Rachel F. D. Cooper

Rachel F. D. Cooper
Lancaster University | LU · ImagintationLancaster

OBE PHD FSRA FDRS

About

229
Publications
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Publications

Publications (229)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
At the end of the 20th century, the Internet of Things term was first introduced. Since then, the phenomenon behind this technological development is still fast-growing with estimates of more than 75 billion IoT devices readily connected to the Internet by 2025. During use, each of these devices generates valuable data for the end-user whilst negot...
Article
Full-text available
With the emergence of Internet of Things (IoT) as a new source of ʻbigʼ data and value creation, businesses encounter novel opportunities as well as challenges in IoT design. Although recent research argues that digital technology can enable new kinds of development processes that are distinctive from their counterparts in the 20th century, minimal...
Article
In this paper we discuss how design can have different meanings and uses in practice and what of those are related to innovation processes. The paper looks at diverse theoretical stances in regard to the meaning of design. Later on, the paper describes data collected through in-depth interviews with fifteen UK companies in the manufacturing, engine...
Conference Paper
Amalgamating sensors, actuators, and cloud computing with non-digital products and services is regarded as critical opportunities to lead innovation, transforming the conventional way of business activities, such as value creation, new product development (NPD), and design practices. However, a paucity of empirical studies examines IoT design chall...
Preprint
Full-text available
With the emergence of internet of things (IoT) as a new source of 'big' data, businesses face new opportunities as well as emergent challenges. Recent research claims digital technology can enable new kinds of development processes that are distinctive from their counterparts in 20th century. However, although academics and practitioners often crit...
Book
Designing Future Cities for Wellbeing draws on original research that brings together dimensions of cities we know have a bearing on our health and wellbeing – including transportation, housing, energy, and foodways – and illustrates the role of design in delivering cities in the future that can enhance our health and wellbeing. It aims to demonstr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the emergence of Internet of Things (IoT) as a new source of 'big data', businesses face new opportunities as well as emergent challenges. However, although academics and practitioners often critically debate the IoT, little attention has been focused on the design and development of IoT. Re-framing of New Product Development (NPD) for IoT is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
With the emergence of Internet of Things (IoT) as a new source of ‘big’ data, businesses face new opportunities as well as emergent challenges. Recent research claims digital technology can enable new kinds of development processes that are distinctive from their counterparts in 20th century. However, although academics and practitioners often crit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A series of research projects by the authors has supported an understanding of a new type of design practice geared towards ensuring a safer relationship between people and technologies in a number of contexts including rapidly changing dynamic environments. Here we report on the research methods, tools and approaches that were created and adapted...
Chapter
In this paper we highlight design challenges that the Internet of Things (IoT) poses in relation to two of the guiding design paradigms of our time; Privacy by Design (PbD) and Human Centered Design (HCD). The terms IoT, PbD, and HCD are both suitcase terms, meaning that they have a variety of meanings packed within them. Depending on how the pract...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
IoT initiatives look promising and straightforward, but they are far more complicated to enact as it stands today. Although developing digitised artefacts offers a rich new set of value creation and growth opportunities to organisations, to grab these opportunities encompass a wide variety of strategic risks. In this context, in academia, little at...
Article
Full-text available
The paper is the story of building a design research group from scratch. As there has been some recent interest in design research as a team-based activity, this article illustrates how we built the Imagination research team and how it continues to develop. This article gives us the chance to reflect on how far we have come in the last decade. Onc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Increasingly physical products are being equipped with sensors, which connect them to the Internet; the network of these 'smart products' are acknowledged as the Internet of Things. These digitalized artefacts have a wide variety of material properties that could include a range of outcomes, such as new products, platforms, services, and other valu...
Article
Recognising that cities provide the context for, and are often the direct beneficiary of, much civil engineering design and construction, it is essential that the future aspirations of city stakeholders are understood, and accommodated where possible. Without this, engineering is likely to prove inefficient at best and potentially ineffective. Deve...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This review explores how a culture of design for safety can enhance the safety of the world around us. Design for safety goes beyond legislation, regulations and standards. These all play an important role for established products and services but their limited scope often leads to missed opportunities to enhance safety by taking a broader perspect...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In digital age in which a myriad of products is becoming connected through the Internet of Things (IoT), new business opportunities and challenges arise for organisations regardless of size and product/service offerings. The traits of digital technology and digital economy results in not only profound changes in the ways organisations create value...
Article
Full-text available
Background Victorian architecture and built form in the UK can be quite varied in its appearance, yet is often praised by scholars and the design professions for its durability, flexibility and adaptability to changing circumstances. Although not evidenced in the literature, such neighbourhoods also possess many of the qualities that are important...
Article
Full-text available
This data article presents the UK City LIFE1 data set for the city of Birmingham, UK. UK City LIFE1 is a new, comprehensive and holistic method for measuring the livable sustainability performance of UK cities. The Birmingham data set comprises 346 indicators structured simultaneously (1) within a four-tier, outcome-based framework in order to aid...
Preprint
Full-text available
Digital product design requires multiple heterogeneous actors to create generative and evolutionary knowledge. The organizations need to re-evaluate their current approaches to achieve digital innovation. Further, to utilize diversified and varied domains of new design practices, firms require more entrusted capabilities. Following a qualitative ca...
Article
Full-text available
A renewed interest in the positive impact of design in industry during the last few years, especially regarding the measurement of that impact, has produced a number of studies and research in the field. All these studies have contributed significantly to increasing the acceptance of design in business, however it is still not totally clear what is...
Article
Full-text available
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of connected devices with inputs and outputs operating in, and on, the physical world. The network is simultaneously fed by, and feeds into, data streams flowing across digital-physical boundaries, connecting sensors, servers, actuators, devices, and people. ‘Things’ of all types, lightbulbs, doorbells, ket...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper the authors provide a new perspective on the emerging trends and way forward for design in healthcare. The article is based on an analysis of 20 chapters and 26 case studies contributed by design research experts for an international book in Design for Health (currently in press1) edited by the authors. The paper aim is to provide des...
Article
Full-text available
Design (and design research) have a rich history of developing ways of making possible futures visible and tangible through prototypes, models, scenarios, or visualisations. Less common are platforms that gather multiple perspectives in the same space about possible futures. Thinking about diverse, rather than alternative, futures is particularly r...
Article
Full-text available
During the last decades design has been expanded as a discipline and conquered new territories. This expansion has been the cause and also the consequence of an evolution in the way design is understood and used. Multiple reasons support this transformation, the emergence of new challenges of global scale in areas like sustainability, healthcare, a...
Conference Paper
Over a century ago alternating current (AC) triumphed over direct current (DC) in the "war of the currents" and ever since AC has been ubiquitous. Increasingly devices operating internally use DC power, hence inefficient conversions from AC to DC are necessarily common. Conversely, domestic photovoltaic (PV) panels produce DC current which must be...
Book
Design for Health illustrates the history of the development of design for health, the various design disciplines and domains to which design has contributed. Through 26 case studies presented in this book, the authors reveal a plethora of design research methodologies and research methods employed in design for health. The editors also present, f...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, much of the literature on sharing in cities has focused on the sharing economy, in which people use online platforms to share underutilized assets in the marketplace. This view of sharing is too narrow for cities, as it neglects the myriad of ways, reasons, and scales in which citizens share in urban environments. Research presented here...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of connected devices with inputs and outputs operating in, and on, the physical world. The network is simultaneously fed by, and feeds into, data streams flowing across digital-physical boundaries, connecting sensors, servers, actuators, devices, and people. 'Things' of all types, lightbulbs, doorbells, ket...
Preprint
Full-text available
Digital product innovation affects organisations’ approaches to managing design in creating new digital products and services. This requires a new mindset when designing in open innovation networks, where a wide range of enabling factors are available for digital product innovation. Following a qualitative case study approach, twenty-nine intervie...
Chapter
Where we live in cities plays a big role in how we feel: living in luxury, gated neighborhoods versus living in squalor can greatly enhance our quality of life and happiness. Yet not enough is known about which features of the built and natural environment – as well as the interpersonal relationships that exist within those environments – influence...
Research
Full-text available
The principal aim of this research was to identify the roles design can play in innovation, the contributions of those roles to innovation, and the conditions under which these contributions actually happen.
Article
In the first of a series of invited papers to mark the 20th volume of the Design Journal, founding editor Rachel Cooper reflects on the changing landscape of design research activity since the journal’s launch.
Book
Full-text available
This little book tells you about research that we did as part of the Liveable Cities project, looking at sharing in cities. Through a series of conversations with researchers and workshops with citizens of Lancaster and Birmingham in 2015, we conclude that: • Cities are important hubs for sharing and they always have been • Sharing is more than jus...
Article
This paper presents the results of a study that investigates designers’ underlying motivations for socially responsible decision-making within an organization and identifies the empirical link between the level of designers’ awareness of corporate social responsibility (CSR)-related issues, the degree of firms’ design management capacities and thei...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Visualisations of future cities usually depict coherent scenarios that rarely express the complexity of urban life. Our research explores ways to articulate conflicts and diversities, rather than mitigate them, when reflecting on possible futures for urban life. We define Visual Conversations on Urban Futures as visualisations of future scenarios t...
Article
This article presents an investigation into understanding the role of design and designers when managing creative brand strategies for social media, and was conducted in Portugal and the United Kingdom during 2011–12. It combines results from an online survey (103 participants) and interviews (21 interviews) regarding the role of design in branding...
Article
Policies aimed at reducing carbon dioxide emissions often focus on the need to change existing behaviours and social practices as well as to provide technological advances in energy supply, waste, transport, industry and infrastructure. While fundamentally important to the mitigation of climate change, little is written about the impact that achiev...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Currently, there is growing interest in shaping a digital ecosystem that embraces holistic design approaches. In the digital realm, organizational approaches to managing design are required to shift to 'designing' towards holistic digital design, rather than 'design' for a completed output. Within this context, this paper reviews how organizational...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents an ongoing study that is being conducted jointly by Lancaster University, University of Birmingham, University of Southampton, and University College of London as part of the Liveable Cities programme. Liveable Cities is a five-year interdisciplinary research programme aimed at developing guidelines to implement radical solutio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The role of design in the new product development (NPD) process is becoming increasingly complicated due to the complex digital landscape where multiple participants are globally involved in ‘designing’. It requires an understanding of different design approaches to digital product development in international organizational cultures. However, in d...
Article
Planners, architects, urban designers and other built environment professionals engage with a myriad of checkboxes, guidelines, requirements and specifications, all of which potentially compromise creativity and innovation in urban design. Approaches that measure performance are accused of belying the nature of places as messy, plural, organic, acc...
Book
Full-text available
We are delighted to present the Proceedings of the 19th DMI International Design Management Research Conference held in London, United Kingdom. The theme of the conference was Design Management in an Era of Disruption. The management of design has arguably never played such an important role as it does today, as changes to the business and social e...
Chapter
As cities across the globe continue to accept more people, the challenge of understanding how density and crowding affect wellbeing becomes paramount. This chapter begins by defining key terms in the relationship between urban spatial density and mental wellbeing. The concept of intensity is introduced as a kind of temporary density with positive a...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of the relationship between wellbeing and the environment. It reviews current thought on the critical aspects of the environment that affect our senses and thus our physical and psychological wellbeing. It reviews the major factors that affect us through our life course, as well as the aspects of neighborhoods, bui...
Article
Full-text available
In many countries, policymakers have used urban densification strategies in an effort to create more sustainable cities. However, spatial density as a concept remains unclear and complex. Little information exists about how density is considered by decision makers, including the different kinds of density and the wider political and economic co...
Article
Full-text available
The pressures of population growth, finite resource and food supplies, increasing energy demand and climate change all impact on the way we live and work, and potentially have a negative effect upon our wellbeing and quality of life. "Living as we are and scaling back simply will not work", writes Professor Chris Rogers, principal investigator for...
Conference Paper
This paper reports on a research project exploring how the confluence of digital innovations and co- creation could instigate local and personal creation of garments and accessories. The objective is to study new business and production models for the clothing industry in the digital economy, identifying barriers and opportunities for implementatio...
Article
Full-text available
Future scenarios provide challenging, plausible and relevant stories about how the future could unfold. Urban Futures (UF) research has identified a substantial set (>450) of seemingly disparate scenarios published over the period 1997–2011 and within this research, a sub-set of >160 scenarios has been identified (and categorized) based on their na...
Conference Paper
This research uses case studies to describe and explore how the confluence of digital innovation and co-design is enabling new models for the clothing industry. It shows how interfaces for mass customization are being used to give consumers some participation in product development, however mass production methods still limit that. Nevertheless, di...
Book
PDF AND HARD COPIES ARE ONLY AVAILABLE FROM THE BRE BOOKSHOP: http://www.brebookshop.com/details.jsp?id=326921 Global urbanisation is increasing dramatically and most of the world’s population now lives in cities. The environmental impact of cities has received much attention in the global debate, making urban sustainability a top priority – for l...
Article
Full-text available
Making cities more sustainable is a top priority – for national governments, for cities and for the people who live, work and visit urban areas. The past decade has seen a concerted UK effort to develop, apply and assess sustainability solutions for the present and near future; however, little has been done to test urban regeneration solutions beyo...
Article
Dwelling density is a tool used to predict, describe and control land use. Through policy guidance, targets are created that promote efficient use of land, reduce the operation of private transportation and increase mixed use. However, decision makers often are unsure how these targets translate into practice at the site scale and how sustainabilit...
Article
Full-text available
Scenarios are a useful tool to help think about and visualise the future and, as such, are utilised by many policymakers and practitioners. Future scenarios have not been used to explore the urban context in much depth, yet have the potential to provide valuable insights into the robustness of decisions being made today in the name of sustainabilit...
Article
Full-text available
The authors explore the relationship between design and noncommunicable diseases, first by highlighting how design knowledge and practice can have a direct and indirect effect on these diseases. They then review the literature on the link between the physical environment (e.g., dwellings, the neighborhood, cities) and noncommunicable diseases. Last...
Article
As a spatial concept, density is a useful tool in predicting and controlling land use. However, policymakers, practitioners, academics and citizens are often uncertain about how density, and especially higher densities, can be best utilised to create and nurture the design of urban environments. Barriers related to definitions, calculations, concep...