Pudełko Rafał

Pudełko Rafał
Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation · Zakład Agrometeorologii i Zastosowań Informatyki

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63
Publications
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Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to compare the farmers’ viewpoint on agricultural drought with the results generated by the national Agricultural Drought Monitoring System (ADMS) in 2021. The authors attempted also to indicate effective methods of validating these results, which could serve as an objective tool of appeal made available to farmers as a par...
Article
Full-text available
Biogas development is expected to contribute to the National Recovery and Resilience plan to overcome the COVID-19 shock. Estimation of the agricultural biogas potential in economic terms can contribute to refining policies inciting effective sector development. In this paper, we attempt to do so by modeling a biogas chain from dedicated crops and...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural land abandonment is a process observed in most European countries. In Poland and other countries of Central and Eastern Europe, it was initiated with the political transformation of the 1990s. Currently, in Poland, it concerns over 2 million ha of arable land. Such a large acreage constitutes a resource of land that can be directly res...
Article
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Bioenergy production from animal waste can be a key driver to achieving bio-economy goals. Developing a bio-economy sector could help to create opportunities for a circular system where not only people and the planet will be benefited, but it will also provide economic profitability to farmers, especially in the post-Covid period. To this end, manu...
Article
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A crucial part of every adaptation planning and disaster risk reduction is estimation of vulnerable areas and risk in the future. Only a well-developed monitoring system could bring valuable information to create possible scenarios to set up adaptation plans. Monitoring systems of meteorological conditions, surface water, groundwater, landslides, s...
Article
Bioeconomy is seen as a key strategic innovation pillar in the European Union, and this involves, among other things, mobilizing biomass resources. This study presents a geo-localized methodology in order to quantify the overall (theoretical) residual biomass potential for each NUTS-3 region of the EU-27 + Switzerland (NUTS-3 is the smallest region...
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated habitat selection by European beaver Castor fiber L. across a spatial gradient from local (within the family territory) to a broad, ecoregional scale. Based on aerial photography, we assessed the habitat composition of 150 beaver territories along the main water bodies of the Vistula River delta (northern Poland) and compared these dat...
Article
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Antarctica is a region of the world where climate change is visible in the rapid melting of glaciers. This is particularly evident in marginal zones, where the pace of glacial retreat has systematically accelerated. The effective mapping of these changes is possible with the use of remote sensing methods. This study assesses changes in glacier marg...
Chapter
PL: Jest to pierwszy rozdział (strony 21-58) podręcznika "Rolnictwo precyzyjne"(ISBN 978-83-19898-5) pod redakcją naukową Stanisława Samborskiego, wydanego przez Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA. Rozdział opisuje główne przyczyny zmienności spotykanej na polach uprawnych, czyli przede wszystkim zmienność gleb i budowy geologicznej terenu, jego ukształtow...
Chapter
PL: Czwarty rozdział (strony 79-114) podręcznika „Rolnictwo Precyzyjne” (ISBN 978-83-19898-5) pod redakcją naukową Stanisława Samborskiego, wydanego przez Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA. W rozdziale omówiono źródła danych archiwalne, takie jak mapy topograficzne, ewidencyjne, bonitacyjne, glebowo-rolnicze, geologiczne i hydrograficzne oraz dane pogodow...
Article
Full-text available
Until the marketization of economy in 1990, practically there was no unutilised agricultural land in Poland. After the political transformation, the use of marginal land and part of small agricultural parcels located in areas of better soil agricultural suitability became unprofitable for economic reasons. Despite the reform of Polish agriculture,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A growing bioeconomy and increased demand for biomass products require land resources for feedstock production, which resulted in great environmental and socio-economic challenges. To prevent adverse land use change (LUC) effects, the use of abandoned agricultural land for sustainable biomass production had been suggested in a number of global stud...
Article
Full-text available
The paper analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of the most commonly used groups of models of soil moisture and plant water stress based on satellite thermal imagery. We present a simple proof of linking NDTI and CWSI indicators with plants water stress and quantitative justification for the shape of the points cloud on the chart Ts-NDVI.
Article
Increasing production of biofuels has led to concerns about indirect land use change (ILUC). So far, significant efforts have been made to assess potential ILUC effects. But limited attention has been paid to strategies for reducing the extent of ILUC and controlling the type of LUC. This case study assesses five key ILUC mitigation measures to qua...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Trafficability remains a key issue in operations on a present battlefield. Detailed and thorough analysis of the terrain’s ability to sustain military transport helps in decision making at tactical level, both in selecting the optimal path for own troops as well as predicting the movements of the enemy. Manual procedures for the estimation of the c...
Article
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The European Commission proposed amendments to the Directive 98/70/EC and Directive 2009/28/EC, which call for the inclusion of indirect changes in land use (iLUC) to the estimated volume of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions within the life cycle of transportation biofuels. The paper investigates possible emissions reductions in the life cycle of biod...
Article
Agricultural waste and especially straw can provide a significant share of biomass energy. However, due to the very nature of agricultural production, as well as a need for carbon sequestration in soils and other aspects of food production, only part of the straw potential may be treated as waste and spent on energy production. Based on statistical...
Article
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Corn (maize) is one of the main raw materials for ethanol production in the European Union. Among agricultural feedstock dedicated for biofuels, it is put under regulation in terms of greenhouse gas emission in the life cycle of ethanol production. This study is focused on corn cultivation in Poland and the possibilities to mitigate the greenhouse...
Article
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The national energy policy of Poland supports the maintaining of coal as the main fuel in electricity generation in the foreseeable future, with the simultaneous increase in biomass use, especially from perennial energy crops, viewed as the source of 95% of biomass fuel. The present article analyzes the logistics of biomass supply using a transport...
Article
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Attemptation to optimise the N dose (N rate), especially by reducing the amount, brings a specific risk of yield reduction where the agriculture GHG emissions is weighted and measured by CO 2 eq MJ -1 FAME. The paper presents an optimisation of agricultural GHG emissions dependant on the size of yield and doses of N, desirability of optimisation, r...
Article
Full-text available
Biofuel producers are obligated to achieve certain level of greenhouse gas emission (GHG) reduction in the lifecycle of biofuels in reference to fossil fuels. The current emission reduction level is at least 35% and will increase up to 50% since January 2017 for the existing plants and at least to 60% for a new installations. At the farming stage i...
Article
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Unsustainable production of agricultural biomass for electricity and heat can increase greenhouse gas emission and nitrates leaching. The DNDC (DeNitrification and DeComposition) model was used to estimate carbon sequestration and field losses of nitrogen, especially N 2 O emission in willow production. The model is capable of predicting willow yie...
Conference Paper
In this paper, a new approach to field monitoring has been presented. The concept of this method is based on low altitude aerial remote sensing and ground measurements, conducted by a mobile spectrometer. The presented idea of field monitoring is dedicated mainly for precision farming or experimental stations. We assume that non-metric aerial photo...
Article
Full-text available
The production of bio diesel from rape seed, in accordance with Directive 2009/28/EC (RED), requires estimation on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the life cycle of bio fuels and reduction size in comparison to diesel as fossil fuel. The study sought a reduction in GHG emissions from agriculture, in the full life cycle of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters...
Article
The goal of the research, presented in this article, was to recognize the quantitative difference of soil response to an extreme rainfall events at a micro-plot scale under two land surface conditions: permanent black fallow and permanent grassland. The research was performed in controlled conditions of soil humidity and rainfall for a set of ten s...
Conference Paper
To increase the share of biomass for renewable energy in Europe conversion pathways which are economic, flexible in feedstock and energy efficient are needed. The BioBoost project concentrates on dry and wet residual biomass and wastes as feedstock for de-central conversion by fast pyrolysis, catalytic pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization to th...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we applied the Denitrification-Decomposition (DNDC) model to field trials using miscanthus plants grown on heavy and medium heavy soils in Poland. The DNDC model was calibrated and then validated against experimental data. Similar results were found between the simulated and measured values of yield. The difference between the simu...
Article
Full-text available
Poland is committed to satisfy 15% of its energy needs from renewable sources by the year 2020. Biomass should make an important contribution to that, with perennial energy crops production potential of 1.59 million ha of arable land. However, the area of perennial plantations reached only 10,000 ha and started decreasing. Low competitiveness compa...
Article
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The production of ethanol from winter wheat, in accordance with the EU Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC, RED), requires an estimation of the levels of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from biofuels, as well as a comparison of the values of emission savings as opposed to fossil fuels. In this paper, calculations were made into possible reduction...
Article
This paper presents a method of mapping the potential productivity of a field located at the Experimental Station of Baborówko, Poland (52.58°N; 16.64° E) and belonging to the Institute of Soil Sciences and Plant Cultivation, State Research Institute (IUNG-PIB). This field is characterised with a significant spatial variability of soil texture. The...
Article
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The objective of this research was to characterise the technical potential of agricultural land that can be used to cultivate perennial crops for renewable energy purposes in Poland. For this activity a GIS-based model to calculate the potential cultivation area for fast growing species was developed. To complete the spatial analyses the following...
Article
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One of the priorities for the Polish policy on anthropogenic global warming mitigation is increasing the area of agricultural crop production dedicated for energy purposes. The crops that are often most considered for this purpose are miscanthus and willow. According to previous research, the area dedicated for these crops could cover up to 1.59 M...
Article
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The replacement of fossil fuels by biomass in the power generation process is an important strategy promoted by the European Union (EU). This is aimed at reducing the effects of climate change along with increased security of supply and diversification of energy sources. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an increasingly popular method for research due...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess the possibility of monitoring experimental plots by using a remote-controlled flying model adapted to perform low altitude non-metric photographs. In the first part of the paper, the advantages and disadvantages of a moto-glider construction flight as a platform were discussed. The second part presents issues ass...
Article
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The paper presents the usefulness of IPCC Tier 1 methodology for the calculation of annual carbon stock changes for Annex V of the Directive: The promotion of the use energy from renewable sources (RED, 2009/28/EC). The presented results showed that carbon stocks should be calculated for a cold temperate dry climate, which is typical for Poland. In...
Article
Full-text available
The replacement of fossil fuels by biomass in the power generation process is an important strategy promoted by the European Union (EU). This is aimed at reducing the effects of climate change along with increased security of supply and diversification of energy sources. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is an increasingly popular method for research due...
Article
Full-text available
Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) were simulated from commonly used crop rotations in eastern Poland for conventional and conservation tillage systems. We used denitrification-decomposition (DNDC) model baseline climate conditions and two future climate scenarios (2030 and 2050). Analyzed cropping systems included corn, rapeseed, and spring and winter...
Chapter
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Cross-cutting environmental, social and economic changes may have harsh impacts on sensitive regions. To address sustainability issues by governmental policy measures properly, the geographical delineation of sensitive regions is essential. With reference to the European impact assessment guidelines from 2005, sensitive regions were identified by u...
Article
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Celem pracy jest przedstawienie zawansowanych metod analizy obrazu, pozwalających na wektoryzację zdjęć lotniczych. W pracy scharakteryzowano problematykę doboru parametrów pozwalających na najlepsze dopasowanie procesu fragmentacji obrazu do rzeczywistego zagrożenia chorobami podstawy źdźbła, stwierdzonego na polu w uprawie pszenicy ozimej. EN Th...
Article
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Primary objectives of our work were to spatially delineate post industrial areas of the EU-27 and indicate key environmental, social and economic sensitivity issues for these regions. The density of industrial sites within NUTS-x regions for EU-27 countries was assessed by using CORINE 2000 land cover layer. A development of postindustrial society...
Article
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This research was carried out in order to investigate the evaluation of aerial photographs taken from a low altitude in the identification of weed infestations within a field crop. The aerial photographs were taken with a digital camera from a Cessna airplane at an altitude of 300 m above a maize field. The maize plants were at the growth stage of...
Article
The objective of this paper is the presentation of two maps that were prepared on the XXXI Polish Polar Expedition (2007) to the Arctowski Station. These maps concern areas that have been sites of Polish scientific interest since 1977 when the Arctowski Station was established. The first - orthopbotomap "Western shore of Admiralty Bay", 1:10 000 sc...
Article
Sensors registering radiation in various spectral ranges in ground measurement devices have recently become available. This means new possibilities of potential future agricultural applications owing to reduced costs of data acquisition and a lesser dependence of investigations on the weather conditions. In the article preliminary results obtained...
Article
Full-text available
A topographic map 1:12,500 scale of the SSSI No. 8 and the Arctowski Station region was prepared during the XXV Polish Polar Expedition (2000/2001) organized by the Department of Antarctic Biology, Polish Academy of Sciences. The map documents geomorphological changes which took place during the last 20 years. Several new place names have been intr...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Archived project
Analysis of the suitability of models that use satellite images for soil moisture and plant water stress monitoring within the country.
Project
The project determine to risk of agricultural drought based on Climatic Water Balance and the susceptibility of soil to water stress. I am responsible for soil component and the measurements of soil moisture and the assessment of condition of plant growth in the reference fields. Measurements of soil moisture are carried out in 20 farms across the Poland. The results of this work are used to verify the risk assessment of agricultural drought and published on the website IUNG-PIB / http://www.susza.iung.pulawy.pl/en/.