Qian Zhang

Qian Zhang
Northeastern University | NEU · Laboratory for the Modeling Biological and Socio-technical Systems (MoBS)

PhD

About

53
Publications
10,587
Reads
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1,675
Citations
Citations since 2017
27 Research Items
1435 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - January 2019
Northeastern University
Position
  • Research Associate
January 2015 - December 2018
Northeastern University
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Teaching Network Science Data course, which aims to help the first year PhD students in Network Science Program mastering analyzing and programming skills to understand networks in real-world.
May 2014 - December 2016
Northeastern University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2011 - April 2014
Northeastern University
Field of study
  • Computer Science

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
Timely, accurate, and comparative data on human mobility is of paramount importance for epidemic preparedness and response, but generally not available or easily accessible. Mobile phone metadata, typically in the form of Call Detail Records (CDRs), represents a powerful source of information on human movements at an unprecedented scale. In this wo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Timely, accurate, and comparative data on human mobility is of paramount importance for epidemic preparedness and response, but generally not available or easily accessible. Mobile phone metadata, typically in the form of Call Detail Records (CDRs), represents a powerful source of information on human movements at an unprecedented scale. In this wo...
Article
Full-text available
Increased availability of epidemiological data, novel digital data streams, and the rise of powerful machine learning approaches have generated a surge of research activity on real-time epidemic forecast systems. In this paper, we propose the use of a novel data source, namely retail market data to improve seasonal influenza forecasting. Specifical...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Novel strategies are needed to make vaccine efficacy trials more robust given uncertain epidemiology of infectious disease outbreaks, such as arboviruses like Zika. Spatially resolved mathematical and statistical models can help investigators identify sites at highest risk of future transmission and prioritize these for inclusion in tr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background/Aims: Novel strategies are needed to make vaccine efficacy trials more robust given the uncertain epidemiology of outbreaks. Spatially resolved mathematical and statistical models can help investigators identify sites at highest risk of future transmission and prioritize these for inclusion in trials. Models can also characterize the unc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Increased availability of epidemiological data, novel digital data streams, and the rise of powerful machine learning approaches have generated a surge of research activity on real-time epidemic forecast systems. In this paper, we propose the use of a novel data source, namely retail market data to improve seasonal influenza forecasting. Specifical...
Article
Full-text available
Mathematical models of social contagion that incorporate networks of human interactions have become increasingly popular, however, very few approaches have tackled the challenges of including complex and realistic properties of socio-technical systems. Here, we define a framework to characterize the dynamics of the Maki–Thompson rumour spreading mo...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Scientific discoveries do not occur in vacuum but rather by connecting existing pieces of knowledge in new and creative ways. Mapping the relation and structure of scientific knowledge is therefore central to our understanding of the dynamics of scientific production. Here we introduce a new approach to generate scientific knowledge maps b...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we study, on a sample of 2.3 million individuals, how Facebook users consumed different information at the edge of political discussion and news during the last Italian electoral competition. Pages are categorized, according to their topics and the communities of interests they pertain to, in (a) alternative information sources (diffus...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we present a thorough quantitative analysis of information consumption patterns of qualitatively different information on Facebook. Pages are categorized, according to their topics and the communities of interests they pertain to, in a) alternative information sources (diffusing topics that are neglected by science and main stream medi...
Article
Full-text available
Since 2013, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has hosted an annual influenza season forecasting challenge. The 2015–2016 challenge consisted of weekly probabilistic forecasts of multiple targets, including fourteen models submitted by eleven teams. Forecast skill was evaluated using a modified logarithmic score. We averaged submi...
Article
Full-text available
Social interactions are stratified in multiple contexts and are subject to complex temporal dynamics. The systematic study of these two features of social systems has started only very recently, mainly thanks to the development of multiplex and time-varying networks. However, these two advancements have progressed almost in parallel with very littl...
Article
Full-text available
Background Local mosquito-borne Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission has been reported in two counties in the contiguous United States (US), prompting the issuance of travel, prevention, and testing guidance across the contiguous US. Large uncertainty, however, surrounds the quantification of the actual risk of ZIKV introduction and autochthonous transmi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Social interactions are stratified in multiple contexts and are subject to complex temporal dynamics. The systematic study of these two features of social systems has started only very recently mainly thanks to the development of multiplex and time-varying networks. However, these two advancements have progressed almost in parallel with very little...
Preprint
Full-text available
Opinion leaders are ubiquitous in both online and offline social networks, but the impacts of opinion leaders on social behavior contagions are still not fully understood, especially by using a mathematical model. Here we generalize the classical Watts threshold model and address the influences of the opinion leaders, where an individual adopts a n...
Article
Full-text available
Opinion leaders are ubiquitous in both online and offline social networks, but the impacts of opinion leaders on social behavior contagions are still not fully understood, especially by using a mathematical model. Here, we generalize the classical Watts threshold model and address the influences of the opinion leaders, where an individual adopts a...
Preprint
Background Local mosquito-borne Zika virus (ZIKV) transmission has been reported in two counties of the continental United State (US), prompting the issuance of travel, prevention, and testing guidance across the continental US. Large uncertainty, however, surrounds the quantification of the actual risk of ZIKV introduction and autochthonous transm...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the importance of links in transmitting information in a network can provide ways to hinder or postpone ongoing dynamical phenomena like the spreading of epidemic or the diffusion of information. In this work, we propose a new measure based on stochastic diffusion processes, the \textit{transmission centrality}, that captures the impo...
Article
Accurate forecasts could enable more informed public health decisions. Since 2013, CDC has worked with external researchers to improve influenza forecasts by coordinating seasonal challenges for the United States and the 10 Health and Human Service Regions. Forecasted targets for the 2014-15 challenge were the onset week, peak week, and peak intens...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Influenza outbreaks affect millions of people every year and its surveillance is usually carried out in developed countries through a network of sentinel doctors who report the weekly number of Influenza-like Illness cases observed among the visited patients. Monitoring and forecasting the evolution of these outbreaks supports decision...
Preprint
Full-text available
Numerous Zika virus vaccines are being developed. However, identifying sites to evaluate the efficacy of a Zika virus vaccine is challenging due to the general decrease in Zika virus activity. We compare results from three different modeling approaches to estimate areas that may have increased relative risk of Zika virus transmission during 2017. T...
Article
Full-text available
The Ebola forecasting challenge organized by the Research and Policy for Infectious Disease Dynamics (RAPIDD) program of the Fogarty International Center relies on synthetic disease datasets generated by numerical simulations of a highly detailed spatially-structured agent-based model. We discuss here the architecture and technical steps of the cha...
Article
Full-text available
Infectious disease forecasting is gaining traction in the public health community; however, limited systematic comparisons of model performance exist. Here we present the results of a synthetic forecasting challenge inspired by the West African Ebola crisis in 2014-2015 and involving 16 international academic teams and US government agencies, and c...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Mathematical and computational modeling approaches can be essential in providing quantitative scenarios of disease spreading, as well as projecting the impact in the population. Here we analyze the spatial and temporal dynamics of the Zika virus epidemic in the Americas with a microsimulation approach informed by high-definition demogr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The availability of novel digital data streams that can be used as proxy for monitoring infectious disease incidence is ushering in a new era for real-time forecast approaches to disease spreading. Here, we propose the first seasonal influenza forecast framework based on a stochastic, spatially structured mechanistic model (individual level microsi...
Conference Paper
The Occupy movement protests against social and economic inequality around the world. It emerged in New York City’s Zuccotti Park in September 2011 and is organized at a city level. In this paper we study its social organization on Facebook, by means of a thorough quantitative analysis on users’ content consumption. In particular, we focus on struc...
Chapter
The 2014 West African Ebola Outbreak is the largest Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic ever recorded, not only in number of cases but also in geographical extent. Unlike previous EVD outbreaks, the large number of cases observed in major cities with international airports raised the concern about the possibility of exportation of the infection in c...
Article
Full-text available
We use a data-driven global stochastic epidemic model to project past and future spread of the Zika virus (ZIKV) in the Americas. The model has high spatial and temporal resolution , and integrates real-world demographic, human mobility, socioeconomic, temperature, and vector density data. We estimate that the first introduction of ZIKV to Brazil l...
Conference Paper
Sina Weibo, China's most popular microblogging platform, is considered to be a proxy of Chinese social life. In this study, we contrast the discussions occurring on Sina Weibo and on Chinese language Twitter in order to observe two different strands of Chinese culture: people within China who use Sina Weibo with its government imposed restrictions...
Article
Full-text available
Sina Weibo, China's most popular microblogging platform, is currently used by over $500M$ users and is considered to be a proxy of Chinese social life. In this study, we contrast the discussions occurring on Sina Weibo and on Chinese language Twitter in order to observe two different strands of Chinese culture: people within China who use Sina Weib...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
FluOutlook is an online platform where multiple data sources are integrated to initialize and train a portfolio of epidemic models for influenza forecast. During the 2014/15 season, the system has been used to provide real-time forecasts for 7 countries in North America and Europe.
Article
Full-text available
The role of committed minorities in shaping public opinion has been recently addressed with the help of multi-agent models. However, previous studies focused on homogeneous populations where zealots stand out only for their stubbornness. Here, we consider the more general case in which individuals are characterized by different propensities to comm...
Working Paper
Full-text available
In this work we study a peculiar example of social organization on Facebook: the Occupy Movement -- i.e., an international protest movement against social and economic inequality organized online at a city level. We consider 179 US Facebook public pages during the time period between September 2011 and February 2013. The dataset includes 618K activ...
Article
Through the characterization of a metapopulation cattle disease model on a directed network having source, transit, and sink nodes, we derive two global epidemic invasion thresholds. The first threshold defines the conditions necessary for an epidemic to successfully spread at the global scale. The second threshold defines the criteria that permit...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we present a thorough quantitative analysis of information consumption patterns of qualitatively different information on Facebook. Pages are categorized, according to their topics and the communities of interests they pertain to, in a) alternative information sources (diffusing topics that are neglected by science and main stream medi...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we study, on a sample of 2.3 million individuals, how Facebook users consumed different information at the edge of political discussion and news during the last Italian electoral competition. Pages are categorized, according to their topics and the communities of interests they pertain to, in a) alternative information sources (diffusi...
Article
Full-text available
Large scale analysis and statistics of socio-technical systems that just a few short years ago would have required the use of consistent economic and human resources can nowadays be conveniently performed by mining the enormous amount of digital data produced by human activities. Although a characterization of several aspects of our societies is em...
Article
Full-text available
We analyze the entire publication database of the American Physical Society generating longitudinal (50 years) citation networks geolocalized at the level of single urban areas. We define the knowledge diffusion proxy, and scientific production ranking algorithms to capture the spatio-temporal dynamics of Physics knowledge worldwide. By using the k...
Article
Although the study of scientific and citation networks is well developed, the way in which ideas and concepts flow between scientific groups scattered around the world is still an open problem. We take a first step in this direction by using the citation patterns over the course of decades to shed light on how areas and fields in the general area o...
Conference Paper
While eigenvalue elasticity analysis can offer insights into System Dynamics model behavior, such analysis is complicated, unwieldy and infeasible for larger models due to superlinear growth of the number of eigenvalue-parameter as the number of stocks rises. To overcome these difficulties, we develop a summary function elasticity analysis method,...
Data
This is the most recent version of the supporting information. (0.05 MB DOC)
Data
State space trajectory diagrams of CD4+ T cells versus Free Elementary Bodies for the basic and extended models during frequent re-exposure. For the basic model (A), re-exposure results in damped oscillations to an endemic equilibrium and high CD4+ T cell concentrations. However, in the extended model (B) re-exposure will produce a trajectory that...
Article
Full-text available
Object Modeling Technique is widely applied in the field of software engineering; and in this paper we applied this technique to model a mobile robot including its behaviors and interactions with environment. The paper first describes key background knowledge about object oriented analysis in software engineering, behavior based robotics and their...
Article
Full-text available
Chlamydia trachomatis is a common human pathogen that mediates disease processes capable of inflicting serious complications on reproduction. Aggressive inflammatory immune responses are thought to not only direct a person's level of immunity but also the potential for immunopathology. With human immunobiology being debated as a cause of prevailing...
Conference Paper
This paper first describes key conceptions about object oriented analysis in software engineering, behavior based robotics and their conceptual similarities. Then, based on these similarities, the paper utilizes object oriented methods of software engineering, such as Unified Modeling Language (UML), to analyze and model the architecture and design...
Conference Paper
The evolution of music, from random note strings to certain "pleasant" note sequences, is traced in a multi-agent computational model. A community of agents, with some musical guidelines and expertise from different aspects, compose their own and criticize other's music to improve individual music performance. Based on common musical interest, some...
Article
Full-text available
Eigenvalue elasticity methods have been widely applied in analyzing linear and simple non- linear systems. In this study, we applied this approach to gain insight into the leverage oered by parameter changes in individual-based viral dynamic models for studying and controlling infec- tious disease spread. We found that such eigenspace based methods...

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