R. Andreas Kraemer

R. Andreas Kraemer
Ecologic Institute

Diploma Environmental Engineering, TU Berlin

About

72
Publications
4,670
Reads
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274
Citations
Introduction
R. Andreas Kraemer is Director (Administrador) of the Fundação Ocean Azul in Lisboa, Portugal, Senior Fellow at the Center for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, and Visiting Assistant Professor of Political Science & Adjunct Professor of German Studies at Duke University in Berlin. in 2015 he was Visiting Scholar at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT CEEPR) and from 2015 to 2017 Senior Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) in Potdam, Germany. From 2011 to 2014, he was Speaker of Ecornet, the Ecological Research Network of independent institutes in Germany. Ecornet includes Ecologic Institute, which R. Andreas Kraemer founded in 1995 and directed until 2015.
Additional affiliations
April 2015 - June 2015
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Position
  • Researcher
January 2015 - March 2015
Ecologic Institute
Position
  • Founder & Director Emeritus
Description
  • Focusing on "Think Tanking in Theory and Practice"
January 2015 - March 2015
Ecologic Institute
Position
  • Founder & Director Emeritus

Publications

Publications (72)
Chapter
Camilla Bausch, Director and R. Andreas Kraemer, Founder & Director Emeritus of the Ecologic Institute in Berlin, Germany, explore the Future of Think Tanks and Policy Advice around the World.
Chapter
This chapter explores aspects of the relationship between the financial system and resource industries, starting with general criteria for sound investment and an overview of the various materials and resources that need to be distinguished. To this end, the focus is first placed on fossil energy commodities that do not lend themselves to managemen...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on policy-relevant research organizations or think tanks as important institutions in open, democratic, innovative, and adaptable political systems. Think tanks deal with data, facts, ideas, and narratives as most fleeting commodities and should be highly vulnerable to digital disruption. The evidence shows, however, that think...
Article
Full-text available
Global governance of displaced and trapped populations, forced migration and refugees is not prepared for the numbers likely to manifest under a changing climate. The G20 has responsibility to prepare, push for reform, and initiate annual reviews to enhance a humanitarian response to aid climate mobility. International policy and law build on the f...
Article
Der Umbau der deutschen Stromversorgung weg von Atom und Kohle hin zu Erneuerbaren und Energieeffizienz wird in weiten Teilen der Welt mit großem Interesse verfolgt. Die G20-Präsidentschaft 2017 bietet Berlin die Chance, unter den 20 bedeutsamsten Industrie- und Schwellenländern für eine globale Energiewende einzutreten. Eine Chance, die man nutzen...
Article
Public Water Supply in Great Britain and Germany: Common origin, different trajectories Today, water and sanitation services are organised very differently in Britain and Germany, with privatization at regional level in Britain, and municipal companies in charge of several public services in Germany. But cities in both countries shared the same ini...
Book
The Arctic region plays an important role in regulating the world's climate and is also highly impacted by climate change, with average temperatures rising almost twice as fast as the rest of the world and sea ice melting much faster than previously predicted. These rapid changes will have significant impacts on human activity in the region and on...
Chapter
Cet ouvrage présente quinze textes de spécialistes de divers pays (Australie, Italie, Suisse, Allemagne, Canada, France, États-Unis et Banque Mondiale) qui proposent de nouvelles modalités de gestion qualitative et quantitative de l’eau en recourant à d’autres moyens que les seules réglementations et incitations économiques. La possibilité de mettr...
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Full-text available
Das Bild der „Großen Transformation“ greift Kritikpositionen und Fragestellungen auf, die spätestens in den 1970er Jahren unter dem Stichwort „Ökologische Krise“ auf die wissenschaftliche und gesellschaftliche Agenda gesetzt wurden. Zahlreiche unabhängige Forschungsinstitute arbeiten seitdem an der Lösung dieser Fragestellungen.
Article
Ce texte est la traduction, revue et augmentée par B. Barraqué, d'une étude datant de 1991 par Andreas Kraemer : " The development of water industry in Germany and the United Kingdom ", FFU Manuscript 91-7, Freie Universität Berlin, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik1.
Chapter
Impacts from rapidly occurring climate change in the Arctic region are creating shifts in economic priorities, especially in the energy, transport, fisheries and tourism sectors. Economic expansion combined with escalating environmental stress poses unique management challenges for these vulnerable socio-economic and ecological systems. This shifti...
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Full-text available
This working paper first introduces tradable permits as part of an overall taxonomy of economic instruments in the field of water management. In this context, three fundamentally different fields of application of tradable permits systems relating to water are presented: tradable water abstraction rights, tradable rights to water-based resources an...
Chapter
The common perception when considering the link between demography and sustainable development is that an increase in human population aggravates environmental problems. Long before the term “ecology” was coined, there were concerns about the earth’s capacity to provide food for the growing number of human beings. At the turn of the 18th century, t...
Article
German water policy‐making defies easy categorisation. Policy processes are highly complex, fragmented, and diverse. Concentrating on the areas of drinking water supply and water pollution, the most important feature is the enormous importance of regional government in both the formulation and implementation of policy. The role of local government,...
Article
European Commission plans indicate that the water supply should no longer be subject to municipal self-administration, but instead to European competition rules, and maybe even to a mandatory tendering procedure. Such a development would have far-reaching effects on the German drinking water supply, which is characterised by strong communal influen...
Article
Comprehensive public participation is envisaged within the implementation of the Water Framework Directive. This will happen to an extent which has not previously occurred in water management planning. The provisions of the WFD give the Member States of the European Union considerable latitude in designing participation. The Bavarian State Ministry...
Article
The practical application of the new provisions on closer cooperation by key actors can be expected to decisively shape the individual Member States' room for manoeuvre and determine the extent to which the new instrument will develop into a central instrument of integration. The will of Member State governments and the existence of pressing items...
Article
This presentation was commissioned by the Environment Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue for the 2nd Hemispheric Meeting celebrated on February 25th and 26th, 2003. This presentation discusses functions and typology of economic instruments in water management. This presentation also discusses the new European Water Framework Directive, as well...
Article
Esta presentación fue comisionada por la Red de Medio Ambiente del Diálogo Regional de Política para la 2a Reunión Hemisférica celebrada los días 25 y 26 de febrero de 2003. El documento expone las funciones de los instrumentos económicos, los tipos de instrumentos económicos para la gestión del agua, la economía en la (nueva) Directiva marco europ...
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Full-text available
Die europäische Wasserrahmenrichtlinie (WRRL) sieht vor, dass für jedes Flusseinzugsgebiet bis 2004 eine Wirtschaftliche Analyse zu erstellen ist. Im ersten Teil dieses Beitrages werden die wesentlichen Inhalte dieser Analyse und die Umsetzungsaktivitäten in Deutschland und Europa beschrieben. Im zweiten Teil (Wasser und Abfall 5/6, 2002) erfolgt e...
Article
This paper discusses the importance and applicability of economic instruments in the context of water management. The paper presents a typology and associated examples of implementation from European Union (EU) countries and Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. This report intends to assist in the identification o...
Article
Around the World, benchmarking for comparing the performance of water supply undertakings is attracting interest. The focus is on management aspects and efficiency. Environmental and resource protection are not yet reflected adequately. This contribution presents an overview with examples from all over the World. Some benchmarking systems developed...
Article
Full-text available
Privatisation of Dutch water services has been and still is a huge debate in the Netherlands. In 1997 this debate really started with a report of the Dutch Ministry for Economic Affairs on privatising water services. This report concluded that privatisation could reduce the price of water services by at least 10 percent (Dijkgraaf, 1997). The indus...
Article
The privatisation of water services in Germany is currently gaining importance on the political agenda. The aim of an international conference in Berlin, initiated by the German Federal Environment Ministry, was to deliberate the chances and risks for environment and health protection due to possible changes in the organisational structure of water...
Article
The Amsterdam Treaty has created a new instrument for European integration: Closer Co-operation. This allows a majority of Member States, i.e. currently eight countries, to take joint action and use the institutions and procedures of the European Union for this purpose, thereby further developing European integration in a flexible way. This right i...
Article
The article provides a definition of sustainable water management and illustrates details of this. Based on these principles, the current situation in Germany is evaluated with respect to three thematic issues (inland navigation, associations in water management, and endocrine pollution). Finally, the situation of German water management in general...
Article
The German Packaging Ordinance of 1991 marked one of the first attempts to introduce the concept of producer responsibility into environmental policy. The topic, thus, allows for useful insights into the factors which influence the outcomes of modern environmental governance. This paper uses the tool of policy network analysis to assess the outcome...
Article
The German Packaging Ordinance of 1991 marked one of the first attempts to introduce the concept of producer responsibility into environmental policy. The topic, thus, allows for useful insights into the factors which influence the outcomes of modern environmental governance. This paper uses the tool of policy network analysis to assess the outcome...
Article
Am 24. September 1996 wurde die Richtlinie 96/61/EWG des Rates über die integrierte Vermeidung und Verminderung der Umweltverschmutzung (IVU-Richtlinie) erlassen. Sie verpflichtet die Mitgliedstaaten zu einem ganzheitlichen, medienübergreifenden („integrierten“) Ansatz bei der Bekämpfung der Umweltverschmutzung. Nach Artikel 15(3) der IVU-Richtlini...
Chapter
In den Abschnitten 3, 4, 5 und 6 wurde ausführlich auf die Situation der deutschen Wasserwirtschaft eingegangen und die Frage untersucht, welche Entwicklungstrends sich feststellen lassen. Eine größere Anzahl solcher Trends konnte im Zuge der Studie herausgearbeitet werden. Mit der Identifizierung einzelner positiver und negativer Trends in den let...
Chapter
Ein wesentlicher Aspekt der Wassermengenwirtschaft ist der Hochwasserschutz. Angesichts eines weit verzweigten und, von Ausnahmen abgesehen,56 sehr funk­tionstüchtigen Deichsystems sind die Gefahren, die von Hochwasserereignissen ausgehen, in Deutschland im Regelfall gebannt. Etwa 7.500 km Hochwasserdeiche und -schutzmauem sowie 500 Talsperren und...
Chapter
Die vorliegende Studie hat die Beantwortung einer Reihe von wichtigen Fragestellungen, die sich mit dem Leitbild der Nachhaltigkeit für die Wasserwirtschaft verbinden, ermöglicht. Gleichwohl war schon von Beginn der Untersuchung an eine gewisse Schwerpunktsetzung erforderlich, so daß nicht alle im Zusammenhang mit der genannten Thematik von vornher...
Chapter
Als Ausdruck der unterschiedlichen Nutzungsanforderungen an die Gewässer existiert eine Vielzahl von Institutionen, die für ihre Bewirtschaftung verantwortlich sind oder auf die Bewirtschaftung in erheblichem Maße einwirken. Eine Betrachtung der Nachhaltigkeit der deutschen Wasserwirtschaft allein aus der Sicht der Gewässer würde die Implikationen,...
Chapter
Entsprechend dem weiten Spektrum an Defiziten, wie sie in der Detaildarstellung der Abschnitte 3, 4, 5 und 6 ausführlich erörtert wurden, wird im folgenden ein ebenso breites Spektrum von Handlungsoptionen dargelegt. Diese Handlungsoptionen ergaben sich unmittelbar aus den zahlreichen, im Rahmen der Untersuchung durchgeführten Interviews. Sie stell...
Chapter
Spätestens seit der Konferenz der Vereinten Nationen für Umwelt und Ent­wicklung (UNCED) von Rio de Janeiro im Jahre 1992 kommt dem Begriff der Nachhaltigkeit für die inhaltliche Zielbestimmung der Umweltpolitik eine herausragende Bedeutung zu. Unter dem Stichwort „Nachhaltigkeit“ gelangt der Gedanke zunehmend in das allgemeine Bewußtsein, daß die...
Chapter
Die meisten Flußlandschaften in der Bundesrepublik sind vom Menschen über-formt. Einzelne Gewässer wurden bis zur Unkenntlichkeit verändert, etwa indem sie in Röhren unterirdisch geführt werden. Ein breites Spektrum von Zielsetzungen war in der Vergangenheit fir den massiven Gewässerausbau verantwortlich. Dazu zählten unter anderem der Hochwassersc...
Chapter
Jenseits aller inhaltlichen Diskussionen zum Begriff „Nachhaltigkeit“ läßt sich mit Gewißheit konstatieren, daß es sich bei „Nachhaltigkeit“ um ein Leitbild im Entstehungs-und Ausdifferenzierungsprozeß handelt.
Chapter
Aus dem Grundwasser werden in der Bundesrepublik etwa 70% des Trinkwasserbedarfs gedeckt. Es besitzt daher als Ressource für die Trinkwasserversorgung besondere Relevanz, entsprechend wichtig ist die Sicherung seiner Qualität. So gesehen ist es durchaus bedenklich, daß das Grundwasser einer Reihe von Belastungen ausgesetzt ist. Daß die verschiedene...
Article
Umfassender, als dies bisher geschehen ist, untersucht das vorliegende Buch die bundesdeutsche Wasserwirtschaft aus dem Blickwinkel der Nachhaltigkeit. Die Autoren konzentrieren sich auf drei wesentliche Zielsetzungen: zum ersten eine Konkretisierung des Leitbildes einer nachhaltigen Wasserwirtschaft in Deutschland, zum zweiten eine Analyse der geg...
Article
Full-text available
In this project, the costs of water supply services and water prices in selected Member States of the European Union were investigated. An analysis of available studies and statistics was complemented with research and interviews carried out by experts based in the countries under study. The results were documented in case study reports following a...
Article
Throughout the world, privatization of water supply and the sewerage services is a controversial topic of political debate. Any nationalization, privatization, municipalization, or alteration in the regulatory regime constitutes a significant change of the institutional mechanism of water management. This article, based on a comparative analysis of...
Chapter
After outlining the policy framework relating to agricultural water pollution in the previous chapter, we will now describe the actual control capacity of the water supply sector. the central question to be posed is: can the water supply sector influence the behavior of farmers?
Chapter
Germans regularly refer to drinking water as Lebensmittel, meaning literally ‘a means of life’, also encompassing all food staples, such as bread and butter. the term indicates that water is essential for human life, and assigns it the same degree of importance as products of agriculture and animal husbandry. Furthermore, water resources are unders...
Chapter
In allen Mitgliedsstaaten der Europäischen Union, sogar weltweit, ist die Privatisierung der Wasserversorgung und der Abwasserbeseitigung ein kontroverses Thema politischer Diskussion. Jede Verstaatlichung, Privatisierung oder Kommunalisierung, jede Änderung in der Regulierung stellt eine tiefgreifende Veränderung des institutionellen Systems in de...
Chapter
Die Grundlage für das Subsidiaritätsprinzip wie es mit dem Maastrichter Vertrag über die Europäische Union in die Verfassung der Europäischen Union eingegangen ist, wird häufig in der katholischen Soziallehre und genauer in der Sozialenzyklika Quadrogesimo anno von Papst Pius XI aus dem Jahre 1931 gesehen: „Wie dasjenige, was der Einzelmensch aus e...
Book
Regionale Unterschiede innerhalb der EU im Umgang mit der Ressource Wasser beruhen zum einen auf unterschiedlichen hydrogeologischen Gegebenheiten, zum anderen aber auch auf Unterschieden in den Gebrauchsgewohnheiten aufgrund spezifischer historischer, legislativer und institutioneller Voraussetzungen. Auf dem Weg zu einer Harmonisierung des Wasser...
Article
After the success in controlling and reducing the pollution load on recipient water courses, consisting of domestic sewage and industrial effluents, the relative share of rainwater pollution has grown. Consequently, urban rain water management is now given a relatively high priority for future action. This paper describes the institutional framewor...
Article
Two very different traditions of urban water services exist in united Germany. In the Western Länder, disintegrated, municipal structures prevail, often part of local administration, sometimes integrated with other public services. Shortcomings of these arrangements have stimulated attempts to privatize sewerage services. In the East, water service...
Article
The various forms of privatisation of municipal sewerage services, described here, were developed but have not often been applied in (West) Germany. This may change however as municipalities in eastern Germany are now faced with large infrastructure investment needs. The article discusses the possibilities of involving private agents in the product...
Article
In this article the water pollution control policies of these countries and their effects on emitters are analyzed. In the Netherlands, local water control boards levy pollution charges on both direct and indirect emitters. The charges are based upon measured emissions and actual treatment costs and they vary among the boards. Discharges into surfa...
Article
Este informe incluye una reseña de la literatura y la información internacional disponible sobre la aplicación de instrumentos económicos en la gestión del agua, basada especialmente en la experiencia europea, y presenta una tipología de instrumentos económicos utilizados en el ciclo del agua, a la vez que examina su aplicabilidad en el contexto la...
Article
Full-text available
In all Member States of the European Union, and even world-wide, privatisation of water supply and the sewerage services is a controversial topic of political debate around issues concerning the status and ownership of water services as natural monopolies. Any nationa lisa- tion, privatisation or municipalisat ion, any corresponding alteration in t...

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Projects (2)
Project
The governance of oceanic systems and coastlines is moving into the center of European strategic and sustainability interests. Yet, it suffers from a high degree of fragmentation and the lack of a cross-scalar approach to addressing prevailing policy shortcomings. The proposed COST Action on “Ocean Governance for Sustainability - Challenges, Options and the Role of Science” comprises a unique, transdisciplinary network of 58 proposers with regional and international outreach. The network aims to establish an integrative vision, and a series of approaches that informs research and future policy directions on crosscutting sustainability-driven issues related to the fragmented governance framework of oceans, seas and coastlines within regional waters, and the open ocean in areas beyond national jurisdiction. The network differs from thematic predecessors in two distinct ways: While attending to the multiple flows and connectivities between varied marine systems together with land- and sea-based interfaces that are biologically, culturally, politically and socio-economically entwined, it first renders equal importance to strengthening regional and interdisciplinary dialogue, producing scientific output, crosscutting the natural and social sciences. Synergistic issue-driven working groups will be created at a time when Europe is considering its role in global ocean governance, and will continue to evolve well after the COST Action ends. Second, the network creates a distinct multi-scalar and cross-sectoral platform for institutional partners across academia, policymaking and civil society, presenting inclusive spaces for transdicsiplinary dialogue, capacity development and the advancement of practical toolkits that attend to science-policy gaps inherent within integrated ocean and coastal governance. Lead scientist: Prof Anna-Katharina Hornidge http://www.cost.eu/COST_Actions/ca/CA15217