R. Raman Nair

R. Raman Nair
Centre for Informatics Research and Development · DIRD

About

89
Publications
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110
Citations
Citations since 2016
0 Research Items
43 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220246810
20162017201820192020202120220246810
20162017201820192020202120220246810
20162017201820192020202120220246810
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (89)
Conference Paper
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The knowledge accumulated through generations in a region is recorded in the language and scripts of the region. This heritage is unique wealth on which sustainable development of the region in social, economic and cultural spheres are based. So computational linguistics, which can achieve the conversion of such ancient records in regional scripts...
Article
Fishery sector occupies a crucial place in the socio-economic development of the State of Kerala. Though Kerala boasts of the highest quality of life, the State's fishing community continues to lag behind-socially and economically. Fisheries is a specialized field wherein the information, an ingredient and a problem-solving tool, is a key factor fo...
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The fisheries sector plays an important role in the Indian economy. It provides nutritional security, employment and income to the population and foreign exchange to the nation through seafood export. The fisheries production has registered an excellent growth during the past half century in India. Information is a very important constituent for th...
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The importance of doctoral dissertations, the extend of public fund utilized for their production, need for their open access, concepts of Open Access (OA) and the arguments for and against it are discussed in detail. A brief historical outline of the attempts in India for digitizing and providing Open Acess to dissertations is provided. The develo...
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Analyses the doctoral research undertaken by scholars in MG University during the first twenty-five years of its existence (1983 to 2008). Finds that University has produced doctorates in highly relevant and emerging areas of science like biotechnology, genetic engineering, biodiversity studies and environmental conservation and that a few guides s...
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The universe is an artifact, the work of the cosmic architect. Culture is also an artifact, the product of human nature and thought. Items of cultural heritage include the ecosystem, the conditioned natural resources, its inhabitants, their creations like text, image, sound, performing arts, sculptures, buildings, ornaments, utensils and the like a...
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Prof. Rajan Gurukkal is a leading social scientist who has played an important role as an academician and public intellectual in India. He was a historian and was with the Mahatma Gandhi University (MGU), Kottayam, India. Many consider that due to the efforts of historians like Prof. Gurukkal the practice of writing history was opened up to the the...
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INFLIBNET was established in 1990 in response to the challenges faced by the higher education scenario of India due to knowledge explosion, the exponential volume of published output in different media, their rising cost, and their non affordability and in accessibility at majority of our higher education institutions. It is a computer communicatio...
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Technical Report on developing a Digital Archives of Kerala Legislative Assembly Records from the year 1888 to 2011. The Assembly records consist of proceedings of Legislative Council of Travancore from 1888, Travancore Sri Mulam Popular Assembly from 1904, Sri Mulam Assembly and the Sri Chitra State Council from 1933, Travancore Legislative Assemb...
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A Project proposal on establishing Ulloor Digital Archives at Mahakavi Ulloor Memorial Library and Research Institute (UMRI) in Kerala, India. The objectives of the project will be to use ICT to conserve the manuscripts and heritage items related to Mahakavi Ulloor S. Parameswara Iyer, the great scholar who dominated the literary and cultural life...
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Opines that scientific planning for agricultural development to overcome backwardness is very important for India. Speedy and sustainable agricultural development is tied closely to effective planning which in turn rests heavily on information available for the process. Information specifically related to this area is classified under agricultural...
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Opines that fisheries is a powerful income and employment generator in India as it stimulates the growth of a number of subsidiary industries. It is also source of cheap and nutritious food besides being a valuable foreign exchange earner. Information is a very important constituent for education, extension, research and development in fisheries se...
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The paper evaluates the ICT infrastructure available at Kerala University (KU) in India. KU has automated its library system and has powerful ICT infrastructures for more than a decade. But they are found to be lacking information relevant to KU, which exist only in traditional media at various sources under it. Information generated by the researc...
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Highlights the interdependence of Right to Information (RTI) and information literacy, and the role of public libraries which acts as catalyst between the two. RTI has an important economic dimension, as it embraces not only political freedom but also the freedom to lead a life with dignity, unfettered by domination and discrimination. Discusses in...
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This is an introductory lecture given at the GenISIS workshop. States that Library and Information Systems are the areas influenced to the maximum by ICT; that also with an unprecedented speed. The publication and distribution of books and journals, their acquisition and organization in libraries, and providing services using them are presently und...
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Knowledge accumulated in a society is recorded in its language. It is the base on which development process occur and is a capital resource which needs to be equitably distributed in a democratic system. ICT can undertake this function and empower and emancipate the backward people if Information Systems can be developed using the language/script o...
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The study evaluates farmer oriented information resources available in agricultural sector and outside as well as awareness about them among farmers and public, their accessibility, aptness, relevance and services. It is based on a survey conducted among the institutions as well the expected user community representing various spheres of activity i...
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The study points out that information systems that can present before the members of the legislature unbiased, relevant timely information is a vital factor that enables legislators to fulfill people's expectations on them. For a legislator, independent judgment and commitment to national interests are very important. Legislators have to make clear...
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Need for developing Information Systems in Indian vernacular languages is now felt more than ever. Use of local scripts becomes inevitable in the creation of Information Systems for digitized palm leaves, copper plates, manuscripts and local documents. M-ISIS is a localized version of CDS\ISIS for Malayalam language, which is programmed using ISIS3...
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Stresses that digitization in any organization should be initiated with some set objectives. In archiving of rare and antique documents serious consideration is to be given for not disturbing or destroying originals in the digitization process. But digitization for storage and dissemination of courseware, etc in distance education systems originals...
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Information and Communicatin Technology is transforming the nature of our society in an unprecedented speed. New insights on work, production and commerce, management, wealth etc have made knowledge, information and connectivity a very important constituent of all these. Future society is predicted to be a networked one with totally different way o...
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Government Brennen College released the Malayala Granthasoochi 2004 -CDROM on 30.03.2004 which is first electronic catalogue using search mechanism for original Malayalam script based on UNESCO's CDS/ISIS. This is an extract from the talk conducted in the Seminar in connection with the release of the publication. The talk covers earlier similar att...
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Agriculture is not only a country’s backbone of food, livelihood and ecological security systems, but is also the very soul of its sovereignty. In Kerala population density is high and land is scarce. To achieve sustainable advancement in quality of human life, meeting the domestic food requirement is to be given foremost priority in development pl...
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The invention of digital technology for information storage and retrieval is a milestone in the process of making formal communication flexible and transparent. It is only by harnessing digital technology the wealth of information, which is growing at an exponential rate, can be effectively managed. By developing capacious secondary storage devices...
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Kerala has almost achieved the aim of universal access for primary and secondary education. Higher secondary education has also been integrated recently with school education. But a disturbing fact is that education imparted in schools of Kerala is of very poor quality. One major factor leading to this is the absence of library services of required...
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The research and developments going on all over the world in agriculture and related areas have caused an information explosion in agricultural sector also. Various information systems on agriculture have come into existence at national and international levels. Our country generates huge quantum of information on agriculture during the activities...
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The study evaluates in detail the integrated library and information system established in Kerala Agricultural University, India during 1995-2000 incorporating college and research station libraries spread over the length and breadth of the State which till then functioned as independent units coming under the university. The facilities of a high-t...
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The Document is a VISION 2020 statement prepared by a State Agricultural the University (SAU) Librarian. Kerala Agricultural University in India established in 1971 appointed the first University Librarian in 1995. The library and information services provided through more than 40 campuses from 1971 were reorganized into an integrated system and a...
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A study of the report of the Expert Committee on College Libraries (1993) appointed by Government of Kerala under the chairmanship of V.P. Joy, IAS. Opines that it is the first of such attempts by any State Government in India Joy Committee considers that the successful performance of the college librarian demand a clear understanding of academic o...
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The study argues that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Development in a university, research institute or organization whose mandate is not electronics, computer hardware or software development and or related research is not acquisition, research, development or distribution of ICT related stacks and solutions. It is mainly applicati...
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The existence of an information management strategy gives long term confidence in the direction of development, cost-effectiveness measured over a long term, and stability in infrastructure of a State Agricultural University (SAU) and its operations. The paper views that the delay in achieving the objectives of Agricultural Research Information Sys...
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Observes that Kendra Sahithya Akademi and Sahithya Akademies for different languages existing in the States of India are having a vast and unique collection on Indian literature and culture and also studies on those topics done all over the world. Most of these Akademies are accepted research centres of the universities for concerned subject areas....
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Twenty-four Universities and more than three hundred specialized institutions and non governmental organizations are engaged in agricultural research, education, extension, and developmental activities in India. Altogether they generate a vast ocean of information which consists of about 400 doctoral thesis, 12000 papers and 2500 books, journals, a...
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Evaluates the role played by micro film and fiche in conservation of rare and valuable documents. The facility offered by the microform technology in transmission of documents as well as communication of information in special difficult situations like that of war, siege etc in earlier days when no other alternative mechanism was available is also...
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Presents the state of library and information system of Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) in 1998. Provides details of the high tech central library, its building LAN, Digital Library etc developed during the modernization programme of 1995-98. The cooperation with national and international organizations for resource sharing, involvement in pro...
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Thousands of village libraries in Kerala had their development parallel to the movements for economic, social and political reform, supporting them and at the same time getting inspiration from them. Like the tea shops and pan shops in villages, the libraries, reading rooms and recreation clubs also became the centers were discussions on aspects th...
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In decentralized administration local bodies are concerned with various administrative, educational and development issues. So in local government the planning for use of technology have started to recognize the value of information. This study attempts to evolve technical guidelines for building up an information system under local government that...
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Explains the importance of library and information systems in agricultural education, research and development. Points out the challenges offered to library executives by information explosion, developments in computer and communication technology, and information awareness. Opines that agricultural library systems in India as they exist now are no...
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Gives a historical perspective of the library and information system development at Kerala Agricultural University, India since its establishment in 1971. It is observed that Dr. K.M. Michael the Vice Chancellor was the first to initiate programmes for development of the ICT infrastructure of the university and also library and information system m...
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Information support is the most important constituent that contributes to quality in agricultural education, research, extension and development. To support agricultural sector of the region, Kerala Agricultural University under the initiative of Dr. A.M. Michael the Vice Chancellor has developed during 1995-98 an information system named KAULIS wh...
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The paper evaluates the contribution of Dr. S.R. Ranganathan to the public library system of India. In India Ranganathan was the first to introduce the modern concept that public library system is an integrated nationwide network of public libraries giving free library and information services to one and all the citizens – literate or illiterate, r...
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Direct relation of information to development necessitates giving priority tot information systems meant for the people. Such systems are to be found upon sound library legislation. In a federal country like India library systems are to be planned as a national level system. State systems should form component units of a national system. For this S...
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Surveys the application of computer and communication technology to manage information for agricultural research, education, extension and development in India. Covers the institutions supported by CGIAR, ISNAR, ICAR and similar organizations. Critically evaluates existing research and development systems in the agricultural sector under Government...
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Surveys the agricultural research institutes in Kerala, India having library and information divisions. Emphasizes the need for establishing a computer communication network interlinking these institutions which will provide access to the pool of information generated by these institutions as well as allow access to agriculture related databases fr...
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Stresses on the importance of content of academic programmes and the need to continuously update it. In India there are about three hundred university-level institutions. The different subject specializations and combinations available altogether in these institutions is estimated to be above eighty thousand. This necessitates the development of an...
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This is a detailed study of the college library situation in India. It points out that in India the importance of library in higher education was emphasized by many educationists experts and committees from 1950 and of them Ranganathan Committee (1958) of UGC, Education Commission (1966) of Government of India chaired by D.S. Kothari and Expert Com...
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The paper stresses the need for library orientation progrmmes in colleges. Methods for user orientation like lectures, library tours, brochures, posters etc are explained. The aspects to be covered in user orientation programmes are outlined. Opines that user orientation programme in a college library should try its utmost to minimize the gap betwe...
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The paper points out that all types of libraries from very early times have a common objective which is collection, organization, preservation and dissemination of knowledge. The library came into existence due to the felt needs of the society for and information service mechanism. It has become a very important institution of the civilized society...
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A Feasibility Report prepared by Centre for Agricultural Informatics in 1995 on establishing a Campus Network for Kerala Agricultural University’s (KAU) main campus (at Vellanikkara, Thrissur) and a state-of-the art Electronic Data Complex in its University Library premises. For the dissemination of topical awareness and global information to those...
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Availability and utilization in teaching learning process; of up-to-date information on topics dealt in colleges is essential to maintain the quality and relevance of college education. The study observes that presently the college libraries in India are not organized in a way in which they can provide information services of required quality. The...
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Library systems like other social systems are the result of a long evolution extending over centuries. So the study opines that library movement of a specific region or the system can be fully understood only through an analysis of the influences that reached it through time and space. It is an accepted fact that knowledge of what has happened in t...
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Library and information service in the college is a very important constituent that determine the quality of academic programmes. Presently college libraries in India are not in a position to fulfill their important objective due to unplanned growth, irrelevant collections, poor organization of materials, high cost of books, journals and storage, u...
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Importance of library and information services in higher education was emphasized in India by many committees of Government of India from 1917 including Calcutta University Commission under Sir Michael Saddler, University Education Commission (1949) chaired by Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, Ranganathan Committee (1958), Education Commission (1966) chaired b...
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The paper gives a bird’s eye view of the history of a highly specialized and efficient service with recorded information, organized and managed by the people that existed in ancient Kerala. This service formed part of the Gurukula System of education. The great scholars molded their family situations in a way in which it would blend with teaching l...
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The study opines that human ware is the most important component of an Automated Library and Information System (ALIS) which uses computers and communication technology for its functioning. The success of ALIS will depend on the knowledge, skills and aptitude of its staff. The functions that the human ware component of ALIS has to attend at differe...
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The paper opines that public library systems in federal countries will be effective only if they are planned as national systems. Kerala Public Library (Kerala Granthasala Sangham) Act (KPLA), 1989 is evaluated taking the Model Public Library Act 1972 of Dr. S.R. Ranganathan as a measuring rod. The clauses evaluated in detail are those related to P...
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Points out that quality of information support to teaching, learning and research in a college depend on the quality of collections available in the college library. Defines qualitative collection development as the effective and timely selection of library materials forming part of carefully constructed area of subject collection, shaped over time...
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Opines that a democratic system of government implies equal right of all citizens to get information services from outlets near his home/workplace. This service should be free. It should be speedy and efficient. Points out that information service of this nature can not be provided by public libraries that exist as independent units. Such service c...
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The project proposal on Development of an Information and Library Network (INFLIBNET) became a public document by 1990. The aim of INFLIBNET as provided in the report was modernizing college and university libraries in India and connecting them through a nation-wide high speed data network using the state-of-art technologies for the optimum utiliza...
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Discusses the aim of college education, the right process to achieve the aim and its implications for efficient library and information services. Opines that education should be a process of learning than of teaching. In the process the efforts to be put in by students themselves is much important. To enable this students are to be provided with ne...
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The study evaluates the movement for library legislation in Kerala. Kerala is a State with a strong and unique library movement. The history of the movement for library legislation and the evolution of the library law in Kerala through various stages are discussed in detail. The influences through time and space that finally got deposited in the Ac...
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(National Library of India: An Evaluation) The study opines that a National Library should be responsible for acquiring and conserving copies of all documents that originated in the country as well as all documents about the country produced elsewhere. It should act as reliable and authentic bibliographical information centre on the above mandatory...
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The study observes that for an average Indian villager a primary school is two kilometers away, a high school sixteen kilometers away, a post office five kilometers, and a telegraphic office eighteen kilometers away. But a villager has to travel for more than 150 kilo meters to reach a library. Any institution which can provide him necessary suppor...
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The paper discusses the aims and objectives of public libraries from the view point of Indian villager. It observes that public libraries in India are still going on without set objectives. The author lists the major objectives for which public libraries especially those in the villages should function. They should help the life long self education...
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This second of a series of articles on Public Libraries in search of set objectives draws attention of the government to the urgent need for enacting a Library Legislation in Kerala. Kerala has more number of libraries than that of any other State of India. But among them those who can fulfill the objective of a community Information Centre is less...
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This is the second of a series of articles on Public Libraries in search of set objectives. This article stresses the responsibility of Government to enact a public library system and legislation to ensure to the people the arability and accessibility of the information in an equal and unbiased way which has to play very important role in the polit...
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The paper opines that village libraries have very important role to play in agricultural development, health and hygene education, population control as well as in regard to villagers formal and no formal education, information, development, culture and leisure. There is no other substitute to the village library which can undertake the vast and va...
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This is a companion article to ‘Gramenarude Sarvakalasalakal’. The article points out that democratic concept of education is free access to it for one and all. Educating each and every citizen irrespective of any caste or economic differences was accepted as the responsibility of the state. But even forty years after the policy declaration 75 per...
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Collection, conservation, organization and providing services with the content of the ancient records, which is the memory of the society; our heritage is the major objective of the archives department of government. In the ancient world there was no difference between archives and library collections. The paper discusses the history of archives in...
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The paper evaluates the functioning of Indian National Library (INL) and suggests that it should divide its responsibilities with other major libraries specializing in different subjects. State Central Libraries should be developed as the regional centers of INL and they should specialize in the publications of the languages of the State which they...
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The paper points out that if education is to reach the people beyond a privileged minority; education is to be taken in a broader sense. More importance needs to be given to adult education, continuing education and distance education, than formal education which is accessible only to a privileged minority. Facility for continued self education aft...
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The paper on providing educational facilities to the under privileged; points out that the formal education systems and information support facilities are accessible only to a minority of our population coming to less than ten percent. Education can be extended to the people beyond this privileged minority only by establishing a good public library...
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A paper attempting to present what National Library of India and suggest what it should be.National Library of India should fulfill the basic function of the acquisition and preservation of documents published in India. National Library should also have bibliographic control over the documents published in India as well as documents on India publis...
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Kerala Legislature Library during 1980-84 extracting documents related to Constitution, Parliament, Legislature etc available in its different sections created a special Reference Collection on Constitutional and Parliamentary Studies. This bibliography is a by-product of that work. It lists the books on the above subjects available for reference i...
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In India more than eighty percent of the people live in villages. So development of the country is developing the villages. Any development initiative which is not giving due consideration to the villager can not be morally and materially on the right direction. The most important ingredient for development is information. So in villages government...
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An introduction to the theory and practice of cataloguing in Malayalam meant for the librarians and mangers of village libraries and community information centres. The paper covers objectives of the library catalogue, its physical forms, types of catalogues, kinds of catalogue entries, etc. A comparison of alphabetic catalogue and classified catalo...
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Traces the history of organized document collections of India from very ancient times, the contribution of Europeans especially the British rulers of India for systematization and conservation of such collections, and the origins of public library systems that culminated in the establishment of the National Library of India. Critically evaluates th...
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CD-ROM has an indispensable role to play in the dissemination of electronic information. Full Text archiving and publishing in CD-ROM has already found a special place in the rapidly growing digital library environment. Many of the full text CD-ROM titles are coming with thousands of document files, but without efficient retrieval facilities. This...
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Presents the evolution of library legislation through the laws meant for independent library units to that of library systems of different levels which provide for networking and resource sharing. Emphasizes the important legal provisions required in Library Acts and also points out the aspects that need special attention in federal countries like...
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The first article of the series on Library Movement in Kerala discusses the evolution of public library systems and laws in general with special reference to India. The goals and objectives of public library are outlined. The concept of modern public library system and principles of library legislation accepted all over the world are explained. The...
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The second part of the series examines in general the functioning of thousands of village libraries that exited of Kerala and the aims and objectives of the organization named Kerala Granthasala Sangham (KGS) which coordinated the library movement in Kerala. The working of the largest public libraries in Kerala controlling the major document resour...
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Based on the discussion in the earlier articles in this series, the earlier Library Bills of Kerala, suggestions on legislation given by experts like S.R. Ranganathan and from the experience of the working of other existing State library legislations; the present article provides necessary recommendations on the Library Legislation to be enacted in...
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The paper puts forward and substantiates the view that the concept of free public library service goes back to ancient times. Governments of those days were aware of their responsibility to provide to all citizens free information service. The study observes with reference to ancient Indian records that educational facilities and libraries were acc...
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High degree of participation by all classes of people at various levels was the distinctive feature of national movement in Kerala. This was made possible by the wide public library network that existed in the region. In Kerala the national movement evolved from a series of movements. Most of them were geared up by groups of people connected to lib...
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The study examines the social and cultural forces that contributed to the establishment of a large number of public libraries and their sustenance and development in Kerala at the beginning of nineteenth century. Establishment of Trivandrum Public Library in 1829 by Government of Travancore and its later development into State Central Library, esta...
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Considers that education is centrally and necessarily concerned with the transmission of knowledge. Conservation of knowledge its transmission to the new generations and facilitating advancement of the frontiers of knowledge are the main objectives of higher education. The teachers stimulate in the students a genuine desire for scholarship by intro...
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Kerala Agricultural University (KAU) having a Library and Information System (KAULIS) extending services to its more than 48 campuses spread over the length and breadth of the State as part of its modernization programmes constituted an expert committee on staff. The terms of reference was to examine the work load and nature of work in libraries at...
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Expression of cultural heritage looking from the informatics angle falls into text, images, video and sound categories. ICT can be used to conserve all these heritage items like; the text information consisting of palm leaf manuscripts, stone tablets, handwritten paper documents, old printed records, books, microfilms, fiche etc, images including p...
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[Malayam abstract] ലോകചരിത്രത്തിലെ ആദ്യത്തെ ഗ്രന്ഥാലയമായ അലക്‌സാണ്ട്‌റിയ ലൈബ്രറിയുടെ ചരിത്രത്തിലേക്കു്‌ കണ്ണോടിക്കുന്ന തീര്‍ത്തും ഹൃസ്വമായ ഒരു ലേഖനം. ബി. സി 283 ല്‍ ടോളമി സ്ഥാപിച്ച ഗ്രന്ഥാലയത്തിലെ വിജ്ഞാന വിഭജന രീതികള്‍, പ്രധാന ഗ്രന്ഥാലയാധിപന്‍മാര്‍, വായനക്കാര്‍ക്കും ഗവേഷകര്‍ക്കും നല്‍കിയിരുന്ന സൗകര്യങ്ങള്‍, വിവിധ ശാസ്‌തശാഖകള്‍ക്കു്‌ ആ ഗ്രന്ഥാലയം ന...

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