Qiong Cai

Qiong Cai
Peking University | PKU · Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences

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20
Publications
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150
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Publications

Publications (20)
Article
Full-text available
Leaf anatomical traits are responsive to environmental factors and thus highly plastic in their development and biochemical function. However, how they vary across large geographical scales and the main driving factors remain unclear, especially for forest plants. Here, by combining field sampling with plant semi-thin sectioning methods, eight anat...
Article
Larch forests are important for species diversity, as well as soil and water conservation in mountain regions. In this study, we determined large-scale patterns of species richness in larch forests and identified the factors that drive these patterns. We found that larch forest species richness was high in southern China and low in northern China,...
Article
Land-use change can lead to profound changes in the storage of soil organic carbon (SOC) in the tropics. Soil microbial residues make up the majority of persistent SOC pools, yet the impact of land-use change on microbial residue C accumulation in the tropics is not well understood. Here, we investigated how the conversion of tropical primary monta...
Article
Aims Deciduous oak forest is one of the typical vegetation types in temperate and subtropical mountain zones in China. However, the patterns and determinants of the structural characteristics of these forests remain poorly understood. Methods We investigated 682 oak forest plots across China to characterize the community structures of the oak fore...
Article
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Aims As one of the main food bamboo species of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), Fargesia denudata is widely distributed in the understory of spruce-fir forests in the mountainous area of southwestern China. However, the driving factors of its biomass and distribution in the forests are still unclear. Methods We conducted a systematic inve...
Article
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The decomposition of litter from forest tree species is a fundamental process in the carbon (C) cycle of terrestrial ecosystems and is closely related to ongoing climate change. However, the spatial distribution of the forest litter decomposition rate (k) and its potential response to changing air temperature (temperature sensitivity) remain poorly...
Article
Full-text available
Aim This work explores whether the commonly observed positive range size–niche breadth relationship exists for Fagus, one of the most dominant and widespread broad‐leaved deciduous tree genera in temperate forests of the Northern Hemisphere. Additionally, we ask whether the 10 extant Fagus species’ niche breadths and climatic tolerances are under p...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: This work explores whether the commonly observed positive range size–niche breadth relationship exists for Fagus, one of the most dominant and widespread broad-leaved deciduous tree genera in temperate forests of the Northern Hemisphere. Additionally, we ask whether the 10 extant Fagus species’ niche breadths and climatic tolerances are under...
Article
Full-text available
Background Larch ( Larix Mill.) forests are widely distributed in the upper parts of mountainous areas in China, playing vital roles in constructing mountain landscapes and maintaining mountain environments. Despite their importance, our knowledges on the large-scale patterns of structure characteristics and the relationships between different stru...
Article
Aims Forest biomass carbon (C) stocks are usually estimated by multiplying biomass by a C conversion factor, i.e. C concentration. Thus, tree C concentration is crucial to the assessments of forest C cycles. As stems contribute to the large fraction of tree biomass, the canonical value of 50% or other simplified values of stem C concentration are w...
Article
Aims There are different components of carbon (C) pools in a natural forest ecosystem: biomass, soil, litter and woody debris. We asked how these pools changed with elevation in one of China’s ecologically important forest ecosystem, i.e. beech (Fagus L., Fagaceae) forests, and what were the underlying driving factors of such variation. Methods Th...
Article
Nearly 19% of the world's population lives in China, yet the country contains only 7% of the planet's fresh water. Combining remotely sensed data and ground‐based measurements, we conducted a comprehensive assessment of recent changes in China's water resources. Beginning in the 21st century, glaciers in western China have been melting at very high...
Article
Full-text available
Lakes have played a critical role in providing water and ecosystem services for people and other organisms in China for millennia. However, accelerating climate change and economic boom have resulted in unprecedented changes in these valuable lakes. Using Landsat images covering the entity of the country, we explored the changes in China’s lakes an...
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Stem carbon (C) content is widely used to present tree C content to estimate forest C stocks. However, size- and age-dependent changes in tree stem C content are still unclear. Based on 576 tree size (expressed by diameter at breast height (DBH) and biomass), age and C content data, our results showed that C content varied significantly among organ...
Article
Aims Stand age plays a vital role in carbon (C) stock and its distribution (vegetation, woody debris, litter and soil) within forest ecosystems. Subtropical forests are pivotal in the C cycling of terrestrial ecosystems. In subtropical China, Fagus trees are widely distributed and of great importance. However, the analyses of C storage in chronoseq...
Article
Full-text available
There are four components of carbon (C) pools in a natural forest ecosystem: vegetation, soil, litter and woody debris. Quantifying these C pools and their contributions to forest ecosystems is important in understanding C cycling in forests. Here, we investigated these four C pools in nine beech (Fagus L., Fagaceae) forests along an altitudinal gr...
Article
184 plots from larch (Larix Mill.) forests across China were sampled to characterize the height-diameter relationships and investigate the effects of structure and climate on them based on the power function H=aDb. The results showed that the height-diameter relationship differed greatly among species: b-value of Larix gmelinii (0.65±0.11) and L. o...
Article
Full-text available
Nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) availabilities play crucial roles in plant morphogenesis and physiological processes, but how plant anatomical traits respond to the N and P supply is not well elucidated. We evaluated the effects of N and P supply on multiple leaf and stem anatomical traits of Arabidopsis thaliana. The addition of N increased the st...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Soil respiration is one of the most important components in the carbon (C) cycle in terrestrial ecosystems. To investigate the contribution of each component of C cycle to the total soil C efflux, we quantified the rates of litter, root, and other mineral soil respiration from 2012 to 2014 in the primary and secondary tropical mountain rain fo...

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