Qurban Ali Panhwar

Qurban Ali Panhwar
Universiti Putra Malaysia | UPM · Institute of Tropical Agriculture

PhD (Soil Science, Soil Microbiology and Biofertilizer)

About

82
Publications
83,493
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1,262
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2012 - present
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Position
  • Fellow Researcher
Description
  • Expertise on bio-fertilizer, soil Microbiology
April 2012 - present
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Position
  • 3 years

Publications

Publications (82)
Chapter
The rapid urbanization and industrialization mainly in developing countries significantly increase the atmospheric deposition of heavy metals, raising concern to public health due to their ability to persist in the environment for prolonged periods. Bioaccumulation in a food chain results to heavy metal toxicity at high concentrations. Earlier stud...
Article
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Metal contamination problems have become common everywhere with several known cases of metal toxicity in the agriculture sector. Metals including copper (Cu) are important to plant metabolism in trace amounts; however, excessive amounts can cause toxicity to the plants. The biochars have potential to absorb these trace elements in soil. A study was...
Article
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A study was conducted to evaluate the effects of applying rice husk biochar (RHB) or ground magnesium limestone (GML) in combination with bio-fertilizer on soil biochemical properties and the yield of rice planted on an acid sulfate soil. The RHB or GML plus bio-fertilizer were applied each at the rate of 4 t ha −1. Applying the amendments increase...
Chapter
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Soil salinity stress has dramatically upset the fertile lands and subsequently applies a vast effect on the agricultural crop production. The salt stress has contrary influences for the plant enhancement and finally resulting in reduction of crop yields. The plants hold specific mechanism for salt stress extenuation like stimulate hormones, ionic...
Chapter
Soil salinity stress has dramatically upset the fertile lands and subsequently applies a vast effect on the agricultural crop production. The salt stress has contrary influences for the plant enhancement and finally resulting in reduction of crop yields. The plants hold specific mechanism for salt stress extenuation like stimulate hormones, ionic e...
Article
Full-text available
Modern rice cultivation relies on chemical nitrogen (N) fertilizer that ultimately degrades soil health and creates environmental pollution. The increasing concerns about environmental pollution, restoring soil health, and conservation of energy, public attention is now towards green manures as supplement for N fertilizer. Sesbania rostrata is a po...
Article
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The ability of woody plant species to remediate heavy metals contaminated soils was investigated with the addition of sewage sludge. Jatropha curcas, Hibiscus cannabinus, Acacia mangium, and Syzygium cumini growth was monitored on an Oxisol-and an Ultisol-treated soil with sewage sludge at a level of 0% w/w, 5% w/w, or 10% w/w. The sewage sludge wa...
Article
Full-text available
The ability of woody plant species to remediate heavy metals contaminated soils was investigated with the addition of sewage sludge. Jatropha curcas, Hibiscus cannabinus, Acacia mangium, and Syzygium cumini growth was monitored on an Oxisol-and an Ultisol-treated soil with sewage sludge at a level of 0% w/w, 5% w/w, or 10% w/w. The sewage sludge wa...
Article
Full-text available
The ability of woody plant species to remediate heavy metals contaminated soils was investigated with the addition of sewage sludge. Jatropha curcas, Hibiscus cannabinus, Acacia mangium, and Syzygium cumini growth was monitored on an Oxisol-and an Ultisol-treated soil with sewage sludge at a level of 0% w/w, 5% w/w, or 10% w/w. The sewage sludge wa...
Poster
Full-text available
A study was conducted to isolate and characterize the endophytic bacterial strains from diverse chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) growing areas of Sindh, Pakistan. A total of seven potential endophytic bacteria isolated from chilli crop were selected for further characterization. The rhizosphere indicated maximum microbial abundance than the endosphere o...
Chapter
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Use of bio-fertilizer and green manuring crops for rice production sustainably.
Article
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The plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) perform substantial growth enhancement of aerobic rice. Study was conducted at Universiti Putra Malaysia using 2-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE) strategy to identify mechanisms for rice plant growth promotion by PGPR inoculation. In this study, diverse expressed proteins were...
Article
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In Malaysia, about 0.5 million ha of acid sulfate soils are found scattered over the east, west, and Sabah and Sarawak regions that can potentially be cultivated with paddy. This type of soil is acidic and not immediately suitable for crop production unless improved by applying some amendments. Thus, the current study was carried out to investigate...
Article
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The process of adsorption-desorption of zinc and copper in highly weathered soils may affect their mobility and toxicity. In this study, we evaluated the effect of sewage sludge application on the adsorption-desorption behavior of Zn and Cu in highly weathered soils. Laboratory batch experiments were carried out to investigate the adsorption and de...
Article
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Aluminum (Al) toxicity is one of the primary factors limiting crop production on acid sulfate soils. In the present study, two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis approach (2D-PAGE) was applied to identify Al tolerance, plant growth promotion and separately expressed proteins were determined using mass spectrometry. Seedlings of rice wer...
Article
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Postharvest anthracnose of banana caused by Colletotrichum musae is one of the major diseases resulting in huge economic losses worldwide. To control this disease using biocontrol agents, two antagonistic strains SD7 and NB20 with significant inhibitory effects on mycelial growth and conidial germination of C. musae were identified and evaluated in...
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Large parts of lowland areas in Southeast Asia were submerged in seawater some 4300 years ago due to a rise in sea level. During this period, the coastal plains in the region were pyritised. Agricultural development led to oxidisation of the pyrite (FeS2) which in turn allowed weathered mineral silicates to be present in the sediments. High levels...
Article
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The acid sulfate soils contain pyrite (FeS2) which is due to oxidation results in the production of high amount of acidity, aluminum and iron significantly affecting rice growth.A glasshouse study was arranged to determine the effect of ground magnesium limestone (GML) in combination with bio-organic fertilizer (JITUTM) application on the chemical...
Article
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Germination and seedling growth of plant species are reduced in saline due to an external osmotic potential. An experiment was conducted at the laboratory, Faculty of Sustainable Agriculture, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, to compare the salt effect on seed germination and growth of weedy rice and cultivated rice. Seeds (10 in each) were placed in petr...
Article
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A study was conducted to determine the efficacy of applying ground magnesium limestone (GML) or ground basalt in combination with bio-fertilizer to sustain rice production on an acid sulfate soil in Malaysia. Soils from Kelantan Plains, Malaysia, were treated with GML, ground basalt, bio-fertilizer, GML + bio-fertilizer, and ground basalt + bio-fer...
Article
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A study was conducted to determine land quality in an acid sulfate soil area in Semerak, Malaysia by studying the soil/water characteristics and their effects on rice growth. Various physico-chemical indicators were selected to assess the quality of the land. A glasshouse experiment was later conducted to alleviate the infertility of the soil for r...
Article
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Arsenic (As) contaminated irrigation water (groundwater) is a threat to irrigated rice cultivation. Studies were conducted during three consecutive Boro seasons (fully dependent on irrigation) at highly As contaminated areas in Bangladesh to determine a suitable water management practice to reduce As accumulation in rice. In this study, two water m...
Chapter
Full-text available
Acid sulfate soils are an alternative aspect for the sustainable rice cultivation. Mostly these soils are not suitable for the crop production unless are effectively improved. Acid sulfate soils have toxicity due to the presence of high Aluminum (Al), and iron (Fe) with low pH (<4.0). Usually these types of soils have nutrient deficiency especially...
Article
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Acid sulfate soils are generally not suitable for the crop production unless they are efficiently improved. A study was conducted to improve the productivity of acid sulfate soils for rice cultivation using ground magnesium limestone (GML), basalt and organic fertilizer. The study was conducted on rice in laboratory, glasshouse and field. The pH of...
Article
Full-text available
Arsenic (As) contaminated irrigation water (groundwater) is a threat to irrigated rice cultivation. Studies were conducted during three consecutive Boro seasons (fully dependent on irrigation) at highly As contaminated areas in Bangladesh to determine a suitable water management practice to reduce As accumulation in rice. In this study, two water m...
Article
Full-text available
Medicinal plants play a major role in many cultures, not only as medicines, but also as trade commodities to fulfil the demands of distant markets. A study was conducted to characterise growth-promoting bacteria from two varieties of Kacip Fatimah (Labisia pumila) found at two different locations, Sungai Tekala, Semenyih, Selangor for Labisia pumil...
Article
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Phytoremediation can be potentially used to remediate heavy metal contaminated soils. A glasshouse experiment was conducted to determine the extent of Jatropha curcas and Hibiscus cannabinus efficiency to the remediation of zinc and copper contaminated soils amended with sewage sludge. An Oxisol (Munchong Series) and an Ultisol (Bungor Series) were...
Article
Full-text available
Biofertilizer performs major role in crop production. A study was conducted to determine the effect of bio-organic fertilizer with reduced chemical fertilizer for rice yield maximization. The treatments were (i) control (without fertilizer), (ii) N, P, K at recommended rate i.e. 100% (120, 30, 60 kg ha-1), (iii) N and P (75%), and K (recommended ra...
Chapter
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Plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) exert beneficial effects on plants through fixing atmospheric nitrogen, solubilizing organic and inorganic phosphorus, producing phytohormone, enhancing root development and nutrient uptake, and acting as biocontrol agents. Bacteria of the genus Bacillus has created tremendous interest in researchers as s...
Article
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Nitrogen (N) is the most limiting nutrient for rice and thisinput is required in the largest quantity for rice production. Laboratory and glasshouse studies were conducted at Universiti Putra Malaysiato determine the effect of urea-N on diazotrophs (Stenotrophomonas maltophila) growth and colonization on the rice roots and the effect of inoculation...
Chapter
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Oxisols are dominated by variable charge minerals in their clay fraction, containing an insufficient amount of Ca and Mg in their soil solutions. Under natural conditions, cocoa grown on the soils is subjected to the stress of low pH and Al and/or Mn toxicity, which eventually produces low yields. This chapter discusses the chemical properties of O...
Article
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To cite this paper: F.J. Alia, J. Shamshuddin, C.I. Fauziah, M.H.A. Husni and Q.A. Panhwar, 2015. Effects of aluminum, iron and/or low pH on rice seedlings grown in solution culture. Int. J. Agric. Biol., Abstract Water in the paddy field covered by acid sulfate soils having very low pH contains high amount of Al and Fe that affects rice growth. A...
Article
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Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation plus (REDD+) is a mechanism to cut down GHG emissions and protect threatened forest ecosystems. Forests uptake CO2 from the air, which is constituted around 33% carbon emissions into the atmosphere due to human activities such as deforestation and degradation of forested land. Changes in...
Article
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Aluminum toxicity is widely considered as the most important limiting factor for plants growing in acid sulfate soils. A study was conducted in laboratory and in field to ameliorate Al toxicity using plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB), ground magnesium limestone (GML) and ground basalt. Five-day-old rice seedlings were inoculated by Bacillus sp...
Article
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Ultisols in the tropics are characterized by low pH and high exchangeable Al. Maize grown on them produces low yield. A study was conducted to determine changes in soil properties and their subsequent effects on maize growth, resulting from oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) biochar and/or dolomitic limestone application. The results show that the ap...
Article
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Insufficient micronutrients are a common phenomenon in Malaysian soils derived from riverine alluvium, which affect the growth and quality of rice. A study was conducted on such soils at Kelantan, Malaysia to evaluate the effects of applying Zn (5 kg ha −1),Cu (4 kg ha −1) and Mo (0.5 kg ha −1) along with the recommended N, P, K and S at 120, 30, 5...
Chapter
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Rice is the staple food for more than half of the world’s population. Rice production needs a huge amount of chemical fertilizer application, especially urea, which is one of the causes of global warming and groundwater pollution. Nitrous oxide emission and nitrate leaching can be reduced only via the reduction of chemical nitrogen fertilizer use o...
Article
Acid sulfate soils are normally not suitable for crop production unless they are appropriately ameliorated. An experiment was conducted in a glasshouse to enhance the growth of rice, variety MR219, planted on an acid sulfate soil using various soil amendments. The soil was collected from Semerak, Kelantan, Malaysia. Ground magnesium limestone (GML)...
Article
Full-text available
Rice yield grown on acid sulfate soils is very low because of Al3+ and/or Fe2+ toxicity. A study was conducted to determine the effects of applying ground basalt with or without organic fertilizer on the growth of rice. Results showed clear benefits of ground basalt as an amendment for acid sulfate soil infertility. The ameliorative effects were co...
Article
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A field experiment was carried out at Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh to determine the effects of transplanting dates on growth and yield of rice varieties grown in the rainfed season of 2011. The growth and yield of two inbred varieties (BR11-Mukta and BRRI dhan39) and two hybrid varieties (ACI 1 and ACI Shera) were evalua...
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Rice production in saline-affected areas is a great challenge for the breeders and salt tolerant rice variety is an urgent need for these areas. There are salt tolerant lines but yield is low whereas high yielding rice varieties cannot withstand salinity stress. Therefore the objectives of this study were to evaluate, cross compatibility, heterosis...
Article
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A study was conducted to determine the total microbial population, the occurrence of growth promoting bacteria and their beneficial traits in acid sulfate soils. The mechanisms by which the bacteria enhance rice seedlings grown under high Al and low pH stress were investigated. Soils and rice root samples were randomly collected from four sites in...
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Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) are frequently used in agriculture as plant growth promoters because they provide soluble P to growing plants by solubilizing complex soil inorganic phosphates like Al-P, Fe-P, and Ca-P. Several PSB strains isolated from local aerobic rice are able to solubilize P from insoluble P through production of organic...