childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors. Whittemore and Knafl's framework, which includes problem identification, literature review, data evaluation, data ana...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This prospective longitudinal study aimed to explore the role of family relationships (romantic satisfaction and mother-infant bonding) and psychological distress in the associations between four child maltreatment (CM) subtypes (sexual, physical, and emotional abuse, neglect) and early child abuse potential in young mothers. Methods: A...
Article
Objective: Child maltreatment is often studied as a general category or individually as a subtype, but maltreatment subtypes are rarely studied simultaneously. Despite a breadth of research in the effects of child maltreatment on emotional competence, discrepant findings emerge when child maltreatment subtypes are explored. The present study aims t...
Article
Introduction Childhood maltreatment is associated with pregnancy complications. This study aimed to systematically review and quantitatively synthesize the strength of the associations between maternal histories of childhood maltreatment and the risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight, and gestational diabetes. Methods Subject Headings and keyw...
Article
Full-text available
Interpersonal revictimization, through sexual violence and psychological or physical dating violence, is one of the many consequences of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). This study examined how childhood maltreatment, sociodemographic characteristics, mental health, relational factors, and community factors are associated with 1) sexual revictimizatio...
Article
Full-text available
Childhood maltreatment (CM) is linked to impairments in various domains of social functioning. Here, we argue that it is critical to identify factors that underlie impaired social functioning as well as processes that mediate the beneficial health effects of positive relationships in individuals exposed to CM. Key research recommendations are prese...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Child maltreatment is a serious problem worldwide associated with numerous developmental and psychological problems that can impede children's short and long-term functioning. The negative effects of maltreatment may put children on a trajectory where they are likely to experience later abuse and even abuse their own children. While stu...
Article
Full-text available
Maltreatment among school-aged children is associated with negative impacts on development and can contribute to the onset of psychological difficulties, including early depressive symptoms. Maltreatment can have devasting consequences, thus it is important to better understand the mechanisms contributing to children’s psychological outcomes. Purpo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Importance: Individuals who have been sexually abused are at a greater risk for poor health, but associations with economic outcomes in mid-life have been overlooked. Objectives: We investigated associations between child sexual abuse (≤18 years) and economic outcomes at 33-37 years, while considering type of report (official/retrospective) and cha...
Article
Objective This study explored the pathway underlying the relationships between child maltreatment (CM) subtypes (i.e., physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and neglect) and factors associated with a heightened risk of pregnancy complications by examining post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as a potential mediator. Methods A sample of 9...
Article
Full-text available
Adults who have experienced child maltreatment report problems with emotion regulation (ER) and parenting difficulties, which have been associated with maladaptation in the next generation. However, parental emotion socialization is understudied in survivors of child maltreatment. The aim of the present study was to examine whether childhood polyvi...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the transactional effects of parental physical and verbal aggression and children’s externalizing (EP) and internalizing problems (IP) from early school age to adolescence in lower-income community sample using a multi-informant perspective. Mother-child dyads (n = 175) from urban low socioeconomic backgrounds that are part of t...
Research
Full-text available
Depuis 2017, de nombreuses personnes victimes de violences à caractère sexuel ont pris la parole publiquement dans le cadre de mouvements sur les réseaux sociaux comme #MeToo et Dis Son Nom. Ces mouvements ont permis de libérer la parole des survivant·e·s et d'attirer l'attention sur ce phénomène hautement prévalent, mais la plupart du temps tenu d...
Preprint
Full-text available
In individuals with a history of child maltreatment (CM), impairments in many domains of social functioning are well-documented but poorly understood. We summarize evidence for the detrimental effects of CM on social functioning and present key research recommendations focused on: 1. Identifying alterations in specific inter- and intra- personal pr...
Article
Background Child sexual abuse (CSA) and intimate partner violence (IPV) have been associated with negative consequences for adult victims and their children including a risk of revictimization and intergenerational continuity. Objectives The aim of this study was to document correlates of intergenerational cumulative trauma profiles in mother-chil...
Article
Full-text available
Background An association between child sexual abuse (CSA) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been documented. However, the temporal relationship between these problems and the roles of trauma-related symptoms or other forms of maltreatment remain unclear. This review aims to synthesize available research on CSA and ADHD, asses...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The mental health impact of the COVID-19 crisis may differ from previously studied stressful events in terms of psychological reactions, specific risk factors, and symptom severity across geographic regions worldwide. Objective: To assess the impact of COVID-19 on a wide range of mental health symptoms, to identify relevant risk factors...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Background: The mental health impact of the COVID-19 crisis may differ from previously studied stressful events in terms of psychological reactions, specific risk factors, and symptom severity across geographic regions worldwide.Objective: To assess the impact of COVID-19 on a wide range of mental health symptoms, to identify relevant risk...
Presentation
Full-text available
Les enfants d’âge préscolaire constituent une proportion non négligeable des mineurs victimes d’agression sexuelle (AS), soit près de 30% (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2013). Par ailleurs, ces jeunes victimes sont très peu représentées dans les études documentant les conséquences de l’AS. Pour pallier cette importante lacune, nous av...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Adults with a history of childhood maltreatment report problems with emotion regulation (ER) and parenting, which can contribute to maladaptive outcomes in offspring. The following narrative review consists of a theoretical and empirical synthesis of the literature examining child maltreatment, emotion regulation, and parenting, with an...
Article
Background Despite burgeoning interest in the phenomenon of intergenerational continuity, literature concerning risk and protective factors in the context of child sexual abuse (CSA) is still underdeveloped. Objective Since the identification of such risk and protective factors is essential in order to break these negative cycles, the present stud...
Article
Background Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a prevalent social problem associated with a plethora of difficulties in preschool children. Young victims are likely to show dissociation symptoms that may significantly impede their adaptation. Yet, mechanisms linking CSA with later dissociative symptoms remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to ex...
Article
Child sexual abuse (CSA) during the preschool period can seriously undermine children’s ability to develop emotional competency. Narrative tasks, such as the MacArthur Story Stem Battery (MSSB), are particularly adapted to gain a better understanding of young children’s self-regulation processes. To explore the emotion regulation competencies of se...
Poster
Full-text available
Parents who have experienced multiple forms of child maltreatment may be more likely to engage in unsupportive emotion socialization practices in response to anger, which in turn, could adversely impact their child’s emotion regulation. These targeted parents may benefit from interventions aimed at bolstering their own emotion regulation skills, wh...
Article
Objective The objective this study was to investigate the relative contributions of gender, common mental health symptoms, and experiences of interpersonal violence to the presence of sleep disturbances in Youth in Care under Child Welfare Society admitted to residential facilities. Methods A sample of 315 teenagers (14-18 years old) completed a s...
Article
According to the developmental psychopathology framework, adverse childhood experiences, including child sexual abuse (CSA), may alter the course of normal development in children. Attachment security has been identified as a protective factor against psychopathology and may thus play a critical role in predicting victims’ adaptation. The main obje...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Child sexual abuse is associated with a plethora of devastating repercussions. A significant number of sexually abused children are likely to experience other forms of maltreatment that can seriously affect their emotion regulation abilities and impede on their development. The aim of the study was to test emotion regulation and dissoc...
Article
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to explore sleep problems in sexually abused preschoolers over a year. Methods: The sample consisted of 224 abused children and 83 nonabused children aged 3 to 6 years old at enrolment into the study (T1), and 85 abused children and 73 nonabused children at the second evaluation, approximately 1 year lat...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: While protective factors associated with resilience have been well- documented (e.g., initiative, self-regulation, attachment), less is known about their comparative levels in children exposed and not exposed to trauma. Given the relevance of examining this issue to enhance our understanding of mechanisms underlying resilience, the obje...
Research
Full-text available
Capsule de recherche - Équipe de recherche FRQ-SC – Violence sexuelle et santé (ÉVISSA)
Research
Full-text available
Capsule de recherche - Équipe de recherche FRQ-SC – Violence sexuelle et santé (ÉVISSA)
Research
Full-text available
Capsule de recherche - Équipe de recherche FRQ-SC – Violence sexuelle et santé (ÉVISSA)
Article
The aim of the present study was to investigate the evolution of emotion regulation competencies in sexually abused preschoolers. Children's emotion regulation abilities and their emotional lability and negativity were assessed shortly after disclosure of sexual abuse and one year later, and compared to those of non-abused children. A sample of 47...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: While protective factors associated with resilience have been well-documented (e.g., initiative, self-regulation, attachment), less is known about their comparative levels in children exposed and not exposed to trauma. Given the relevance of examining this issue to enhance our understanding of mechanisms underlying resilience, the objec...
Article
Objective: Child sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with a host of deleterious impacts, yet little is known on the short-term correlates in children. This study aimed to investigate the association between dissociation and sleep problems in a sample of preschool-aged sexual abuse victims, while controlling for potentially confounding variables, incl...
Article
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with emotion regulation deficits in childhood. Parents play a crucial role in the development of emotion regulation in their children, especially at younger ages. Close to 50% of mothers of sexually abused children report having been sexually victimized themselves as children. They are consequently at risk of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sexually abused children present a host of psychological difficulties, including dissociation and post-traumatic stress (PTSD) symptoms. Negative repercussions associated with sexual abuse may interfere with children’s ability to interact competently with their peers, and might put them at risk for peer victimization. The aims of the st...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Child sexual abuse (SA) is associated with emotional and behavioral difficulties in children such as emotion regulation (ER) deficits. Close to 50% of mothers of SA children report having themselves been sexually victimized as children, and are at risk of experiencing significant distress that could interfere with their ability to provid...
Article
Full-text available
Emotion regulation is closely related to mental health in children and adults. Low emotion regulation competencies have been found in school-aged sexually abused girls. The aim of the present study was to investigate emotion regulation competencies in sexually abused preschool girls and boys using a multi-informant approach. Emotion regulation was...
Article
Maltreated children show poor emotion regulation competencies compared to non-maltreated children. Emotion regulation has been found to mediate the association between maltreatment and behavior problems in children. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships among child sexual abuse (CSA), emotion regulation (ER), and internalize...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to explore the diversity of profiles in sexually abused preschoolers and identify possible protective factors associated with individual differences in outcomes. Methods: A sample of 68 sexually abused children (ages 3½ – 6 ½ years old) and a comparison group of 78 children participated in the study. Pa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Children experiencing sexual abuse (SA) are found to display significant internalizing and externalizing behaviour problems compared to non-abused children, In addition, victims of sexual abuse also appear at greater risk of dissociative symptoms than non-maltreated children. Adult studies have shown a link between dissociation and sleep...
Article
Full-text available
Child sexual abuse is a prevalent social problem known to have a deleterious impact on the mental health. While sexual abuse may affect preschool children, there is a lack of knowledge regarding its short-term correlates, namely regarding internalized symptomatology due to the few available self-report measures. This study aims to (a) contrast self...
Technical Report
Full-text available
PRESS Preschool Symptom Self-Report
Article
Full-text available
The present study addresses the association of a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) in mothers and externalized and internalized behaviours in preschool children following sexual abuse. A total number of 115 mother-child dyads were evaluated following abuse disclosure by the child. Mothers and daycare workers or kindergarten teachers of the ch...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
Colloque dans le cadre du 88e congrès à l'ACFAS : Les violences sexuelles constituent une problématique sociale et de santé publique prioritaire. Les taux de prévalence sont alarmants et les impacts sont durables et multiples dans la vie des survivant.e.s. Les violences sexuelles affectent les personnes à différents moments de leur vie (enfance, adolescence, âge adulte); les répercussions peuvent se manifester différemment, et les besoins sont spécifiques. Les données empiriques sont non seulement en constante progression, mais elles ont aussi connu un retentissement social, comme en témoigne le mouvement #MoiAussi (#MeToo). Ce mouvement continue de faire des vagues au sein de la population québécoise quant à la sensibilisation aux violences sexuelles (Mercier, 2018). Par exemple, des dénonciations publiques ont permis d’alimenter un certain débat de société, une volonté de changement est observée chez les Québécois.e.s, et une augmentation de 61 % de déclarations d’agressions sexuelles a été documentée au Québec, soit une proportion supérieure à celle observée ailleurs au pays (Rech, 2019). Les études mettent en lumière un large éventail de répercussions qui se manifestent de façon différente en fonction de nombreux facteurs, qu’il est nécessaire de mieux cerner pour mettre en place de meilleures pratiques. En ce sens, il est primordial de faire le point sur l’état des connaissances actuelles en ce qui concerne les mécanismes explicatifs des effets des violences sexuelles et les facteurs pouvant infléchir les trajectoires symptomatologiques des survivant.e.s, en identifiant des facteurs de protection et les leviers d’intervention. Ce colloque permettra de créer un lieu d’échange sur les différentes facettes de la problématique, mais aussi de définir les mesures sociales, éducatives et d’intervention les plus prometteuses pour sensibiliser les différents acteurs à cette problématique, mieux accompagner les survivant.e.s et prévenir les violences sexuelles.
Project
Identifying risk and protective factors associated with the intergenerational continuity of child maltreatment and family violence.