Qais Alemi

Qais Alemi
Loma Linda University · Social Work & Social Ecology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

52
Publications
6,596
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504
Citations
Introduction
Research interests: health and mental health of refugees and war-affected populations; mental health systems in resource-poor settings; religious stigma, prejudice and discrimination
Additional affiliations
July 2013 - June 2020
Loma Linda University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (52)
Preprint
Health Disparities among Burmese Diaspora: a systematic review
Preprint
Background: Women in Afghanistan have been historically disadvantaged in regards to accessing education. Although significant amounts of funding and political will have focused on women’s education over the past two decades, many barriers for achieving literacy remain. An examination of the relevant protective and risk factors can provide guidance...
Preprint
Background: Women in Afghanistan have been historically disadvantaged in regards to accessing education. Although significant amounts of funding and political will have focused on women’s education over the past two decades, many barriers for achieving literacy remain. An examination of the relevant protective and risk factors can provide guidance...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the prevalence and social-ecological correlates of male-to-female intimate partner violence (IPV) in Afghanistan. Using data from the 2015 Afghanistan Demographic and Health Survey, which included 20,793 currently married women, we found that the past-year prevalence of physical IPV was highest (46%), followed by emotional (34%)...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the high prevalence of mental distress in the Korean American (KA) community, KAs continue to have significantly lower rates of professional mental health utilization than the general U.S. population, making it increasingly critical to study factors related to such utilization. A total of 243 surveys were collected at Korean churches of var...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the social factors that contribute to the mental health challenges that Somali young adults endure. Design: In a two-phase qualitative approach carried-out in the San Diego area, in phase-I, we conducted exploratory interviews with key-informants including clinicians and local Somali leaders (n...
Article
Black men are disproportionately affected by prostate cancer (PCa) incidence and mortality. Limited research has been reported on the ethnic differences among Black men in regard to family history, knowledge, and screening habits. Thus, this study was conducted to understand and compare knowledge levels and family history of the three main Black su...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, authors analyzed data from the 2012 National Congregations Study (NCS) to explore what factors are predictive of a congregation’s engagement in programs serving people experiencing homelessness. Using a cross-sectional sample of 1,328 congregations derived from the third wave of the NCS, authors applied multivariate logistic regressi...
Presentation
Objective: To examine the distribution of and social factors associated with conspiracy beliefs about the origin of COVID-19 using pilot data from 3,080 U.S. adults taking part in the 2020 American National Election Studies (ANES) survey. Methods: Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to examine the predictive relationship between...
Article
Full-text available
As refugee populations continue to age in the United States, there is a need to prioritize screening for chronic illnesses, including cancer, and to characterize how social and cultural contexts influence beliefs about cancer and screening behaviors. This study examines screening rates and socio-cultural factors influencing screening among resettle...
Article
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Informed by a modified segmented assimilation theory, we use 5% Census and American Community Survey data to examine the economic integration of Afghan refugees resettled in the U.S. First-wave Afghan refugees have made significant gains in income and employment, while their poverty rates and reliance on government assistance decreased dramatically...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: Investigate the influence of the stressors caused by the Covid-19 pandemic on the academic performance of undergraduate students, and their ability to concentrate on schoolwork.Participants: 1,806 students attending a racially diverse 4-year university with a high rate of first generation college students.Methods: An online survey utiliz...
Article
Full-text available
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of cancer-related death among Black men who present with higher incidence, mortality, and survival compared to other racial groups. African immigrant men, however, are underrepresented in PCa research and thus this research sought to address that gap. This study applied a social determinants of heal...
Article
Link to article: https://rdcu.be/b5uaf Immigrants and refugees have an increased risk for developing chronic health conditions, such as breast and colorectal cancer, the longer they reside in the United States (U.S.). Moreover, refugees are less even likely to use preventive health services like mammography and colonoscopy screening when compared...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Limited evidence exists on the prevalence and social determinants of tobacco use in Afghanistan—a fragile post-war context where the tobacco epidemic is on the rise. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and social determinants of tobacco use in Afghan men and women. Methods: Data from the 2015 Afghanistan Demographic and Health...
Article
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Seniors aged 65 and older are at great risk of psychological distress given their functional decline, which is known to limit participation and engagement in community life. The purpose of this study is to examine whether higher indices of social capital have a positive impact on the mental health of older, ethnic Californians. We conducted a secon...
Article
Full-text available
We examined characteristics of Afghan youth who intend to stay in Afghanistan, a generation of young people critical to rebuilding the country. A survey of 232 young adults residing in Kabul assessed various demographic, health and psychological factors. The majority of participants reported that they had no intent to seek asylum, and our analyses...
Article
Background: Afghanistan has witnessed a dramatic increase in HIV infections. Public health officials have responded with campaigns to educate the public about HIV prevention and transmission. We examine the association between HIV prevention and transmission knowledge and stigma towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Afghanistan. Methods: We co...
Article
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The potential health risks for communities that surround railyards have largely been understudied. Mastery and quality of life (QoL) have been associated with self-reported health status in the general population, but few studies have explored this variable among highly vulnerable low-income groups exposed to harmful air pollutants. This study inve...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about who and what Afghans turn to cope with mental distress precipitated by ongoing socio-political and economic problems. In a cross-sectional survey, the authors examined help-seeking behaviour for mental distress in 306 Afghans residing in Kabul, Afghanistan, and how their choice of what to access for help is influenced by vario...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Despite the evidence that regular screening reduces breast cancer (BC) mortality rates significantly, screening remains underutilized among refugee women. Objective: This study examines Afghan refugee women's perceptions of BC and underlying explanatory models, based on a larger ethnographic study exploring preventive health behaviors a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Using 1990 5% Census and American Community Survey data, we examine the economic integration of Afghan refugees to the US, focusing on employment rates and income levels. First-wave Afghan refugees (those arriving 1980–90) have made significant income and employment gains, while poverty rates and reliance on government assistance have decreased dra...
Data
Survey Dari translation. (DOC)
Data
Survey English version. (DOC)
Article
Full-text available
1) Background: Refugees and asylum-seekers from Afghanistan have been shown to be highly distressed as a result of pre-and post-resettlement traumas. However, little is known about the challenges that Afghan migrants endure while residing in Turkey, a population that has grown at unprecedented rates in recent years, and largely deemed illegal by Tu...
Article
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Background: We examined the mental health status and severity of psychological distress symptoms among young adults residing in Kabul, Afghanistan and determined how such outcomes might be influenced by an array of risk and protective factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was adopted using convenience, snowball, and street-intercept r...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the effect of perceived discrimination on the mental health of Afghan refugees, and secondly, tests the distress moderating effects of pre-migration traumatic experiences and post-resettlement adjustment factors. In a cross-sectional design, 259 Afghans completed surveys assessing perceived discrimination and a number of oth...
Article
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While it is well established that Afghan refugees are disproportionately affected by mental health problems, limited evidence exists concerning the psychosocial needs of their children who are transitioning to adulthood in the United States; that is, of 1st- and 2nd-generation Afghan-Americans. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of...
Article
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There is insufficient empirical evidence on the correlates of health care utilization of irregular migrants currently living in Turkey. The aim of this study was to identify individual level determinants associated with health service and medication use. One hundred and fifty-five Afghans completed surveys assessing service utilization including en...
Preprint
Insecurity, corruption, and rising unemployment have resulted in a mass exodus of young adult Afghans seeking asylum in western nations. This has depleted Afghanistan of generations of young people which are critical to rebuild the country. This study aimed to examine the characteristics of young adult Afghans with no immediate intentions of seekin...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study investigates the effect of perceived discrimination on the mental health of Afghan refugees, and secondly, tests the distress moderating effects of pre-migration traumatic experiences and post-resettlement adjustment factors. In a cross-sectional design, 259 Afghans completed surveys assessing perceived discrimination and a number of oth...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have emphasized the influence of resettlement factors on the mental health of refugees resettling in developed countries. However, little research has addressed gender differences in the nature and influence of resettlement stressors and sources of resilience. We address this gap in knowledge by investigating how gender moderates and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent studies have emphasized the influence of resettlement factors on the mental health of refugees resettling in developed countries. However, little research has addressed gender differences in the nature and influence of resettlement stressors and sources of resilience. We address this gap in knowledge by investigating how gender moderates and...
Preprint
Full-text available
(1) Background: There is insufficient empirical evidence on the correlates of health care utilization of irregular migrants currently living in Turkey. The aim of this study was to identify individual level determinants associated with health service and medication use. (2) Methods: 155 Afghans completed surveys assessing service utilization includ...
Article
Full-text available
Background. The sociopolitical situation in Afghanistan continually pushes Afghans to seek safety and better socioeconomic prospects in neighboring and foreign countries. In this paper we examine the mental health of Afghan migrants residing in Istanbul, Turkey, an understudied population at high risk of psychopathology. Methods. We surveyed 158 Af...
Article
Full-text available
This qualitative study explored how Afghan refugees conceptualize frames of mind that may reflect depression in general and as it relates to trauma they experienced. We performed in-depth interviews with 18 Afghans residing in the San Diego area. Views regarding the causes, symptoms, and perceived treatments of depression were gathered through free...
Article
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Relatively little empirical attention has been paid to understanding how refugees conceptualize depression and how this concept varies between genders. The purpose of this study was to explore beliefs about depression among Afghans residing in San Diego County, California using Cultural Consensus Analysis. Using the prescribed mixed-method approach...
Conference Paper
Native American (NA) youth face many challenges including high rates of teenage pregnancy, depression, suicide, and substance abuse. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Native Stand, which is a comprehensive healthy decision making program for NA youth. In the 2012-2013 school year, a cohort of NA youth (N = 144) in grade...
Article
Full-text available
The psychological effects of war and resulting displacement continue to negatively impact Afghan refugees. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors that are associated with and predict psychological distress symptoms among Afghan refugees. We analyzed data from a diverse sample of 130 Afghan refugees recruited through non-random samplin...
Article
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Mental health problems disproportionately affect Afghan refugees and asylum seekers who continue to seek international protection with prolonged exposure to war. We performed a systematic review aimed at synthesizing peer-reviewed literature pertaining to mental health problems among Afghans resettled in industrialized nations. We used five databas...
Conference Paper
Objectives. This study aimed to identify strategies for engagement of Afghan refugees living in San Diego, a hard-to-reach and understudied group. It was conducted as Phase-I of a larger study on mental/health issues in this population. Methods: We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with key-informants from the refugee community in Sa...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined risk and determinants of rehospitalization of children and adolescents (n = 186) following a first psychiatric hospitalization. It specifically examined the role of post-discharge services. Data were collected for a 30-month follow-up period through structured telephone interviews with caregivers and case record abstractions. 43...

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