Qiang Zhang

Qiang Zhang
Tsinghua University | TH · Department of Chemical Engineering

Dr.

About

588
Publications
206,866
Reads
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63,452
Citations
Citations since 2017
296 Research Items
52535 Citations
201720182019202020212022202302,0004,0006,0008,00010,000
201720182019202020212022202302,0004,0006,0008,00010,000
201720182019202020212022202302,0004,0006,0008,00010,000
201720182019202020212022202302,0004,0006,0008,00010,000
Introduction
Li-S battery, lithium metal anode, energy electrocatalysis, solid electrolyte interphase, carbon based energy materials
Additional affiliations
December 2017 - present
Tsinghua University
Position
  • Professor
September 2011 - November 2017
Tsinghua University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
February 2010 - September 2013
Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (588)
Article
Nanometer-sized hydroxide active centers are uniformly and strongly hybridized into a graphene framework by means of defect-anchored nucleation and spatially confined growth, resulting in a superior electrocatalyst for oxygen evolution reaction. This family of strongly coupled complexes and the topology-assisted fabrication strategy is expected to...
Article
Lithium-sulfur batteries hold great promise for serving as next generation high energy density battery. However, the shuttle of polysulfide induces rapid capacity degradation and poor cycling stability of lithium-sulfur cells. Herein, we proposed unique lithium-sulfur battery configuration with ultrathin graphene oxide (GO) membrane for high stabil...
Article
Preventing the stacking of graphene is essential to exploiting its full potential in energy-storage applications. The introduction of spacers into graphene layers always results in a change in the intrinsic properties of graphene and/or induces complexity at the interfaces. Here we show the synthesis of an intrinsically unstacked double-layer templ...
Article
The sp2-hybridized nanocarbon (e.g., carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene) exhibits extraordinary mechanical strength and electrical conductivity but limited external accessible surface area and a small amount of pores, while nanostructured porous carbon affords a huge surface area and abundant pore structures but very poor electrical conductance....
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The innovation on the low dimensional nanomaterials brings the rapid growth of nano community. Developing the controllable production and commercial applications of nanomaterials for sustainable society is highly concerned. Herein, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with sp(2) carbon bonding, excellent mechanical, electrical, thermal, as well as transport pro...
Article
Lithium Ion Batteries. Fast charging of high‐energy Li‐ion batteries is achieved by simultaneously reducing the anode and cathode charge transfer energy barriers through electrolyte engineering, as reported by Chong Yan, Qiang Zhang et al. in their Research Article (e202214828).
Article
Lithium Ion Batteries. Fast charging of high‐energy Li‐ion batteries is achieved by simultaneously reducing the anode and cathode charge transfer energy barriers through electrolyte engineering, as reported by Chong Yan, Qiang Zhang et al. in their Research Article (e202214828).
Article
Exploring advanced strategies in alleviating the thermal runaway of LMBs is critically essential. Herein, a novel electrolyte system with thermoresponsive characteristics is designed to largely enhance the thermal safety of 1.0 Ah LMBs. Specifically, vinyl carbonate (VC) with azodiisobutyronitrile is introduced as a thermoresponsive solvent to boos...
Article
Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries are considered as one of the most promising next-generation energy storage devices because of their ultrahigh theoretical energy density beyond lithium-ion batteries. The cycling stability of Li metal anode largely determines the prospect of practical applications of Li–S batteries. This review systematically summari...
Article
Back cover image: Lithium nitrate (LiNO3) additive is a milestone in stabilizing lithium metal anodes for high‐energy‐density batteries. However, the poor solubility of LiNO3 severely hinders its applications. In article number 10.1002/cey2.283, Zhang, Chen, and Zhang et al. proposed the isosorbide nitrate (ISDN) with intrinsically high solubility...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium (Li) metal batteries promise energy density beyond 400 Wh kg−1, while their practical operation at an extreme temperature below −30°C suffers severe capacity deterioration. Such battery failure highly relates to the remarkably increased kinetic barrier of interfacial processes, including interfacial desolvation, ion transportation, and char...
Article
Long-cycling practical lithium–sulfur batteries are hindered by the parasitic reactions between lithium polysulfide (LiPS) intermediates and lithium metal anodes. Solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) on lithium metal anodes plays a crucial role in shielding the parasitic reactions of LiPSs. Herein, a lithium oxysulfide-rich SEI is demonstrated to shi...
Article
Full-text available
In this protocol, we describe the quantification of electrolytes using nuclear magnetic resonance. We detail the steps involved for battery cycling, sample preparation, instrument operation, and data analysis. The protocol can be used to quantify electrolyte decomposition reactions and the apparent electron transfer numbers of different electrolyte...
Article
In the pursuit of energy-dense all-solid-state lithium batteries (ASSBs), Li-rich Mn-based oxide (LRMO) cathodes provide an exciting path forward with unexpectedly high capacity, low cost, and excellent processibility. However, the cause for LRMO|solid electrolyte interfacial degradation remains a mystery, hindering the application of LRMO-based AS...
Article
Extreme fast charging (XFC) of high‐energy Li‐ion batteries is a key enabler of electrified transportation. While previous studies mainly focused on improving Li ion mass transport in electrodes and electrolytes, the limitations of charge transfer across electrode–electrolyte interfaces remain underexplored. Here we unravel how charge transfer kine...
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The fundamental understanding of the elusive evolution behavior of the buried solid-solid interfaces is the major barrier to exploring solid-state electrochemical devices. Here, we uncover the interfacial void evolution principles in solid-state batteries, build a solid-state void nucleation and growth model, and make an analogy with the bubble for...
Article
Lithium–Sulfur Batteries In article number 2205284, Xue‐Qiang Zhang, Qiang Zhang, and co‐workers demonstrate that by weakening the solvating power of the solvents, lithium polysulfides can be encapsulated to inhibit the parasitic reactions on lithium‐metal anodes. The large steric hindrance of the fluorohydrocarbon chains and the electron‐withdrawi...
Article
Full-text available
The stability of lithium metal anodes essentially dictates the lifespan of high‐energy‐density lithium metal batteries. Lithium nitrate (LiNO3) is widely recognized as an effective additive to stabilize lithium metal anodes by forming LiNxOy‐containing solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). However, its poor solubility in electrolytes, especially este...
Article
Extreme fast charging (XFC) of high‐energy Li‐ion batteries is a key enabler of electrified transportation. While previous studies mainly focused on improving Li ion mass transport in electrodes and electrolytes, the limitations of charge transfer across electrode–electrolyte interfaces remain underexplored. Here we unravel how charge transfer kine...
Article
Lithium metal is one of the most promising anode materials for next-generation high-energy-density rechargeable batteries. A fundamental mechanism understanding of the dead lithium formation under the interplay of electrochemistry and mechanics in lithium metal batteries is strongly considered. Herein, we propose a mechano-electrochemical phase-fie...
Article
Understanding the intrinsic activity of oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is crucial for catalyst design. To date, different metal-doping strategies have been developed to achieve this, but the involving mechanisms remain unclear. Here, the electronic structure of the transition metal-doped NiFe2O4(001) surface is scrutinized for OER intrinsic activi...
Article
Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery is strongly considered as one of the most promising energy storage systems due to its high theoretical energy density and low cost. However, the sluggish reduction kinetics from Li2S4 to Li2S during discharge hinders the practical application of Li-S batteries. Although various electrocatalysts have been proposed to im...
Article
Full-text available
Advanced electrolyte design is essential for building highenergy-density lithium (Li) batteries and introducing anions into the Li + solvation sheaths has been widely demonstrated as a promising strategy. However, a fundamental understanding of the critical role of anions in such electrolytes is very lacking. Herein, the anionic chemistry in regula...
Article
Advanced electrolyte design is essential for building highenergy‐density lithium (Li) batteries and introducing anions into the Li + solvation sheaths has been widely demonstrated as a promising strategy. However, a fundamental understanding of the critical role of anions in such electrolytes is very lacking. Herein, the anionic chemistry in regula...
Article
Full-text available
Serious safety risks caused by the high reactivity of lithium metal against electrolytes severely hamper the practicability of lithium metal batteries. By introducing unique polymerization site and more fluoride substitution, we built an in‐situ formed polymer‐rich solid electrolyte interphase upon lithium anode to improve battery safety. The fluor...
Article
The development of emerging rechargeable batteries is often hindered by limited chemical understanding composing of entangled patterns in an enormous space. Herein, we propose an interpretable hybrid machine learning framework to untangle intractable degradation chemistries of conversion-type batteries. Rather than being a black box, this framework...
Article
The development of emerging rechargeable batteries is often hindered by limited chemical understanding composing of entangled patterns in an enormous space. Herein, we propose an interpretable hybrid machine learning framework to untangle intractable degradation chemistries of conversion‐type batteries. Rather than being a black box, this framework...
Article
Full-text available
Subfreezing temperature presents a significant challenge to the survival of current Li‐ion batteries (LIBs) as it leads to low capacity retention and poor cell rechargeability. The electrolyte in commercial LIBs relies too heavily on ethylene carbonate (EC) to produce stable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) on graphite (Gr) anodes, but its high m...
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Full-text available
Long cycling lifespan is a prerequisite for practical utilization of lithium–sulfur batteries yet is restricted by the side reactions between soluble polysulfides and lithium metal anodes. The regulation on solvation structure of polysulfides renders encapsulating‐polysulfides electrolyte (EPSE) that emerges as a promising solution to suppress the...
Article
Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries promise ultrahigh theoretical energy density and attract great attention as next‐generation energy storage devices. However, the sluggish sulfur redox kinetics severely restricts the practical performances of Li–S batteries. Introducing electrocatalysts can accelerate the sulfur redox kinetics and enhance the dischar...
Article
Rechargeable zinc–air batteries have attracted extensive attention as clean, safe, and high-efficient energy storage devices. However, the oxygen redox reactions at cathode are highly sluggish in kinetics and severely limit the actual battery performance. Atomic transition metal sites demonstrate high electrocatalytic activity towards respective ox...
Article
Serious safety risks caused by the high reactivity of lithium metal against electrolytes severely hamper the practicability of lithium metal batteries. By introducing unique polymerization site and more fluoride substitution, we built an in‐situ formed polymer‐rich solid electrolyte interphase upon lithium anode to improve battery safety. The fluor...
Article
The reactions among lithium metal anode, cathode, and electrolyte contribute to the origin of thermal runaway of Li metal batteries. In this contribution, polyethylene glycol (PEG) is adopted as an effective thermal safety modifier to reduce the reactions between cell components. The heat release and the initial exothermic peak for cell components...
Article
Lithium–sulfur (Li–S) battery is strongly considered as one of the most promising energy storage systems due to its high theoretical energy density and low cost. However, the sluggish reduction kinetics from Li2S4 to Li2S during discharge hinders the practical application of Li–S batteries. Although various electrocatalysts have been proposed to im...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium metal anode has been demonstrated as the most promising anode for lithium batteries because of its high theoretical capacity, but infinite volume change and dendritic growth during Li electrodeposition have prevented its practical applications. Both physical morphology confinement and chemical adsorption/diffusion regulation are two crucial...
Article
Full-text available
The life span of lithium batteries as energy storage devices is plagued by irreversible interfacial reactions between reactive anodes and electrolytes. Occurring on polycrystal surface, the reaction process is inevitably affected by the surface microstructure of anodes, of which the understanding is imperative but rarely touched. Here, the effect o...
Article
The access to full performance of state‐of‐the‐art Li‐ion batteries (LIBs) is hindered by the mysterious lithium plating behavior. A rapid quantified lithium plating determination method compatible with actual working conditions is an urgent necessity for safe working LIBs. In this contribution, the relationship between electrical double layer (EDL...
Article
Solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) is pivotal in dictating the stability of anodes in non-aqueous batteries. However, electrolyte decomposition mechanism as an indispensable piece of the puzzle to construct a stable SEI is with few quantitative understandings. Herein, as a quantitative descriptor, the apparent electron transfer number (ETN) is acqu...
Article
The access to full performance of state‐of‐the‐art Li‐ion batteries (LIBs) is hindered by the mysterious lithium plating behavior. A rapid quantified lithium plating determination method compatible with actual working conditions is an urgent necessity for safe working LIBs. In this contribution, the relationship between electrical double layer (EDL...
Article
Lithium polysulfides (LiPSs) serve as vital intermediates that participate in every working electrochemical process of lithium–sulfur (Li–S) batteries. Revealing the existing form of LiPSs in electrolyte is essential for understanding the reaction mechanism and rationally designing high-performance Li–S batteries. Herein, we pioneeringly demonstrat...
Article
Full-text available
The performance of rechargeable lithium (Li) batteries is highly correlated with the structure of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI), which governs the ion transport at the anode/electrolyte interface and directly impacts the cycle lifespan of the anode. The properties of a working anode are vital factors in determining the structure of SEI; howeve...
Article
Full-text available
The performance of rechargeable lithium (Li) batteries is highly correlated with the structure of solid electrolyte interphase (SEI), which governs the ion transport at the anode/electrolyte interface and directly impacts the cycle lifespan of the anode. The properties of a working anode are vital factors in determining the structure of SEI; howeve...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have great potential as high-energy-density energy storage devices. Electrocatalysts are widely adopted to accelerate the cathodic sulfur redox kinetics. The interactions among the electrocatalysts, solvents, and lithium salts significantly determine the actual performance of working Li-S batteries. Herein, lithium b...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium–sulfur batteries are promising next‐generation energy storage devices due to their ultrahigh theoretical energy density. However, the parasitic reactions between lithium polysulfides and lithium metal anodes render lithium anodes extremely unstable during cycling and result in limited lifespan of working lithium–sulfur batteries. Herein, a...
Article
Aqueous zinc–air batteries possess inherent safety and are especially commendable facing high‐temperature working conditions. However, their working feasibility at high temperatures has seldom been investigated. Herein, the working feasibility of high‐temperature zinc–air batteries is systemically investigated. The effects of temperature on air cat...
Article
Aqueous zinc-air batteries possess inherent safety and are especially commendable facing high-temperature working conditions. However, their working feasibility at high temperatures has seldom been investigated. Herein, the working feasibility of high-temperature zinc-air batteries is systemically investigated. The effects of temperature on air cat...
Article
Solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) plays an indispensable role in stabilizing lithium metal batteries (LMBs). An ideal SEI is supposed to impede the electrolyte degradation on lithium metal anodes while allowing lithium‐ion transport. However, the ionic transport mechanism in SEI is not fully understood. Herein, first‐principles calculations are pe...
Article
A comprehensive understanding of multiple Li kinetics in batteries is essential to break the limitations of mechanism study and materials design. Various kinetic processes with specific relaxation features can be clearly identified in timescales. Extracting and analyzing the timescale information in batteries will provide insights into investigatin...
Article
Single-atom catalysts serve as a promising candidate to realize noble-metal-free electrocatalytic oxygen reduction in acid media. However, their poor stability under working conditions strictly restrains their practical applications. Therefore, regeneration of their electrocatalytic activity is of great significance. Herein, the regeneration of a F...
Article
Full-text available
High‐energy‐density lithium metal batteries (LMBs) are widely accepted as promising next‐generation energy storage systems. However, the safety features of practical LMBs are rarely explored quantitatively. Herein, the thermal runaway behaviors of a 3.26 Ah (343 Wh kg−1) Li | LiNi0.5Co0.2Mn0.3O2 pouch cell in the whole life cycle are quantitatively...
Article
Contact prelithiation of working anodes from a sacrificial Li source is an important strategy to compensate the initial capacity loss of lithium‐ion batteries. However, the dead Li generated from inadequate Li source conversion (<65.0%) reduces the cycling stability of batteries. Herein a mono‐solvent dimethyl carbonate (DMC) electrolyte was employ...
Article
Contact prelithiation of working anodes from a sacrificial Li source is an important strategy to compensate the initial capacity loss of lithium‐ion batteries. However, the dead Li generated from inadequate Li source conversion (<65.0%) reduces the cycling stability of batteries. Herein a mono‐solvent dimethyl carbonate (DMC) electrolyte was employ...
Article
Hard carbons are widely investigated as potential anodes for lithium and sodium ion batteries owing to their internally well-tailored textures (closed pores and defects) and large microcrystalline interlayer spacing. The renewable biomass is a green and economically attractive carbon source to produce hard carbons. However, the chemical and structu...
Article
A quantitative relationship between safety issues and dendritic lithium (Li) has been rarely investigated yet. Herein the thermal stability of Li deposits with distinct surface area against non-aqueous electrolyte in pouch-type Li metal batteries is probed. The thermal runaway temperatures of Li metal batteries obtained by accelerating rate calorim...
Article
Full-text available
The lifespan of practical lithium (Li) metal batteries is severely hindered by the instability of Li metal anodes. Fluorinated solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) emerges as a promising strategy to improve the stability of Li metal anodes. The rational design of fluorinated molecules is pivotal to constructing fluorinated SEI. Herein, design princip...
Article
Full-text available
The lifespan of practical lithium (Li) metal batteries is severely hindered by the instability of Li metal anodes. Fluorinated solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) emerges as a promising strategy to improve the stability of Li metal anodes. The rational design of fluorinated molecules is pivotal to constructing fluorinated SEI. Herein, design princip...
Article
Anode‐free solid‐state lithium batteries are promising for next‐generation energy storage systems, especially the mobile sectors, due to their enhanced energy density, improved safety, and extended calendar life. However, the inefficiency of lithium plating and stripping leads to rapid capacity degradation due to the absence of excess lithium inven...
Article
Full-text available
Electrochemical energy storage systems play an increasingly important role in our daily lives. The detection/estimation of the state of electrochemical cells is therefore a prerequisite for the development of safe, high‐performance batteries. Reference electrodes (REs) are an effective tool for monitoring the status of batteries and are of critical...
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Full-text available
Rechargeable zinc-air batteries call for high-performance bifunctional oxygen electrocatalysts. Transition metal single-atom catalysts constitute a promising candidate considering their maximum atom efficiency and high intrinsic activity. However, the fabrication of atomically dispersed transition metal sites is highly challenging, creating a need...
Article
Full-text available
Rechargeable zinc–air batteries afford great potential towards next-generation sustainable energy storage. Nevertheless, the oxygen redox reactions at the air cathode are highly sluggish in kinetics to induce poor energy efficiency and limited cycling lifespan especially under high-areal-capacity and high-current-density conditions. Air cathodes wi...
Article
Lithium–sulfur batteries (LSBs) are regarded as promising next‐generation energy storage systems owing to their remarkable theoretical energy density (2600 Wh kg‐1) and low cost. However, sluggish electrochemical kinetics, lithium polysulfides (LiPS) shuttling, and uncontrollable Li dendrite growth seriously hamper the commercial application of LSB...
Article
Full-text available
The lifespan of high‐energy‐density lithium metal batteries (LMBs) is hindered by heterogeneous solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). The rational design of electrolytes is strongly considered to obtain uniform SEI in working batteries. Herein, a modification of nitrate ion (NO3–) is proposed and validated to improve the homogeneity of SEI in practic...
Article
The lifespan of high‐energy‐density lithium metal batteries (LMBs) is hindered by heterogeneous solid electrolyte interphase (SEI). The rational design of electrolytes is strongly considered to obtain uniform SEI in working batteries. Herein, a modification of nitrate ion (NO3–) is proposed and validated to improve the homogeneity of SEI in practic...
Article
The industrialization of solid-state batteries (SSBs) with high energy density and high safety is a growth point. The scale-up application toward using SSBs is mainly restrained by batch fabrication of large-sheet, high-energy electrodes (>4 mAh/cm²) and robust thin solid-state electrolytes (SSEs; <50 μm) to achieve the high-energy-density demand o...
Article
Dendrite growth of lithium (Li) metal anode severely hinders its practical application, while the situation becomes more serious at low temperatures due to the sluggish kinetics of Li-ion diffusion. This perspective is intended to clearly understand the energy chemistry of low-temperature Li metal batteries (LMBs). The low-temperature chemistries b...
Article
Li‐S‐Batterien In ihrem Forschungsartikel (e202114671) identifizieren Bo‐Quan Li, Qiang Zhang et al. erstmals die Oberflächengelbildung auf Elektrokatalysatoren in Li‐S‐Batterien.
Article
Li–S Batteries In their Research Article (e202114671), Bo‐Quan Li, Qiang Zhang et al. identify the surface gelation on disulfide electrocatalysts in Li–S batteries for the first time.
Article
Solid-state batteries have received increasing attention in scientific and industrial communities, which benefits from the intrinsically safe solid electrolytes (SEs). Although much effort has been devoted to designing SEs with high ionic conductivities, it is extremely difficult to fully understand the ionic diffusion mechanisms in SEs through con...
Article
Practical lithium–sulfur batteries are severely hindered by parasitic reactions between lithium metal anodes and soluble lithium polysulfide (LiPS) intermediates. The solvation structure of LiPSs is pivotal in dictating the reaction kinetics. Herein, an encapsulating LiPS electrolyte (EPSE) is proposed to suppress parasitic reactions based on a nan...
Article
Sulfide has long been regarded as high-performance electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution, yet the actual structure of its active sites under working oxygen evolution conditions remains controversial. Herein, an anionic regulation...
Article
Aqueous zinc–air battery constitutes a cutting-edge technology toward next-generation sustainable energy storage. A retrospective of its general history helps to understand the battery evolution adventures and guide future development directions....
Article
Lithium-sulfur (Li−S) battery is considered as a promising energy storage system because of its high theoretical energy density of 2600 Wh kg⁻¹, whose practical performance is limited by the sluggish sulfur redox kinetics. Homogeneous redox mediators (RMs) are effective promotors to propel the sulfur redox kinetics. However, most of the RMs only fo...
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Full-text available
In the crucial area of sustainable energy storage, solid-state batteries (SSBs) with nonflammable solid electrolytes stand out due to their potential benefits of enhanced safety, energy density, and cycle life. However, the complexity within the composite cathode determines that fabricating an ideal electrode needs to link chemistry (atomic scale),...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium‒sulfur (Li‒S) batteries are highly regarded as next‐generation energy storage devices due to their superior theoretical energy density up to 2600 Wh kg−1. Cathodic polysulfide electrocatalysts have been widely investigated to promote the sluggish sulfur redox kinetics and realize high‐performance Li–S batteries. Probing the surface structur...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium‒sulfur (Li‒S) batteries are highly regarded as next‐generation energy storage devices due to their superior theoretical energy density up to 2600 Wh kg−1. Cathodic polysulfide electrocatalysts have been widely investigated to promote the sluggish sulfur redox kinetics and realize high‐performance Li–S batteries. Probing the surface structur...